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DEBATES OF SECOND SESSION SEVENTH CONGRESS.
PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SEVENTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY OF
WASHINGTON, MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1802.
Monday, December 6, 1802.
SATURDAY, December 11. In pursuance of the law of last session, the sec- Mr. Franklin, from North Carolina, attended. ond session of the seventh Congress commenced The number of members assembled not being this day, at the city of Washington, and the Sen- sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate adate assembled, in their Chamber, at the Capitol. journed.
Simeon Olcott, from New Hampshire;
Monday, December 13. URIAH Tracy, from Connecticut;
Mr. J. Mason, from Massachusetts; Mr. DarCHRISTOPHER ELLERY, from Rhode Island; TON, and Mr. Ogden, from New Jersey; and Mr. Stephen R. BRADLEY, from Vermont;
SUMTER, from South Carolina, severally attended. SAMUEL White, from Delaware;
The Vice PRESIDENT being absent, ihe Senate Robert Wright, from Maryland;
proceeded to the choice of a President pro temABRAHAM Baldwin, from Georgia.
pore, as the Constitution provides, and the ballots William PLUMER, appointed a Senator by the being collected and counted, the whole number State of New Hampshire, to supply the vacancy
was found to be 17, of which 9 make a majority. occasioned by the resignation of JAMES SHEAFÉ,
Mr. Bradley had 7, Mr. Tracy had 7, Mr. Baldproduced his credentials, and took his seat in the win 1, Mr. Dayton 1, Mr. Logan 1. Senate.
There was consequently no choice. WhereupThe number of members assembled not being on, the Senate proceeded to the election of a Pres-sufficient to form a quorum, the Senate adjourned. ident pro tempore, as the Constitution provides,
and the ballots being collected and counted, the
whole number was found to be 17, of which 9 TUESDAY, December 7.
make a majority Mr. BRECKENRIDGE, from Kentucky ; Mr. Fos- 1. Mr. Bradley had 8, Mr. Tracy 7, Mr. Dayton 1, TER, from Rhode Island ; Mr. Howard, from Ma- Mr. Logan 1. ryland ; and Mr. Logan, from Pennsylvania, sev
There was consequently no choice. Whereupon, erally attended.
the Senate proceeded to the election of a President There being no quorum, the Senate adjourned. pro tempore, as the Constitution provides, and the
ballots being counted, the whole number was
found to be 17, of which 9 make a majority. WEDNESDAY, December 8.
Mr. Bradley had 8, Mr. Tracy 7, Mr. Daylon 1, The number of members assembled not being Mr. Logan 1. sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate ad- There was consequently no choice. Wherejourned.
upon, the Senate proceeded to the election of a President pro tempore, as the Constitution pro
vides, and the ballots being counted, the whole THURSDAY, December 9.
number of votes was 14, of which 8 make a maThe number of members assembled not being jority. sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate ad- Mr. Tracy had 7, Mr. Bradley 5, Mr. Dayton 1, journed.
Mr. Logan 1.
There was consequently no choice; and the
Tuesday, December 14. sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate ad- The Vice PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate journed.
proceeded to the choice of a President pro tem
DECEMBER, 1802. pore, as the Constitution provides, and the ballots On motion, it was agreed to proceed to the being collected and counted, the whole nuinber choice of a Chaplain on the part of the Senate, was found to be 17, of which 9 make a majority. and the ballots having been collected and counted,
Mr. Bradley had 9, Mr. Tracy 7, Mr. Dayton 1. the whole number was 17, of which 9 is the ma
Consequently, Stephen R. Bradley was elect- jority. ed President of the Senate pro tempore.
Doctor Gantt had 10, Mr. M'Cormick 4, Mr. The credentials of Mr. "PLUMER, appointed a Priestley 2, Mr. Balch 1. Senator by the State of New Hampshire, to sup- So it was Resolved, that the Rev. Dr. Gantt ply a vacancy occasioned by the resignation of be the Chaplain to Congress, on the part of the James Sheafe, Esq., were read; and the oath Senate, during the present session. prescribed by law was administered to him by the President.
Wednesday, December 15. Ordered, That the Secretary wait on the President of the United States, and acquaint him that
The following Message was received from the a quorum of the Senate is assembled, and that, in President of the United States: the absence of the Vice President, they have to the Senate and House of Representatives of the elected STEPHEN R. BRADLEY President of the
United States : Senate pro tempore.
When we assemble together, fellow-citizens, to conA similar notice was directed to be given to the sider the state of our beloved country, our just attenHouse of Representatives, and also that the Sen- tions are first drawn to those pleasing circumstances ate are ready to proceed to business,
which mark the goodness of that Being from whose Resolved, Thai each Senator be supplied, during favor they flow, and the large measure of thankfulness the present session, with three such newspapers, and finds us still blessed with peace and friendship
we owe for his bounty. Another year has come around, printed in any of the States, as he may choose ; provided that the same be furnished at the rate abroad; law, order, and religion, at home ; good affecusual for the annual charge for such papers.
tion and harmony with our Indian neighbors; our bur
dens lightened, yet our income sufficient for the public Resolved, That James MATHERS, Sergeant-atArms and Doorkeeper to the Senate, be, and he is wants, and the produce of the year great beyond exam
ple. These, fellow-citizens, are the circumstances unhereby, authorized to employ one additional as- der which we meet: and we remark, with special satsistant and two horses, for the purpose of per- isfaction, those which, under the smiles of Providence, forming such services as are usually required of result from the skill, industry, and order, of our citizens, the Doorkeeper to the Senate; and that the sum managing their own affairs in their own way, and for of twenty-eight dollars be allowed him weekly, their own use, unembarrassed by too much regulation, for the purpose, during the session, and for twenty unoppressed by fiscal exactions. days after.
On the restoration of peace in Europe, that portion A message from the House of Representatives of the general carrying trade which had fallen to our informed the Senate that a quorum of the House share during the war, was abridged by the returning has assembled, and is proceeding on the public competition of the belligerent Powers. This was to be business.
expected, and was just. But, in addition, we find in On motion, it was
some parts of Europe monopolizing discriminations, Ordered, That Messrs. Wright and T. Fos- which, in the form of duties, tend effectually to proTER be a committee on the part of the Senate, to
hibit the carrying thither our own produce in our own gether with such committee as the House of Rep- it is hoped that friendly discussion will produce a fair
vessels. From existing amities, and a spirit of justice, resentatives may appoint on their part, to wait on and adequate reciprocity. But should false calculathe President of the United States, and notify him tions of interest defeat our hope, it rests with the Lethat a quorum of the two Houses is assembled, gislature to decide whether they will meet inequalities and ready to receive any communications that he abroad with countervailing inequalities at home, or promay be pleased to make to them.
vide for the evil in any other way. A message from the House of Representatives It is with satisfaction I lay before you an act of the informed the Senate that the House agree to the British Parliament anticipating this subject so far as to appointment of a joint committee to wait on the authorize a mutual abolition of the duties and counterPresident of the United States, and have appoint- vailing duties, permitted under the treaty of 1794. It ed a committee on their part.
shows, on their part, a spirit of justice and friendly acMr. Wright reported, from the joint commit-commodation, which it is our duty and our interest to tee last mentioned, that they had accordingly cultivate with all nations. Whether this would prowaited on the President of the United States, and duce a due equality in the navigation between the two that the President of the United States informed countries is a subject for your consideration. the committee that he would make a communica
Another circumstance which claims attention, as tion to the two Houses, by Message, to-morrow.
directly affecting the very source of our navigation, is A message from the House of Representatives return of seamen, and particularly of those belonging
the defect or the evasion of the law providing for the informed the Senate that the House have resolved to vessels sold abroad. Numbers of them, discharged that two Chaplains, of different denominations, be in foreign ports, have been thrown on the hands of our appointed to Congress for the present session, one Consuls, who, to rescue them from the dangers into by each House, who shall interchange weekly. which their distresses might plunge them, and save
Resolved, That the Senate do concur in the them to their country, have found it necessary, in some resolution last mentioned.
cases, to return them at the public charge.
The cession of the Spanish province of Louisiana to in a course of application to the further discharge of France, which took place in the course of the late war, debt and current demands. Experience, too, so far, will, if carried into effect, make a change in the aspect authorizes us to believe, if no extraordinary event suof our foreign relations, which will doubtless have just pervenes, and the expenses which will be actually inweight in any deliberations of the Legislature connected curred shall not be greater than were contemplated by with that subject.
Congress at their last session, that we shall not be disThere was reason, not long since, to apprehend that appointed in the expectations then formed. But, neverthe warfare in which we were engaged with Tripoli theless, as the effect of peace on the amount of duties might be taken up by some other of the Barbary Pow- is not yet fully ascertained, it is the more necessary to ers. A reinforcement, therefore, was immediately or- practise every useful economy, and to incur no expense
dered to the vessels already there. Subsequent infor- which may be avoided without prejudice. • mation, however, has removed these apprehensions for The collection of the internal taxes having been
the present. To secure our commerce in that sea with completed in some of the States, the officers employed the smallest force competent, we have supposed it best in it are of course out of commission. In others they to watch strictly the harbor of Tripoli. Still, however, will be so shortly; but in a few, where the arrangethe shallowness of their coast, and the want of smaller ments for the direct tax had been retarded, it will be vessels on our part, has permitted some cruisers to es
some time before the system is closed. It has not yet cape unobserved ; and to one of these an American been thought necessary to employ the agent authorized vessel unfortunately fell a prey. The captain, one by an act of the last session, for transacting business in American seaman, and two others of color, remain Europe relative to debts and loans. Nor have we used prisoners with them ; unless exchanged under an agree the power, confided by the same act, of prolonging the ment formerly made with the Bashaw, to whom, on the foreign debt by reloans, and of redeeming, instead faith of that, some of his captive subjects had been thereof, an equal sum of the domestic debt. Should, restored.
however, the difficulties of remittance on so large a The convention with the State of Georgia has been scale render it necessary at any time, the power shall ratified by their Legislature, and a repurchase from the be executed, and the money thus employed abroad Creeks has been consequently made of a part of the shall
, in conformity with that law, be faithfully applied Talasscee country. In this purchase has been also here in an equivalent extinction of domestic debt. comprehended a part of the lands within the fork of When effects so salutary result from the plans you have Oconee and Oakmulgee rivers. The particulars of the already sanctioned ; when, merely by avoiding false obcontract will be laid before Congress so soon as they jects of expense, we are able, without a direct tax, shall be in a state for communication.
without internal taxes, and without borrowing, to make In order to remove every ground of difference pos- large and effectual payments towards the discharge of sible with our Indian neighbors, I have proceeded in our public debt, and the emancipation of our posterity the work of settling with them and marking the bounda- from that mortal canker; it is an encouragement, felries between us. That with the Choctaw nation is low-citizens, of the highest order, to proceed as we have fixed in one part, and will be through the whole within begun, in substituting economy for taxation, and in a short time. The country to which their title had pursuing what is useful for a nation placed as we are, been extinguished before the Revolution is sufficient to rather than what is practised by others under different receive a very respectable population, which Congress circumstances. And whensoever we are destined to will probably see the expediency of encouraging so meet events which shall call forth all the energies of soon as the limits shall be declared. We are to view our countrymen, we have the firmest reliance on those this position as an outpost of the United States, sur- energies, and the comfort of leaving for calls like these rounded by strong neighbors, and distant from its sup- the extraordinary resources of loans and internal taxes. port. And how far that monopoly which prevents popu- In the meantime, by payments of the principal of our sation should here be guarded against, and actual habi- debt, we are liberating, annually, portions of the extertation made a condition of the continuance of title, will nal taxes, and forming from them a growing fund, still be for your consideration. A prompt settlement, too, further to lessen the necessity of recurring to extraorof all existing rights and claims within this Territory dinary resources. presents itself as a preliminary operation.
The usual account of receipts and expenditures for In that part of the Indiana Territory which includes the last year, with an estimate of the expenses of the Vincennes, the lines settled with the neighboring ensuing one, will be laid before you by the Secretary tribes fix the extinction of their title at a breadth of of the Treasury. twenty-four leagues from East to West, and about the No change being deemed necessary in our Military same length, parallel with and including the Wabash. Establishment, an estimate of its expenses for the enThey have also ceded a tract of four miles square, in- suing year, on its present footing, as also of the sums cluding the salt springs, near the mouth of that river. to be employed in fortifications, and other objects within
In the department of finance it is with pleasure I in- that department, has been prepared by the Secretary of form you that the receipts of external duties for the last War, and will make a part of the general estimates twelve months have exceeded those of any former year, which will be presented to you. and that the ratio of increase has been also greater than Considering that our regular troops are employed for usual. This has enabled us to answer all the regular local purposes, and that the militia is our general reliexigencies of Government, to pay from the Treasury ance for great and sudden emergencies, you will doubtwithin one year upwards of eight millions of dollars, less think this institution worthy of a review, and give principal and interest, of the public debt, exclusive of it those improvements of which you find it susceptible. upwards of one million paid by the sale of bank stock, Estimates for the Naval Department, prepared by the and making in the whole a reduction of nearly five Secretary of the Navy, for another year, will, in like millions and a half of principal, and to have now in the manner, be communicated with the general estimates. Treasury four millions and a half of dollars, which are A small force in the Mediterranean will still be neces
sary to restrain the Tripoline cruisers; and the uncer- informed the Senate that the House have elected tain tenure of peace with some other of the Barbary the Reverend William PARKINSON a Chaplain Powers may eventually require that force to be aug- to Congress, on their part. mented. The necessity of procuring some smaller vessels for that service will raise the estimate ; but the difference in their maintenance will soon make it a meas
THURSDAY, December 16. ure of economy.
The Senate assembled, but transacted no busiPresuming it will be deemed expedient to expend annually a convenient sum towards providing the Naval defence which our situation may require, I cannot but recommend that the first appropriations for that purpose may go to the saving what we already possess. No
Friday, December 17. cares, no attentions, can preserve vessels from rapid
The Senate assembled, but no business was decay, which lie in water and exposed to the sun. transacted. These decays require great and constant repairs, and will consume, if continued, a great portion of the moneys
SATURDAY, December 18. destined to Naval purposes. To avoid this waste of our resources, it is proposed to add to our navy yard
The Senate assembled, and adjourned to Monhere a dock, within which our present vessels may be day morning. laid up dry, and under cover from the sun.
Under these circumstances, experience proves that works of wood will remain scarcely at all affected by time. The
Monday, December 20. great abundance of running water which this situation
Mr. Clinton, from the State of New York, and possesses, at heights far above the level of the tide, if Mr. Jackson, from the State of Georgia, attended. employed as is practised for lock navigation, furnishes
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from the means for raising and laying up our vessels on a the Secretary for the Department of Treasury, dry and sheltered bed. And should the measure be found useful here, similar depositories for laying up, as
together with a report, of the 16th.instant, on the well as for building and repairing vessels, may hereafter permanent revenues of the United States, referring be undertaken at other navy yards offering the same
to a statement of the sale of lands in the districts The plans and estimates of the work, prepared of Cincinnati, Steubenville, Chillicothe, and Maby a person of skill and experience, will be presented rietta, and the moneys paid thereon, 1st Novemto you without delay; and from this it will be seen that
ber, 1802, marked A ; to a statement (B) exhibitscarcely more than has been the cost of one vessel is ing the amount of revenue arising on importations necessary to save the whole, and that the annual sum for each quarter, from the 1st day of October, to be employed towards its completion may be adapted 1800, to the 30th September, 1802 ; also, to certo the views of the Legislature as to Naval expenditure. tain proceedings of the Commissioners of the
To cultivate peace, and maintain commerce and Sinking Fund, in relation to the sale of the shares navigation in all their lawful enterprises ; to foster our of the stock of the Bank of the United States, fisheries as nurseries of navigation and for the nurture marked C; which were severally read. of man, and protect the nianufactures adapted to our Ordered, That they be printed for the use of circumstances; to preserve the faith of the nation by the Senate. an exact discharge of its debts and contracts, expend
Mr. J. Mason presented the petition of Sarah the public money with the same care and economy we Fletcher and Jane Ingraham, widows, stating that would practise with our own, and impose on our citi
they have unfortunately lost their husbands in the zens no unnecessary burdens ; to keep, in all things, public service, on board the armed ship Insurgent, within the pale of our Constitutional powers, and cherish and armed brig Pickering; whereby they are rethe Federal Union as the only rock of safety; these, duced to indigent circumstances, and praying refellow-citizens, are the landmarks by which we are to guide ourselves in all our proceedings. By continuing lief; and the petition was read. to make these the rule of our action, we shall endear
Ordered, That it be referred to Messrs. J. Mato our countrymen the true principles of their Constitu- son, Dayton, and Tracy, to consider and report tion, and promote an union of sentiment and of action, thereon. equally auspicious to their happiness and safety. On Mr. Tracy notified the Senate that he would, my part you may count on a cordial concurrence in to-morrow, ask leave to bring in a bill to carry every measure for the public good; and on all the in- into effect the resolution of Congress, passed on formation I possess which may enable you to discharge the 17th day of June, 1777, for erecting a monuto advantage the high functions with which you are in- ment to the memory of General Wooster. vested by your country.
TH. JEFFERSON. DECEMBER 15, 1802.
Tuesday, December 21. The Message and papers therein referred to Mr. S. T. Mason présented the memorial of were read; and
the members of the first and second Chambers of Ordered, That five hundred copies of the Mes- the City Council of Washington, in the District sage of the President of the United States, to- of Columbia, praying that certain alterations in gether with one hundred copies of each of the the law establishing their incorporation may be papers referred to in the Message, be printed for made; which memorial was read, and referred to the use of the Senate.
Messrs. S. T. Mason, HOWARD, and Baldwin, to A message from the House of Representatives consider and report thereon.