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and appropriations of the former commission established by those sections to the commission established by this subchapter prior to its expiration. 88 851, 852. Expired. May 21, 1943, ch. 97, 57 Stat. 84, eff. Aug. 24, 1943, 12:01 a. m.

CODIFICATION Section 851, act Apr. 26, 1937, ch. 127, $ 21, 50 Stat. 91, related to short title of act.

Section 852, act Apr. 26, 1937, ch. 127, § 22, as added Apr. 11, 1941, ch. 64, § 2, 55 Stat. 134, related to the Bituminous Coal Consumers' Counsel.

53 Stat. 508; Res. Apr. 1, 1939, ch. 34, 53 Stat. 555; Apr. 13, 1939, ch. 62, 53 Stat. 578; Res. June 30, 1939, ch. 252, 53 Stat. 927; Apr. 6, 1940, ch. 77, 54 Stat. 99; June 26, 1940, ch. 428, title II, 54 Stat. 590; Res. June 26, 1940, ch. 432, 54 Stat. 611; June 27, 1940, ch. 437, title I, 54 Stat. 633; Oct. 9, 1940, ch. 780, title I, 54 Stat. 1035; Mar. 1, 1941, ch. 9, $ 1, 55 Stat. 16; Apr. 5, 1941, ch. 40, § 1, 55 Stat. 110; July 1, 1941, ch. 266, 55 Stat. 396; July 1, 1941, ch. 269, title II, 55 Stat. 487; Dec. 17, 1941, ch. 591, 55 Stat. 810; June 27, 1942, ch. 450, $ 1,56 Stat. 410; July 2, 1942, ch. 475, title II, 56 Stat. 571; Res. July 2, 1942, ch. 479, 56 Stat. 634; June 22, 1943, ch. 138, 57 Stat. 161; June 26, 1943, ch. 145, title I, $1, 57 Stat. 180; July 12, 1943, ch. 221, title VII, 57 Stat. 518; July 12, 1943, 4 p. m., E. W. T., ch. 229, title I, 57 Stat. 539, 540; Dec. 23, 1943, ch. 380, title I, 57 Stat. 615; June 28, 1944, ch. 302, title II, 58 Stat. 564; June 28, 1944, ch. 304, title I, 58 Stat. 602; Apr. 25, 1945, ch. 95, title I, § 1, 59 Stat. 80.

Ex. Ord. Nos. 7305, Feb. 28, 1938; 7334, Apr. 3, 1936, 1 F. R. 121; 7436, Aug. 21, 1936, 1 F. R. 1204; 7469, Oct. 13, 1936, 1 F. R. 1581; 7512, Dec. 16, 1936, 1 F. R. 2159; 7553, Feb. 17, 1937, 2 F. R. 338.

1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, $$ 201, 206, 301, 305, 306, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F. R. 27284-2730, 53 Stat. 1424—1428.

Chapter 18.-TRANSPORTATION OF FIREARMS Sec. 901. Definitions. 902. Transporting, shipping, or receiving firearms or am

munition in interstate or foreign commerce; acts

prohibited. 903. License to transport, ship, or receive firearms or am

munition. 904. Excepted persons. 905. Penalties. 906. Effective date of chapter. 907. Rules and regulations. 908. Separability clause. 909. Short title.

REPEALS

Section 401 (b) of act Oct. 14, 1949, ch. 691, 63 Stat. 869, provided that: “The first proviso to section 8 of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1937 (ch. 401, 50 Stat. 352, 356), and the first proviso to section 16 of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1938 (ch. 554, 52 Stat. 809, 814) [both set out as a note under this section), are repealed."

Chapter 17.-PRODUCTION, MARKETING, AND

USE OF BITUMINOUS COAL

SUBCHAPTER A.-BITUMINOUS COAL CONSER

VATION ACT OF 1935

&S 801—827. Repealed. Apr. 26, 1937, ch. 127, 8 20 (a),

50 Stat. 90. Sections, act Aug. 30, 1935, ch. 824, $$ 1—23, 49 Stat. 991, comprised the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1935.

SUBCHAPTER B.-BITUMINOUS COAL ACT OF

1937

88 828—849. Expired. May 21, 1943, ch. 97, 57 Stat. 84, eff. Aug. 24, 1943, 12:01 a. m.

CODIFICATION Sections 828-848, act Apr. 26, 1937, ch. 127, $$ 1 18, 50 Stat. 75–90, related to regulation of interstate commerce of bituminous coal.

Section 849, acts Apr. 26, 1937, ch. 127, § 19, 50 Stat. 90; Apr. 11, 1941, ch. 64, $1 (a), 55 Stat. 134; Apr. 24, 1943, ch. 68, 57 Stat, 68; May 21, 1943, ch. 97, 57 Stat. 82, provided for the expiration of any agencies or offices established under, or to engage in the administration of this subchapter shall cease to exist at 12:01 a. m. Aug. 24, 1943.

8 901. Definitions.
As used in this chapter

(1) The term “person" includes an individual, partnership, association, or corporation.

(2) The term "interstate or foreign commerce" means commerce between any State, Territory or possession (not including the Canal Zone), or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof; or between points within the same State, Territory, or possession (not including the Canal Zone), or the District of Columbia, but through any place outside thereof; or within any Territory or possession or the District of Columbia.

(3) The term "firearm" means any weapon, by whatever name known, which is designed to expel a projectile or projectiles by the action of an explosive and a firearm muffler or firearm silencer, or any part or parts of such weapon.

(4) The term “manufacturer" means any person engaged in the manufacture or importation of firearms, or ammunition or cartridge cases, primers, bullets, or propellent powder for purposes of sale or distribution; and the term "licensed manufacturer" means any such person licensed under the provisions of this chapter.

(5) The term "dealer" means any person engaged in the business of selling firearms or ammunition or cartridge cases, primers, bullets or propellent powder, at wholesale or retail, or any person engaged in the business of repairing such firearms or of manufacturing or fitting special barrels, stocks, trigger mechanisms, or breach ' mechanisms to firearms, and the term "licensed dealer" means any such person licensed under the provisions of this chapter.

(6) The term "crime of violence" means murder, manslaughter, rape, mayhem, kidnaping, robbery, burglary, housebreaking; assault with intent to kill, commit rape, or rob; assault with a dangerous weapon, or assault with intent to commit any offense punishable by imprisonment for more than one year.

INTERNAL REVENUE CODE Former sections 830, 837, 847, and 849 of this title were incorporated into the Internal Revenue Code as sections 3520—3527 of Title 26, and expired at 12:01 a. m. Aug. 24, 1943.

8 850. Repeal of 1935 Act.

CODIFICATION Section, act Apr. 26, 1937, ch. 127, $ 20, 50 Stat. 90, related to the repeal of former sections 801—827 of this title, and to the transfer of records, property, equipment

So in original.

(7) The term "fugitive from justice" means any person who has fled from any State, Territory, the District of Columbia, or possession of the United States to avoid prosecution for a crime of violence or to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding.

(8) The term "ammunition” shall include only pistol or revolver ammunition. It shall not include shotgun shells, metallic ammunition suitable for use only in rifles, or any .22 caliber rimfire ammunition. (June 30, 1938, ch, 850, § 1, 52 Stat. 1250; Aug. 6, 1939, ch. 500, 53 Stat. 1222; Proc. No. 2695, eff. July 4, 1946, 11 F. R. 7517, 60 Stat. 1352; Mar. 10, 1947, ch. 15, 61 Stat. 11.)

CODIFICATION Words “(including the Philippine Islands) but" were deleted from the definition of the term "interstate commerce" on the authority of Proc. No. 2695, which granted independence to the Philippine Islands on July 4, 1946, pursuant to section 1394 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, under which section said Proc. No. 2695 is set out as a note.

AMENDMENTS

1947–Subsec. (6) amended by act Mar. 10, 1947, to include “robbery" within the definition of "crime of violence".

CROSS REFERENCES National Firearms Act, see note under section 909 of this title.

to ship, transport, or cause to be shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm or ammunition.

(f) It shall be unlawful for any person who has been convicted of a crime of violence or is a fugutive 1 from justice to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce, and the possession of a firearm or ammunition by any such person shall be presumptive evidence that such firearm or ammunition was shipped or transported or received, as the case may be, by such person in violation of this chapter.

(g) It shall be unlawful for any person to transport or ship or cause to be transported or shipped in interstate or foreign commerce any stolen firearm or ammunition, knowing, or having reasonable cause to believe, same to have been stolen.

(h) It shall be unlawful for any person to receive, conceal, store, barter, sell, or dispose of any firearm or ammunition or to pledge or accept as security for a loan any firearm or ammunition moving in or which is a part of interstate or foreign commerce, and which while so moving or constituting such part has been stolen, knowing, or having reasonable cause to believe the same to have been stolen.

(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to transport, ship, or knowingly receive in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm from which the manufacturer's serial number has been removed, obliterated, or altered, and the possession of any such firearm shall be presumptive evidence that such firearm was transported, shipped, or received, as the case may be, by the possessor in violation of this chapter. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 2, 52 Stat. 1250; Proc. No. 2695, eff. July 4, 1946, 11 F. R. 7517, 60 Stat. 1352.)

CODIFICATION Words “(including the Philippine Islands)” were deleted from subsec. (d) following “possessions" on authority of Proc. No. 2695, which granted independence to the Philippine Islands on July 4, 1946, pursuant to section 1394 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, under which section said Proc. No. 2695 is set out as a note.

CROSS REFERENCES National Firearms Act, see note under section 909 of this title.

8 902. Transporting, shipping, or receiving firearms or

ammunition in interstate or foreign commerce; acts prohibited. (a) It shall be unlawful for any manufacturer or dealer, except a manufacturer or dealer having a license issued under the provisions of this chapter, to transport, ship, or receive any firearm or ammunition in interstate or foreign commerce.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to receive any firearm or ammunition transported or shipped in interstate or foreign commerce in violation of subsection (a) of this section, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe such firearms or ammunition to have been transported or shipped in violation of said subsection.

(c) It shall be unlawful for any licensed manufacturer or dealer to transport or ship any firearm in interstate or foreign commerce to any person other than a licensed manufacturer or dealer in any State the laws of which require that a license be obtained for the purchase of such firearm, unless such license is exhibited to such manufacturer or dealer by the prospective purchaser.

(d) It shall be unlawful for any person to ship, transport, or cause to be shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm or ammunition to any person knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that such person is under indictment or has been convicted in any court of the United States, the several States, Territories, possessions, or the District of Columbia of a crime of violence or is a fugutive from justice.

(e) It shall be unlawful for any person who is under indictment or who has been convicted of a crime of violence or who is a fugutive from justice

$ 903. License to transport, ship, or receive firearms

or ammunition. (a) Any manufacturer or dealer desiring a license to transport, ship, or receive firearms or ammunition in interstate or foreign commerce shall make application to the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall prescribe by rules and regulations the information to be contained in such application. The applicant shall, if a manufacturer, pay a fee of $25 per annum and, if a dealer, shall pay a fee of $1 per annum.

(b) Upon payment of the prescribed fee, the Secretary of the Treasury shall issue to such applicant a license which shall entitle the licensee to transport, ship, and receive firearms and ammunition in interstate and foreign commerce unless and until the license is suspended or revoked in accordance with the provisions of this chapter: Provided, That no license shall be issued to any applicant within two years after the revocation of a previous license.

1 So in original.

(c) Whenever any licensee is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, it shall be the duty of the clerk of the court to notify the Secretary of the Treasury within forty-eight hours after such conviction and said Secretary shall revoke such license: Provided, That in the case of appeal from such conviction the licensee may furnish a bond in the amount of $1,000, and upon receipt of such bond acceptable to the Secretary of the Treasury he may permit the licensee to continue business during the period of the appeal, or should the licensee refuse or neglect to furnish such bond, the Secretary of the Treasury shall suspend such license until he is notified by the clerk of the court of last appeal as to the final disposition of the case.

(d) Licensed dealers shall maintain such permanent records of importation, shipment, and other disposal of firearms and ammunition as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 3, 52 Stat. 1251.)

8905. Penalties.

(a) Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter or any rules and regulations promulgated hereunder, or who makes any statement in applying for the license or exemption provided for in this chapter, knowing such statement to be false. shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both.

(b) Any firearm or ammunition involved in any violation of the provisions of this chapter or any rules or regulations promulgated thereunder shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture, and all provisions of Title 26 relating to the seizure, forfeiture, and disposition of firearms as defined in section 2733 of Title 26 shall, so far as applicable, extend to seizures and forfeitures incurred under the provisions of this chapter. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 5, 52 Stat. 1252; Feb. 7, 1950, ch. 2, 64 Stat. 3.)

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National Firearms Act, see note under section 909 of this title.

1950—Act Feb. 7, 1950, amended section by designating entire former section to be subsection (a), and by adding subsection (b) relating to the seizure and forfeiture of any firearms or ammunition involved in violations of this chapter.

CROSS REFERENCES National Firearms Act, see note to section 909 of this title. $ 906. Effective date of chapter.

This chapter shall take effect thirty days after June 30, 1938. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 6, 52 Stat. 1252.)

$ 904. Excepted persons.

The provisions of this chapter shall not apply with respect to the transportation, shipment, receipt, or importation of any firearm, or ammunition, sold or shipped to, or issued for the use of, (1) the United States or any department, independent establishment, or agency thereof; (2) any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, or any department, independent establishment, agency, or any political subdivision thereof; (3) any duly commissioned officer or agent of the United States, a State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision thereof; (4) or to any bank, public carrier, express, or armoredtruck company organized and operating in good faith for the transportation of money and valuables; (5) or to any research laboratory designated by the Secretary of the Treasury: Provided, That such bank, public carriers, express, and armored-truck companies are granted exemption by the Secretary of the Treasury; nor to the transportation, shipment, or receipt of any antique or unserviceable firearms, or ammunition, possessed and held as curios or museum pieces: Provided, That nothing contained in this section shall be construed to prevent shipments of fire. arms and ammunition to institutions, organizations, or persons to whom such firearms and ammunition may be lawfully delivered by the Secretary of the Army, nor to prevent the transportation of such firearms and ammunition so delivered by their lawful possessors while they are engaged in military training or in competitions. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 4, 52 Stat. 1252; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, $ 205 (a), 61 Stat. 501.)

CHANGE OF NAME The Department of War was designated the Department of the Army and the title of the Secretary of War was changed to Secretary of the Army by act July 26, 1947.

CROSS REFERENCES National Firearms Act, see note to section 909 of this title.

8 907. Rules and regulations.

The Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe such rules and regulations as he deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, § 7, 52 Stat. 1252.) 8908 Senara 8 908. Separability clause.

Should any section or subsection of this chapter be declared unconstitutional, the remaining portion of the chapter shall remain in full force and effect. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 8, 52 Stat. 1252.) 8909. Short title.

This chapter may be cited as the Federal Firearms Act. (June 30, 1938, ch. 850, $ 9, 52 Stat. 1252.)

NATIONAL FIREARMS ACT This chapter, the Federal Firearms Act, should be distinguished from the National Firearms Act, which was act June 26, 1934, ch. 757, 48 Stat. 1237. The provisions of the latter act were substantially embodied in sections 2720_2733 and 3260—3263 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Chapter 19.-MISCELLANEOUS Sec. 1001. Prize-fight films as subjects of interstate or foreign

commerce. 1002. Golden Gate Bridge tolls; government traffic and

personnel in performance of office business not

subject to tolls. 1003. Same; authorization for free travel; issuance, pres

entation, and acceptance; other authorization

devices. 1004. Same; penalties,

Sec. 1005. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge tolls; govern

ment traffic and personnel on official business exempted; government personnel on Yerba Buena

Island or Treasure Island exempted. 1006. Same; authorization for free travel; issuance, pres

entation, and acceptance; other authorization

devices. 1007. Same; penalties.

$ 1001. Prize-fight films as subjects of interstate or

foreign commerce. Every film or other pictorial representation of any prize fight or encounter of pugilists, under whatever name, transported into any State, Territory, or possession, for use, sale, storage, exhibition, or other disposition therein is divested of its character as a subject of interstate or foreign commerce to the extent that it shall upon crossing the boundary of such State, Territory, or possession, be subject to the operation and effect of the laws of such State, Territory, or possession enacted in the exercise of its police power. (June 29, 1940, ch. 443, § 1, 54 Stat. 686.)

Gate Bridge free of toll may be established by any other device or means which may be acceptable to the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District; and the Secretary of the Army and the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District, and the Secretary of the Navy and the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District, may enter into any appropriate agreements to secure the effective, convenient, and just exercise of such right. (Mar. 14, 1944, ch. 92, 82, 58 Stat. 116; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, $ 205 (a), 61 Stat. 501.)

CHANGE OF NAME The Department of War was designated the Department of the Army and the title of Secretary of War was changed to Secretary of the Army by act July 26, 1947. $ 1004. Same; penalties.

Whoever secures or attempts to secure the exemption from toll provided for in sections 1002-1004 of this title or an authorization referred to in section 1003 of this title, knowing that he is not entitled thereto, and whoever signs or issues any such authorization certifying to such right of exemption, knowing that such right does not exist, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100 or by imprisonment for not more than ten days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Mar. 14, 1944, ch. 92, § 3, 58 Stat. 116.)

CROSS REFERENCES Misdemeanor, offense punishable by imprisonment not exceeding one year as, see section 1 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

8 1002. Golden Gate Bridge tolls; government traffic

and personnel in performance of office business not subject to tolls. Tolls may be charged for the passage or transit over the Golden Gate Bridge of Government traffic. of military or naval personnel and their dependents, and of civilian employees of the Army and Navy traveling on Government business, but such tolls shall not be in excess of the tolls charged for the passage or transit of other like traffic over such bridge: Provided, however, That subject to the pro

d however that subiect to the provisions of section 1003 of this title, military and naval personnel, and civilian employees of the Army and Navy, when such personnel or employees are engaged in the performance of oficial duties requiring the use of such bridge, together with the conveyances being used by them in the performance of such duties, shall have the use of such bridge free of toll. (Mar. 14, 1944, ch. 92, § 1, 58 Stat. 116.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section 4 of act Mar. 14, 1944, provided: "The provisions of this Act (sections 1002—1004 of this title] shall take effect thirty days after the date of its enactment." $ 1003. Same; authorization for free travel; issuance,

presentation, and acceptance; other authorization devices. (a) The use of the Golden Gate Bridge free of toll, provided for in section 1002 of this title, shall be granted upon the presentation and surrender at the toll lanes of an authorization certifying that the trafic in question is entitled to such right. Such authorization shall be issued and signed by any military or naval officer designated for such purpose in accordance with regulations which shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Navy, respectively. The names and signatures of officers so designated shall be furnished to the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District, and thereafter authorizations signed by them shall be accepted by such bridge and highway district as prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, such right to use the Golden

& 1005. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge tolls; gov

ernment traffic and personnel on official business exempted; government personnel on Yerba Buena

Island or Treasure Island exempted. Tolls may be charged for the passage or transit over the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge of Government traffic, of military, naval, or civilian personnel and their dependents, and of civilian employees of the Army and Navy traveling on Government business, but such tolls shall not be in excess of the tolls charged for the passage or transit of other like traffic over such bridge: Provided, however, That subject to the provisions of section 1006 of this title, military, Coast Guard, and naval personnel, and civilian employees of the Army and Navy and Coast Guard and personnel and employees of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, when such personnel or employees are engaged in the performance of official duties requiring the use of such bridge, together with the conveyances being used by them in the performance of such duties, shall have the use of such bridge free of toll: Provided further, That subject to the provisions of section 1006 of this title, military, Coast Guard, and naval personnel, civilian employees of the Army and Navy and Coast Guard and personnel and employees of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and their dependents, when such personnel, employees, or dependents are resident or employed on Yerba Buena Island or Treasure Island, or on any vessel berthed at any point on said islands, together with the conveyances being used by them, when proceeding to or from said islands, shall have the use of such bridge free of toll. (July 1, 1946, ch. 528, § 1, 60 Stat. 347.)

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than $100 or by imprisonment for not more than ten days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (July 1. 1946. ch. 528, $ 3, 60 Stat. 348.)

CROSS REFERENCES Misdemeanor, offense punishable by imprisonment not exceeding one year as, see section 1 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

EFFECTIVE DATE Section 4 of act July 1, 1946, provided that sections 1005_1007 of this title should become effective thirty days after July 1, 1946.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The functions of all officers of the Department of Commerce and all functions of all officers and employees of such Department, were, with a few exceptions, transferred to the Secretary of Commerce, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or the performance of any of his functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by 1950 Reorg. Plan No, 5, $$ 1, 2, eff, May 24, 1950, 15 F. R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in note under section 591 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. The Coast and Geodetic Survey, referred to in this section, is an agency within the Department of Commerce.

EXCEPTION AS TO TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions of the Coast Guard, and of the Commandant thereof, when the Coast Guard is operating as a part of the Navy under section 3 of Title 14, Coast Guard, were excepted from the transfer of functions of officers, agencies, and employees of the Department of the Treasury to the Secretary of the Treasury, made by 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 26, § 1, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F. R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1281, set out in note under section 241 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

Chapter 20.-REGULATION OF INSURANCE Sec. 1011. Declaration of policy. 1012. Regulation by State law; Federal law relating spe

cifically to insurance; applicability of certain Fed

eral laws after June 30, 1948. 1013. Suspension until June 30, 1948, of application of

certain Federal laws; Sherman Anti-Trust Act applicable to agreements to, or acts of, boycott,

coercion, or intimidation. 1014. Applicability of National Labor Relations Act and

the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. 1015. Definition of "State".

8 1011. Declaration of policy.

Congress declares that the continued regulation and taxation by the several States of the business of insurance is in the public interest, and that silence on the part of the Congress shall not be construed to impose any barrier to the regulation or taxation of such business by the several States. (Mar. 9, 1945, ch. 20, § 1, 59 Stat. 33.)

SEPARABILITY Section 6 of act Mar. 9, 1945, provided: “If any provision of this Act (this chapter), or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances, shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected."

& 1006. Same; authorization for free travel; issuance,

presentation, and acceptance; other authorization devices. (a) The use of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge free of toll, provided for in section 1005 of this title, shall be granted upon the presentation and surrender at the toll lanes of an authorization certifying that the traffic or person in question is entitled to such right. Such authorization shall be issued and signed by any officer or official designated for such purpose in accordance with regulations which shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Department having control of the personnel exempted by section 1005 of this title. The names and signatures of officers so designated shall be furnished to the California Toll Bridge Authority and thereafter authorizations signed by them shall be accepted by such authority as prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, such right to use the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge free of toll may be established by any other device or means which may be acceptable to the California Toll Bridge Authority; and the Secretary of the appropriate Department and the California Toll Bridge Authority may enter into any appropriate agreements to secure the effective, convenient, and just exercise of such right. (July 1, 1946, ch. 528, § 2, 60 Stat. 348.)

1012. Regulation by State law; Federal law relating

specifically to insurance; applicability of certain

Federal laws after June 30, 1948. (a) The business of insurance, and every person engaged therein, shall be subject to the laws of the several States which relate to the regulation or taxation of such business.

(b) No Act of Congress shall be construed to invalidate, impair, or supersede any law enacted by any State for the purpose of regulating the business of insurance, or which imposes a fee or tax upon such business, unless such Act specifically relates to the business of insurance: Provided, That after June 30, 1948, the Act of July 2, 1890, as amended, known as the Sherman Act, and the Act of October 15, 1914, as amended, known as the Clayton Act, and the Act of September 26, 1914, known as the Federal Trade Commission Act, as amended, shall be applicable to the business of insurance to the extent that such business is not regulated by State law. (Mar. 9, 1945, ch. 20, § 2, 59 Stat. 34; July 25, 1947, ch. 326, 61 Stat. 448.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The act of July 2, 1890, as amended, known as the Sherman Act, referred to in the text of subsection (b), is classified to sections 1–7 of this title.

The act of October 15, 1914, as amended, known as the Clayton Act, referred to in the text of subsection (b), is classified to sections 12-27, and 44 of this title and sections 52 and 53 of Title 29, Labor. See, also, note under section 12 of this title.

§ 1007. Same; penalties.

Whoever secures or attempts to secure the exemption from toll provided for in sections 1005—1007 of this title or an authorization referred to in section 1006 of this title, knowing that he is not entitled thereto, and whoever signs or issues any such authorization certifying, to such right of exemption, knowing that such right does not exist, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more

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