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the will of the people, and instruct them to use their best efforts, in their proper sphere, to advance said will;
And whereas, also, the expression of this body, immediately connected as it is with the people, may serve as a guide to the members of the House of Representatives in Congress in their action on several subjects of great general interest to which the people are sensitively alive ;
And whereas, it is unwise and inexpedient to place in the hands of a few wealthy individuals, who are irresponsible to the people, an immense moneyed power, such as the Bank of the United States, enabling it to control the commerce of the country, to fix the price of labour and the value of products at its pleasure, at its will to spread distress and ruin through the whole country, and in a season of public calamity to control the government.
The course pursued by the bank in its endeavours to compel a re-charter, and in the attitude which it has assumed towards the government of the United States, is sufficient to demonstrate that it is an institution fraught with danger to our liberties. That in placing its funds at the disposal of its president for the purpose of securing its re-charter; in spending immense sums avowedły to disseminate information, but in fact to influence elections; in its extravagant loans to editors of newspapers, whereby strange changes have been wrought ; in transacting its business in such a manner, through the medium of committees, as to exclude the government directors from a knowledge of what was actually done, and thereby to defeat the object of their appointment; in using its immense means to produce commercial embarrassment; and through the fear of wide-spread ruin to extort a re-charter; in its refusal to deliver up to the government the pension-funds and books relating thereto; in its refusal to pay the dividends on the government stock, on the ground
of a claim for damages on å bill of exchange drawn on the French government, which claim had no foundation on any principle of law or justice, and making itself the judge in its own cause; in substituting an illegal kind of branch drafts in lieu of its notes, and exporting the specie of the country, and thereby preventing a metallic currency in the United States; in refusing to a committee of the House of Representatives that examination of its books and papers which the many imputations of corrupt management made necessary and proper -has violated
its charter in several of these particulars, and in all has shown clearly that it cannot with safety, independent of other considerations, be suffered to continue its existence.
For these reasons, among others, the people of Georgia, through this Legislature, resolve
1st. By the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Georgia in General Assembly met, That the Bank of the United States ought not to be re-chartered on any terms; and that our Senators in Congress be, and they are hereby instructed, and our representatives requested to vote against the re-charter of said bank in any form or shape in which it may be presented.
2d. That the bold, patriotic, and constitutional course pursued by the President of the United States to arrest the powerful efforts made by that bank to compel a re-charter; which must, if successful, have resulted in the destruction of the liberties and happiness of the American people, deserves and has the unqualified approbation of the people of Georgia, who pledge to him their support, while he steadily moves onward in his course to arrest, and finally to destroy this mammoth of aristocracy.
And whereas the power of Congress, under the constitution, to charter a bank is denied by a large portion of the people of this State, and is acknowledged by another portion, who assert the power to be of too disputable a character to admit its exercise without an amendment of the Constitution expressly granting it; and the opinion of this General Assembly being that Congress should exercise no such power, not expressly granted, or necessarily flowing from one so granted, and that the right to charter a bank is not one of this character
3d. Be it further resolved, That our Senators be instructed, and our Representatives requested, to use all proper means to prevent the charter of any Bank of the United States, at least until an amendment of the constitution in this particular shall have been submitted to the States, and by them ratified.
And whereas the constitution has clearly defined the duties of the two Houses of Congress, and has made the one the accuser in cases of impeachment, and the other the court for the trial of impeachments, the General Assembly, expressof
ing the feelings of the people of Georgia, views the course
the Senate of the United States in the adoption of the resolution of the 28th March last by that body, and its subscquent refusal to enter on its journals the Protest of the Presi. dent thereto, as unprecedented, unjust to the President, and unbecoming the dignity of that body, and adopting the language used by the Legislature of New Hampshire on this subject
4th. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Georgia in General Assembly met, That the late Protest of the President of the United States against the extraordinary and unprecedented resolution of the Senate of the United States, pronouncing him guilty of a most flagrant offence, without either hearing or trial, was a measure justified by his personal rights to vindicate his own character from unmerited reproach, and by his imperative duty to defend the Executive branch of the government, while in his charge, from all intemperate assaults and unconstitutional encroachments; and that the Senate in passing such a resolution violated the first principles of ordinary justice; and those who voted for the adoption of that resolution deliberately unfitted themselves for the proper discharge of those official duties which by the Constitution (if the charges in it were true) they were bound to believe the House of Representatives would soon invoke them to perform.
5th. Be it further resolved, That our Senators be instructed to vote that the resolution adopted in the Senate, on the 28th of March last, declaring “That the President, in the late Executive proceedings in relation to the public revenue, has assumed upon himself authority and power not conferred by the Constitution and Laws, but in derogation of both," be expunged from the journals of the Senate.
And whereas the people of this State have sensibly felt and fully appreciated the efforts of the present Executive of the United States to do justice to them in their relations to their Indian population, and in the protection of our terri'torial rights, according to the compact of 1802–
6th. Be it further resolved, That this General Assembly esteems the efforts of the President of the United States to relieve us of our Indian population as founded in feelings of enlarged philanthropy towards the Indians, and in a sense of the justice due to the State of Georgia, and a determina.' tion to do her that justice.
7th. Be it further resolved, That copies of these resolutions be forwarded to the President of the United States, and to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
Agreed to, 11th December, 1834.
President of the Senate.
Attest-John A. CUTHBERT, Secretary.
In the House of Representatives;
Concurred in, December 12, 1834.
Attest-JOSEP STURGIS, Clerk,
Approved, December 13th, 1834.
WILSON LUMPKIN, Governor.
The Joint Standing Committee on Banks, report, that they have carefully examined the annual and semi-annual returns of the Bank of Darien which have been referred to them, and report that they find the institution has been faithfully ad ministered, and that it is in a safe and flourishing condition; and that from a comparison with the returns of former years, your committee does not hesitate to pronounce that its present condition entitles it to the confidence of the public in a degree equal to that to which any other institution of the kind in the State may claim. We conceive that it stands above suspicion, an expression your committee the more readily make, from the fact that suspicions unjust and unfounded have been made against it; and as a large amount of funds of this State is in. vested in the stock of said bank, which investment your com
mittee believe to be safe and profitable ; and as the charter of said bank has now but two years to run, would recommend the passage of an act, at the present session of the Legislature, rechartering said bank with such modifications and limitations as may be thought proper.
Your committee have examined the semi-annual and annual returns of the State Bank of Georgia which have been referred to them, and report that they find the said bank in a sound state, and entitled to the confidence of the Legislature; and that the report of said bank exhibits a very flourishing condition.
And they further report, that on a careful examination of the semi-annual returns of the Planters' Bank of Savannah, and of the Marine and Fire Insurance Bank of Savannah, your committee beg leave to report, that they can discover nothing which tends to impair public confidence in either institution. They appear to have been conducted with a proper circumspection and due regard to their safety and permanent usefulness as moneyed institutions of our State, and to deserve the continued favour of her citizens.
They further report, that they have given to the return of the Mechanics' Bank the necessary consideration, and are of opinion that said bank is in a sound and flourishing condition, and entitled to the confidence of the community.
Read and agreed to, 19th Dec. 1834.
President of the Senate.
Attest-JOHN A. CUTHBERT, Secretary.
In the House of Representatives,
Concurred in, 20th Dec. 1834.
Attest--JOSEPH STURGIS, Clerk.
Approved, 22d Dec. 1834.
WILSON LUMPKIN, Governor.