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2nd Year :-Practice in simpler physical manipulations; the use of instruments of precisions in measurements of length, mass, time, etc. The discussion of observations and results and their investigation by the method of least squares. The application of these principles in the experimental investigation of the simpler problems in mechanical physics. In the latter part of the year the subject of Heat is taken up.
3rd year :-The principal work for this year is in Optics including Theoretical and Experimental. Geometrical Optics is studied this year in the Department of Mathematics, and Thermodynamics, in that of Mechanical Engineering.
Students of Mathematics and Astronomy follow the same general course in their work in Physics as the special students of Physics with the exception that less time is spent in Laboratory work.
Students of Engineering and Chemistry receive a limited amount of instruction in Physics during the second and third years
of their course. 4th year :-During this year students are principally occupied in the study of Electricity and Magnetism. In addition to the theoretical investigation of these subjects much time is given to laboratory practice in Electric and Magnetic measurements including their application to telegraph testing. In the course of this year each student is expected to undertake and carry out something in the way of an original research which is to be worked out in detail and made the subject of a graduating thesis.
Text-books and books of reference are Stewart's Elements of Physics ; Deschandel's Physics ; Ganot's Physics ; Kohlrausch's Physical Measurements; Pickering's Physical
Manipulations; Everett's Centimetre-gramme-second system; Stewart's Heat; Maxwell's Theory of Heat; Airy's Sound; Airy's Undulatory Theory of Optics; Lloyd's Wave Theory of Light; Parkinson's Optics; Maxwell's Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism; Cumming's Theory of Electricity; Lloyd's Magnetism; Airy's Magnetism.
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. During the first year the student in the Department of Science attends lectures on Inorganic Chemistry; he is also instructed in making a series of experiments in order to make himself practically acquainted with the preparation and properties of the most important gases, acids, bases, salts, etc., concerning which he has learned in the lecture-room.
The subjects of this course are treated in the following order :
I. NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS. Oxygen. Theory of Combustion. Hydrogen. Nitrogen. Composition of the Atmosphere. Carbon, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Fluorine, Sulphur, Selenium, Tellurium. Phosphorus, Boron, Silicon. These non-metallic elements and their chief compounds are studied in relation to their production, properties, and decomposition. The proportions by weight and by volume in which they combine are also fully explained and illustrated in connection with the atomic theory.
II. METALS. The extraction and properties of the chief metals, and their industrial applications. The study of their most important salts, and their characteristic reactions. Theory of the constitution of salts. Relation between the chemi. cal and physical properties of elementary and compound bodies. Determination of the atomic weights. Time allowing, the preparation and properties of the rare metals, and their characteristic reactions will also be studied.
Books of reference : Gill's chemistry for Schools; Roscoe's Lessons in Elementary Chemistry; Williamson's Chemistry for Students ; Miller's Elements of Chemistry; Roscoe and Schorlemmer's Elementary Treatise on Che mistry; Watt's Dictionary of Chemistry.
ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. During the second year the student works at Qualitative Analysis in the chemical laboratory, commencing with the analyses of simple salts and proceeding to more complex mixtures as he becomes more experienced. Subsequently, alloys, mineral waters, as well as industrial products will be given for analysis. Detection of metallic and other poisons in organic mixtures will also form a part of the work. If time permits, after having studied the reactions of the more important organic acids and bases, he is permitted to prepare pure specimens of various organic products.
In the third and fourth years the student in the course of chemistry devotes himself to the quantitative analysis of mineral and organic substances. Commencing with simple salts, he passes on to the analysis of alloys apd afterwards to natural rņinerals and ores of more complex composition. The analysis of industrial products by gravimetric and volumetric methods is also taken up in the third year. During the first half of the fourth year, the student is mainly occupied with ultimate and proximate organic analysis, while the remaining half is devoted to the experimental investigation of some subject which he has selected for the graduating thesis.
The following is the list of analyses executed by the student.
Names of substances. Constituents to be determined. 1. Baric chloride.
Ba, CI, H, 0. 2. Magnesic sulphate. MgO, S 03 , H, 0. 3. Potassium alum. K, 0, A1, 0SO3 , H, 0. 4. Hydrodisodic phosphate. Na, O, P, 0, , H, 0. 5. Ammonio ferrous sulphate.
H2 N, Fe 0, 303 6. Alloy containing tin, silver, and copper.
Sn, Ag, Cu. 7. Alloy containing tin,
lead, and zinc. Sn, Pb, Zn. 8. Dolomite.
Si 0,, A1, 03 , Fe, 0z, Ca 0,
Mg 0, CO, 9. Felspar.
Si 0, , Al, 03 , Fe 0, Ca 0,
K, O, Na, 0. 10. Copper ore.
Cu. 11. Coal.
H, 0, volatile matter, fixed
carbon, S, ash. 12. Alkalimetry.
Soda ash, pearl ash. 13. Acidimetry.
Vinegar, hydrochloric acid. 14. Chlorimetry.
Bleaching powder. 15. Manganese ore.
Mn 0, 16. Iron Ore.
Si 0, , Fe, S, P, 17. Iron Slag.
Si 02 , Fe 0, A1, 03 , Mn 0,
Ca 0, Mg 0, S, P2.09
18. Cast iron.
19. Type metal.
Fe, Mn, Graphite, Combined
C, Si, S, P,
Ca 0, Mg 0, S, Si 0,,
22. Raw sugar.
Water, crystallizable cane
sugar, glucose, ash. 23. Petroleum.
Fractional distillation, spe
cific gravities, flash test. 24. Saké.
Alcohol, glucose, volatile
and non-volatile acids, total solid, ash, specific
gravity 25. Rice.
H, O, fat, gum, cane sugar,
glucose, starch, albumi
noids, cellulose, ash. 26. Milk.
Water, butter, sugar, casein,
ash, specific gravity. 27. Water.
Total solids, Cl, organic and
volatile matter, free and albuminoid ammonias,
hardness. 28. Vapor density. 29. Chofun.
H, 0, volatile and organic
matter, Caz (P02)2, H, N,
ash. 30. Organic solid compound. C, H, O. 31. liquid
C, H, 0. 32. solid
N (by Varrentrapp and