in which the cost will not consume the profits. The State then, as a whole, can be made independent of the world for its supplies; but this can only be done by enabling each part to derive what it cannot advantageously grow, from those sections which can most profitably produce what is thus elsewhere wanted. This can be done by a great scheme of internal improvement. Preceding legislatures have been aware of this fact, and the committee feel that they are asserting facts which will not be controverted. But the committee have for object to show, that the past measures of the State, in partial and local legislation, have not been of a character to remedy the evil. The many appropriations for improving the navigation of rivers, and the opening of roads to a market, have been of a laudable character from the motive which has actuated the measures; but they have been of mistaken policy, as the result has shown.

Our rivers are of such a character as that efforts to affect any permanent improvement in the navigation of them have been and must continue to be abortive. The shoals in them, when removed from one point immediately accumulate in another ; and the experience of the past shows plainly that the whole annual revenue of this State, if applied to this purpose alone, could not accomplish the object." Roads may be opened and kept in order, but still they do not afford the facilities which the exigency of the times requires. Our sister States, older and more experienced than ourselves in the arts, commerce, and agriculture, have shown us the means by wbich to make our great resources available ; the experiment has been made by them. At first, like ourselves, they left to the enterprise of individuals and private corporations the opening those channels of communication ; but soon it was discovered that the wants of the country could not be satisfied in this way. The want of means in some instances, the clashing of interests in others, and the slow progress in all, showed that the country to be benefited must be so by state action. A great man in New-York had the sagacity to discover this truth, and patriotism and firmness to stake his high character on a new scheme, which for a while met with so much opposition as to prostrate him, but which in the end vindicated his views, placed him in the class of benefactors of mankind, and gave to his native State that command of her resources which has made her the shining star in our constellation. Pennsylvania and other States followed this great example; and we now see the state of Ohio, one of the progeny of the old thirteen, with gigantic strides assuming a rank which, without her system of internal improvements, she never could

have attained. It may be said that the state of Pennsylvania has involved herself in an immense load of debt, and that her canals and her railroads have as yet been insufficient to pay the interest on the debt incurred by them.

This may be admitted, and yet the argument lose its force; if it be recollected that the state at once entered on a scheme of the largest scale, and attempting every thing at once, the result, as a maiter of profit, is not to be known until the whole is complete. And if also it be recollected that though the work may never pay to the state the money expended, the advantages to the citizens have been and will continue to be more, infinitely more, than sufficient to counterbalance the cost. Her works have not been profilable, because her rates of toll have been low to counteract the competition of neighbouring states, and because her citizens have preferred to pay in taxes what a low rate of toll might make necessary. In our own neighbourhood, our sister states are awake to the subject; and projects are on foot in every quarter to draw from the state her products, and to make us dependent on them for our supplies: and it is now a question, whether there is that pride of state which will alarm our jealousies of being made tributary to another, or whether we are supinely to submit to the degrading condition of dependence on them. For years past, acts of private incorporations for these purposes have been granted, and we have hoped that there was sufficient of individual enterprise and capital in the state to effect some work of internal improvement. Experience has, however, shown these hopes to be delusive, although there is still a sbow of an attempi at this work through individual or private enterprise. This committee believes that the state in general can only be permanently benefited by soine great work on the resources of the state, and as a state undertaking wholly. By the adoption of this course, under the direction of an intelligent board of public works, a base may at once be established on which the state may hereafter build a superstructure not surpassed by any other state; the interior may find a ready outlet for their superabundant products; the seaboard may find its supplies from the interior of the state ; itself may acquire a capital which will hereafter render taxation unnecessary; build up our schools, and all other institutions tending to the happiness, welfare, and comfort of its citizens, and make them dependent on each other only for the supplies, Deeply impressed with the correctness of these views, and with a sense of the importance of action on them before the trade of the state shall have made for itself a channel from which it may be difficult to divert it, the committee have studied the question as to the mode of raising the means necessary for this purpose.

The committee is aware of the reluctance of the Legislature to encroach on the stocks held by the State in the different banks, and that the funds of the Central Bank are now so diffused among the citizens that they cannot readily be called in, and have therefore come to the conclusion that a loan of money on the credit of the State will be more advantageous than any other course.

The resources of this State are so ample-free as it is from debt, there can be no difficulty in raising from capitalists any amount that might be necessary at a low rate of interest, on a term of years which would admit of repayment from the profits of the work. The advantages of this course would be not only withdrawing none of the capital, now employed in this State from commerce, but in actually introducing into the State an additional capital to be diffused among her citizens. The committee, influenced by these considerations, respectfully recommend to the Legislature the adoption of such measures as will, through a board of public works authorized to obtain money on the credit of the State, establish a base of internal communication from our seaboard to some central point in our State, on which hereafter can be extended those branches which, like the veins of the human system, may pervade every part of the State, and give a healthy action to the whole--and therefore offer the following resolution:

Resolved, That the times require, and the resources of the State authorize a scheme of internal improvement from the seaboard of this State to the interior by railroad, on the faith and credit of the State, and as a great State work. Agreed to, Nov. 29th, 1834.


President of the Senate. Attest-John A. CUTHBERT, Secretary.

In the House of Representatives.

Concurred in, December 29th, 1834.


Speaker of the House of Rcpresentatives. Attest-JOSEPu Sturgis, Clerk. Approved, 20th December, 1834.


Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the said Sheriff of Walker county.

Agreed to, 7th Nov. 1834.


President of the Senate.

Attest-JOHN A. CUTHBERT, Secretary.

- In the House of Representatives,

Concurred in, Nov. 10th, 1834.


Speaker of the House of Representatives. Attest-JOSEPH Sturgis, Clerk.

Approved, Nov. 12th, 1834."



Whereas, sometime in the spring of the present year, Eli Hicks, a Cherokee Indian, was murdered in the county of Floyd by two Cherokee Indians, Duck and Swimmer; and whereas, all attempts to apprehend the said Duck and Swimmer have proved to be unsuccessful; and whereas, the known friendship of the said Eli Hicks to Georgia and her citizens renders it peculiarly desirable that his said murderers should be arrested ; and whereas, there is just cause to believe that this will not be done unless there should be some interference upon the part of the State

Be it therefore resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives, that his Excellency the Governor be requested and authorized to offer a reward, in such sum as


may deem necessary, for the arrest and confinement of either the said

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Duck or Swimmer in any Jail in this State; and that the same be paid for out of the contingent fund.

Agreed to, 12th Dec. 1834.


President of the Senate.

Attest-Jonn A.'CUTHBERT, Secretary.

In the House of Representatives,

Concurred in, Dec. 18th, 1834.

THOMAS GLASCOCK, Speaker of the House of Representatives.


Approved, Dec. 20th, 1834.



Whereas, one of the first principles on which our government, State and Federal, is founded, is the right of the con. stituent to instruct his representative, and the correlative duty of the latter to obey the will of the former, when distinctly expressed to him, or to resign the trust delegated to him if he cannot conscientiously represent and advance such


And whereas, our Senators in Congress, elected by the Legislature, and responsible to the people through this body, cannot, on principles of reason, good sense, or honesty, disregard the expression of the will of the people, made through the Legislature, on subjects to which public and general attention has been called; and it is therefore only proper and right that this General Assembly express to our Senators

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