** will repress many disorders and abuses in the public go-^ "vernment, which were hard to be discovered~"by-men in"different. To prohibit all gorgeous and costly apparel to? "be worn but by persons of good quality, shall save the "gentry of the kingdom much more money than they "shall be taxed to your Majesty.

"Thus withall 1 humbly take my leave, and kiss your "gracious hands, desiring pardon for any errors I may "commit herein."

The which false, seditious, and malicious discourse and writing, so framed, contrived, and written as aforesaid, the authors thereof intended should be divulged and dispersed as if the fame had been entertained by your Majesty with purpose to be put in execution, thereby to raise fears and jealousys in the minds of your good subjects, that your iacred Majesty had a purpose to alter and innovate the ancient laws of this kingdom, and the ancient manner and form of the government thereof, and to draw all things to be disposed of at your Majesty's absolute will and pleasure, and to command and dispose of the estates, revenues, and goods of your subjects, or such part or portion thereof as yourself pleased, without the consent of your subjects, and to make and repeal laws and statutes by your Majesty's proclamation only, without consent of Parliament; and that, to overawe and oppress your subjects, you purposed to maintain and plant garrisons and fortified castles and places, in a warlike manner, in all the principal cities and towns in this your kingdom, which, if it should be believed by your people, could not but raise infinite discontents amongst them, the consequences whereof might be extreme and almost inevitable danger to your Majesty's person and state, and to the whole frame of this kingdom, and to the great dishonour of your Majesty, which all and every of your good and loyal subjects are in their dutys and allegiances to your Majesty bound to prevent to the uttermost of their powers, and to discover unto your Majesty, or some of your privy council, or other magistrate, all such false and seditious discourses and writings, whensoever they shall come to their hands or knowledge. Nevertheless, Francis Earl of Bedford, Robert Earl of Somerset, John Earl of Clare, Sir Robert Cotton Knight and Baronet, John Selden, Estir. and Gilbert Barrell Gent.

forgetting forgetting that duty which they owe to your gracious Majesty, their liege Lord, and intending to further and cherish those false, scandalous, and seditious rumors, whereby matter of discord and slander might grow between your Majesty, the great men of this kingdom, and your people, and not regarding the great dangers and evil consequences thereof, having gotten the said discourse or writing, or some copy or copies thereof, into their hands, every of them the said Sir Robert Cotton, John Earl of Clare, Robert Earl of Somerset, Francis Earl of Bedford, John Selden, and Gilbert Barrell, at several times within the space of eiaht months now last past, did make or write, or cause to be made or written, several copies thereof, and amongst themselves, and also to and amongst many others, have published, divulged, and dispersed the same, to the great and insufferable scandal and dishonour of your Majesty, and of your most just and gracious government; and none of them, before such publication thereof, did make the same known to your Majesty, or any of your privy council, or any other lawful magistrate, as in duty they and every of them ought to have done. In consideration of all which premises, forasmuch as the said spreading, publishing, and divulging of all such false, scandalous, and malicious tales, news, and rumors, and they not making the fame known to your Majesty, or your privy councill, or other magistrate, is contrary to the good laws and statutes of this your realm, and contrary to the duty and allegiance they owe unto your Majesty; and for that the venom thereof may by this undue means be dispersed and infused in and unto many others, into and through whose hands those false, seditious, and malicious papers or writings have or may come; and that the danger thereof is exceeding great, and may be of infinite ill consequence, if in time the same be not prevented, and, for example and terror to all others, be not severely punished:

May it therefore please your most excellent Majesty, to grant unto your said Attorney your Majesty's most gracious writs of subpœna, to be directed to the said Sir Robert Cotton Knight and Baronet, John Selden Esqr. and Gilbert Barrel Gent, and also to signify your Majesty's royal pleasure, according as is used in such cases, to the said John Earl of Clare, Robert Earl of Somerset, and Francis Earl of Bedford, commanding them, and every of

them, them, at a certain day, and under a certain pain, thereof to be limited, personally to be and appear before your Majesty and the Right Honourable the Lords and others of your Most Honorable Privy Council, in your High Court of Starchamber, then and there to answer the premises, and to stand and abide such order, directions, sentence, and decree therein, as to your Majesty and the said Lords and others shall be thought most meet and agreeable to justice. And your said Attorney shall daily pray, &g*



No. III.

'Address from the Grand Jury of the County of Buck.* Ingham to his Majesty King Charles the First,

May it please your Majestie,

Your very dutifull loyale subjects, we the inhabitants of this county of Bucks, taking into consideration, with great thankfullness, the royal expressions in the latter part of your Majestie's Letter directed to the Judge of Assize, wherein we are graciously invited to make our addresses to your most sacred person concerning our several grievances, which though manie, yet none at this time leave so great an impression in the hearts of us your subjects as your Majesties absence from your Parliament, and the feare of a civil warr, occasioned through the raising of an army under the title of a guard; a light terrible to your people, and not conducible to that amiable accommodation so much desired:

Wherefore we humbly implore your gracious Majeftie to secure the feares of your people by dismissing the army ef your most sacred Majestie to your Parliament, who, no doubt, will most religiously perform all that they have undertaken in a late petition presented unto your Majestie; and we do protest, before the Almighty God, it is not only the desire of our eyes to fee you, but the true resolution of our hearts to serve and defend you, as we are bgunsj by our duty and allegiance.






1 Head of the Grenviles established at Wotton, in the Vale of Aylestmry, since the Conquest, and still remaining there.

2 Establistied at Doddersliall, in the Vale of Aylelbury, since H. 3. »nd still remaining there.

3 Established at Castle Thorp, a branch of the Thornton Family, and now extinct.

♦ Established at Great Marlow; the male line extinct. The representatives of this very antient Family are, Sir J. Borlase Warren and the M. of Buckingham, whose ancestors married the two heiresses, the younger of whom was mother to R. Grenvile who signs this paper.

s Established at Long Crendon, in the Vale of Aylesbury; but the property is alienated.

6 Brother to Richd Grenvile, and established at Foscot, near Buckingham. His grandson dying without issue, this branch is extinct.


* A branch of the Wing Family, established at Peterley, near Missenden, and still remaining there. 9

10 Head of the Dayrells, established at Lillingston Dayrell, near Buckingham, since the Conquest, and still remaining there. 11

*' Established at Dinton, near Aylesbury s he was one of the regicides. The Family is now extinct,

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No. IV.

[the following Litter ii indorsed by Mr. G*tK*ili:.}

« From Mr. J. Pvm, os Brill*, 18 Oct. 1642.**

To the Right wo". Rich. Grenvile, Esq.
These present.

Mt. High Sheriff,
My service premised,

Although I presume you have better intelligence that I can give you any, yet I shall cast in my mite, accbrdinge to return of scouts and an honest gentleman to me. The King lay on Saturday night at Edgcott, at Sir William Thursbeyes house. On Sunday he removed, and lay Sunday night at Hanwell, at the Lady Copes. On Sunday 1000 of his troops came to Banbury gates and demanded entrance, which the town refused,having within the town 2000 men or more. Whether the King will settle upon Edge-Hill or not, I cannot imagine; for he hath a great advantage there against our forces, if they

* Brill is a very high hill at the end of the Vale of Aylefbury, on the confines of Oxfordshire. It was occasionally occupied as a poll by the two parties, who from their garrilbns at Oxford (fortified by the King) and at Aylcfbury (fortified by the Parliament) repeatedly contended for this post, which commanded much of the supplies drawn from this rich Vale. Wotton, where Mr. Grenvile lived, is only one mile from Brill. Borstall, of which Mr. Pym speaks in this letter, is the property of Sir John Aubrey: it is likewise distant one mile from Brill. The house was moated round, and was occupied as a garrison, and was twice surrendered on capitulation \ it was destroyed about twenty years ago, and only the gateway or toover cif it remains* It is held in eapite from the Crown, under a grant from Edward the'Confessor to John Fitz-Nigel, by the tenure of a horn, of which an account is given in the Archæologia, and which still exists at Boarstall. This Family of Fitz-Nigel were hereditary Foresters of Bernwood, in the center of which Boarstall is situated; and it has descended, through four several families to whom it has belonged by marriage with heirestes, to the Aubreys.—This letter was written only five days before the battle of Edgehill on the 13d October 1642.


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