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FEBRUARY, 1803.

Naturalization.

H. OF R.

As to the inequality which gentlemen complained tion to become a citizen. One great object of that of, it had its existence in the present law, and not provision was, that after the alien law shall have in the proposed modification. The existing law made this solemn declaration, it should be recorded made a residence of five years necessary for the in court. Thus he places himself under the eye alien who arrived here after its passage, and eight of every citizen, as to his good behaviour; thus years for him who came among us after the enact- he calls upon the people to bear testimony to his ment of the law of 1798. So far, therefore, from good character, and that he is shortly to become an inequality being introduced by this bill, it was citizen of the United States. In this hasty manthereby removed; and all aliens who arrived here ner this provision ought not to be repealed. If it since 1798 were placed upon a like footing. The is thought proper to repeal some of the other prolaw of 1798 made a residence of fourteen years visions, the declaration ought to be made for at necessary to citizenship, and a declaration by the least a month or a year preceding the admission alien of his intention to become a citizen five years to citizenship; but at the third reading of a bill it before his admission. It cannot then be impuied is impossible to amend it. to the alien as a neglect, that he had not declared I have another view in this motion. In consehis intention before the law of the last session quence of the suggestion of the gentleman from passed, as only four years out of the fourteen years Kentucky, it is questionable whether there has not probation had elapsed, and nine were given him been some imposition on the House—whether the by the law to prepare himself for his mystical and petitions laid on the table have not been forged. regenerative process. Besides, a declaration be- it is certainly very extraordinary that the same fore the period required by the law was an affair petition, with that first presented, (with the excluof hazard; it was a proscription which the alien sion of the exceptionable paragraph,) should come made of himself, inasmuch as it announced his forward, with so little delay, from a distance of alienage to the Executive, and thereby exposed him three or four hundred miles. I wish the select to transportation under the alien law.

committee, to whom the bill may be referred, to The spirit, nay the letter, of the law of the last inquire whether this imposition will not warrant session, was in favor of the present bill; for five the House in not proceeding further, until they years only was the probationary term; its first know the petitions are genuine. I therefore move condition was more a matter of form than of sub- that the bill be referred to a select committee, instance. In every point of view, therefore, he structed to inquire whether the petitions were in thought the bill ought to pass.

fact subscribed by the persons therein named. The question of postponement was then taken Mr. RANDOLPH hoped the question would be by yeas and nays, and decided in the negative, divided. yeas 40, nays 42, as follows:

The SPEAKER, according to a rule of the House, YEAs-Willis Alston, James A. Bayard, Thomas first put the question on the committing the bill Boude, Manasseh Cutler, Samuel W. Dana, John Da- to a select committee, which was lost-ayes 38, venport, Thomas T. Davis, Ebenezer Elmer, William noes 42. Eustis, Calvin Goddard, Roger Griswold, William The question was then taken by yeas and nays, Barry Grove, Seth Hastings, William Helms, Archi- on the passage of the bill, and decided in the negbald Henderson, William Hoge, Benjamin Huger, ative-yeas 37, pays 42, as follows: Samuel Hunt, Ebenezer Mattoon, Thos. Morris, James Mott, Joseph H. Nicholson, Elias Perkins, Thomas Brent, Robert Brown, William Butler, Samuel J. Ca

YEAS—John Archer, Theodorus Bailey, Richard Plater, Nathan Read, William Shepard, John Cotton bell, Matthew Clay, John Clopton, John Condit, RichSmith, John Smith, of New York, Josiah Smith, John ard' Cutts, John Dawson, Lucas Elmendorf, John FowStanley, Samuel Tenney, Samuel Thatcher, Thomas Tillinghast, John Trigg, George B. Upham, Philip Van ler, John A. Hanna, Daniel Heister, Joseph Heister, Cortlandt, Joseph B. Varnum, Peleg Wadsworth, Lem- James Holland, David Holmes, Geo. Jackson, Michael

Leib, David Meriwether, Thomas Moore, Thomas Newuel Williams, and Henry Woods. Nars-John Archer, John Bacon, Theodorus Bailey, ton, jr.

, John Smilie, Israel Smith, Samuel Smith, Henry Robert Brown, William Butler, Samuel J. Cabell, Mat" Southard, Richard Stanford, Joseph Stanton, jr., John thew Clay, John Clopton, John Condit, Richard Cutts, Trigg, Isaac Van Horne, Robert Williams, Richard

Stewart, David Thomas, Philip R. Thompson, Abram John Dawson, Lucas Elmendorf, John Fowler, Andrew

Winn, and Thomas Wynns. Gregg, John A. Hanna, Daniel Heister, Joseph Heister, James Holland, David Holmes, George Jackson, ard, Thomas Boude, Manasseh Cutler, Sam'l W. Dana,

Nays—Willis Alston, John Bacon, James A. BayMichael Leib, David Meriwether, Samuel L. Mitchill, John Davenport, Thomas T. Davis, Ebenezer Elmer, Thomas Moore, Anthony New, Thomas Newton, jr., William Eustis, 'Calvin Goddard, Roger Griswold, WilJohn Randolph, jr., John Smilie, Israel Smith, John liam Barry Grove, Seth Hastings, William Helms, ArSmith, of Virginia, Samuel Smith, Henry Southard, chibald Henderson, William Hoge, Benjamin Huger, Joseph Stanton, John Stewart, David Thomas, Philip R. Thompson, Abram Trigg, Isaac Van Horne, Robert Samuel Hunt, Ebenezer Mattoon, Thos. Morris, James Williams, Richard Winn, and Thomas Wynns.

Mott, Joseph H. Nicholson, Elias Perkins, Thomas

Plater, Nathan Read, William Shepard, John Cotton Mr. Griswold said he moved to recommit the Smith, John Smith, of New York, John Smith, of Virbill to a select committee for two reasons; the first ginia, Josiah Smith, John Stanley, Samuel Tenney, was, because the bill repealed the fourth provision Samuel Thatcher, Thomas Tillinghast, John Trigg, of the naturalization law, that required that every George B. Upham, Philip Van Cortlandt, Joseph B; applicant should renounce his allegiance to all Varnum, Peleg Wadsworth, Lemuel Williams, and foreign Governments, and declare his determina- Henry Woods.

7th Con. 2d Ses.-19

H. OF R.

Naturalization.

FEBRUARY, 1803.

taken up.

Mr. Griswold wished to submit a motion which My object is to inquire whether any such thing had grown out of the debate. He thought it pro- has been done in this case. I repeat it, that if all per that an inquiry should be instituted respecting the petitions presented have been altered in the the alteration of the petitions from certain aliens same way that has been stated by the gentleman He therefore moved the appointment of a com- from Maryland, the procedure is correct. But if mittee to inquire whether the petitions from sun a different course has been pursued-if the petidry aliens were in fact subscribed by the persons lions have been changed without authority, it is therein named.

a course of proceeding which this House ought Mr. Jackson hoped the House would not agree not to countenance. I do not know that the facts to take up this motion. As gentlemen appeared to can be had. It is probable, however, that what have a wish to procrastinate, in order to frustrate has been done has been done in this city; and, so a great deal of important business, necessary to be far, facts will be within our reach. At any rate, no transacted, he hoped they would not be indulged. injury can arise from appointing a select com.

Mr. Griswold called for the yeas and pays. mittee.

Mr. Nicholson said the motion was extremely The SPEAKER said he had not till this moment useless. He did not believe that a committee attended to the new rule of the House that precould make the inquiry in twelve months. How cluded all debate respecting the determining the is it to be done? Is the committee to go to each priority of business. individual named, or are they to call witnesses Mr. SMILIE.—Is it not proper, when gentlemen before them to prove his hand-writing? He be- are implicated in the remarks already made, that lieved this the wildest scheme that had ever been they should have an opportunity to explain ? Mr. imagined. For his own part, he had examined S. was about to proceed, when the petitions: they appear to have been cut into The SPEAKER called to order, and said there two paris; the offensive parts have been cut out, could be no debate on deciding whether the resoand the names remain as at first. Whether the lution should then be taken up. person who had done this was guilty of an offence, On which, the question was taken without furhe could not say; but he would say the offence ther debate, on taking up Mr. Griswold's resoluwas pardonable, as he had done nothing more than tion, and decided in the negative-yeas 33, Days 49, strike out what was offensive to the House. As as follows: it was impossible for any committee to make the YEAs—James A. Bayard, Thomas Boude, Manasinquiry, he hoped the resolution would not be seh Cutler, John Davenport, Calvin Goddard, Roger

Griswold, William Barry Grove, Seth Hastings, Wil. Mr. S. Smith said, if he were called before the liam Helms, Archibald Henderson, Benjamin Huger, committee, he might find it a very difficult task Samuel Hunt, Michael Leib, Ebenezer Mattoon, Thoto satisfy their inquiries. A certain petition had mas Morris, Elias Perkins, Thomas Plater, Nathan been presented to the House, which, on account of Read, William Shepard, John Smilie, John Cotton its language, they had refused to commit. About Smith, John Smith, of Virginia, Josiah Smith, Richard a week after, a similar memorial was brought to Stanford, John Stanley, Samuel Tenney, Samuel him, from Baltimore, with the offensive part cut Thatcher, David Thomas, Thomas Tillinghast, George out; and I, said Mr. S., presented it as I received B. Upham, Peleg Wadsworth, Lemuel Williams, and it. I supposed the memorialists had themselves cut

Henry Woods. it out. “I received another memorial containing Theodorus Bailey, Robert Brown, William Butler,

NAYS—Willis Alston, John Archer, John Bacon, the offensive language. I did not think it my duty Samuel J. Cabell, Matthew Clay, John Clopton, John to present this memorial. I wrote to Baltimore, Condit, Richard Cutts, Thomas T. Davis, John Dawand received authority from the memorialists to

son, Lucas Elmendorf, Ebenezer Elmer, William Eusstrike out the offensive language. I did so. Now, tis, John Fowler, Edwin Gray, Andrew Gregg, John what do gentlemen want? Do they want to per- A. Hanna, Daniel Heister, Joseph Heister, William plex the House in the transaction of the public Hoge, James Holland, David Holmes, George Jackson, business? If they do, I hope their views will be David Meriwether, Samuel L. Mitchill, Thomas Moore, frustrated.

James Mctt, Anthony New, Thomas Newton, jr., JoMr. Griswold. The course pursued by the seph H. Nicholson, John Randolph, jr., Israel Smith, gentleman from Maryland was correct. if he John Smith, of New York, Samuel Smith, Henry was instructed by the petitioners to vary their pe- Southard, Joseph Stanton, John Stewart, Philip R. titions, he was undoubtedly authorized to do so. Thompson, Abram Trigg, John Trigg, Philip Van But I do not think the practice ought to be coun- Cortlandt, Joseph B. Varnum, Isaac Van Horne, Rotenanced for members to vary petitions without bert Williams, Richard Winn, and Thomas Wynns. special instruction, in order to make that palata [It is here proper to add the remarks which fell ble to the House which was not so when present from Messrs. Smilie and Lies on this subject on ed. Such a variation materially changes ihe peti- the 2d of March following. tion, and though the same names may be preserv

Mr. Smilie.—The manner in which I have ed, they never can be considered as having been conducted myself as a member of this House is subscribed to the new petition. The taking a known to every gentleman. But if they should name from a letter and annexing it to a promisso judge of my conduct by a paragraph which apry note would not make the note legal-it would peared on Monday last in a paper published in this be a forgery. So, taking a name from an old and District, they would certainly conceive that I annexing ii to a new petition, is also a forgery. Tought not to have a seat in this House. In order

FEBRUARY, 1803.

Military Land Warrants.

H. OF R.

that the thing may be understood. I will read the An engrossed bill in addition to, and modificaparagraph to which I allude. [Here he read a tion of certain propositions contained in an act for paragraph which appeared in the Washington admitting the people of the Eastern division of Federalist.)

the Northwestern Territory as a State into the As to all the speeches about my not being an Union, was read a third time, and passed-yeas 62. American, I care nothing about it. I have never Mr. RANDOLPH defended the bill. known that it was a crime not to be born in A bill making appropriations for the support of America. But after having been forty years in Government for the year 1803 was read a third the country, I think it is too much to be called a time, and passed. foreigner. But, sir, to be charged with direct for A letter was received from the claimants, and gery—a crime so disgraceful-is more than I de their agents, of lands ceded by Georgia to the Uniserve. It is founded on the supposed circum- ted States, declining to appear by counsel at the stance of my having endeavored to introduce bar of the House; and offering certain new procertain petitions to the House which had been repositions of compromise with the United States. tused, on account of some offensive expressions, Referred to a Committee of the Whole to whom and that I had been concerned in taking out those was referred a bill for settling claims to lands offensive parts. A little recollection will con. north of Tennessee. and ordered to be printed. vince gentlemen that I had no concern with them. Mr. Bayard offered a resolution astering the The first petitions that I presented from Chester period of the sitting of the Supreme Court from county the House refused to act upon. When I the first Monday in February to the first Monday presented the second petitions. I said, expressly, of August. Carried-yeas 38, nays 33. Referihat they were similar to those presented before, red to a select committee. and that I should move no order upon them. But, On motion of Mr. Huger, leave was given to in order to put the matter beyond all doubt, here a description of claimants, other than those who are the petitions themselves. I shall lay them on had previously applied, to be heard in person or the table, and if any gentleman has doubts, he can by counsel at the bar of the House this day. satisfy himself that they have nothing to do with When Mr. Moultrie appeared, as counsel of the those which were altered. The genilernan from said claimants, at the bar, about half-past one Maryland (Mr. S. Smith) explained the matter o'clock. After speaking about one hour and a to the satisfaction of the gentleman from Connec- quarter, Mr. Moultrie retired. ticut (Mr. Griswold.)

Mr. Nicholson moved the reference of the peI do not make this as a complaint to the House, tition of Alexander Moultrie to the Committee of but I mention it as an explanation of my own the Whole on the above subject. conduct. Mr. Leib.-The facts relating to the petition

MILITARY LAND WARRANTS. which I presented from Carlisle county are well The House took up the bill respecting military known. The House refused to act upon them. land warrants, Some time afterwards, I presented a number more, Mr. Davis hoped it would not be adopted withwith the exceptionable passages taken out. The out inquiring whether the land proposed to be given fact was this, sir: the petitions were sent to two lo General Lafayette was the same as was given gentlemen, then in the city of Washington, who to other Major Generals. It was true he had renhad been appointed as a committee to act in be- dered services to the United States, for which half of these aliens. One was Mr. Clay, who they had made him an allowance. There were has been elected as a representative to serve in other claims, in his opinion of greater force, made the next Congress from Pennsylvania, the other day after day, without being attended to. If this was Mr. Duane. They took such order upon provision were annexed to the bill he should vote them as they thought proper. They were alter- against its passage; though, otherwise, he would ed, and in this form 1 presented them to the be glad to vote for it. If General Lafayette was House; and I felt myself authorized to do it. If entitled to this land, he wished to see the business any gentleman chooses to make an alteration in regularly conducted. We are now making proa petition which does not alter the prayer of it, to vision for persons who have legal claims. It is whom is he responsible ? Is he responsible to che right, therefore, to separate these subjects. Let House or the person who has entrusted him as an us attend to one, first, and afterwards consider the agent to present it? In this case, would he be re- other. sponsible to the House or the aliens who were Mr. Dawson.-When, on yesterday, I had the concerned ? But I did not take it on myself to do honor to submit this amendment, I indulged the it myself, but took it to the authorized committee, pleasing hope that it would have received not who made the alterations.]

only the vote of this House, but would have met with the patronage of all-of all the friends of

justice, and of those who remember past services; TUESDAY, February 22.

and that it would have been adopted without deThe Speaker laid before the House a report lay and without debate. from the Secretaries of the Treasury and of War, In this I have been wofully disappointed. My and the Comptroller of the Treasury, respecting fond anticipation was immediately damped by a claims of Nova Scotia refugees. Referred to a gentleman from New York, on whose friendship select committee of three.

i did count, and do now expect; and the amend

H. of R.
Ohio School Fund.

FEBRUARY, 1803. ment, instead of finding sympathizing advocates, Whatever may be the fate of that amendment, has met with an unexpected opposition; instead if it shall be adopted I shall feel proud for my of finding friends proud to reward past services, country. If it shall be negatived, I shall have the it has met with enemies, seeking for reasons to pleasing reflection of having discharged a duty to withhold justice.

my country and to my own feelings. Mr. Chairman, the search has been in vain; Mr. T. Morris said that the opposition he had the grateful, the patriot mind will remember those made was more to the manner than to the matter services, while the reflection on a wish to with of the motion. He thought it improper to decide hold justice will be left as consolation to those upon it at so late an hour, and when there was who have made the search.

scarcely a quorum of members within the walls. Sir, it was my wish, and it is my determination I have, said Mr. M., no objection to the grant. to support this amendment solely on the grounds On the contrary I think it ought to be made in of services rendered to us. Whatever may have consideration of the circumstances of General been the conduct and the situation of General Lafayette. I should indeed have wished that it Lafayette since our Revolution, humanity may had been the subject of a distinct bill. The value lament; but, sir, it belongs to us to pay this tri- of gifts of this nature depends as much on the bute to justice, if not to gratitude.

manner in which they are made, as on the gifts Sir, on yesterday, I stated what was known to themselves; and I think the donation would, in every gentleman of this House, that this gentle- this case, have been deemed more honorable, if a man ai an early period of life, animated by the special bill had been passed, instead of inserting love of liberty, left the pleasures of an enticing a clause in another bill. If there were time to Court, encountered the danger of winds and waves, bring in a distinct bill, I should now vote against and entered into the service of a country known to the amendment; but as I am unwilling to hazard him only by name, and endeared to him only by the object altogether, I shall vote for it : expressits devotion to that flame which he felt himself. ing my regret, at the same time, that the gentleIn this service he continued until the end of man who has viewed the distressed situation of our war, submitting to all the hardships and fa- General Lafayette had not sooner brought the tigues of the field ; leading our armies io victory, business forward. and exposing himself to every danger; and this A debate of short duration ensued, between without any compensation, and at the sacrifice Messrs. S. Smith, SHEPARD, Dawson, and Bacon, of the greater part of his private fortune. in favor of the amendment, and Mr. Davis against

I stated more that that fortune is now much it, when it was carried without a division. reduced ; and this is what I do know. Yes, sir, Onengrossing the bill for a third reading, Messrs. I have spent two days with this adopted child of SOUTHARD, and SHEPARD spoke in favor of, and America on his little farm. I saw him surrounded Mr. Varnum against it-carried, and ordered to a by an amiable family, but not with wealth. I third reading to-morrow. heard him pouring forth his best wishes for the prosperity and happiness of this country; and I

OHIO SCHOOL FUND. witnessed his constant exertions to promote its An engrossed bill in addition to, and in modifiinterests. It may not be improper here to re-cation of the act entitled "An act 10 enable the member what I do know. Some short time before people of the Eastern division of the Territory I went to France, the First Consul applied to Mr. Northwest of the river Ohio, to form a constituLafayette to come to this country as Minister. tion and State government, and for the admission He replied, “ I am by birth a French citizen, by of such State into the Union, on an equal footing adoption a citizen of the United States. I have with the original States, and for other purposes, served in that country, and am so attached to its was read the third time. interest that I doubt, if a case of difficulty should Mr. Gregg said, that when the resolutions on arise. whether I should do justice to my own; if which this bill is predicated were before the House, I did, I am sure I should be suspected, and there- he had very briefly stated some objections which he fore I will not place myself in that delicate situa- had against adopting them. A gentleman from tion."

Virginia (Mr. RANDOLPH) had offered some arguAnd now, sir, what is it that it is proposed to ments to obviate his objections, but they had not do for this gentleman; for him who rendered you produced that effect in his mind: on the contrary, services without emolument, and risked his life by reflecting on the subject since that time, he without hesitation; to this citizen of the United was now more fully convinced that the opinion States; and not a foreigner, as the gentleman which he then expressed was correct. from Kentucky has been pleased to call him ? It At this late period of the session he had no wish is to give to him what we give to others; and to bring on a lengthy discussion, nor had he any what he never would have received had it not expectation that, by anything he could say, he been for the reverse of his fortunes. And shall would be able to prevent the passage of the bill. we hesitate ? I trust not.

The strong disposition which the House had disSir, this is not only a question of justice, but it covered in its favor, and the unprecedented rapidis of feeling; every soldier, every officer must feelity with which it had been hurried on the prefor a fellow-soldier and a fellow-officer, and every ceding day, left him no room to hope, that any citizen for a fellow citizen; and such is Mr. La- efforts of his could check its progress. He would fayette.

however remark, that it was very unusual for a

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FEBRUARY, 1803.

Ohio School Fund.

H. of R.

bill of such importance to be acted on the same the last session of Congress, authorizing the people day on which it was printed and laid on our table, of the Northwestern Territory to frame à conand of course before members could have read it stitution and State government themselves, he over, and made themselves acquainted with its thought very exceptionable. The terms prescribed provisions. It would be vain for him to propose in this bill, were, in his view, much more so. The amendments, because the bill was not susceptible manner in which they were brought forward, renof such amendments as would induce him to vote dered them so. They were dictated by a small for it. He thought it wrong in principle, and he portion of people who had assumed the power of did not believe it would be found expedient in its imposing terms on the Government, and of telling effects,

it how the public property must be disposed of. If He had always been accustomed to consider | Government has not the power of managing its the lands of the United States a common prop- property its own way, if it must thus submit to erty, in which every citizen of the Government such terms as any particular portion of the people was equally interested, and to which they all had may from time to time see proper to prescribean equal right. These lands were generally con- what is it? Nothing but an empty name. The sidered as a fund out of which the public debt, exemption of the public lands from taxes for five contracted during the Revolutionary war, was 10 years, that was spoken of as an equivalent, he be discharged. The cession of the lands, made by considered as nothing, or at least as very inadethe States which claimed them, was for the com- quate. Upon the whole, although he had no prosmon benefit, and as such they have always been pectof preventing the passage of the bill, he thought considered.' He had before him the act of cession himself in duty bound to protest against the princimade by the State of Virginia of the very land ples and provisions which it contained. in question, the preamble of which he would beg Mr. RANDOLPH was happy to hear these sentileave to read, and 10 the particular expression of ments expressed by the gentleman from Pennsylwhich he hoped gentlemen would attend: vania. He concurred with him completely in his

“Whereas, the Congress of the United States dia, premises, although he differed from him, in some by their act of the sixth day of September, 1780, recom

degree, in his conclusions. It is true that the grant mend to the several States in the Union, having claims of land made by Virginia was for the common to waste and unappropriated lands in the western coun- benefit of the whole Union. It was considered try, a liberal cession to the United States of a portion when made, and is still considered, as a common of their respective claims, for the common benefit of the fund, for purposes in which the general benefit is Union ;

concerned. It was with that view that as a mem“And whereas this Commonwealth did, on the sec- ber of the committee which brought in the bill, ond day of January, 1781, yield to the Congress of the he was favorable to it. But before he proceeded United States, for the benefit of the said States, all right, to consider its merils, he must be indulged with a title, and claim, which the said Commonwealth had to few words on its progress to a passage. The bill the Territory Northwest of the river Ohio,” &c.

had been reported on Friday, and then ordered to Let us attend to the expressions here used. be printed; the original draught had been mislaid; Congress asks the land for the common benefit a new copy had been required for the press, and of the Union:" Virginia reiterates the sentiment, it had consequently not been laid on their tables and says she yields it for the “benefit of the said till yesterday; though any member anxious to have States."

procured a copy, might have obtained it on SaturFarther, the Indian title to these lands has been day. The gentleman informs us that it passed to extinguished by money taken out of the Treasury a third reading on the same day, (Monday:) True, of the United States. Every person in the country because no gentleman protested against it. Did the has contributed his proportion of tax to effect that gentleman expect that the friends of the bill would object. The citizens of Maine, or any other dis- have risen and objected to it. They, on the contrict, are therefore, in this respect also equally en- trary, inferred that as no objection was offered, titled with those of Ohio, to all the benefits result- none existed. And why did they draw this infering from the sale of these lands. With what face ence that there was no objection ? Because the reof justice can we then put our hands into this port, on which every syllable is predicated, passed common fund, or lay hold of any portion of these with but one dissenting voice, that of the member lands, and apply them to the use and benefit of from Pennsylvania. the people in one part of the country, to the entire Now let us examine the merits of the bill. Acexclusion of all the rest, as is contemplated by this cording to the doctrine of the gentleman from bill? What authority have we to give the people Pennsylvania, the broad principle he has assumed of Ohio land equal to a thirty-sixth part of their would vitiate the original principle of appropriawhole State ; or to expend on the improvement tion for schools under the ordinance. Mr. R. beof their roads, three per cent. of all the money lieved that the appropriation while it protected arising from the sale of public lands in that coun- the interests of literature, would enhance ihe value try? "It appeared to him an assumption of power of property. Can we suppose that emigration will which did not of right belong to them. It was not be promoted by it, and that the value of lands an act of usurpation which he had not been able will not be enhanced by the emigrant obtaining to discover any principle whatever to warrant or the fullest education for his children; and is it justify.

not better to receive two dollars an acre with an The conditions expressed in the act passed at appropriation for schools, than seventy-five cents

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