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court in his behalf, he was left to perish within their walls, for want even of those moderate comforts to which the habits of his life had inured him.

As soon as Mr. Wakefield was lodged in the King's Bench Prison, he procured a few volumes from his library, and pursued his studies, so far as a scarcity of books and an attention to his numerous visitors would permit. Besides an almost daily association with his intimate friends, he was now resorted to by many with whom he had no previous personal acquaintance. But they knew him by his writings, and had formed a high respect for his character. Some of these were distinguished in public life by their rank and talents. We cannot forbear to mention the names of the late lamented Duke of Bedford, Mr. Fox, and Lord Holland. With Mr. Fox he had for some time past maintained a correspondence upon subjects of ancient literature.

The countenance thus given to him by eminent public characters, the assiduities of his personal friends, and especially the fond and dutiful attentions of his family, together with the resources derived from his own studious habits, notwithstanding the gloom and

restraints of a prison, would not suffer his hours at the King's Bench to pass altogether disagreeably. Indeed, there is some reason to apprehend that in the opinion of his Judges, and probably of his prosecutor, that situation seemed likely to supply too many alleviating circumstances to suit their ideas of a due severity of punishment for such an enormous offence as the Attorney-General had imputed to Mr. Wakefield. At least the subsequent decision of the court very naturally encouraged such a supposition. It could scarcely be designed as a favour that he should be doomed to pass a long imprisonment far from the residence of his relations and friends, and where he had not, and might reasonably be supposed not to have, a single connexion.

WHATEVER were the deliberations of the court on Mr.Wakefield's case, or their designs respecting him, he was again brought before them on May 30th, to receive sentence. His intention of making a short address was prevented by the haste with which Mr. Justice Grose, the senior puisne judge, began his very elaborate oration.

Considering the person to whom it was addressed, this must be regarded as a most curious moral lecture, and brings to our re

membrance that kind instructor in ancient story, who seized an opportunity that might never again occur, of teaching Hannibal the art of war. Perhaps the reputation of the worthy magistrate would have lost nothing had his “sober wishes” upon this occasion never ventured “ to stray” beyond the range of statutes and reports.

Mr. JUSTICE Grose compliments the eloquence of those who had preceded him in their animadversions on the prosecuted pamphlet, and fears lest he should weaken its effects by any additions of his own. Yet he certainly goes beyond the Attorney-General in his imputations of criminality. This gentleman, whatever high-sounding phrases he might occasionally employ, still confined his serious charges to a legal offence. It was reserved for the penetration of Mr. Justice Grose to discover that a man who from his youth had been continually sacrificing his interest at the command of his integrity (to an extent of which, probably, his reprover could not even form an idea) was, after all, a man of artifice, affecting “ to enforce peace and good-will for pitiful purposes ;” and one who could not

possibly be sincere in his professions.” To adopt Mr. Wakefield's own words, when speak

ing of this accusation, it implied that he was “a pretended believer in Christianity, and an artful hypocrite.”

Upon this transaction we take the liberty to remark that, either Mr. Justice Grose was acquainted with such circumstances in the life and conduct of the defendant as would enable him to falsify the numerous evidences of integrity, which the foregoing pages of his memoirs have supplied, or that he hazarded imputations without proof, and indulged himself in a severity of censure far beyond what was requisite in delivering the judgment of the court. A highly respected nobleman, to whom Mr. Wakefield was intimately known for many years, having occasion to speak of him to one of the present writers, observed, respecting his treatment in the court, that the Judge might with some plausibility have attributed to him a want of prudence, but that when he charged him with hypocrisy he betrayed an utter ignorance of the character before him.

Mr. Justice Grose, in perfect conformity with his charitable construction of the defendant's conduct, concluded his harangue with the pious wish that the “hours of his imprisonment might produce contrition and sincere repentance!!” having first delivered

the following sentence, which he represented as very lenient:

“ The court taking into their consideration all the circumstances of your case, doth order and adjudge, that for this offence, “You be imprisoned in his Majesty's jail of Dorchester, for the county of Dorset, for the space of two years, and that you give security for your good behaviour for the term of five years, to be computed from the expiration of that term, yourself in the sum of 5001. with two sufficient sureties in 250l. each, and that you be farther iinprisoned till such sureties be given.”

Mr. Wakefield immediately returned to the prison in custody of the tipstaff. We had the painful duty of accompanying our friend upon this occasion. His firm and manly cheerfulness was strikingly contrasted with that regret and anxiety which it was impossible not to feel, and which we found it. so difficult to disguise. He was even facetious and jocose, till he came within sight of the prison, where he well knew that his wife and daughters were expecting his arrival in trembling solicitude. He now appeared almost overpowered by his sympathy for their situation, and said to his companions “ this is the great trial.” Such

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