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cases differs so materially from that which has bitherto been in vogue, that it is not easy to identify the places or persons. I have adhered to the old form of orthography, as the student may have occasion to refer to the records and despatches of Government, to Parliamentary papers, to previous histories, and to current English journals, in which it has been, and continues to be, used. There are some cases in which names have been variously spelled by different writers, but the diversities are neither important nor embarrassing. On the principle of preferring general usage to philological nicety, I have in every such instance collated diverse authors, and, to the best of my ability, made choice of that mode which appeared to have the preponderance. For the convenience of the native student, the two forms of spelling are placed in juxtaposition in the following table.

John CLARK MARSHMAN.

LONDON: October, 1873.

NOTE TO THE PRESENT EDITION.

MR MARSHMAN did not long survive the publication of this Abridgment of his . History of India. He died in London, July 1877, and India lost in him a zealous worker, and a conscien. tious and faithful historian. During a long life his efforts were unceasingly directed to promote her interests, and the welfare of her people; and he held it his proudest title to be called “the Friend of India." In the present edition the summary of inportant events, from the death of Loril Mayo in 1872 to the close of the year 1891, has been briefly chronicled by a member of the author's family.

LONDON, April 1893.

TABLE OF ORTHOGRAPHY

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CUSTOMARY TRANSLITERAL Abdalee

Abdáli Abdoolla

Abdullah Aboo

Abú Abul Fazil

Abul Fazl Acharjyu

Achárya Afzool Khan. Afzal Khan Agra

Agrah Ahmed.

Ahmad Ahmedabad Ahmadábad Ahmednugur Ahmadnagar Ajeet

Ajit Ajmere

Ajmir Aliverdy

Alivardi Alla-ood-deen Alá-ud-din Alliwal

Aliwal Allygurh

Aligarh Alum

Alam Alumgeer

Alamgir Aluptugeen Alptigin Ambajee

Amhaji Amboor.

Ambur Ameer

Amir Amercote

Amarkot Amrut

Amrita Anglia

Inglia
Anund

Anand
Anwar-ood-deen Anwar-ud-din
Argaum.

Argaon
Arracan.

Arakán Aseergurh Asirgahr Asof Khan

Asar Khán Assye

Assai Aurungabad. Aurangábad Aurungzebe Aurangzeb Aylah

Ahalya Azim

Azam Azimgurh Azimgarh Baber

Babar Baboo

Bábú Bagdad.

Baghdad Bahadoor

Bahadur Bahminee

Bahmani Bajee Rao

Baji Rao Balaghaut

Balaghat Ballajoe.

Balaji Bandoo.

Bauda Bapoo

Bápú Barcelore

Barcelor Bareilly.

Bareli Beder

• Bidar

CUSTOMARY
Bednore
Beejanuger
Beejapore
Beerna
Begum
Behar
Bellals
Bellary
Beloch
Belochistan
Beloli
Berar
Beyas
Bharutu
Bhawulpore
Bheem.
Bhonslay
Bhoobaneshur
Bhurtpore
Biana
Bithoor.
Bokhara
Boohddha
Booddhism
Booddhist
Boorhanipore
Bootwul
Brahmin
Brumhapooter
Budgebudge.
Budukshan
Bukhtijar
Bulbun.
Bullabhis
Bundlecund.
Burdwan
Burmah
Buxar
Bye
Byram
Cabul
Cachar
Calicut
Caliph
Callinger
Çalpee
Cambay.
Cambuksh
Camiran.
Candahar

TRANSLITERAL
Bednor
Bijanagar
Bijapur
Bhima
Begam
Bihar
Ballalas
Ballary
Bilúch
Bilúchistán
Buhlol
Barár
Beya
Bharata
Bhawalpur
Bhima
Bhonsle
Bhuvaneshwar
Bhartpur
Biánah
Bithour
Bukhara
Buddha
Buddhism
Buddhist
Burhanpur
Bhútwal
Brahman
Brahmaputra
Baj-Baj
Badakshan
Bakhtiar
Balban
Vallabhis
Bandelkhand
Bardwan
Barmah
Baxar
Bái
Bairám
Kabul
Kachár
Calicát
Khalil
Kálinjar
Kalpi
Kambay
Kámbaksh
Kámråd
Kandahar

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CUSTOMARY TRANSLITERAL Candesh

Khandesh Carrical.

Kárikal Cashmere

Kashmir Cauvery

Kaveri Cawnpore

Cawnpur Chanderee

Chanderi Chandernagore Chaudernagar Cheetoo.

Chitu Chenab.

Chinab Cheyt Sing Chait Singh Chillumbrum Chilambram Chittore

Chitor Choule

Choul Choute

Chauth Chumbul

Chambal Chumpanere Champánir Chunar

Chanár Chunda.

Chanda Chundergiree Chandragiri Chundragooptu Chandragupta Chuttanuttee • Chattanatty Chutter.

Chattar Coimbatoor

Coimbator Colapore

Kohlapur Coles

Kols Coorg

Kúrg Corah

Korah Cossim

Kasim Cossimbazar Kasimbazár Cuddalore

Cuddalor Cuddapa

Kadapa Cunouge

Kanauj Curumnassa. Karmanasa Cutch

Kach Cuttack.

Cattack Daniel

Dányál Daood Khan. Daud Khá) Deccan

Dakkin Deep

Dig Deogaum

Deogaon Deogurh

Deogiri Devicotta

Devikotta Dewan

Diwán Dewanee

Diwani Dholpore

Dholpur Dhriturastu. Dhritarastra Dhuleep Sing Dhúlip Singh Dhyan

Dian Delawur

Delawar Dilere

Dilir Dindigui

Dindiga? Doondhoo Punt : Dhandu Pant Dooranees

Duranis Doorjun Sal.

Durjan Sál Dooryudhun. Duryodhana Dowlut.

Daulat Drupudee

Draupudi Dumdum

Damdam Dushuruthu. Dasaratha Eldoze

Ilduz Ellichpore Ilichpur Emamcurh

Imangurh Eusufzies

Yúsuizais Ferokshere Farrukh Siyar Feroze

Firúz Ferozepore Firuzpur Firman.

Farmán Furnavese

Farnavis Futteh Khan Fathkhán Futtehpore Fathpur

CUSTOMARY Fyzabad Furruckabad Gawilgurh Geriah Ghauts Ghazee Ghazeepore Ghiljie Gholam. Ghore Ghuzui Gingee Godavery Gogra Gohud Gohur Golab Golconda Goomsoor Gooptu . Goorkha Gooroo. Goruckpore. Gour Gukkers Gungadhur Guntoor Guzerat Gwalior. Gya Hafiz Rühmit Hajee Hamed. Hejira Hemu Herat Hindee Hindoo Hindoo Coosh Hindostan Hooghly Hoosen Ali Hoshungabad Humayoon Hnoornan Hussun Gunga Hustinapore Hyderabad Hyder Ali Indore Irrawaddy Jain Jaulna Jaut Jehander Jehangeer Jehan Lodi Jellalabad Jellal-ood-deen Jenghis Khan Jeswunt Jeypore. Jey Sing Jhelum. Joudhpore Jounpore Juggut Sett Jullunder Jummoo Jumna.

TRANSLITERAI Faizabád Parakhabad

Gawilgarlı • Gherinh

Gháts
Gházi
Ghazipur
Khilji
Ghulam
Ghor
Ghazni
Gingi
Godavari
Ghoghra
Gohad
Gauhar
Gulab
Golkandah
Gumsur
Gupta
Ghurká
Guru
Gorakhpur
Gaur
Gakkhars
Gangadhar
Guntur
Guzarát
Gwaliar
Gaya
Hafiz Rahmat
Haji
Hahmid
Hijrah
Himú
Harát
Hindi
Hindú
Hindú Kush
Hindústán
Hugli
Huslan Ali
Húshangábád
Humayún
Hanumát
Hasan Gango
Hastinapura
Haidarábad
Haidar Ali
Indor
Irawadi
Jaina
Jáina
Ját
Jahandár
Jahangir
Jabán Lodi
Jalálábad
Jalál-ud-din
Changiz Kháu
Jeswant
Jaipur
Jai Singh
Jhelam
Jodhpur
Jaunpur
Jagat Set
Jallandar
Jammu
Jamnah

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TABLE OF ORTHOGRAPHY

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TRANSLITERAL
Jankoji
Janaka
Khátmandu
Khwarizm
Kalát
Khizr
Khwajah
Khond
Khurásán
Khusrau
Karak
Khaibar
Khairpur
Kineri
Kharki
Krishna
Koh-i-nur
Kolhapur
Khumbo
Kurus
Kurukshetra
Kutb
Koregám
Krishna
Kshatriyas
Kulusha
Kalian
Kharim
Karnul
Karachi
Kutb

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CUSTOMARY
Junkojee
Junuku.
Katmandoo
Kharism
Khelat
Khizir
Khojah
Khoond.
Khorasan
Khosroo
Khurruk
Khyber.
Khyrpore
Kineyree
Kirkee
Kistna
Koh-i-noor
Kolapore
Koombho
Kooroos
Koorookshetru
Kootub.
Korygaum
Krishnu
Kshetriyus
Kuloosha
Kulyan.
Kureem.
Kurnool
Kurrachee
Kootub.
Lahore
Lall
Leswaree
Lobanee
Loodiana
Lucknow
Lucknowtee.
Lucksmunu
Madhoo
Mahmood
Mahomed
Mahomedan
Mallojee
Malown
Mama Sahib
Mandoo.
Mangalore
Mawulees
Meeanmeer
Meeanee
Meer
Meer Jaffier:
Meer Joomla
Meerun.
Meerut
Mehidpore
Melowa
Merdar.
Mewar.
Mednapore
Mobarik
Mogul
Monghyr
Moodkee
Moolraj.
Mooltan
Moorshedabad
Morad
Morteza

CUSTOMARY TRANSLITERAL
Moslein

Muslim
Mozuffer

Muzaflar
Muazzim

Muazzam
Muckwan pore Makwanpur
Mugudu

Maghada
Muhabharut Mahabharata
Muhanudee Mahanadi
Mulhar.

Mal hár
Mundel

Mandal
Muneepore :

Manipur
Munoo

Manu
Musulman

Musalman
Muttra

Mattra
Mysore

Maisúr or Mysor
Nabob

Nawab
Nagarcote Nagarkot
Nagpore

Nagpur
Nahapan

Nahápána
Nalagurh

Nalagarh
Nanuk

Nának
Narrain.

Narayana
Nazir Jung

Nasir Jang
Nepaul.

Nepal
Nerbudda

Narbaddah
Nizam-ool-moolk Nizam-ul-mulk
Noor Jehan Núr Jahan
Nuddea

Naddea
Nundu.

Nanda
Nunkoomar Nandakumar
Nuzeeb-ood-dow: Nazib-ud-daulah

lah
Omar

Umar
Omichund Umschand
Omrah

Umará
Ooch

Uchh
Oodypore

Udai pur
Oody Sing

Udai Singh
Oojein

Ujjain
Oude

Oudh
Palghaut

Pálkkát
Pandoos

Pandavas
Pandyas

Pandies
Paniani.

Ponani
Paniput

Panipat
Patans

Pathans
Peelajee

Pilaji
Persajee

Parsaji
Pertab Sing Pratáb Singh
Peshawur

Peshawar
Pindarees

Pindáris
Plassy

Plassey
Poona

Púna
Pooranus

Puranas
Pooree

Puri
Poornea

Púrniah
Pooroosram

Purasu Rama
Poorundur

Púrandhar
Punchala

Panchala
Punderpore Pandharpur
Punjab

Panjab
Punt

Pant
Purwandurra Parwandurra
Prithee .

Prithvi
Qwettah

Kettah
Raiseen

Raisin
Raigurh

Raigarh
Rajpoot.

Rajput
Rajpootana Rajpútáná
Ramayun

Ramayana
Ramnugger Ramnagar

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Lal
Laswari
Loháni
Ludhianah
Lakhnau
Lak nauti
Lackomana
Mádu
Mahmud
Muhammad
Muhammadan
Malloji
Maloun
Mama Saheb
Mándú
Mangalor
Máwalis
Mianmir
Miani
Mir
Mirjafar
Mir Jamla
Miran
Mirat
Mahidpur
Mellún
Mardán
Maiwár
Midnapur
Mubarak
Mughul
Monghir
Múdki
Mulráj
Multan
Murshidabad
Murad
Múrtazá

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Sooruj Mull:

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Suráj Mall

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• Sita

CUSTOMARY TRANSLITERAL Ramraj.

Rámrájá
Ramu

Rama
Ranu Sunga. Rána Sanga
Rangoon

Rangún
Ravee

Ravi Ravunu

Rávana Rawul-pindee Rawal-pindi Rezia

Raziah Rhotas

Rahtás Rinthimbore Rantambhor Rohilcund

Rohilkhand Roopur.

Ropar Rughoojee Raghuji Rughoonath. Raghunath Runjeet Sing Rangit Singh Sa'adut.

Sa'adat
Sahoo

Sáhu
Salabut Jung Salábat Jung
Salbye

Salbai
Sambajee

Sambaji Satgang

Sátgawn Satpoora

Satpuré Saugor

Sagar Savanoor

Sávanur
Savendoorg Suvarnadrág
Secunder

Sikandar
Beeta
Seetabuldee Sítábaldi
Seeva

Siva
Selim

Salim Seljuks

Saljúks Sen

Sena Seoraj

Sioraj Setts

Sets Sevajee.

Sevaji Shah Alum Shah Alam Shahee

Shahhi
Shahjee.

Shaji
Shah Jeban Shah Jahan
Shahpooree Shahpuri
Shariar

Shahryar
Shastur.

Sastra Shustree

Sahstri Sheah

Shiah Sheiks

Shaikhs Shere

Sher Shirjee

Shirji Shunkur

Sankara Sikkim

Sikhim Sinde

Sind Sing

Singh Sipree

Sipra Sircars

Circars Sirhind.

Sarhind Sirjee Angengaum Sirji Angengaon

Son Soliman.

Sulaimán Soobah

Súbah Soobadar

Súbahdar Sooder

Şudra Shoojah

Shujá

Subuktugeen Sebaktigin
Succaram

Sakaram
Suddaseo-rao-bow SivadÁo ráo bao
Suddoosain Suddosam
Sufder

Safdar Suraj-ood-dowlah Siraj-ud-daulah Surat

Saurashtra Sutlej

Satlaj Sutnaramees Satnuramis Suttee

Sati Syhadree

Syhadri Syuds

Sayyids Tallikotta Talikot Talpooras

Talpúrs Tamul

Tamil Tanjore.

Tanjor Tanna

Thana Taptee

Tapti Tara-bye

Tara-bái Tartar

Tatár Tellicherry Tellicheri Teloogoo

Telugu Teraee

Tarai Thanesur

Thuneswar Tinnevelly Tinnevelli Tippoo .

Tippu Tirhoot.

Tirhút Toder Mull Todar Mall Toghluk

Tughlak Tokajee.

Tukaji
Tonk

Tank
Toulsee-bye Tulsi-b6f
Toombudra Tumbadra
Travancore Travancor
Trichinopoly. Trichinápalli
Trimbukjee Dang. Trimbakji
lia

Dainglia
Tumlook

Tamluk Ugni-Kools: • Agnikulas Umritsir

Amritsar Urjoon.

Arjuna Vedic

Vaidik Vellore

Vellor Vencajee

Venkáji Vikrumadityu Vikramiditya Vishnoo

Vishnu Vizier

Vazir Warungul

Warangal Wassil

Wasil Wishwanath Vishwanath Wiswas.

Viswas Wurda .

Warda Wurgaum

Wargám Wuzeerabad. Vazırábád Yoodistheer. Yudhisthira Zabita

Zabítah Zeman

Zaman Zemindar

Zamindár Zoolfikar

Zulfikar

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