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tetieial Contents of Vol. IV.

EMBELLISHMENTS.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

We be5 leave to return our thanks to the Correspondents who have favoured n» with the articles inserted in this Number, and more particularly to J. P. and J. C. We should be infinitely obliged by the latter Gentleman if he would remit the remainder of his Journal by the 10th of the month, as we have not enough remaining for an insertion.

The Eleventh Number of the Military and Historical Classics will be published on the 1st of next Month, and will conclude Arrian's Expedition of Alexander the Great. The 10M Number is published this day, and New Editions of the first Numbers are ready for delivery, 50 that complete Sets may be had.

%• The Supplement to the Third Volume of the Military Chronieieis published this Day, Price is. 6d. It contains the Life of Prince Eugene of Savoy, by himself, complete, a book selling in London for 7s. 6d. It is here presented to the Army for Haifa Crown, reprinted from the first English Edition.

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THE DUKE OF ItORK.

AS the public Life of the Royal Family is so sufficiently known as to leave us nothing to say beyond the common-place within the reach of every one, we deem it unnecessary to add any memoir of His Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief. We shall content ourselves, therefore, with expressing our satisfaction, in common with that of the army, with the present system of the office of the Commander-in-Chief, and more particularly with the zeal and ability, with which his Royal Highness attends to the permanent amelioration of the condition of the sol* diers by the support and recommendation of Dr. Bell's system of National Education. The best roots of true courage and disciplined obedience are in the feeling and knowledge of moral and religious duty. . And assuredly, the best security of our Constitution is iu the honour and honesty, the attachment to liberty and law, of our soldiery. The military character of the times, and the necessities which it has induced, have worn out those peculiar distinctions of our militia, to which we have been accustomed to look as the constitutional controul upon our standing armies. It has become necessary, therefore, to look for other • checks, and these are no where to be found but in the improved knowledge, and therein the improved morals and feelings, of the army itself. We must conclude, therefore, with expressing our hopes, that within a few months there will not be a soldier in the English army, who will not be instructed, at least in reading, by the system of Dr. Bell. I have always attributed the evident superiority of the morals of the people of England (I am speaking of the great body of the people of England, the°couutry people) to two very simple cause.,-the parish churches, and the number and cheapness of our Free and Sunday Schools. It is in England ooly, in this free and happy country, that one tray in seven the'simple and sweet morality of the Christian Gospel is explained ,a their own native language, to the sons and daughters of our villages and hamlets; and it is in England only that the Bible, in the dbnnnon tongue of the country, is put into the hands of all who can read, and ,. a, necessary and as constant a part of the furniture of every decent CotLg. «, the bed and the chair. What, therefore, is the sum of this ?-it 1*

V»L. IV. NO. 19. *

Memoir of the Operations in Estremadvra, in 1811.

briefly this, that every man has at his elbow a constant daily instructor; the purest morality, enforced in a language which comes home to the hearts and bosoms of all.

MEMOIR OF THE OPERATIONS IN ESTREMADURA, IN 1811.

AS the siege of Badajoz is the present object of public attention, and as it is probably the commencement of a new line of operation (i. e. to Seville, thencejto Cadiz, and thence along the coast, in which case the army will be accompanied by a fleet on its flank), the following brief memoir of the former operations against this city may be of some interest to your military readers. It may enable them to form some judgment of what is now intended, and may be of use to them in understanding the campaign.

The first operation against Badajoz was in January, 1811, when Massena was at Santarem, and Lord Wellington opposite him at Cartaxo. Marshals Soult and Mortier were at Seville. Massena, who was then thinking of moving his quarters, probably applied to the two Marshals to attempt a diversion in his favour, and they in consequence began their advance towards Uadajoz. Mortier arrived at Ronquillo on the 3d of January, and continuing to advance into Estremadura, he formed a junction with the division under General Girard, at Guadalcanal. On the J)th he obtained possession of Merida, and the bridge over the Guadiana at that place. He then marched to Olivenca, which containing but a small garrison, and being badly provided with provisions, was taken possession of on the S3d.

The two Marshals now proceeded to invest Badajoz with their infantry. They pushed their cavalry forwards on the right bank of the , Guadiana.

Lord Wellington was well'aware of the value of this city, as well as of the designs of the enemy in theser operations. He accordingly persuaded the Marquis Komana to march immediately to its assistance. . The Marquis, however, dying at Cartaxo, January 23, 1811, retarded the advance of the troops, as General Mendizabel, who succeeded to the command of the Spanish army, immediately halted them. Upon the recommendation, however, of Lord Wellington, Mendizabel again ordered his army to advance, and he joined it at Elvas on the morning of the 6th of February. Mortier, however, as if in contempt of his enemy, continued his position in the neighbourhood of Badajoz, and began to break ground before that plate on the left (or Seville side) of the Guadiana.

I have mentioned that Mortier had pushed his cavalry forwards to the right, or Elvas side of the Guadiana. This cavalry fell back as • the Spanish army advanced. They were attacked by the Spanish troops as they were passing the Evora, and lost some few cattle 'and baggage. In this affair, a Portuguese brigade under Brigadier-General Maddan behaved with great gallantry, but not being supported by the Spaniards, the enemy rallied, aud obliged them to re-cross the Evora with a very considerable loss.

After some trifling operations, the Spanish General threw himself into the city, from whence he again withdrew his armv on the 9th of February, and took up a position on the ridge of St. Christoval, which commanded a most extensive view in every direction. Notwithstanding

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