the Committee to take steps for the extension of the agency in different places throughout the town. The report concluded with the intimation that the Sabbath School Convention was to hold its next annual meeting at Aberdeen in September, 1871; and the Committee hoped that Sabbath school teachers who had not yet joined the Association, would do so at once, and help them to make the approaching Convention a success in every point of view.

William Henderson, Esq., of Devauha House, was re-elected President of the Union till November, 1871.

The CHAIRMAN acknowledged the honour that had been done him. The names of the Secretaries, Mr. Hector and Mr. Watt, were not mentioned in the report, but the great success of the year's proceedings was in a large degree attributable to the trouble and painstaking of these gentlemen, and he accordingly wished to move a hearty vote of thanks to them. Mr. Henderson then referred to the subject that had been under discussion at the recent Convention at Dumfries, and expressed his satisfaction that one of the principal questions to be considered at the Convention to be held at Aberdeen, was the establishment of a National Sabbath School Union for Scotland. After expressing a hope that they would also consider the miserable accommodation which was at present, in the majority of instances, afforded to Sabbath schools in Scotland, he explained how, in his own class, he trained up the members to support missions, and concluded by a few practical remarks relating to the conduct of children at the Sabbath schools.

Mr. A. K. MURRAY, Glasgow, then delivered an eloquent address on the subject of Sabbath schools, which was in many of its parts loudly applauded. In the present startling times, when there was a spirit abroad which would grudge even one hour a-week to Sabbath school education, which would cram the mind with human learning, and starve the soul of Heaven's bread, it became them as teachers to stand forward in the good work, to draw closely together in conference, convention, and union, to combat the advancing secularism of the age. He thought that the teachers should, for the furtherance of the work, interest themselves in the children, not only in the class, but also at their homes, in their workshops, and in their factories. They should smile upon them and their efforts, help them out of their difficulties, and cheer them in their struggles after knowledge. They should go with them to the playground, and to their amusements — and they should seek to give them amusements — for if they did not, the world would in an awful sense do it for them. They should, with their magic lanterns, penny readings, and music classes, strive to cast at least one gleam of gladness into the little hearts of the young ones. Mr. Murray then considered the question as to what became of the children when they left the Sabbath school? Why did they dwindle away when they reached the adult classes? There was a missing link here, and the reason was that the Church and the Sabbath schools were too far apart; and to do away with this he advocated a closer union and a closer alliance between them.

The other speakers were Rev. H. Cowan, Rev. J. Duncan, and Rev. W. H. Gualter.

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GREENOCK SABBATH SCHOOL UNION. The first annual meeting of the Greenock Sabbath School Union was held on 22d December, in the Temperance Institute. About 450 were present.

Provost MORTON occupied the chair. He expressed his pleasure, and felt it to be an honour to be present at such a gathering, for he had the highest respect for a company who were engaged in Sabbath school teaching. He would not enter into the proper manner of conducting their good work; but he stated a conviction, shared in by everybody, that Sabbath schools had been of great value, and he believed that Scotland would at the present moment have been in a comparative state of ignorance if they had not existed. Without prejudging the question, as the difficulty might be greater than the advantage, he threw out the consideration whether Sabbath school teaching might not be forwarded if the time of meeting were changed from the evening to the afternoon, the churches to have services forenoon and evening. (Applause.) It was a pleasing thing for him to observe that the teachers present belonged to all ranks; and dwelling on the Divine truth that it is more blessed to give than to receive, said that the best gift of all was personal service to the cause of Christ.

Mr. A. J. KERR, secretary, then read the annual report, wbich gave a resumé of the origin and progress of the Union. The schools in it now numbered 47—in these 388 ladies and 346 gentlemen held office, and 3,023 boys and 3,223 girls, with an average attendance of 4,633, were taught.

The Treasurer's report bore that the receipts balanced exactly with the expenditure, the sum being £51 10s. 7d.

Rev. Mr. Jarvie, moved the adoption of the reports, remarking on the blessed work in which the Union was engaged.

Rev. E. MACLEAN seconded. The children taught in the Sabbath Schools of the Union represented nearly a seventh of the whole population of the town; and he contended tliat with such a state of matters, combined with the instruction from the pulpit, they found represented a very large amount of Christian effort indeed. He concurred with the Provost as to the propriety of changing the hour of meeting, and suggested that the churches might commence worship at a quarter to 2 o'clock, and the service being over sooner would allow teachers a little more time ere the school opened at half-past 5. (Applause.)

The Rev. Mr. Russell, Glasgow, in an eloquent address, threw out a number of valuable suggestions to the teachers for the better conduct of the schools. He recommended particularly that teachers should frequently visit the absentees at their homes; and gave practical illustrations of the two forms of teaching, illustrative and catechetical, shewing the advantages of each.

Rev. J. J. Bonar next addressed the meeting. Claiming John Calvin as the first Sabbath school teacher, he related his experiences among the Calvinistic Methodists of Wales, who met, old and young, in the afternoon, (church services being held forenoon and erening.) and, presided over by an intelligent elder or member of the congregation, questions were put and answered. The question was asked, What had Sabbath schools done for the country? He was not prepared to maintain that they had been all success, but he was prepared to maintain that the success preponderated far above the failure. (Applause.) Scotland had her Sabbath schools for 90 years, and had all her ministers done their duty as their venerable friend, Mr. Sinclair, had done in this town--(applause) — had they seen all their chief magistrates presiding over such meetings, as Provost Morton now presided over them, had they seen their teachers recruited from all ranks, and the whole membership of their congregations helping the good work, they would have had a different state of matters by this time than now existed. Their Sabbath schools were doing and would do a great work; only give them fair-play and he would answer for the result; but first take away all their public-houses. (Great applause.)

The Rev. S. SINCLAIR gave words of advice and encouragement to the company present, referring to John Pounds, Robert Raikes, and others, whose small beginnings had been followed by a rich harvest; and said that if the teachers performed their duty under the Divine influence, good seed would spring up and bear abundant fruit—they would be benefactors to their country, and would meet the reward of grace in the heavenly kingdom. (Applause.)

Mr. JOSEPH J. King, representative of the Glasgow Sabbath School Union, addressed the company.

Mr. SOMMERVILLE, representing the Greenock Working Boys' and Girls' Religious Society, thanked, in their behalf, the Union for recognizing the Society as co-workers with them.

Mr. U. Walton moved the following office-bearers for next year. President, Mr. Thos. Kay; vice-president, Mr. Robt. Chalmers; treasurer, Mr. John Kinglaw; secretaries, Messrs. Maclean and A. J. Kerr; executive committee-Messrs. M. F. Dunlop, John M.Phail, W. T. Hamilton, A. Swan, D. M'Gilvray, L. Paterson, Wm. Auld.

The Provost made a few concluding remarks, moving a vote of thanks to the speakers from Glasgow and Greenock, and expressed a hope that they might all meet again next year. (Applause.)

Mr. W. Thomson proposed thanks to the Provost for the able manner in which he had discharged the duties of the chair.

EGYPT VIEWED FROM THE PYRAMIDS. (By Rev. C. S. Robinson, D.D., dating from Cairo, February, 1870.) No one can have any adequate conception of the queer shape of Egypt until he has seen at least this part of it. A little green ribhon lying loosely, as if dropped, on a yellow sand heap, would be its fitting emblem. The exceeding emaciation of that slender filament of soil, redeemed by the river from the desert, can hardly be described. You see the entire width of it, from edge to edge, for many a mile, as you sit on the summit of the pyramid. And really it does appear so thin and so insignificant that you marvel anew at the history which stands on record to its credit, -evidence to which it bears in solemn dignity of reserve beneath its accumulations of soil.

Not far from the base of these vast structures, in the shadow of a small copse of palms, have been already gathered a large number of broken statues and images, unearthed at one time and another in this region. They serve as most affecting reminders of the genius and skill of the forgotten generations. These headless uncouth creations in stone would make one laugh, if it were not that he remembers that they are the mementoes of a race coeval with the patriarchs. They may be awkward in look; but few are there who would dare to say, “Go up, thou bald head,” to even the worst of them.

Away up on the Nile, close by the cataract, so near the tropics that once it was reported that “gnomons on the dial cast no shadow,” lie the now silent quarries from which many of the enormous stones we are sitting upon, earliest came for the building of the pyramids. One finds his imagination kindled into curiosity, first, as to the methods employed to transport such mighty masses of rock so far; and then his mind lapses into pensive sentiment of thoughtfulness, while he remembers how silent to-day are the myriad hands which once in these sands wrought so busily.


At the foot of the Pyramids, immediately below us as we sat on the ledges, there rises out of the verdureless sand one of the most singular idols that human ingenuity ever imagined ; one of the awkwardest bodies and one of the most massive heads that human hands ever carved. No line of beauty has it anywhere to exhibit. The ears are enormous; the nose is gone; the mouth is ragged; the beard is broken; the open eyes stare blankly and closely down upon you; the wig bags flatly and flaringly out on either side; the chin has lost half its stony hair, and all its semblance of dignity; the face was formerly painted, and the red is washed off on the weather side ; altogether the structure has pretty much gone under the effects of age, and has quite the look of a used-up piece of property. But there yet remains a tranquil majesty in its mien that every one recognizes and feels the moment he sees it.

Coarse in its construction, uncouth and stiff in every lineament, it is yet able to impress the soul of every traveller, even the most careless, who beholds it. It is better seen from below; the first sight of it, if from the top of the Pyramids, belittles and dwarfs its proportions; if from the long and winding approach of the old path, it is best of all. This figure is the colossal form, sculptured roughly in yellowish stone-numulite, full of millions of minute and perfect shells—of a brute's body with a human head. The body reclines at length in the sand; the head is finely erect in the air. There used to be an altar between the fore-paws, located precisely where the sweet savor of a sacrifice might most easily be supposed to reach the nostrii.

PYRAMIDS IN SCRIPTURE. It has been said more than once that these most remarkable structures are nowhere mentioned in the Bible. One thing is very certain ; any concordance will shew that the name does not at all appear in our English version. And this seems very strange; for surely they are the most conspicuous objects to be seen in Egypt, and most likely to furnish symbols to the prophets in their predictions concerning that land. From this silence some have even gone so far as to assert that they are far more modern than their friends suppose, and were erected subsequent to the closing of the Old Testament canon.

Long ago, however, it was pointed out by Mr. Gliddon, and has been dwelt upon much by those who have followed him, that in the book of Job, the oldest in the Bible, occurs a form of expression in the original Hebrew which points very plainly to them, and intimates that ev in Job's day the mistake was prevalent that all the Pyramids were burial places. The passage is that in which the weary patriarch wishes he had died early—“for now should I have lain still and been quiet; I should hare slept; then I had been at rest with kings and counsellors of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves.” The single word rendered here “ desolate places” is pyramids. And in one of his little volumes of comment, Dr. Horatio Bonar adds to this, as he remarks upon a verse in the third chapter of Jeremiah's Lamentations, that a single allusion seems quite pertinent, since the prophet composed these sorrowful utterances in Egypt,—namely, when he says, “ He hath set me in dark places, as they that be dead of old.” Here the word rendered "dark places” is pyramids, as before. All this gratifies curiosity, but not much can be made of it.


Whether pyramids or not, however, we are sure enough that Egypt is mentioned in the Scripture. And while we are on our lofty vantageground of observation, it may be well to ask the question concerning those most unusual predictions put on sacred record as to this land of the ancient Pharaohs, whether in the fulness of time they have proved true?

You are in a good position for this. Solemn thoughts are those that keep trooping through your mind. You are on a higher level than usual, in more senses than one. You look off on the ages, as well as on the ruins they have left. Remember you have seated yourself on a fragment of rock that was placed precisely where it is now more than four thousand years ago.

What do you know about such a period as four thousand years? It was thought to be a vast antiquity to speak of, when in New Testament times the Jews referred to Abraham; and even Jesus Christ symboled eternity when He said, “Before Abraham was, I am !” But here now you are, lifted up into the tranquil atmosphere five hundred feet by one of the nearest approaches to a mountain man ever made, erected before Abram was chosen, or Terah his father had started in his halfway privacy to Canaan. It

may be venturesome to undertake any specific application of prophetic announcement, when the events to which it professes to relate are confessedly future; but surely it cannot be unsafe to read over again the ancient predictions after the progress of time has at last reached the date of their discharge. Prophecy is a light not on the prow, but on the stern, of history; it never was intended to shew where the vessel of divine purpose was coming on the sea of events, but where it has gone. A little glimmer now and then from amid the rigging can be discovered by

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