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2nd year Geology :-In the first term to make the students familiar with the structure of plants and also with the natural system of classification, instruction is given in the analysis of plants in the laboratory. During the whole of the second term and parts of the first and third terms lectures are given on the Morphology and Physiology of plants and also on the Principles of Classification. In the third term instruction is again given in the laboratory on what has been learned by means of lectures in this and the preceding terms. The number of hours occupied thus is two in a week.
3rd year Biology :-Lectures on Systematic and Economical Botany are given twice a week throughout the year, the last part of the second term and the whole of the third term being devoted to lectures on Cryptogams. Laboratory work occupies eight hours a week and consists chiefly in the study of Gramineæ and Cyperacex, among Monocotyledons; and Lycopodiaceæ, Rhizocarpeæ, Ophioglossacee, Equisetacea, Filices, Musci, and Hepaticæ, among Cryptogams. Instruction is also given on Thallophytes, but more special study of this lowest division of the vegetable Kingdom is deferred to the next year.
4th year Biology :—This class includes only those students who take up Botany as their specialty. Lectures are given on Geographical and Paleontological Botany, on Thallophytes and on advanced Physiology of Plants. Laboratory work is on the same subjects. The student is also required to make a special investigation of some single group of plants.
Books of reference :-Sachs's Text-Book of Botany; Thomé's Structural and Physiological Botany; Bessey's Botany; De Maout and Decaisnes Descriptive and Analytical Botany; Gray's Botanical Text-Book; Balfour's Class Book of Botany ; Franchet and Savatier's Enumeratio Plantarum ; Miquel's Prolusio Floræ Japonicæ ; Siebolat's Flora Japanica ; Thunberg's Flora Japonica ; Suringer's Algæ Japonicæ ; Bentham and Hooker's Genera Plantarum; Sūmoku Zusetsu ; Honzo Zufu; and many other general and special works and periodicals kept in the laboratory.
ASTRONOMY. 1st year Science :-Lectures on elementary astronomy are given during the first term.
2nd year :-Theoretical Astronomy-Elementary ma. thematical, and descriptive. Text-books, Loomis, Newcomb & Holden.
Practical Astronomy-Work with Transit, Zenith-telescope and Sextant; determination of time and latitude, values of level-divisions and micrometer-screws. Textbooks, Loomis and Chauvenet.
3rd year :—Theoretical Astronomy_Rigorous methods of reducing observations; Celestial Mechanics. Text-books, Chauvenet, Pentécoulant and Laplace.
Practical Astronomy_Observation and reduction of Equatorial work; practice with Spectroscopes and Photometers attached to Equatorial; determination of latitude by prime-vertical-transit. Text-book, Chauvenet.
4th year :-Theoretical Astronomy – Orbit work and perturbations. Text-books, Gauss, Bessel and Oppolzer.
Practical Astronomy-Observation and reduction of Meridian work; determination of constant errors of Meridian Circle. Text-books, Bessel and Chauvenet.
The subjects for the second and third years are pursued by the students in Mechanical Engineering as well as by those in Civil Engineering. (1) Mechanics:-(2nd year.)
Fundamental and Derived Units. Maintenance of Units. Measurements. Notions of Mass, Velocity, Acceleration, Force, etc. Representation by Vectors. The Hodograph. Newton's Laws of Motion. Stress. Division into Kinematics, Kinetics, and Statics. Composition and Resolution of Forces. Moments. Couples. Distributed forces. Centre of gravity. Uniform and uniformly varying Stress. Moment of Inertia of a surface. Fluid Pressure. Hydrostatic Press, etc. Equilibrium of Floating Bodies. Friction. Frictional Stability. Friction of Bands. Kinetics. Absolute measurement of Force. Work and Energy. Conservation of Energy. Momentum. Collisions. Rotation of a particle. Conical Pendulum. Simple Harmonic Motion. Simple Pendulum. Rotations of solid bodies. Properties of the centre of Percussion. Compound Pendulum. Most general move. ment of any mass.
D'Alembert's Principle. Reduction of Resistance and Inertia to a Driving Point.
Miscellaneous propositions in Kinematics. Instantaneous axis. Centroids. Composition of Rotations and Translations. Degrees of Freedom and Constraint. Straight-line motion by Linkwork.
This course is attended by the students of the Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy Sections, as well as by the students of Engincering. Throughout this (as well as all the other courses in this department) numerous practical examples will be given in the class, and questions set for solution at home, so as to accustom the student to apply mechanical theory to engineering problems.
The students of the Mining section attend a different course of lectures in Mechanics, which bears more directly upon their profession; the following is the syllabus :
Applications of Statics and Dynamics to the Elasticity and Strength of Materials. Outline of theory of structures--graphical methods of Calculations being specially treated. Principles of Mechanism and their application to the proportion of Machines. Statics and Dynamics of Fluids. General Principles and Construction of Prime Movers,—Overshot, Breast and Undershot wheels, Turbines, Water Pressure Engines, Windmills, Steam Engines. Different Classes of Hand and Steam Pumps, and other Hydraulic Machinery.
During the year many visits are made to different works in Tokio where the uses of Machines and Prime movers are explained and referred to in the lectures, (1) Thermodynamics and the Steam Engine : -- (8rd year.)
General doctrine of the Conservation, Transformation, and Dissipation of Energy. Sources of Natural Energy. Measurement of Heat and Temperature. Scales of Temperature. Transference of Heat. Conduction. Theory of Exchanges. Action of Heat on bodies. Internal and External work. Specific Heat. Latent Heat. Physical properties of Steam and Gases. Boyle's, Charles', and Joule’s Laws. Carnot's cycle of operations. Reversible Heat Engines. Limit of Efficiency. Stirling's and Ericsson's Air Engines. Expansion of steam. Indicator diagrams, ideal and actual. Steam Jacket, Superheated Steam. Compound Engines. Calculation of water required by Boiler and Condenser, etc. Experimental determination of the efficiency of a Steam Engine. Furnaces and Boilers, their construction and efficiency. Fuel. Distribution of Steam. Slide-valve. Link motions. Expansion valves. Governors. Automatic expansion gear. General arrangement of Steam Engines of various types. Constructive details. Other prime movers.
The study of theoretical Thermodynamics will, as far as possible, be completed during the First Term, in order that the students of Physics, etc., may attend that part of the course. (2) Mechanism :-(3rd year.)
Workshop appliances. Machine Tools. Kinematics of Mechanism. Frictional Efficiency of Mechanism. Machine Design.
During this course frequent reference will be made to the collection of hand and machine tools in the Engineering Laboratory.
At the end of the Third Year the students of Mechanical Engineering will be sent immediately to the workshops of the Naval Dockyard at Yokosuka, where they will spend about nine months in passing through the various departments, gaining practical experience of the work done in each by actually taking part in it. After this they will return to the University and spend the remainder of the Fourth Year in designing machines, and in the preparation of the Graduating thesis.
Books of Reference. 2nd year. Rankine's Applied Mechanics ; Thomson and Tait's Elements of Natural Philosophy; Maxwell's Matter and Motion.
Brd & 4th years. Rankine's Applied Mechanics ; Rankine's Steam Engine; Cotterill's Steam Engine; Maxwell's Heat; Shelley's Workshop Appliances ; Goodeve's