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Sec. 16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

educational topics in the several States of the Union and in foreign countries as may be deemed of value to the educational interests of the States, and there shall be printed one edition of not exceeding twelve thousand five hundred copies of each issue of said bulletin for distribution by the Office of Education, the expense of printing and binding such bulletin to be charged to the allotment for printing and binding for the Federal Security Agency (May 28, 1896, ch. 252, § 1, 29 Stat. 171; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, $ 201, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F. R. 2728, 53 Stat. 1424.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Office of Education was originally established in the Department of the Interior from which it was transferred to the Federal Security Agency by 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, which is set out in note under section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

In the appropriation act of July 12, 1870, ch. 251, 16 Stat. 242, the Office was designated the Bureau of Education. This designation was retained until the act of May 14, 1930, ch. 273, 46 Stat. 281, 319, which made appropriations for the "Office of Education." Since that time, all appropriations have been made to the "Office of Education."

22. 23. 24.

Acceptance of benefits of appropriations by States;

creation of State boards. Cooperation between Federal Security Agency and

State boards; investigations and reports; em

ployment of assistants. Plans and reports by State boards to be submitted

to Federal Security Agency. Expenditure of appropriations; expenses to be borne

by States. Plans by State boards for use of appropriations; for

agricultural purposes. Same; for salaries of teachers of trade, home eco

nomics, and industrial subjects. Same; for training teachers, supervisors, or directors. State custodians of funds appropriated. Supervision of expenditures by States; quarterly

payments to States. Deductions from allotments when preceding allot

ments have not been expended. Withholding allotments. Loss of funds; replacing; limitation on use. Reports to Congress by Federal Security Agency. Benefits extended to Hawaii. Benefits extended to Puerto Rico; appropriation;

apportionment. Benefits extended to Virgin Islands; appropriations. Same; allocation of funds. Same; provisions governing use and payment of

funds.

25.

26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

31. 32. 33.

8 4. Report of Commissioner.

The Commissioner of Education shall present annually to Congress a report embodying the results of his investigations and labors, together with a statement of such facts and recommendations as will, in his judgment, subserve the purpose for which the Ofice is established. (R. S. § 518.)

DERIVATION
Act Mar. 2, 1867, ch. 158, $ 3, 14 Stat. 494.

85. Repealed. Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 654, 81 (36), 65 Stat.

702. Section, R. S. $ 519; acts Feb. 26, 1925, ch. 339, $ 3, 43 Stat. 983; Mar. 2, 1934, ch. 38, § 1, 48 Stat. 389; June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title I, § 103, 63 Stat. 380, provided that the Administrator of General Services should furnish proper offices for the use of the Office of Education.

Chapter 2.–VOCATIONAL EDUCATION Sec. 11. Annual appropriations. 12. Same; paying salaries of teachers of agricultural

subjects; amounts; allotment of funds to States. 13. Same; paying salaries of teachers of trade, home

economics, and industrial subjects; amounts;

allotment of funds to States. 14. Same; preparing teachers of agricultural subjects;

amounts; allotment of funds to States. 15. Same; studies, Investigations, and reports; salaries

and expenses. 152–15g. Omitted. 15h. Further development of vocational education in

States and Territories; appropriation; matching

by States and Territories; allotment. 151. Same; definitions. 15). Same; appropriations for vocational education; use

of funds; minimum amounts. 15k. Same; requirements as to matching of funds. 151. Same; making of payments. 15m. Same; availability of funds for salary and expenses

of state directors. 15n. Industrial-plant programs; limitations on expendi

tures. 150. Applicability of Smith-Hughes Vocational Educa

tion Act to development of vocational education. 15p. Restrictions and conditions on appropriations for

vocational education. 15q. Appropriations to Office of Education for vocational

education.

& 11. Annual appropriations.

There is annually appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the amounts hereinafter provided for, to be paid to the respective States for the purpose of cooperating with the States in paying the salaries of teachers, supervisors, and directors of agricultural subjects, and teachers of trade, home economics, and industrial subjects, and in the preparation of teachers of agricultural, trade, industrial, and home economics subjects, and for the use of the Federal Security Agency for the administration of sections 11—15 and 16-28 of this title and for the purpose of making studies, investigations, and reports to aid in the organization and conduct of vocational education, which sums shall be expended as provided in said sections. (Feb. 23, 1917, ch. 114, § 1, 39 Stat. 929; Ex. Ord. No. 6166, § 15, June 10, 1933; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, $$ 201, 204, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F. R. 2728, 53 Stat. 1424.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The functions of the Federal Board for Vocational Education were transferred to the Department of the Interior and the Board required to act in an advisory capacity without compensation, by section 15 of Ex. Ord. No. 6166, set out in note under section 132 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

The Office of Education, including the Federal Board for Vocational Education, was transferred to the Federal Security Agency by Reorganization Plan No. I, which is set out in note under section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

ABOLITION OF BOARD The Federal Board for Vocational Education and its functions were abolished by 1946 Reorg. Plan NO. 2, $8, eff. July 16, 1946, 11 F. R. 7875, 60 Stat. 1095, set out in note under section 133y-16 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

CROSS REFERENCES Continuance of appropriations by Vocational Education Act of 1946, see section 150 of this title.

cluding outlying possessions, according to the last preceding United States census. The allotment of funds to any State shall be not less than a minimum of $10,000 for any fiscal year. And there is appropriated the sum of $90,000 annually, or so much thereof as may be needed, which shall be used for the purpose of providing the minimum allotment provided for in this section. (Feb. 23, 1917, ch. 114, $ 4, 39 Stat. 931.)

CROSS REFERENCES Continuance of appropriations by Vocational Education Act of 1946, see section 150 of this title.

} 12. Same; paying salaries of teachers of agricul

tural subjects; amounts; allotment of funds to

States. For the purpose of cooperating with the States in paying the salaries of teachers, supervisors, or directors of agricultural subjects there is annually appropriated for the use of the States, subject to the prorisions of sections 11–15 and 16–28, of this title, the sum of $3,000,000. Said appropriation shall be allotted to the States in the proportion which their rural population bears to the total rural population in the United States, not including outlying possessions, according to the last preceding United States census. The allotment of funds to any State shall be not less than a minimum of $10,000 for any fiscal year. There is appropriated for each fiscal year the sum of $27,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, which shall be used for the purpose of providing the minimum allotment to the States provided for in this section. (Feb. 23, 1917, ch. 114, § 2, 39 Stat. 930.)

CROSS REFERENCES Continuance of appropriations by Vocational Education Act of 1946, see section 150 of this title. § 13. Same; paying salaries of teachers of trade, home

economics, and industrial subjects; amounts;

allotment of funds to States. For the purpose of cooperating with the States in paying the salaries of teachers of trade, home economics, and industrial subjects there is annually appropriated for the use of the States the sum of $3,000,000. Said appropriation shall be allotted to the States in the proportion which their urban population bears to the total urban population in the United States, not including outlying possessions, according to the last preceding United States census. The allotment of funds to any State shall be not less than a minimum of $10,000 for any fiscal year. There is appropriated the sum of $50,000 annually, or so much thereof as may be needed, which shall be used for the purpose of providing the minimum allotment to the States provided for in this section.

Not more than 20 per centum of the money appropriated under sections 11—15 and 16–28, of this title for the payment of salaries of teachers of trade, home economics, and industrial subjects, for any year, shall be expended for the salaries of teachers of home economics subjects. (Feb. 23, 1917, ch. 114, $ 3, 39 Stat. 930.)

CROSS REFERENCES Continuance of appropriations by Vocational Education Act of 1946, see section 150 of this title. $ 14. Same; preparing teachers of agricultural sub

jects; amounts; allotment of funds to States. For the purpose of cooperating with the States in preparing teachers, supervisors, and directors of agricultural subjects and teachers of trade and industrial and home economics subjects, there is annually appropriated for the use of the States the sum of $1,000,000. Said sum shall be allotted to the States in the proportion which their population bears to the total population of the United States, not in

§ 15. Same; studies, investigations, and reports; sal

aries and expenses. There is authorized to be appropriated to the Federal Security Agency the sum of $200,000 annually, for the purpose of making or cooperating in making the studies, investigations, and reports provided for in section 17 of this title, and for the purpose of paying the salaries of the officers, the assistants, and such office and other expenses as the Agency may deem necessary to the execution and administration of sections 11-15 and 16—28 of this title; this appropriation is also made available for printing and binding, law books, books of reference and periodicals, and postage on foreign mail.

(Feb. 23, 1917, ch. 114, § 7, 39 Stat. 933; Oct. 6, 1917, ch. 79, § 1, 40 Stat. 345; Ex. Ord. No. 6166, § 15, June 10, 1933; June 26, 1934, ch. 756, § 2, 48 Stat. 1226; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I, $$ 201, 204 eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F. R. 1728, 53 Stat. 1424; 1946 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 8, eff. July 16, 1946, 11 F. R. 7875, 60 Stat. 1196.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Federal Board for Vocational Education and its functions were abolished by 1946 Reorg. Plan No. 2, $ 8, set out in note to section 133y-16 of Title 5.

SALARIES AND EXPENSES Effective July 1, 1935, the permanent appropriation for salaries and expenses provided for in this section was repealed by act June 26, 1934, such act authorizing, in lieu thereof, annual appropriations from the general fund of the Treasury in identical terms and in such amounts as provided by the laws making such permanent appropriations. See section 7258 (b) (22) of Title 31, Money and Finance.

CROSS REFERENCES Continuance of appropriations by Vocational Education Act of 1946, see section 150 of this title.

SS 15a-15g. Omitted.

CODIFICATION Sections 152–15c, act Feb. 5, 1929, ch. 153, $$ 143, 45 Stat. 1151, appropriated money to be used for further development of vocational education in the States and Territories but appropriations were authorized for only four years after the fiscal year ending June 30, 1930.

Sections 150–15g, act of May 21, 1934, ch. 324, $$ 1-4, 48 Stat. 792, provided for the further development of vocational education in the several States and Territories by authorizing additional appropriations for the fiscal years 1935-37.

Section 7 of act of June 8, 1936, ch. 541, 49 Stat. 1490, incorporated in section 150 of this title, provided that the appropriations authorized by the act of June 8, 1936, incorporated in sections 15h-15p of this title, "shall be in lieu thereof and not in addition to the appropriations authorized in" sections 1 and 2 of the act of May 21, 1934.

8 15h. Further development of vocational education in ritories, according to the last preceding United

States and Territories; appropriation; matching States census; by States and Territories; allotment.

(3) $8,000,000 for vocational education in CODIFICATION

trades and industry, to be apportioned for exSection acts June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 1, 49 Stat. 1488;

penditure in the several States and Territories Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, § 1, 60 Stat. 775, provided for a popular name and is now set out as a note under section 151

in the proportion that their nonfarm populaof this title. Subject matter of section prior to its

tion bears to the total nonfarm population of amendment related to the development of vocational the States and Territories, according to the last education in States and Territories, appropriations and preceding United States census; their allotment, and matching of funds by States and Territories, and is now covered by sections 150 and 15k

(4) $2,500,000 for vocational education in of this title.

distributive occupations, to be apportioned for

expenditure in the several States and Territories 8 15i. Same; definitions.

in the proportion that their total population As used in sections 151-15m and 150—159 of this bears to the total population of the States and title

Territories, according to the last preceding (1) the term “States and Territories" means the United States census; several States, the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii, (b) The funds appropriated under authority of the island of Puerto Rico, and the District of Co

paragraphs (1)-(4) of subsection (a) of this seclumbia;

tion may be used for assisting the several States (2) the terms "State plan” and “State board”

and Territories, for the purposes therein specified, shall have the meaning which said terms have in the

in the maintenance of adequate programs of adSmith-Hughes Vocational Education Act; and

ministration, supervision, and teacher-training; for (3) the term “Smith-Hughes Vocational Educa

salaries and necessary travel expenses of teachers, tion Act" means the Act approved February 23, 1917

teacher-trainers, vocational counselors, supervisors (39 Stat. 929, ch. 114). (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 2, 49

and directors of vocational education and vocaStat. 1488; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

tional guidance; for securing necessary educaREFERENCES IN TEXT

tional information and data as a basis for the The "Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act” ap- proper development of programs of vocational eduproved Feb. 23, 1917, referred to in subsec. (3) of this sec- cation and vocational guidance; for training and tion, constitutes sections 11-15 and 16-28 of this title.

work-experience training programs for out-ofAMENDMENTS

school youths; for training programs for appren1946--Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section generally to tices; for purchase or rent of equipment and supplies define terms used in sections 151–15m and 150–15q

for vocational instruction: Provided, That all exof this title. Subject matter of section prior to its amendment related to appropriations for training in dis

penditures for the purposes as set forth in this sectributive occupational subjects and is now covered by tion shall be made in accordance with the State sections 153 and 15k of this title.

plan for vocational education. SHORT TITLE

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection Congress, in amending sections 15h-15p of this title (a) of this section, the amount to be available for by act Aug. 1, 1946, provided in section 1 of act June 8,

expenditure in any State or Territory shall be not 1936, as amended by act Aug. 1, 1946, that sections 151—

less, for any fiscal year, than $40,000 each for voca15m, 150-159 of this title shall be popularly known as the "Vocational Education Act of 1946".

tional education in agriculture, in home economics,

and in trades and industry; $15,000 for vocational $ 15j. Same; appropriations for vocational education; education in distributive occupations and there is use of funds; minimum amounts.

authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year be(a) For the purpose of assisting the several States

ginning July 1, 1946, and annually thereafter, such and Territories in the further development of voca

additional sums as may be needed for the purpose tional education, there is authorized to be appropri

of providing such minimum amounts. (June 8, 1936. ated for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1946, and ch. 541, § 3, 49 Stat. 1489; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725. 60 annually thereafter

Stat. 775.) (1) $10,000,000 for vocational education in

AMENDMENTS agriculture, including supervision by the voca- 1946–Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section generally tional agriculture teachers of the activities, re- to provide for funds for vocational education in various lated to vocational education in agriculture, of

subjects, for maintenance of programs for teacher

training, etc., and for the minimum amount to be ava.). the Future Farmers of America and the New

able to any State or Territory. Prior to amendment, this Farmers of America, to be apportioned for ex- section related only to funds for preparing teachers penditure in the several States and Territories supervisors and directors of agricultural, trade and indus. in the proportion that their farm population

trial and home economics subjects, with provisions for

allotment to States and Territories and minimum bears to the total farm population of the States

amounts. and Territories, according to the last preceding United States census;

§ 15k. Same; requirements as to matching of funds. (2) $8,000,000 for vocational education in The several States and Territories, in order to home economics, to be apportioned for expendi- receive the benefits of sections 151-15m and 150 ture in the several States and Territories in the 15q of this title, shall be required to match by State proportion that their rural population bears to and local funds or both 100 per centum of the apthe total rural population of the States and Ter- propriations made under authority of section 15j of

his title. (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 4, 49 Stat. 1489; Reorg. Plan No. I, $$ 201, 204, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 7. R. 2728, 53 Stat. 1424; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

AMENDMENTS 1946—Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section generally o provide for matching of funds by States and Terriories. Subject matter of section prior to amendment related to an appropriation for the Office of Educaion and is now covered by section 15q of this title. } 15l. Same; making of payments.

The Secretary of the Treasury, through the Fiscal Service of the Treasury Department, shall, upon the certification of the United States Commissioner of Education, pay, in equal semiannual payments, on the first day of July and January of each year, to the custodian for vocational education of each State and Territory designated in the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act, the moneys to which the State or Territory is entitled under the provisions of sections 151—15m and 150—15g of this title. (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 5, 49 Stat. 1489; Reorg. Plan No. III, $ 1 (a) (1), 5 F. R. 2107, 54 Stat. 1231; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act, referred to in text, constitutes sections 11-15 and 1628 of this title.

AMENDMENTS 1946—Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section by substituting "the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act” for "section 23 of this title" and "sections 151-15m and 150—159" for "sections 15h, 151 and 15).”

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS All functions of all officers of the Department of the Treasury, and all functions of all agencies and employees of such Department, were transferred, with certain exceptions, to the Secretary of the Treasury, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or the performance of any of his functions, by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 26, $$ 1, 2, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F. R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, set out in note under section 241 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. 8 15m. Same; availability of funds for salary and ex

penses of state directors. Funds appropriated under authority of section 15j of this title shall be available, on a prorated basis determined by the State board, for the salary and necessary travel expenses of a State director of vocational education selected by the State board, in accordance with the requirements of the State plan, on the basis of his technical and professional qualifications including experience in vocational education. (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, $ 6, 49 Stat. 1489; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

AMENDMENTS 1946-Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section to provide for the salary and expenses of State directors of vocational education. Subject matter of section prior to amendment related to conditions and limitations on appropriations and is now covered by section 150 of this title.

Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775, limited expenditures on industrial plant training and is now covered by section 15p of this title. $ 150. Applicability of Smith-Hughes Vocational Edu

cation Act to development of vocational education. The appropriations made under authority of sections 151-15m and 150–15q of this title shall be in addition to, and shall be subject to the same conditions and limitations as, the appropriations made to carry out the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act; except that (1) the appropriations made under authority of sections 151-15m and 150–15q of this title for home economics shall be subject to the conditions and limitations applicable to the appropriation for agricultural purposes under the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act, with the exception of that part of section 20 of this title which requires directed or supervised practice for at least six months per year; (2) such moneys as are provided under authority of sections 151– 15m and 150—159 of this title for trade and industrial subjects, and public and other service occupations, may be expended for part-time classes operated for less than one hundred and forty-four hours per year; (3) the provisions of section 21 of this title, requiring at least one-third of the sum appropriated to any State to be expended for parttime schools or classes shall be held to include any part-time day-school classes for workers sixteen years of age and over, and evening-school classes for workers sixteen years of age and over; (4) the appropriations made by sections 151—15m and 150—159 of this title for distributive occupational subjects shall be limited to part-time and evening schools as provided in the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act, for trade, home economics, and industrial subjects and is qualified by the provisions of this section; (5) preemployment schools and classes organized for persons over eighteen years of age or who have left the full-time school may be operated for less than nine months per year and less than thirty hours per week and without the requirement that a minimum of 50 per centum of the time must be given to shop work on a useful or productive basis; and (6) the appropriations available under section 15q of this title shall be available for expenses of attendance at meetings of educational associations and other organizations and for expenses of conferees called to meet in the District of Columbia or elsewhere, which, in the opinion of the Commissioner, are necessary for the efficient discharge of the provisions of sections 151–15m and 150–15q of this title. (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, $ 7, 49 Stat. 1490; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act referred to in text of this section constitutes sections 11-15 and 16–28 of this title.

AMENDMENTS 1946—Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section to provide for the applicability of sections 11-15 and 16–28 of this title to sections 151–15m and 150–15q of this title. Before amendment, this section provided that appropriations formerly authorized by sections 15h-15p of this title should be in lieu of appropriations formerly authorized by sections 150 and 15e of this title.

8 15n. Industrial-plant programs; limitations on expenditures.

CODIFICATION Section, act June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 6a, 49 Stat. 1490, which was omitted in amendment of that act by act

8 15p. Restrictions and conditions on appropriations

for vocational education. (a) No part of the appropriations made under authority of sections 151–15m and 150–15q of this title shall be expended in industrial-plant training programs, except such industrial-plant training be bona fide vocational training, and not a device to utilize the services of vocational trainees for private profit.

(b) After June 30, 1951; not more than 10 per centum of the amount appropriated for each of the purposes specified in section 15j (a) of this title shall be used for the purchase or acquisition of equipment. (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 8, 49 Stat. 1490; Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

AMENDMENTS 1946–Act Aug. 1, 1946, amended section generally to restrict the use of funds for industrial-plant training and for the purchase and acquisition of equipment. Before amendment this section contained the definition of States and Territories which is now found in section 161 (1) of this title.

minimum amount appropriated for the training of teachers, supervisors, or directors of agricultural subjects, as provided for in sections 11-15 and 1628 of this title, and no State shall receive any appropriation for the salaries of teachers of trade, home economics, and industrial subjects until it shall have taken advantage of at least the minimum amount appropriated for the training of teachers of trade, home economics, and industrial subjects, as provided for in sections 11-15 and 16-28 of this title. (Feb. 23, 1917, ch. 114, § 5, 39 Stat. 931; 1933 Ex. Ord. No. 6166, § 15, June 10, 1933; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. I. $$ 201, 204, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F. R. 2728, 53 Stat. 1424.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Transfer of functions of Federal Board for Vocational Educatic to Interior Department and from there to the Federal Security Agency and in 1946 the abolishment of the Board and its functions, see notes set out under sections 11 and 17 of this title.

$ 15ą. Appropriations to Office of Education for voca

tional education. For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of sections 151–15m and 150-15q of this title there is authorized to be appropriated to the Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, for vocational education, for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1937, and annually thereafter the sum of $350,000, to be expended for the same purposes and in the same manner as provided in section 15 of this title. (June 8, 1936, ch. 541, § 9, as added Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 725, 60 Stat. 775.)

8 16. Acceptance of benefits of appropriations by

States; creation of State boards. In order to secure the benefits of the appropriations provided for in sections 12-14 of this title, any State shall, through the legislative authority thereof, accept the provisions of sections 11–15 and 16—28 of this title and designate or create a State board, consisting of not less than three members, and having all necessary power to cooperate, as herein provided, with the Federal Security Agency in the administration of the provisions of sections 11-15 and 16-28 of this title. The State board of education, or other board having charge of the administration of public education in the State, or any State board having charge of the administration of any kind of vocational education in the State may, if the State so elect, be designated as the State board, for the purposes of sections 11-15 and 16-28 of this title.

Any State may accept the benefits of any one or more of the respective funds provided for in sections 11-15 and 16-28 of this title, and it may defer the acceptance of the benefits of any one or more of such funds, and shall be required to meet only the conditions relative to the fund or funds the benefits of which it has accepted, except that no State shall receive any appropriation for salaries of teachers, supervisors, or directors of agricultural subjects, until it shall have taken advantage of at least the

§ 17. Cooperation between Federal Security Agency

and State boards; investigations and reports;

employment of assistants. The Federal Security Agency shall have power to cooperate with State boards in carrying out the provisions of sections 11–15 and 16—28 of this title. It shall be the duty of the Federal Security Agency to make or cause to have made studies, investigations, and reports, with particular reference to their use in aiding the States in the establishment of vocational schools and classes and in giving instruction in agriculture, trades and industries, commerce and commercial pursuits, and home economics. Such studies, investigations, and reports shall include agriculture and agricultural processes and requirements upon agricultural workers; trades, industries, and apprenticeships, trade and industrial requirements upon industrial workers, and classification of industrial processes and pursuits; commerce and commercial pursuits and requirements upon commercial workers; home management, domestic science, and the study of related facts and principles; and problems of administration of vocational schools and of courses of study and instruction in vocational subjects.

When the Federal Security Agency deems it advisable such studies, investigations, and reports concerning agriculture, for the purposes of agricultural education, may be made in cooperation with or through the Department of Agriculture; such studies, investigations, and reports concerning trades and industries, for the purposes of trade and industrial education, may be made in cooperation with or through the Department of Labor; such studies, investigations, and reports concerning commerce and commercial pursuits, for the purposes of commercial education, may be made in cooperation with or through the Department of Commerce; such studies. investigations, and reports concerning the administration of vocational schools, courses of study and instruction in vocational subjects, may be made in cooperation with or through the Office of Education.

The Commissioner of Education may make such recommendations to the Federal Security Agency relative to the administration of sections 11-15 and

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