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own poor (Lat., parochia; Gr., parokia -- from para, beside
or near, and oikos, a house). Chapter, a head or division in a book, a body of Clergymen
belonging to a Cathedral or Collegiate Church, and therefore forming the head or chief power in the district (Fr.,
chapitre; Lat., capitulum,—from caput, the head). Diocese, housekeeping, management; the district forming the
Bishop's administration (Gr., dioikeõ, to keep house,from di, or dia, meaning completeness, and oikeo, to manage
a house). See, the papal seat at Rome, the jurisdiction of a Bishop
or Archbishop (Lat., sedes, a seat, from sedeo, to sit). Cathedral, a chair, the principal church in a diocese, con
taining the chair or throne of the Bishop (Gr., kathedra,
a seat). Vestry, a room attached to a Church, in which the vestments
or church robes are kept, and in which parochial meetings are held, a meeting of the managers of parochial affairs
(Lat., vestiarium, from vestis, a garment). Synod, an ecclesiastical meeting (Gr., synodos, from syn,
together, and hodos, a way). Laity, the people, in contradistinction to the Clergy (Gr., laikos,
from laos, the people). Heresy, the taking up of an opinion unlike that generally held,
especially in religious matters (Gr., horesis, from haireo,
to take or choose). Apostasy, standing away from one's religion, desertion of one's
principles or party (Gr., apostasis,-apo, from, and
histemi, to make a stand). Religion, that which restrains one from doing evil, our duty
towards God, system of worship (Lat., religio,-re, back,
and ligo, to bind). Nonconformity, disagreement from the Established Church
(Lat., non, not, and conformo, from con, together, and
forma, form). Dissenter, one who dissents or separates himself from the
Established Church (Lat., dis, apart from, and sentio,
to think). Simony, buying or selling ecclesiastical preferments for money,
so named from Simon Magus, who offered money to
purchase the gift of the Holy Spirit. Advowson, calling to or appointing to a vacant benefice (Lat.,
advocatio, from ad, to, and voco, to call). Glebe, soil, land attached to a church (Lat., gleba, soil). Tithe, a tenth part of the produce of land or stock allowed to
the Clergy (Anglo-Saxon, teotha, tenth part).
THE MILITARY AND MARITIME
“ Thus would I fain Britannia's wars rehearse
“Where'er thy Navy spreads her joyous wings,
Q. How is the Military and Maritime department of the Constitution commonly styled ?
A. It is called the “ Army and Navy."
Q. For what purposes are the Army and Navy maintained ?
A. For the defence of the realm against foreign attacks, for the preservation of order, and for the protection of commerce.
Q. Who is Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy by virtue of his office ?
A. The Sovereign of the realm. “The Command of the Army," said the late Lord Tenterden," belongs entirely to his Majesty, and is a matter for his discretion and authority only, except so far as his discretion and authority are regulated and contracted by the Statute Law.”
Q. Into what three classes may the Army or Land Force be divided ?
A. The Regular Troops, the Militia, and the Volunteers.
Q. What are the Regular Troops ?
A. They consist of several regiments of Cavalry, Infantry, Artillery, and Engineers, whose sole business is that of a soldier, and who are therefore completely and permanently disciplined to the use of arms.
Q. Mention the names of the principal Cavalry Regiments in the Army.
A. The Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards or Blues, the Dragoon Guards, and the Dragoons, which constitute the Heavy Cavalry; and the Lancers and Hussars, which constitute the Light Cavalry.
Q. Mention some of the principal Infantry Regiments.
A. The Grenadier Guards, the Scots Fusilier Guards, the Buffs, the Royal Irish, the Welsh Fusiliers, the Cameronians, the Enniskillens, the Connaught Rangers, the Royal Canadian Regiment, the Highlanders, and the Rifle Brigade.
Q. What are the Artillery ?
A. That important body of soldiers to whom is entrusted the management of the cannons and batteries.
Q. How are the Artillery divided ?
Q. Is there any distinction in the Military arrangements of these divisions ?
A. Yes; the gunners of the Foot Artillery either march on foot or ride upon the tumbrils of the cannons, while those of the Horse Artillery are mounted.
Q. Who are the Royal Engineers ?
A. The regiment whose duty it is to construct all fortifications and entrenchments for the Army in the field, and to carry on mining operations; the rank and file are called Sappers and Miners.
Q. Can any of the Regiments be sent abroad when necessary ?
A. Yes; any of them can be sent abroad when the rights and interests of the country require protection there. There are also local regiments stationed in most of the British Colonies.
Q. How are the Regular Forces levied ? A. By voluntary enlistment. Q. What are they sometimes entitled ? A. A Standing Army. The first standing army that appeared in Europe after the fall of the Roman Legion was that which was levied in France by Charles III., about the middle of the fifteenth century. "Since then,” writes Dr. Paley, "the other nations of Europe have been convinced of their utility by long and various experience.”
Q. Does the Constitution of England look favourably upon Standing Armies ?
A. No; it views them with jealousy, as tending to infringe on the liberty of the subjects.
Q. How has it restrained the raising of Standing Armies?