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A Card to the Publisher.
having intentionally added a number to what we originally intended to have given in Arrian and Polybius. It happened entirely from a miscalculation, which shall never occur again. Hereafter we shall specify the exact quantity of numbers in which each work will be contained
; and if it should be necessary to exceed such quantity, all such supernumerary numbers shall be given gratis. We hereby 'make this distinct pledge.
A CARD TO THE PUBLISHER.
[The Publisher is compelled to insert this as he received it, as the lateness of the month will not admit of a moment's delay).
MY DEAR Sir, HAVE the goodness to announce in your next number, that, together with the next number of the Military Chronicle (July 1st), will be ready for delivery, “A Spanish Grammar for the use of Officers, price two shillings and sixpence, arranged upon the plan of the Eton Latiu Grammar, i. e. so as by the omission of what is superfluous, aud the fullest exposition of what is necessary, to unite the greatest brevity with the fullest explanation, and thereby to assist the memory, and enable every one to instruct themselves."
Have the goodness to forin this into a proper advertisement, and insert it on the cover of the Chronicle I do not know whether you yet perfectly understand the idea. It is this : The greater part of the foreign Grammars are written by the most ignorant foreigners, adventurers, &c. In short, by any one who happens to be a Spaniard, Portuguese, or Frenchman, and therefore are most miserably confused productions, and totally without that method or science which are equally necessary to accuracy, and to assist the memory of learners. Thus one of thein makes seven cases of the nouns, another three, another only one, converting all' the changes into what he pleases to term particles, and thereby making as many rules as there are changes. My idea, therefore is, to give a simple, intelligible, and classical Spanish Grammar, arranged so as to assist instead of incumbering the memory. I am persuaded it will have as great a sale as the Chronicle, being as cheap, and certainly as useful. This was the way that I learned Spanish myself. I bought one of the best Grammars (a Spanish Grammar in Italian), and, after having given it a very careful reading, went over it with my pen, and struck out all the confusion and nonsense, and then learned the rest by memory. I propose it to be, if you think right, the same size, and printed in the same form as the Chronicle, so as that they may bind it up with it, if they chuse, or as a separate book.
A Card to the Publisher.
It really astonishes me that we should have forgotten the Advertisement till this time, when we have been talking about it all the mouth, and have got so forward in it.
The Editor. P.S. We will follow up this Spanish Grammar with a Spanish Dictionary, to be completed in four half-crown numbers, the same size and form as the Classics and Grammar itself. The cheapest Spanish Dictinnary is three or four guineas ; ours will be only Half a Guinea.
LIVES OF THE MARSHALS OF FRANCE.
AUGEREAU. AUGEREAU, Commander in Chief in the service of the French republic, is the son of an artizan at Paris, and, having enlisted in the Neapolitan troops, served as a private till 1787, when he settled at Naples as a fencing master, and was sent thence, with the rest of his countrymen, iu 1792. He then entered the army of Italy as a volunteer, and soon rose by his valour and understanding. In 1794 he was employed as a General of Brigade in the army of the Pyrenees, and on the 19th of May distinguished himself in the action at Figuières, and on several other occasions. In May 1795 he greatly contributed to the success of a battle fought against the Spaniards on the banks of the Flavia. Being appointed General of Division, he served with the same activity, and with the same success, in Italy. After a forced march of two days, he seized the passes of Millésimo, on the tenth of April, 1796, and, having by this movement effected a junction with Generals Mtsnard and Joubert, he drew the enemy froin all the circumjacent posts, and, by the promptitude and daring of his measures, surrounded a division commanded by the Austrian General Preréra. On the 15th of the same month he took possession of the redoubts of Montelesimo, at the fight of Dego, and facilitated the junction of the army with General Serrurier. The next day he quitted his position, and attacked and took the intrenched camp of Céva, defended by the Piedmontese; on the 26th he seized Alba ; on the 7th of May he made himself master of Casale, and rushed to the bridge of Lodi, at the head of which the enemy had entrenched themselves, and were defending its passage by a destructive fire. Animated by this fortunate temerity, the troops forced the bridge and the intrenchments. On the 16th of June le passed the Po at Bogoforte, arrived at Bologna on the 19th, and there took prisoners 400 of the Pope's soldiers, with the Cardinal-legate and all the staff. In the course of July the inhabitants of Lugo baving risen against the French, Augerau went thither to re-establish order, and having dispersed the rebels, gave up the town to pillage for thiee hours. (To be continued in our next.)
Life of Mr. Perceval.
MR. PERCEV AL.
IT has been an inflexible rule with us, in the Military Chronicle, to abstain from every thing which has the slightest air of party or politics; or which, even in its secondary consequences, might have a tendency to excite a political spirit in the army.
A soldier has absolutely nothing to say to what is termed politics. His civil duty is the simplest possible,-to fight for his geographical country and soil. Admiral Drake commanded the navy when Cromwell assumed the supreme power. The Protector wrote to him to demand what side he proposed taking.-" To fight for the country,” said Drake; “ to keep every foreigner from approaching it except with due honour and reverence, and to leave you to' settle your differences amongst yourselves."
Having always acted upon this principle in the conduct of the Military Chronicle, we are entirely without any apprehension of being suspected of party purposes, whilst we are thus expressing our deepest and most profound sorrow in the event which has saddened the face and heart of a nation,-an event, which, even perpetrated by an individual, has sullied a Christian and honourable country, by shewing that even amongst us can be an assasin. There is one way, indeed, of redeeming our national honour, and the nation has happily adopted it, in the universal voice of abhorrence which it has raised upon the occasion.
Our duty, however, does not stop at this point. It is at once a debt of gratitude and an obligation of prudence,-and this not only of the nation, but of every individual in it, to commemorate, and, as far as iu us lies, to perpetuate the image and memory of the virtuous man we have lost. It is a debt of gratitude, inasn uch as it is in the very nature of virtue to do and to contribute good to its tellow-men; and the only possible repayment, on the part of those who have received these benefits, is to confer that honest reputation, and posthumous acknowledgement, which are the best human rewards of virtue. And it is an obligation of prudence, inasmuch as the homage and conmemoration of the virtuous are the best and most sucred incentives to viriue. The blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church. The commemoration of the departed great and good extends the effect of their living example, and giving thein, as it were, a voice from the tombs, recommends the practice of virtue, by shewing the immortality of its memory.
We conceive it unnecessary to excuse ourselves further for subjoining the following memoir. His best eulogy is the simplest narrative of his life. Alipost his whole life, iudied, was one course of virtue. His integrity, his disinterestedness, his comity,-have united all parties iu the acknowledgment that the country has never sustained a loss wbich it will longer feel.
Life of Mr. Perceval.
* He was born in London in 1762. He was the second son of the late Lord Egmont. He was sent at an early age to Harrow school. It usually happens, that the boy gives some indications of what will be the future inan; and this is said to have been reinarkably conspicuous in the late Mr. Perceval. He was a school-fellow with Sir Robert Wigrain ; and Sir Robert, as may be seen in the public papers, in a recent testi- . mony to his departed friend, mentioned, with the most affectionate sorrow, that the boyhood of Mr. Perceval was almost as amiable as his riper life, and that the same gentleness, the same benevolence, the same goodness, were conspicuous iu him from his earliest years.
His meekness, indeed, which was one of his marked characteristics, seems to have been the concurrent fruit of his natnre and principle; in early life he had it from nature, aud therefore was gentle and benevolent without reflection; in his riper years the discipline of Christianity improved his natural sweetness, and he became still more gentle, and still more benevoleut, because he belonged to a religion whose end and origin are universal love.
It is of great advantage to a young man to have the example of goodness, and, in some degree, of greatness, before his attention from early life. Mr. Perceval had this advantage even whilst at Harrow. He was cotemporary, I believe, with Sir William Jones ; a name which it is impossible for any Christian or scholar to mention without veneration. I kuow not who was at the head of Harrow school at that time ; but if the venerable man be now living, his sorrow, which must be great, will still be softeved with the consideration that he has given two such men to his country as Mr. Perceval and Sir William Jones. It is no part of our present purpose to speak in detail of the value and importance of the education given to our public meu; but let it be permitted to me, even upon this melancholy occasion, cursorily to remark, that this education can no where be in such safe hands as in the clergy of the established church. The whole course of Mr. Perceval's life is a strong instance of this retnark. Indeed, if any one of the greater interests of the state has been more eminently indebted to him than another, it is the established religion of the country, and the vital interest of the Protestant Church; and let me be allowed to ask, from what more probable source did he derive these principles than from his early education at Harrow and the University. In schools under lay-schoolmasters, the master may indeed be a man of sound principles of religion, and of a correct morality ; but he may, on the other hand, be very defective in these essentials ; and they are essentials of so much value, not merely to the temporal and eternal
* By permission of the Editor of the Chronicle, this brief memoir of Mr. Per. ceval, haviug been shown to a very estimable friend, was enlarged and incorporated by him into“ A Funeral Discourse."-It was necessary to mention this, that the Military Chronicle may not secm to have borrowed where it has in fact lent.
Life of Mr. Perceval.
interest of the man himself, but to society at large, tha I feel myself justified in strenuously recemmending every parent and guardian to prefer the clergy as the tutors of their children. After having passed the usual time at Harrow, he was sent to Trinity College, Cambridge. Mr. Perceval was cotemporary, in this college, with many of the dearest connections of his future life; and from the manner in which he appears to have been beloved by them, it is a natural, and indeed a necessary inference, that the amiable qualities of his youth became strengthened with his years.
He took the degree of Master of Arts whilst he was at Trinity, and was afterwards appointed one of the two counsel of the university.
It may not be amiss here to mention, that he ever afterwards proved a grateful friend to the university ; with the interests of which those of the church establishment, and those of religion in general, are so closely connected. It is in the universities, and in the education which they give, and in the affections, and feelings, and reverence, which they inspire, that are to be found the best securities of our religion ; and the decrease of true religion and piety, and the rapid contagion of irreligion and sectarism, are then near at hand, when the reforming spirit and daring tongue of the day shall assail the dignity and utility of our universities,
Upon the conclusion of his collegiate studies, he entered himself a member of Lincoln's Inn, and pursued the study of law as a professsion. He carried into this profession what it is to be wished could be oftener found there. I know not how it happens, but it has been observed of the law, that the profession are somewhat lax both in their religious notions and in their moral practice. It is therefore to the high praise of Mr. Perceval, that, instead of finding and adopting an example of laxity, where so many were lax around him, he became himself an example of piety and goodness; and like another eminent man, whom I deem it a matter of justice to mention, like the Attorney-General, I say, stood forth as the advocate of the best interests of mankind, and recognized and avowed Christianity to be the common law of the land. Io ordinary times, perhaps, there would have been the less merit in such advocacy; but onhappily the inconstancy and fashion of the day had reached even our religion and morality, and it required courage, as well as virtue, tu stand agaiust number and example.
But number, nor example, with him wrought
He commenced his course as a Barrister by accompanying the judges through the Midland circuit. Mr. Perceval buckled to the conflict of talent and industry with all the animation which made part of his character. But his emulation impaired not the sweetness of his temper nor the evenness of his mind. It is in human nature that our passions should be heated, and that our language should be edged in the course