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War between France and Russia.
augment the forces which were on their fark and rear. They continually directed freshe troops against the brigade of General Saar. A regiment of dragoons charged the 2d regiment of Saxon light infantry, which immediately formed with the greatest order in square, and repulsed the charge. During this time the cavalry of the advanced-guard extended towards the right, nearly to the great road to Kobryn, and connected itself with the first division, which was in the same direction, but which could tot advance st far. The enemy's cavalry extended from the elevated plain of Padubue to Zawanies, on the road to Kobryn; and was supported by a numerous artillery, and by a part of the enemy's 13th division, which remained in the morning before Horcdetza, and had come to take a position at some distance from the left of ihe 15th division. All this line was furnished with a very numerous artillery. The enemy's cavalry attempted a charge against the right of the cavalry, but was repulsed by the regiment of Austrian dragoons of Hohenzollern, and the Saxon light horse of Polentz, which made a very fine charge, and took several prisoners.
A moment after this charge, General Frelich arrived to reinforce the cavalry of the right with two regiments of Austrian hussars. Towards evening, General Regnier cau. 'sed a new effort to be made by the brigade of General Saar, to possess himself of the elevated plain of Padubue. He caused this to be supported by an d'ustrian battalion of the division of General Biancbi, and the tirailleurs of the first division; while the tirailleurs of the troops which the Prince of Schwartzenberg had at Padubue traversed the marshes. The elevated plaiu was taken possession of; but night terminated the combat, and prevented the enemy, who had then begon their retreat, from being pursued; at the same time the cavalry had orders to send out several parties and patroles towards Twele, on the road to Kubryn; and a commissary was taken, who confirmed ibe retreat of the enemy.
REPORT OF AUGUST 13. Kobryn, August 13.-At five in the morning the troops began their march to attack the enemy who were retreating by the road of Kobryn, but who had still a rear guard on the heights between Horodeczka and Zainlym. The right of the cavalry, which was reinforced by the Austrian regiment of dragoons of Levenlır, took its direction upon Twele, and placed itself to the left of this village in order to cut off the retreat of the enemy, who were to haste to effect it, and were briskly cannonaded on the road till the cavalry had entered Twele, where the enemy had a rear guard of infantry, which retired as soon as it saw this movement. The Prince of Schwartzenberg then caused the cavalry of the enemy which was between Twele and Suikow, to be charged, and they were pursued, retiring in the greatest disorder upon Kobryn, where, however, they did Dot dare to stop. A regiment of infantry which was at Kubryn, behind the Muchawin, and bad begun to burn the bridge, fled on the arrival of the bussars and Saxon light utillery. Two batteries served by Saxon gunners on loot, which had been advanced in the morning, along with the cavalry, arrived at Kobryn, as soon as the light ariillery. A great number of the enemy were killed and taken in this pursuit. Exact accounts, by whieh to estimate their loss in the action of the 12th and 13th, have not yet been obtained, because the field of battle was very extensive, and the prisoners are not collegt. ed, but it cannot be estimated at less than 5000 in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The inhabitants of Kobryn say, that a great number of wounded have passed througb that place, and many still remain on the field of battle. Statements of the loss of the 7th corps have not yet been made out, but it may be estimated at 1000 killed or wouuded. The Saxon troops displayed the greatest bravery; the brigade of General Saar fought and attacked with infinite vigour, and the division of General Lecoq supported with War between France and Russia.
calmness a very great fire of artillery. The tirailleurs marched with ardour upon the enemy; the artillery was perfectly well directed and well sustained against the fire of the enemy, who had a superior artillery, of which many pieces were dismounted. The general commander-in-chief of the 7th corps of the grand army.
REGNIER, BATTLE OF POLOTSK. After the battle of Drissa, the Duke of Reggio, knowing that the enemy's general, Wittgenstein, had been reinforced by twelve third battalions from the garrison of Dunaburg, and willing to draw him to an engagement near the defile below Polotsk, caused the 2d and 6th corps to be arranged in order of battle below Polotsk. General Wittgenstein followed him, attacked him on the 16th and 17th, and was rigoursly repulsed, The Bavarian division of De Wrede, of the 6th corps, has distinguished itself. At the moment when the Duke of Reggio was making his dispositions to profit by the victory, and to close the enemy in the defile, he was struck on the shoulder by a rifle ball. His wound, which is of a serious nature, obliged him to cause himself to be transported to Wilna, but it did not appear that he made himself anyways unquiet concerning the consequences. The General Gouvion Saint Cyr has taken the command of the 2d and 6th corps. On the 17th, in the evening, the enemy retired through the defile. General Verdier was wounded. General Maison has been recognized as general of division, and has succeeded him in the command of his division. Our loss is estimated at 1000 men killed and wounded. The loss of the Russians is triple of ours. We bave taken 500 prisoners from them. On the 18th, at four o'clock in the afternoon, General Gou. vion Saint-Cyr, commanding the 2d and 6th corps, opened on the enemy, by causing his right wing to be attacked by the Bavarian division of Count De Wrede. The battle exo tended the whole length of the line, and the enemy were thrown into complete rout, and pursued for two leagues, as long as day-light permitted. Twenty pieces of cannon and 1000 prisoners have remained in the power of the French army. The Bavarian General Deroy was wounded.
BATTLE OF VALENTINA. On the 19th, at break of day, the bridge being finished, the Marslial Duke of Elchingen crossed over to the right bank of the Borysthenes, and pursued the enemy. At one league from the town he encountered the last column of the enemy's rear-guard. It was a division of 5 or 6000 men, stationed on fine heights. He caused them to be attacked with the bayonet, by the 4th regiment of infantry of the line, and by the 728 ditto. The position was carried, and our bagonets covered the field of battle with deads 3 or 400 prisoners fell into our hands. The flying enemy retired on the second column, which was posted on the heights of Valentina. The first position was carried by the 10th of the Jine; and towards four o'clock in the afternoon, the niusketry fire was kept up açainst the whole of the enemy's rear guard, which presented about 15,000 pen. The Duke of Abrantes had passed the Borysthenes at two o'clock to the right of Smolensko, and he found himself close upon the rear of the enemy; he might, therefore, by marching with bis division, have intercepted the great road 10 Moscow, and rendered the retreat of the rear-guard difficult: but mean time, the other columns of the enemy's army which remained to be forced, being informed of the successes, and of the rapidity of the first attack, returned back the way they came. Four divisions then advanced to support their rear-guard, and among others the divisions of grenadiers, which, until now, had not come forward, 5 or 6000 men, cavalry, formed their right, whilst their left was covered by woods, filled with tirailleurs. It was of the greatest consequence to the enemy to keep this position as long as possible, it being a very five one, and apparently iarpregnable; on our part we attached no less importance to it. Tbus arose the battle of
itu heluren France and Russia.
Valentina, one of the finest feats of arms in our military history. At six o'clock in tbe evening the division of Gudin, which had been sent forward to support the third corps from the moment we perceived the great succours that the enemy had sent to bis rear-guard, pushed forward a column on the centre of the enemy's position, supported by the division of General Ledru. After an hour's combat our troops forced the posia tion. General Count Gudin arriving with his division, was, at the commencement of the action, struck by a bullet, which carried off his thigh: he died gloriously.—This loss was sensibly felt. General Gudin was one of the most distinguished officers in the army; he was estimable for his moral qualities, as much as for his bravery and intrepidity.' General Gerard has taken the command of the division. We reckon that the enemy have had eight generals killed or wounded: one of their generals is taken prisoner. On the following day the emperor distributed recompences on the field of battle to all the regiments which liad distinguished themselves; and as the 127th, which is a new regiment, had behaved itself well, his majesty granted this regiment the right of carrying an eagle, a privilege it had out before enjoyed, never having, until this time, been press seot in any battle. These recompences, given on the field of battle in the midst of the dead, the dyng, the wounded, and the trophies of victory, afforded a spectacle truly wili'ary and imposing. The «cemy, after this battle, has precipitated his retreat in sucha a manner, that on the day of the 20th our troops marched 20 leagues without being able to find the cossacks, and every where pickicg up the wounded and the stragglers. Our loys in the battle of Valentina has been 600 kilied, and 2600 wounded. That of the enemy, as the field of battle shows, is triple. We have taken 1000 prisoners, mo tly a ounded. Thus the only two Russian divisions which had not suffered by the preceding combats of Mohilow, oi Ostrovno, o? Krasnoi, and of Smolensko, have now done it hy the battle of Valentina. Ali the intelligence received, confirms the account of the enemy running full drive for Muscow, and that his army bas suffered much in the preceding engagements, and besides this, experiences a great desertion. The Poles say to them when deserting, “ You have abandoned us without fighting, what right then can you have to expect us to remain under your colours?" The Russian soldiers of the provinces of Mohilow and of Smolensko likewise take advantages of the proximity of their villages to desert, and return to repose themselves in their own conntries. The division of Gudin attacked with so much intrepidity, that the enemy were persuaded it was the imperial guards. This is in one word to pronounce the finest eulogy on the 7th regiment of light infantry, and on the 12th,,21st, and 127th of the line, who composed this division. The combat of Valentina may likewise be called a battle, as more than 80,000 men were engaged. It was at least an affair of the van-guard of the first rank. General Grouchy, who was sent with his corps on the route to Donkovichina, found all the villages filled with dead and wounded, and has taken three carriages, con. taining 900 wounded. The cossacks have surprised at Leozno an hospital of 200 sick Wirtemburg troops, which, through negligence, had not been forwarded to Witepsk. For the rest, in the midst of all these disasters, the Russians never cease to chaunt Te Deums ; they convert every thing into a victory; but in spite of the ignorance and bru. tality of these people, this begins to appear ridiculous to them, and even too gross.
REPURT OF THE MAJOR GENERAL. MONSEIGNEUR,- I suppose that the Duke of Reggio will have rendered your high. ness an account of the day of the 17th, or at least up to the monent when his wounde forced him to quit the field of battle. During the remainder of that day the troops continued their successes, and at nine in the evening the Russians were repulsed at every point, after having suffered the most considerable losses, having attempted, in the course ll'ar beiween France and Russia.
of the day, six or seven attacks, which were repulsed with a bravery superior to the infatuation which brought them thither. This affair reflects the highest bonour on the division of Le Grand, which was placed at the branching of the roads to Jebei and to Ravil; and on the Bavarian corps, placed on the left bank of the Polota, in the rear of ibe village of Spas, which the enemy was delermined to retake, notwithstanding his having been driven out of it five or six times: and the 20th division, as also General De Wrede, who commanded it, have covered themselves with glory. The Bararian gene. sal, Vincenti, who is evtitled to praise for the manner in which he conducted himself, was there wounded. In the evening of that day, I felt the necessity of attacking the enemy. I took my measures for making the attack on the 18th, at four o'clock in the afternoon. I have performed impossibilities to deceive the enemy concerning my intentions. Towards one o'clock I caused the equipages of the army, which were in the rear af Polotsk, to file off on the left bank of the Dwina, on the road 10 Oula. I made an appearance as if I would cavse this movement to be covered and protected by the troops which Marsbal the Duke of Reggio bad caused to repass to the left bauk. In the night between the 16th and 17th, they reunited bebind Polotsk, at the rear of the equipages; the division of cuirassiers arrived there from Semeneta, and the brigade of light cavalry of General Castex, from Roudina. At three in the afternoon the column and baggage had filed in sight of the enemy, and the troups above-mentioned repassed the Dwina with the greatest part of the French artillery, and entered Polotsk. About five o'clock all the troops and artillery were in a position to debouche upon the enemy without their even having observed our preparations. At five precisely, all the artillery opened its fre, and our columne oi inaniry debouched under its protection to attack the energ's left and centre, Wrede's division debouched to the right of the village of Spas, and attacked with great bravery and skill the enemy's left; General Dervy's division debouched by the same village of Spas; Le Grand's division on the left of that village, connecting itself by its leit 10 Verdier's division, a brigade of which observed ibe enemy's right, which was placed upon the road of Gehenzeleva. Merle's divisiou covered the front of Polot-k, and part of its rear. The enemy, though completely surprised, quite coufident in their superior foree and immense artillery, composed of 180 pieces, at first received our attack with infinite calmness and, sangfroid; but in the end, before night, their left was completely forced, and their centre totally routed, after having des fended their position with much bravery and great slaughter. We should have made a very great number of prisoners, if the woods had not been so near their position. The enemy abandoned to us the field of battle, covered with an immense number of their killed, 20 pieces of cannon, and 1000 prisoners. On our side we bad some killed and wounded-among the latter are Generals Deros and Raclovitsch, and Colonel Chlonge, commanding the Bavarian artillery. I cannot sufficiently enlogize Le Grand, Wrede, Deroy, Raclovitsch, and the general of artillery, Aubry, who directed the artillery of the 2d corps with great distinction. General Merle, with only a part of his division, repulsed with great skill, an attack which the enemy made on our left, to protect their retreat to the wood. The Croats distinguished themselves in this charge, supported by
part of General Castex's cavalry. In general I demand the consideration of his Ma. jesty; the troops have merited encouragement and rewards. His Majesty will give me great pleasure by dispensing his favour on M. De Maille, my aide-de camp, the bearer of this letter, whose zeal I have every reason for praising. I have also nothing but eulo. giums to bestow upon the chiefs of the 2d and 6th corps.-I have the honour to be, your Highuess's most obedient, very bumble servant. Count Gouvion SAINT Cya.
London Gazette. -- Dispratahes from Colonel Serrett.
CONTAINING THE GAZETTES, PROMOTIONS, &c. TO SEPTEMEER 26.
LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY, September 23, 1819. Douening-street, September 23, 1819.--A dispatch, of which the following is a copy, has been this day received at Earl Bathurst's office, addressed to his lordslip by Vajor-general Cooke, dated Cadiz, August 20, 1812.—My LORD-SINCE my letter of yesterday's date, reporting the entry into Seville of the allied corps under general La Cruz and colonel Skerrett; I have received a dispatch from the latter, of which I transmit a cops here with, and return of the killed and wounded of the British detachI have the honour to be, &c.
Gen. COOKE, Major-gen. Seville, August 28, 1819.--SIR-I HAVE the honour to report the movements of the detachment under my orders since the date of my last. The result of which, the capiure of the city of Seville by assault, defended by eight French battalions and two regiments of dragoons intrenched, will, I trust, be considered as honourable to the allied arnis, and serviceable to the cause of Spain. On the 24th instant, general Cruz Mourgeon commanding the Spavish troops, and myself, judged it advisable to make a forward movement on Seville, for this purpose it was advisable to force the enemy's corps of observation of three hundred and fifty cavalry and two hundred infartrý, at St Lucar la Mayor. I marched from Manzanilla with eight ļrundred troops, composed of the 1st regiment of guards, the 87th, and the Portuguese regiment, brigadier.general Downie, accompanied with six hundred Spanish troops. The Spanish column attacked on the right, and the British and Portuguese on the left. The French were driven through the streets with precipitation, leaving some killed, wounded, and prisoners. We took post at San Lucar without the loss of a man. On the 26th instant, general Cruz and myself having judged that it would be attended with the most beneficial eifecis, both on the public opinion and in saving the city from being plundered, if the French could be precipitated in their retreat from Seville; the allied troops, in consequence, marched for this purpose, and arrived at the heights of Castillejos de la Cuesta, immedinely above Seville, on the norning of the 27th, at six o'clock. The Spanish troops formed our advance. The French advance was driven in; the cavalry retired, leaving the infantry in the plain, which last were charged by the Spanish cavalry, who made many prisoners. The Spanish troops attacked a redoubt on our left, and lost a good many
The columns advanced into the plain, by which movement this redoubt was turned, and its communication cut off'; the Spanish troops under general Cruz took the right, and made a detour to arrive and attack on that flank of Triana (the suburbs of Seville). I ordered the redoubt to be masked by a detachment of the 20th Portuguese regiment, and advanced a field piece with some troops, to keep in check the enemy's fire at one of the gates of the city opposite to us; and after giving sufficient time for the Spanish column to arrive, the British and Portuguese troops advanced to the attack in front; the cavalry and artillery advanced at a gallop, supported by the grenadiers of the guards, and the infantry followiny. The enemy abandoned the gate: we entered the suburbs, and advanced near to the bridge of Seville with as much rapidity as possible, in hopes of preventing its destruction, which would have reudered it exVOL. IV. NO. 21.