An excellent culinary fruit from Michaelmas to Christmas. This is a very valuable apple, and a most excellent bearer. The extreme buds are mostly blossom buds, which occasion the branches to become pendulous when the fruit is fully grown. It is said to have originated at Hawthornden, near Edinburgh, where Drummond the poet was born.

28. HOARY MORNING. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 455. Pom. Mag. t. 53. ... Dainty apple. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 234., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit rather large, round, depressed, angular, with a very small close-plaited eye. Stalk generally rather short, in a wide cavity. Skin covered with a fine bloom, with broad, broken, irregular stripes of red next the sun, and paler and more distant marking of the same kind in the shade. Flesh firm, yellowish white, occasionally tinged with pink next the skin, with a rich and brisk flavour.

A culinary, apple from Michaelmas till Christmas. A very handsome and useful kind, supposed to have had its origin in Somersetshire, from whence specimens were first communicated to the Horticultural Society by Charles Worthington, Esq. several years ago.

29. HUGHES'S GOLDEN PIPPIN. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 26. Pom. Mag. t. 132.

Hughes's New Golden Pippin. Forsyth, p. 108.

Fruit below the middle size, round, slightly flattened at the eye and stalk. Eye large, open, sometimes almost level with the top, but generally in a shallow depression, surrounded by a few plaits. Stalk short, thick, inserted in a very slight cavity, or frequently not at all şunk, but forming a knob projecting on the base of the fruit. Skin yellow, thickly set with green spots and small russetty specks, and tinged with

around the stalk. Flesh yellowish, firm, juicy, with a rich, agreeable, sharp flavour.


A very neat and most excellent dessert apple, from October till January.

30. KERRY PIPPIN. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 20.

Kerry Pippin. Pom. Mag. t. 107. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 454. Fruit middle sized, oval, flattened at the


round which are small regular plaits. Stalk short, sometimes thickened and fleshy, inserted in a contracted cavity, with a projection of the fruit on one side; one or more sharp ridges or lines are almost always distinguishable from the eye to the stalk. Skin pale straw colour, mixed with a deeper yellow, streaked and marbled with red, highly polished. Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, juicy, sugary, and high flavoured.

An excellent dessert apple from September till November. This has been long known in the county of Kerry, in Ireland, where it is esteemed one of their best dessert apples. Mr. Robertson, of Kilkenny, describes the tree as broom-headed : the


shoots erect, of a greenish brown, full of spurs, downy at the extremities. In this country it does not appear to be a very plentiful bearer ; but it is very deserving of cultivation, and succeeds best grafted on the Doucin stock, and trained in the garden as an espalier.

31. KIRKE'S GOLDEN PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 386.

Fruit small, formed with the most perfect regularity of outline, a little more long than broad. Crown quite flat. Eye large, in proportion to the size of the fruit, but very shallow, surrounded by a fine thin russet. Skin pale green on the shaded side; on that exposed to the sun, of a very pure, clear yellow, free from specks. Flesh pale greenish yellow, firm, crisp. Juice abundant, saccharine, and highly flavoured. A dessert apple from Michaelmas to Christmas. This is a very beautiful little fruit, raised a few years ago from a seed of the old Golden Pippin by Mr. Kirke, in his nursery at Old Brompton, near London, and is highly deserving of cultivation. Like all other Golden Pippins, it is too tender for an orchard tree in cold situations. It succeeds best when grafted upon the Doucin stock and planted in the garden.

32. NONESUCH. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 677.
Nonsuch. Forsyth Ed. 3. 121.
Langton Nonesuch. Hanbury.

Fruit middle sized, of a very regular round figure, and free from angles on its sides, about two inches and a half in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye small, with a short, closed calyx, in a very regular, rather shallow, saucer-shaped basin, without plaits. Stalk short, slender, inserted in a shallow cavity, seldom projecting beyond the base. Skin pale yellow, spotted and marbled with orange, with numerous broken stripes and patches of brick-red on the sunny side. Flesh white, soft, and tender. Juice plentiful, a little saccharine, and slightly perfumed. A handsome dessert apple from Michaelmas till nearly Christmas. Ray has a Nonsuch Apple, in 1668; but, as he has placed it among his winter or keeping apples, it is not certain whether that is the same as this.

33. OAKE's APPLE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 698.

Fruit middle-sized, round, a little irregular in its outline, having two or three obtuse ribs swelling and lengthening one of its sides more than the other, about three inches in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye small, nearly closed by the short segments of the calyx, rather deeply sunk in an irregular, uneven bason. Stalk very short, thick, wholly inserted within the base in a narrow cavity. Skin thick, pale green, with several imbedded white dots, and slightly marked with many short, broken streaks of pale brown, with russetty specks on the sunny side, particularly in the crown and round the eye. Flesh rather soft, greenish white, with a slightly saccharine juice, but not much flavour.

A culinary apple in November and December, described from a fruit grown in the Horticultural garden at Chiswick in 1830. 31. PADLEY'S PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii.


69. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 720. Pom. Mag. t. 151.

Fruit rather small, and somewhat flat, one inch and a half deep, and two inches in diameter. Eye small, with a very small closed calyx, placed in a shallow and rather angular basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, very slender, one half projecting beyond the base of the fruit.

Skin pale, dull yellow, very much covered with a rough grey russet, and a little tinged with orange on the sunny side. Flesh greenish yellowish, crisp. Juice saccharine, with a very pleasant. aromatic flavour. A very neat and excellent dessert apple in November and December. Raised about twenty years ago by the late Mr. William Padley, gardener to His Majesty, at Hampton Court, and first propagated by Mr. Ronalds of Brentford. 35. PHILADELPHIA PIPPIN. G. Lind. Cat. 1815. Ditchingham Pippin.

ib. Fruit rather above the middle size, round, but somewhat flat at the crown. Eye small. Stalk half an inch long, inserted in a rather deeply hollowed base. Skin yellowish grey, with a faint blush on the sunny side. Flesh white. Juice brisk and well flavoured.

A culinary apple from Michaelmas to Christmas. An American apple, brought into this country about seventy years ago. Four of these trees are now growing in the gardens of J. J. Bedingfeld, Esq. at Ditchingham Hall, in Norfolk. They grow to a large size, are very hardy, and great bearers. The fruit are, for the most part, produced singly on the branches : they are, in consequence, always more perfectly formed than those growing in clusters.

36. POMME DE NEIGE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 626. Fameuse. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 44.

Fruit middle-sized, round, not much unlike the shape of a Nonesuch ; about two inches and a quarter deep, and two inches and three quarters in diameter. Eye small, nearly closed, in a shallow depression, surrounded by a few wrinkled plaits. Stalk half an inch long, very slender, sunk in a funnel-shaped cavity, and protruding but little beyond the base. Skin pale green, tinged with pale red, and marked with short streaks of a darker colour ; on the sunny side, of a still deeper red. Flesh very tender, snow-white, juice sugary, with a slight musky perfume.

A dessert apple in October and November. This beautiful and singular apple, we are told by Mr. Forsyth, was introduced from Canada by Mr. Barclay of Brompton. It is said to derive its name from a village where it is cultivated.

37. POTTER'S LARGE APPLE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 805.

Fruit one of the largest size, generally eleven or twelve inches in circumference, irregularly formed, with large obtuse angles on the sides. Eye wide, deep, surrounded with large plaits, the alternate ones being much the most prominent. Stalk an inch long, inserted in a deep cavity. Skin pale green, thinly sprinkled with grey specks, and tinged with faint red near the base on the sunny side. Flesh white. Juice not plentiful, subacid.

A culinary apple from Michaelmas to Christmas ; raised it is said by a Mr. Potter of Chelsea. A transverse section of it, when cut open, exhibits a large, fiveangled cavity.

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