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PUBLISHERS' NOTE.

.

PREVIOUS to undertaking the republication of the “ HisTORY OF THE PEACE," we wrote to Miss MARTINEAU soliciting from her pen a PREFACE for this edition.

She responded with promptness, not only supplying the desired Preface, and making sundry corrections in the text of the work, but proposing to write, EXPRESSLY FOR THIS EDITION, AN ENTIRE NEw Book, continuing the History of the Peace down to the Russian War in 1854: making the present work a complete History of England from 1800 to 1854. This offer we gladly accepted.

gladly accepted. The present publication has, consequently, a value and completeness largely in advance of the English edition.

The reproduction of this work may be regarded as peculiarly opportune at the Crisis through which this Nation is now passing. Our people are studying anew the great Problems which have been agitated in England for more than half a century. The questions connected with an Extension of the Suffrage; the Emancipation of the Blacks; a Paper Currency; the Removal of Restrictions on Trade; the Increase of Taxation and of the National Debt; have to-day their direct analogies for the consideration of the citizens of the United States. To a certain extent, the solution may be found in these volumes.

In addition to a masterly elucidation of all the topics relating to the government of England, there will be found attractive statements of the Progress of Art, Science, and Literature.

vi

PUBLISHERS' NOTE.

The INTRODUCTION contains a view of the state of Europe in the first fifteen years of the century.

It is valuable for its concise examination of all the important elements that were long discordant, but finally were sufficiently harmonized to produce Thirty-nine Years of Peace.

The personal opinions of the distinguished Author on all the prominent movements of the Epoch are forcibly stated, but the expression of them is characterized by an admirable fairness.

The portion of the Work now offered reaches to 1826, and includes the new Preface.

The remaining half will be completed in two more volumes, embracing the New Book, and concluding with a full INDEX.

WALKER, WISE, & Co.

BOSTON, September, 1864.

CONTENTS.

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Negotiation with Mr. Pitt.

Mr. Pitt..

36 Stock Exchange Hoax

The Catholic Question in the Cabi- War declared

net

39 Holland

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Page

Preparations for War...

82

146

The Prince of Wales

84 The Mahrattas.

147

The English in France.

85 Five Chiefs. .

147

First Naval Captures

86 Their Empire.

149

Loss of Hanover .

86 The Mahratta War.

149

British Policy

87 Plan of the Campaign.

152

The Duke of Kent

88 General Wellesley in the Deccan . 152

Position of the Heir Apparent.

89 | Battle of Assye

153

Colonel Despard's Plot

90 Battle of Argaum

153

Execution of Governor Wall 91 Colonel Murray in Guzerat 154

Prorogation of Parliament

92 General Lake in Hindustan

155

State of Parties..

92 Battle of Delhi

155

The Grenville Letter

94 Restoration of the Mogul Sovereign 156

Royal Anxieties

95 Battle of Laswarree.

156

Meeting of Parliament

96 | Lieutenant-Colonel Harcourt in

Force of the Country

98 Cuttack.

157

The King's Illness

98 Results of the Campaign

158

New Coöperation

99 Salt Monopoly

158

Last Days of the Addington Min-

Treaties

158

istry.

100 Wellesley's Administration in In-

Debate on the Defence of the

dia

161

Country..

100 Lord Cornwallis Governor-General 161

New Administration

103 His Death.

163

Position of Mr. Pitt

104
Loss of West India Ships.

104

1806 – 7.

Incidents in France

104

Meeting of Parliament

164

Solemn Ceremonials in London... 106

The King's Dislike of Mr. Fox... 164

Alarming State of Affairs.

165

1804 . 6.

All the Talents

167

Napoleon Emperor

108 The Catholic Question

168

Mr. Pitt as War Minister

109 Lord Grenville.

171

Additional Force Bill.

109 Charles James Fox.

171

National Condition..

111 Other Ministers.

175

Continental Alliances.

111 Opposition Rancor

175

The Catamaran Expedition 112 First Difficulties

176

Relations with Spain .

112 Military Administration

177

Seizure of Treasure Ships

113 | Financial

178

Reconciliation of Pitt and Adding- Negotiation for Peace.

178

115 Reprobation of the Slave-Trade... 181

Declaration of War with Spain... 117 | Wilberforce

183

Naval Administration

119 Colonial Slave-Trade Prohibition , 184

Lord Melville...

119 Acquittal of Lord Melville. 185

Motion of Censure

120 Mr. Fox's Illness.

187

Lord Melville's Defence.

123 Death of Lord Thurlow

187

His Impeachment.

124 | Death of Mr. Fox.

187

Resignation of Lord Sidmouth 124 State of the War.

188

Catholic Question..

125 Battle of Maida..

189

Prospects of the War..

126 | The Cape regained.

190

General Mack's Surrender

129 Buenos Ayres

190

The French at Vienna.

130 Humiliation of Prussia.

191

Nelson in the Mediterranean 131 Dissolution of Parties.

193

Roving the Seas

132 Dissolution of Parliament.

193

Battle of Trafalgar.

134 | Strength of the Cabinet.

195

Death of Nelson

134 No Christmas Recess

196

His Character...

135 Lord Howick

196

Accession of Prussia to the League 137

Mr. Canning.

196

Battle of Austerlitz...

138 Mr. Perceval.

197

Austrian Treaty

140 Sir Samuel Romilly .

197

Mr. Pitt's Illness.

140 Francis Horner

197

His Death..

141 Others

197

Force of the Country

199

1801 6.

Financial Scheme.

200

Arthur Wellesley in India.

144 Abolition of the Slave-Trade

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The Catholics

205 Andrew Höfer.

262

Irish Act of 1793.

205 False Hopes of Spain

262

Proposed Relaxations.

207 Sir John Moore's Campaign 263

Cabals.

208 His Retreat...

264

The King's Retractation

210 | Battle of Corunna

267

The Measure dropped. .

211 Death of Sir John Moore

267

The Ministry dismissed.

212 Gloomy Aspect of the War

268

Portland Administration.

213 The Walcheren Expedition.

269

Offices in Reversion..

213 Naval Successes...

274

“No Popery” Cry...

213 | Lord Collingwood

274

Dissolution of Parliament,

214 His Death...

275

" The Short Administration

215 | Troubles with America

275

Orders in Council..

275

Charges against the Duke of York 277

His Resignation.

280

Inquiry into Abuses.

281

BOOK II.

Quarrel between Lord Castlereagh

and Mr. Canning

283

1807 -9.

Their Duel..

284

The Portland Administration 216 Changes in the Cabinet.

284

Mr, Perceval.

217

Mr. Perceval Prime Minister

286

Aspect of Public Affairs

220 The Jubilee

287

Education.

221 Napoleon's Divorce.

287

Popular Maintenance.

222

His New Marriage.

287

Emigration....

223 Gloom at Home and Abroad 288

Bequests of the Grenville Ministry 223 Celebration of the 50th year of the

Buenos Ayres Expedition..

223

Reign.

289

Dardanelles Expedition..

226
Egyptian Expedition.

229

1810-12.
Napoleon and Prussia

230

His Berlin Decree..

2300. P. Question....

290

Battle of Eylau

232 Opening of the Session.

292

Apathy of England.

233 Mr. Peel

293

Professions of Russia...

235 Adversity

294

Conference at Tilsit.

236 Commercial Crash

294

Treaty of Tilsit

237 | Efforts at Reforms.

295

Secret Articles.

238 | Bullion Committee.

296

England and Denmark .

239 Penal Law Reform .

300

Seizure of the Danish Fleet 240 | Condition of the Clergy

301

Bombardment of Copenhagen

241 Dissenters' Licenses Bill

302

Russian Declaration of War 244 Privilege Question.

303

King of Sweden

245 Parliamentary Censure of Burdett 306

Swedish Alliance lost.

246 Sir F. Burdett committed to the

France and Portugal

247 Tower

307

Opening of the Peninsular War.. 247 His Release

309

Court of Spain and Napoleon 248 | Weakness of the Government 311

Invasion of Portugal .

249 Death of Windham

312

Departure of the Royal Family for Death of the Princess Amelia 314

Brazil

250 Insanity of the King

314

Napoleon and the Spanish Bour- Meeting of Parliament

315

bons

251 | Repeated Adjournments

315

Invasion of Spain.

252 Proposition of a Regency

316

Tumult at Madrid

254 | The Princes' Protest

316

The Court enticed to Bayonne. 254 Restrictions on the Regent

318

Spanish Appeal to England. 255 Nogotiations with Lords Grenville

Renunciation of Empire by the and Grey...

318

Bourbons

257 The Ministry unchanged

320

Landing of British in Spain. 258 The King's Health .

322

Successes of Sir A. Wellesley 259 | The Court.

322

Convention of Cintra.

259 New Negotiations

323

Aspect of European Affairs. 261 Lords Castlereagh and Sidmouth

Sleeting at Erfurth.

261

in the Cabinet .

323

Battle of Wagram

262 | Virtual Close of the Reign

324

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