Transparent de Moscovie. Ib. according to the Pom. Mag. and the Hort. Cat. Pyrus Astracanica, De Cand. Prod. Vol. ii. p.

635. Fruit middle-sized, roundish, angular on the sides, and ribbed at the apex. Eye depressed in a small hollow. Stalk thick, and very short. Skin smooth, with a few faint streaks of red on the sunny side, and covered with a white bloom. Flesh snow-white, often transparent in part, tender, juicy, crisp, very pleasant and delicate.

Ripe in August, and will keep good for only a few days. It is a hardy tree, and a very good bearer. It has been introduced from Russia, where it is said to grow wild about Astracan, and was first brought into notice by William Atkinson, Esq. of Grove End, Paddington.

Sect. II. — Summer. Conical or oblong. 12. Doctor HELSHAM's PIPPIN. G. Lind. Cat. 1815.

Fruit middle-sized, more long than broad, eight or nine inches in circumference, a little angular on the sides. Eye small, in a rather wide and oblique basin. Stalk half an inch long, deeply inserted. lowish green,

with several reddish spots; on the sunny side of a fine clear red. Flesh white. Juice sweet, with a slight aromatic flavour.

Ripe in August and beginning of September.

The branches of this tree droop in the manner of a Jargonelle Pear. It is an abundant bearer, and deserves cultivation.

The original tree, which is a large one, was raised by the late Dr. Helsham, and is now growing in the garden of Mr. Etheredge, of Stoke Ferry, in Norfolk.

13. EARLY RED MARGARET. Hort. Soc. Cat. Vo. 588. Pom. Mag. t. 46.

Skin yel.


Margaret Apple. Langley. Pom. Lond. t. 74. f. 1. Red Juneating According to Hort. Soc. Cat. Early Striped ditto. )

No. 588. Early Red Juneating. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 504. Eve Apple. Of the Irish Gardens, according to the Hort. Soc. Cat. Margaretha Apfel. of the Germans, Rother Jacob's Apfel to the Pom. Mag. Fruit below the middle size, roundish oblong, rather angular, tapering a little to the crown. Eye contracted, plaited. Stalk short, thick. Skin greenish yellow, richly and closely streaked with deep red. Flesh white, juicy, breaking, sub-acid, very rich and agreeable, without any perfume or spicy favour. Ripe the beginning and middle of August. A very good early apple, but soon grows mealy. 14. RED CALVILLE. Calville d'Eté. Duhamel 1. t. 1. Calville Rouge d'Eté. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 131.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat cordate or conical, having alternately large and small angles terminating in the crown, which is narrow and pointed : about one inch and three quarters in diameter, and two inches deep. Eye narrow, prominent, surrounded by large plaits. Stalk half an inch, rather stout, inserted in a regular and rather deep cavity. Skin pale red, but of a deep colour, and shaded with deeper streaks on the sunny side. Flesh white, slightly tinged with red next the core. Juice not plentiful, but pretty well flavoured.

Ripe in August and September.

The French gardeners pretend to distinguish all their Calvilles, when cut transversely, by a regular five-angled cavity at the core.

15. REVELSTONE PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

p. 522.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat angular on the sides, in large

the angular protuberances uniting round the eye knobs. Stalk short and thick, inserted in a very regular cavity.

Skin greenish yellow, thickly sprinkled with yellow russetty spots, and nearly covered with a bright red. Flesh yellow, firm. Juice not plentiful, but sweet, and of a very good flavour.

Ripe the end of August and beginning of September, and will not keep long.

This is one of the sorts usually planted against walls in the Carse of Gowrie. In this country it does well as an open standard, and is an abundant bearer. Its fruit was exhibited at the Horticultural Society, London, in 1820.

16. SUGAR-LOAF PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1078. Pom. Mag. t. 3.

Dolgoi Squoznoi. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 254., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit ovate or oblong, generally tapering to the eye, which is much hollowed, with a few slight plaits. Stalk about an inch long, inserted in a deep, regular cavity. Skin a very clear light yellow, with a few greenish dots ; yellow on the sunny side, and becoming nearly white when fully ripe. Flesh whitish, firm, crisp, very juicy, with a most agreeable, lively, sweetish sub-acid flavour.

An excellent summer apple, ripe the beginning of August, but if kept above a week or ten days it becomes soft and mealy.

This appears to be of Russian origin, having been sent from the Taurida Gardens, at St. Petersburgh, to the Horticultural Society, London, under the name of Dolgoi Squoznoi, two Russian words signifying dolgoi, long, and squoznoi, transparent.

Sect. III.- Autumnal. Round, or nearly so.


Hort. Trans. Vol. v.

p. 400.

Fruit about the middle size, resembling a large and well formed Nonesuch, but rather less flattened. Stalk slender and deeply inserted. Skin pale yellow, beautifully variegated with broken stripes of red. Flesh crisp, very juicy, with a high flavoured acidity. It does not keep late, but is a most valuable apple for the kitchen while it lasts.

Raised by the Rev. Dr. Symonds Breedon, in his garden at Bere Court, near Pangbourne, in Berkshire, and exhibited at the Horticultural Society, London, October 15. 1822.

18. CALVILLE ROUGE DE MICOUD. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 242.

Fruit of the first crop, depressed, spherical, nearly three inches in diameter, and about two inches deep; three, or more frequently four slight ridges divide it lengthways, and give it a somewhat square outline. Stalk moderately thick, rather long, placed in a funnelshaped cavity. Eye placed in the bottom of a hollow, scooped out like a funnel, and larger than that in which the stalk is placed, the divisions of the calyx remaining in part when the fruit is ripe. Skin of a very deep, dull red on the side next the sun, but less intense on the shaded side, where it is streaked by a few lines, and spots of a pale red. It is tough, adhering firmly to the flesh, of an austere taste. Flesh yellowish white, fine, breaking with a crystalline appearance, juicy. Juice sweetish acid, and agreeably perfumed.

Its maturity commences about the middle of July, and continues, with little interruption, till November. The fruit of April-flowering ripen mostly in August, and are usually eaten during harvest. Those of the second flowering succeed the first, and may be brought to table till the end of October; they are quite as good as the first, but are not bigger than a hen's egg. The fruit of the latter flowerings are not bigger than a Pomme d'Api ; nevertheless, when they are stopped in their growth by the frost, they may be placed in the fruitroom, where they ripen very well, and keep till November. This is eaten raw ; but if roasted it acquires a delicate and sweet flavour, and it is also very agreeable when stewed.

Mons. André Thouin, from whom the above is taken, has given an interesting account of this singular apple. The original tree, which bears three thousand apples annually, is growing on the farm of the Baroness de Micoud, which lies near La Charité sur Loire, in the department of the Nievre. The first flowering takes place in April, the second in June; the tree then ceases for a time to produce flowers. The third and succeeding flowerings take place in August, September, October, and November, when they are stopped by the severity of the frost. It is necessary to remark, that the last flowerings are much less abundant than the two first, and the fruit which they produce is small, and imperfectly ripened. The blossoms are produced in corymbs of twelve or fifteen flowers in the first season of blossoming, but only from five to nine in the succeeding seasons. The colour of the corolla is white, tinged with rose-coloured stains, especially on the edge of the petals.

Mons. Thouin very justly remarks, “that the dense, dark green, shining foliage during three fourths of the year, enamelled with numerous bunches of delicate rosecoloured blossoms, and scattered over with fruit of diversity of colour, render it a most interesting object of cultivation, especially as an ornament to our lawns and shrubberies, producing an effect not less novel than agreeable.”

19. Christie's Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 155.

Fruit middle-sized, shaped like a flattish Nonesuch, about two inches deep, and two inches aud a half in diameter, quite round, without angles. Eye small,

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