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DecemBER, 1802.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

WEDNESDAY, December 22.

er, before they became bankrupts, imported into Dwight Foster, from the State of Massachu-Charleston certain quantities of sugar, which were setts, attended.

accidentally destroyed by fire; and praying, in Agreeably to notice given on the 201h instant, their behalt, the remission of the duties thereon: Mr. Tracy had leave to bring in a bill to carry And the petition was read. into effect a resolution of Congress to erect a

Ordered, That it lie for consideration. monument to the memory of the late David Mr. Morris presented the petition of the inWooster; which was read, and ordered to a second babitants of the Mississippi Territory, holding reading

lands under Spanish grants and occupancy, obtained prior to the ratification of the treaty be.

tween the United States and Spain, praying io be THURSDAY, December 23.

confirmed in their titles: And the petition was Mr. Morris, from the State of New York, at-read. tended.

Ordered, Thal it be referred to Messrs. MORThe bill to carry into effect a resolution of Con

RIS, Jackson, and Baldwin, to consider and regress to erect a monument to the memory of the port thereon ; and that, in the meantime, it be late General David Wooster, was read the second printed for the use of the Senate. tinne.

Ordered, That ic be referred to Messrs. Tracy, Jackson, and FRANKLIN, to consider and report

Tuesday, December 28. thereon.

The following Message was received from the

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
Friday, December 24.

Gentlemen of the Senate, and
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter and re-

of the House of Representatives : port from the Secretary for the Department of

In my Message of the 15th instant, I mentioned that State, in pursuace of the "Act to revive and con- plans and estimates of a dry dock for the preservation tinue in force certain parts of the 'Act for the re- experience, should be laid before you without delay.

of our ships of war, prepared by a person of skill and lief and protection of American seamen,' and to amend the same;" and they were read.

These are now transmitted ; the report and estimate Ordered, Thai they be printed for the use of by duplicates ; but the plans being single only, I must

request an intercommunication of them between the the Senate.

Houses, and their return when they shall be no longer Mr. BRECKENRIDGE laid before the Senate sun

wanting for their consideration. dry resolutions of the Legislature of the State of Dec. 27, 1802.

TH. JEFFERSON. Kentucky, of the 1st instant with a copy of their memorial to the President of the United States

The Message and papers therein referred to and to Congress, respecting the proclamation of

were read. the Intendant of the port of New Orleans, 18th

Ordered, That they be printed for the use of

the Senate, October last, forbidding the American citizens to deposit their merchandises and effects in the said sundry inhabitants of the Mississippi Territory,

Mr. BRECKENRIDGE presenied the petition of port; which were read, and ordered to lie for consideration.

holding lands under Spanish grants and occupancy, obtained prior to the ratification of the

treaty between the United States and Spain, and MONDAY, December 27.

praying to be confirmed in their titles; and the Mr. Hillhouse, from the State of Connecticut, petition was read. attended.

Ordered, That it be referred to the committee The President laid before the Senate the gene- appointed yesterday on the same subject, to conral account of the Treasurer of the United Siates, sider and report thereon. from October 1, 1801, to October 1, 1802 ; as, also of Christian Vangundy, stating that he was an

Mr. BRECKENRIDGE also presented the petition the accounts for the War and Navy Departments, early settler in the Territory of the United States for the same period; which were read.

Mr. Sumter presented a letter from the Gov. Northwest of the river Ohio, and praying a preernor of the State of South Carolina directed to emption right to the section on which he hath the Senators of that State in the Congress of the made a settlement, for reasons therein mentioned ; United States, requesting their endeavors to pro- and the petition was read. cure a law for the remission of the impost duties

Ordered, That it be referred to Messrs. Breckon certain brass ordnance and military stores, pur- ENRIDGE, Hillhouse, and Baldwin, to consider chased in England for the use of that State, in and report thereon. consequence of appropriations made by the Legis

On motion, it was lature for that purpose ; and the letter was read, of the Legislature of the State of Kentucky, com

Ordered. That the resolutions and memorial and ordered to lie for consideration.

Mr. Sumter also presented to the Senate the municated on the 24th instant, be printed for the petition of Adam Tunno, James Bulgin, and

use of the Senate. George Verree, assignees of the estate and effects of McFarland and Player, of Charleston, mer

WEDNESDAY, December 29. chants, stating that the said McFarland and Play- The Senate assembled; no business transacted.

SENATE.

Proceedings.

JANUARY, 1803.

THURSDAY, December 30.

and the petition was read, and ordered to lie for Mr. Anderson, and Mr. Cocke, from the State consideration. of Tennessee, severally attended.

Mr. White presented the memorial of the PhilaMr. Tracy, from the committee to whom was delphia Chamber of Commerce, signed Thomas referred, on the 23d instant, the bill to carry into Fitzsimons, in their behalf, praying that the acts effect a resolution of Congress to erect a monu- of Congress, entitled "An aci imposing duties on ment to the memory of the late General David the tonnage of ships and vessels;" and "An act Wooster, reported amendments; which were read. making further provision for the debts of the

Ordered, That they be printed for the use of United States," as they are attended with the most the Senate.

beneficial consequences to the trade, may not be repealed; and the petition was read, and ordered

to lie on the table. Friday, December 31.

Mr. Tracy, from the committee to whom were Mr. Morris presented the petition of Nicholas recommitted, on the 31st of December last, the bill Perkins, and others, practitioners of law in the to carry into effect a resolution of Congress to Mississippi Territory, stating that a petition hath erect a monument to the memory of the late Genbeen circulated in the said Territory, praying, eral David Wooster, together with the amendamongst other things, “ that the office of the ments thereto, reported further amendments; which Territorial judges of that government be abolished,” were read, and ordered to lie for consideration. and showing cause why the prayer of the said

A message from the House of Representatives petition should not be granted ; and the petition informed the Senate that the House have passed was read, and ordered to lie for consideration. a bill, entitled "An act making appropriations for

Mr. Ogden presented the petition of Cloe Strong, the Military Establishment of the United States in widow of David Strong, late Colonel of the first the year one thousand eight hundred and three ;" United States regiment, stating that her husband and a bill entitled "An act making a partial aplost his life by a malignant fever at Wilkinson-propriation for the Naval service during the year ville, and thai she is left in indigent circumstan- one thousand eight hundred and three ;' in which ces, and praying relief; and the petition was read. several bills they desire the concurrence of the

Ordered, 'That it be referred to Messrs OG- Senate. DEN, Tracy, and SUMTER, to consider and report

The bills were read, and ordered to the second thereon.

reading The Senate took into consideration the amend

On motion, that it be resolved that a comments reported by the committee to the bill to mittee be appointed to bring in a bill for giving carry into effect a resolution of Congress to erect effect to the laws of the United States within the a monument to the memory of the late General State of Ohio: it was agreed that the motion David Wooster; and, having amended the report, lie for consideration.

Ordered, That the bill, together with the report. be recommitted to the committee who brought in the bill for further amendment; and that Messrs.

THURSDAY, January 6. CLINTON and HillhOUSE be added to the said The bill, entitled "An act making appropriations committee.

for the Military Establishment of the United States

in the year one thousand eight hundred and three,” MONDAY, January 3, 1803.

was read the second time, and referred to Messrs. Mr. Nicholas, from the State of Virginia, and Jackson, J. Mason, and Nicholas, to consider Mr. Wells, from the State of Delaware, attended.

and report thereon.

The bill, entitled "An act making a partial ap

propriation for the Naval service during the year TUESDAY, January 4.

one thousand eight hundred and three,” was read A message from the House Representatives in the second time, and referred to Messrs Tracy, formed the Senate that the House of Representa- Plumer, and Clinton, to consider and report tives have passed a bill, entitled "An act for the

thereon. relief of Charles Hyde," in which they desire the

The Senate took into consideration the amendconcurrence of the Senate.

ments yesterday reported, by the committee, to The bill was read, and ordered to a second reading the bill to carry into effect a resolution of Con

gress to erect

a monument to the memory of the

late General David Wooster; and having agreed WEDNESDAY, January 5.

thereto, and amended the bill accordingly, The bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Charles Ordered, That it pass to a third reading as Hyde," was read the second time, and referred to amended. Messrs. Baldwin, Clinton, and Nicholas, to

The motion made yesterday "that a committee consider and report thereon.

be appointed to bring in a bill for giving effect to Mr. Logan presented the petition of George the laws of the United States within the State White and others, journeymen printers, of the of Ohio," was resumed; and, on motion, to strike city of Philadelphia, praying that such additional out after “to,” in the first instance, and insert: duties may be laid on imported books, as to the “ Inquire whether the people of the eastern division wisdom of Congress may seem meet and proper; / of the Territory Northwest of the river Ohio have formed

JANUARY, 1803.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

a constitution and State government agreeably to the

MONDAY, January 10. Constitution and laws of the United States, and the ordiance of Congress for the government of the Territory was referred, on the 5th instant, the bill, entitled

Mr. Baldwin, from the committee to whom of the United States Northwest of the river Ohio, and

" An act for the relief of Charles Hyde,” reported make report thereon :”

it without amendment. It was agreed that the motion and amendment

Ordered, That this bill pass to a third reading. should lie until to-morrow, and in the mean time

Mr. Jackson, from the committee to whom was be printed for the use of the Senate.

referred, on the 6th instant, the bill, entitled " An

act making appropriations for the Military EstabFriday, January 7.

lishment of the United States, in the year one

thousand eight hundred and three," reported Mr. Stone, from North Carolina, attended. The President communicated a letter signed | lie for consideration.

amendments; which were read, and ordered to T. Worthington, agent for the State of Ohio, enclosing a copy of the constitution of the said State, mittee for enrolled bills on the part of the Senate.

Resolved, That Mr. Plumer be of the joint comand requesting it might be laid before the Senate; and they were read, and ordered to lie for con- referred, on the 6th instant, the bill, entitled “ An

Mr. Tracy, from the committee to whom was sideration.

The Senate resumed the consideration of the act making a partial appropriation for the Naval motion made on the 5th instant for extending the dred and three," reported it without amendment.

service during the year one thousand eight hunlaws of the United States to the State of Ohio, together with the amendment proposed thereon;

Ordered, That this bill pass to a third reading. which amendment was withdrawn; and it was agreed to adopt the motion, amended as follows:

Tuesday, January 11. Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire whethrer any, and, if any, what, Legisla- President of the United States :

The following Message was received from the tive measures may be necessary for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union, or for extending to Gentlemen of the Senate, and that State the laws of the United States; and

of the House of Representatives: Ordered, That Messrs. BRECKENRIDGE, Mor

I transmit to you a report received from the Director RIS, and ANDERSON, be the comınittee, and that of the Mint, on the subject of that institution. the letter signed T. Worthington, agent for the

Jan. 11, 1803.

TH. JEFFERSON. State of Ohio, laid before the Senate this morn- The Message and papers therein referred to were ing, together with a copy of the constitution of read, and ordered to lie for consideration. said State, be referred to the same committee, to The Senate took into consideration the amendconsider and report thereon. The bill to carry into effect the several resolu- bill, entitled "An act making appropriations for

ments yesterday reported by the committee to the tions of Congress for erecting monuments to the the Military Establishment of the United States memories of the late Generals Wooster, Herki; in the year one thousand eight hundred and three;" mer, Davidson, and Scriven, was read the third | and, having agreed thereto, time.

Ordered, That the bill pass to a third reading On motion to postpone the further considera

as amended. tion of this bill until the first Monday in Decem

The bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Charles ber next, it passed in the negative-yeas 9, nays 17, Hyde,” was read the third time, and amended, by as follows:

adding, line 8th, after the word " services," " in Yeas-Messrs. Anderson, Baldwin, Bradley, Breck- addition to his pay in the line." enridge, Cocke, Ellery, Nicholas, Sumter, and Wright. Resolved, That this bill pass as amended.

Nays-Messrs. Clinton, Dayton, T. Foster, D. Fos- The bill, entitled “An act making a partial apter, Franklin, Hillhouse, Howard, Jackson, Logan, J: propriation for the Naval service during the year Mason, Morris, Olcott, Plumer, Stone, Tracy, Wells, one thousand eight hundred and three," was read and White.

the third time and passed. On the question, Shall this bill pass as amended ? In Executive session, the following Messages it was determined in the affirmative-yeas 18, were received from the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITnays 8, as follows:

ED STATES: Yeas—Messrs. Baldwin, Clinton, Dayton, T. Foster, Gentlemen of the Senate: D. Foster, Franklin, Hillhouse, Howard, Jackson, Logan, J. Mason, Morris , Olcott, Plumer, Stone, Tracy, France, and perhaps of the Floridas, and the late sus

The cession of the Spanish province of Louisiana to Wells, and White.

Nars-Messrs, Anderson, Bradley, Breckenridge, pension of our right of deposit at New Orleans, are Cocke, Ellery, Nicholas, Sumter, and Wright.

events of primary interest to the United States. On

both occasions, such measures were promptly taken as So it was Resolved, that this bill pass, that it were thought most likely amicably to remove the prebe engrossed, and that the title thereof be “An sent and to prevent future causes of inquietude. The act to carry into effect the several resolutions of objects of these measures were to obtain the territory Congress for erecting monuments to the memo- on the left bank of the Mississippi, and eastward of that, ries of the late Generals Wooster, Herkimer, Da- if practicable, on conditions to which the proper authorvidson, and Scriven.”

ities of our country would agree; or, at least, to prevent shall be carried on liberally, and requires only that the

SENATE.

Proceedings.

JANUARY, 1803.

any changes which might lessen the secure exercise of

FRIDAY, January 14. our rights. While my confidence in our Minister Plen

The Senate went into the consideration of Exipotentiary at Paris is entire and undiminished, I still ecutive business, and afterwards adjourned to think that these objects might be promoted by joining Monday morning. with him a person sent from hence directly, carrying with him the feelings and sentiments of the nation, excited on the late occurrence, impressed by full commu

MONDAY, January 17. nications of all the views we entertain on this interest- Mr. Brown, from the State of Kentucky, aling subject; and thus prepared to meet and to improve, tended. to an useful result, the counter-propositions of the other After the consideration of Executive business, contracting party, whatsoever form their interests may the Senate adjourned. give to them, and to secure to us the ultimate accomplishment of our object. I therefore nominate Robert R. Livingston to be Min

TUESDAY, January 18. ister Plenipotentiary, and James Monroe to be Minister Two Messages were received from the PRESIExtraordinary and Plenipotentiary, with full powers to DENT OF THE United States, the first a confidenboth, jointly, or to either, on the death of the other, to tial Message, which was read, as follows: enter into a treaty or convention with the First Consul of France, for the purpose of enlarging, and more effect | Gentlemen of the Senate, and

of the House of Representatives : ually securing, our rights and interests in the river Mis

As the continuance of the act for establishing trading sissippi, and in the territories eastward thereof.

But as the possession of these provinces is still in houses with the Indian tribes will be under the consideraSpain, and the course of events may retard or prevent tion of the Legislature at its present session, I think it my the cession to France being carried into effect, to secure

duty to communicate the views which have guided me our object, it will be expedient to address equal powers cide on the policy of continuing it, in the present, or

in the execution of that act, in order that you may deto the Government of Spain also, to be used only in the event of its being necessary.

any other form, or discontinue it altogether, if that shall, I therefore nominate Charles Pinckney to be Minis

on the whole, seem most for the public good. ter Plenipotentiary, and James Monroe, of Virginia, to

The Indian tribes residing within the limits of the be Minister Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, with United States, have, for a considerable time, been growfull powers to both, jointly, or to either, on the death of ing more and more uneasy at the constant diminution the other, to enter into a treaty or convention with His of the territory they occupy, although effected by their Catholic Majesty, for the purpose of enlarging, and more

own voluntary sales; and the policy has long been effectually securing, our rights and interests in the river gaining strength with them, of refusing absolutely all Mississippi, and in the territories eastward thereof.

further sale, on any conditions; insomuch that, at this Jan. 11, 1803.

TH. JEFFERSON.

time, it hazards their friendship, and excites dangerous Gentlemen of the Senate :

jealousies and perturbations in their minds to make The spoliations and irregularities committed on our of their land. A very few tribes only are not yet obsti

any overture for the purchase of the smallest portions commerce during the late war, by subjects of Spain, or by others deemed within her responsibility, having called counieract this policy of theirs, and to provide an ex

nately in these dispositions. In order peaceably to for attention, instructions were accordingly given to our Minister at Madrid to urge our right to just indemnifi- numbers will call for, two measures are deemed expe

tension of territory, which the rapid increase of our cations, and to propose a convention for adjusting them. dient. First, to encourage them to abandon hunting, The Spanish Government listened to our proposition to apply to the raising stock, to agriculture, and domeswith an honorable readiness, and agreed to a convention, which I now submit for your advice and consent. less land and labor will maintain them in this, better

tic manufacture ; and thereby prove to themselves that It does not go to the satisfaction of all our claims; but than in their former mode of living. The extensive the express reservation of our right to press the validity forests necessary in the hunting life, will then become of the residue has been made the ground of further useless; and they will see advantage in exchanging instructions to our Minister, on the subject of an addi- them for the means of improving their farms, and of tional article, which it is to be hoped will not be with increasing their domestic comforts. Secondly, to mulout effect.

TH. JEFFERSON.

tiply trading houses among them, and place within JANUARY 11, 1803.

their reach those things which will contribute more to The Messages and papers therein referred to their domestic comfort, than the possession of extensive, were read. and ordered that they severally lie for but uncultivated wilds. Experience and reflection will consideration.

develope to them the wisdom of exchanging what they

can spare and we want, for what we can spare, and WEDNESDAY, January 12.

they want. In leading them thus to agriculture, to

manufactures, and civilization; in bringing together The bill, entitled "An act making appropria- their and our settlements, and in preparing them ultitions for the Military Establishment of the United mately to participate in the benefits of our Government, States in the year one thousand cight hundred and I trust and believe we are acting for their greatest good. three," was read the third time.

At these trading-houses we have pursued the principles Resolved, That this bill pass with amendments of the act of Congress, which directs that the commerce

capital stock shall not be diminished. We, conseTHURSDAY, January 13.

quently, undersell private traders, foreign and domestic, The Senate assembled, but transacted but lit-drive them from the competition; and thus, with the tle or no business of importance.

good will of the Indians, rid ourselves of a descrip

JANUARY, 1803.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

We

tion of men who are constantly endeavoring to excite their return, would constitute the whole expense. Their in the Indian mind suspicions, fears, and irritations, pay would be going on, whether here or there. While towards us. A letter now enclosed, shows the effect other civilized nations have encountered great expense of our competition on the operations of the traders, to enlarge the boundaries of knowledge, by undertak. while the Indians, perceiving the advantage of pur-ing voyages of discovery, and for other literary purchasing from us, are soliciting, generally, our estab- poses, in various parts and directions, our nation seems lishment of trading houses among them. In one quar- to owe to the same object, as well as to its own interter this is particularly interesting. The Legislature, ests, to explore this, the only line of easy communicareflecting on the late occurrences on the Mississippi, tion across the continent, and so directly traversing our must be sensible how desirable it is to possess a respect- own part of it. The interests of commerce place the able breadth of country on that river, from our South- principal object within the Constitutional powers and ern limit to the Illinois, at least; so that we may pre- care of Congress, and that it should incidentally adsent as firm a front on that as on our Eastern border. vance the geographical knowledge of our continent, can

possess what is below the Yazoo, and can, probably, not but be an additional gratification. The nation acquire a certain breadth from the Illinois and Wabash claiming the territory, regarding this as a literary purto the Ohio ; but between the Ohio and Yazoo, the suit, which it is in the habit of permitting within its country all belongs to the Chickasaws, the most friend-dominions, would not be disposed to view it with jeal

tribe within our limits, but the most decided against ousy, even if the expiring state of its interests there did the alienation of lands. The portion of our country not render it a matter of indifference. The appropriamost important for us, is exactly that which they do tion of two thousand five hundred dollars, “ for the purnot inhabit. Their settlements are not on the Missis- pose of extending the external commerce of the United sippi, but in the interior country. They have lately States," while understood and considered by the Exshown a desire to become agricultural; and this leads ecutive as giving the Legislative sanction, would cover to the desire of buying implements and comforts. In the undertaking from notice, and prevent the obstructhe strengthening and gratifying of these wants, I see tions which interested individuals might otherwise prethe only prospect of planting on the Mississippi itself, viously prepare in its way. the means of its own safety. Duty has required me to

TH. JEFFERSON. submit these views to the judgment of the Legislature ; JANUARY 18, 1803. but, as their disclosure might embarrass and defeat their

The Message was read, and ordered to lie for effect, they are committed to the special confidence of consideration. the two Houses. While the extension of the public commerce among

The other Message was read, as follows: the Indian tribes may deprive of that source of profit Gentlemen of the Senate, and such of our citizens as are engaged in it, it might be of the House of Representatives : worthy the attention of Congress, in their care of indi- I enclose a report of the Secretary of War, stating vidual as well as of the general interest, to point, in the trading houses established in the Indian territories, another direction, the enterprise of these citizens, as the progress which has been made, in the course of the profitably for themselves, and more usefully for the last year, in settling and marking boundaries with the public. The river Missouri, and the Indians inhabit different tribes, the purchases of lands recently made ing it, are not as well known as is rendered desirable from them, and the prospect of further progress in by their connexion with the Mississippi, and conse- marking boundaries, in new extinguishments of title quently with us. It is, however, understood, that the in the year to come; for which some appropriations of country on that river is inhabited by numerous tribes, money' will be wanting. who furnish great supplies of furs and peltry to the To this I have to add, that, when the Indians ceded trade of another nation, carried on in a high latitude, to us the salt springs on the Wabash, they expressed a through an infinite number of portages and lakes, shut hope that we would so employ them as to enable them up by ice through a long season. The commerce on to procure there the necessary supplies of salt. Indeed, that line could bear no competition with that of the it would be the most proper and acceptable form in which Missouri, traversing a moderate climate, offering, ac- the annuity could be paid which we propose to give cording to the best accounts, a continued navigation them for the cession. These springs might, at the from its source, and possibly with a single portage, from same time, be rendered eminently serviceable to our the Western ocean, and finding to the Atlantic a choice western inhabitants, by using them as the means of of channels through the Illinois, or Wabash, the lakes counteracting the monopolies of salt, and of reducing and Hudson, through the Ohio and Susquehanna, or the price in that country to a just level. For these Potomac or James rivers, and through the Tennessee purposes a small appropriation would be necessary to and Savannah rivers. An intelligent officer, with ten meet the first expenses, after which they should support or twelve chosen men, fit for the enterprise, and wil. themselves, and repay those advances. These springs ling to undertake it, taken from our posts, where they are said to possess the advantage of being accompanied may be spared without inconvenience, might explore wiih a bed of coal. the whole line, even to the Western ocean, have con- Jan. 18, 1803.

THOS. JEFFERSON. ferences with the natives on the subject of commercial

The report referred to was read. intercourse, get admission among them for our traders, as others are admitted, agree on convenient deposits

Ordered. That the Message and report lie for

consideration. for an interchange of articles, and return with the information acquired, in the course of two summers.

Mr. J. Mason, from the committee to whom Their arms and accoutrements, some instruments of was referred, on the twentieth of December last, observation, and light and cheap presents for the In- the petition of Sarah Fletcher and Jane Ingraham, dians, would be all the apparatus they could carry, and made report; which was read, and ordered to lie with an expectation of a soldier's portion of land on for consideration.

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