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redeem the deeds” of the World War heroes? 6. Why do we observe Memorial Day? 7. In the prayer in the last stanza the poet tells us to whom the shaft is raised; which of these is greater, the “freemen” or the "Spirit"? 8. Find in the Glossary the meaning of: arched; embattled; votive.

Class Reading. Bring to class and read some newspaper item which shows that the spirit of freedom still lives.

I HAVE A RENDEZVOUS WITH DEATH

ALAN SEEGER

I have a rendezvous with Death
At some disputed barricade,
When Spring comes back with rustling shade

And apple-blossoms fill the air-
5 I have a rendezvous with Death

When Spring brings back blue days and fair.

It may be he shall take my hand
And lead me into his dark land

And close my eyes and quench my breath-
10 It may be I shall pass him still.

I have a rendezvous with Death
On some scarred slope of battered hill,
When Spring comes round again this year,
And the first meadow-flowers appear.

15 God knows 'twere better to be deep

Pillowed in silk and scented down,
Where love throbs out in blissful sleep,

Pulse nigh to pulse, and breath to breath, * From Poems, by Alan Seeger; copyright, 1916, by Charles Scribner's Sons; used by permission of the publishers.

Where hushed awakenings are dear ....
But I've a rendezvous with Death
At midnight in some flaming town,

When Spring trips north again this year;
5 And I to my pledged word am true-

I shall not fail that rendezvous.

NOTES AND QUESTIONS

Biography. Alan Seeger (1888-1916) was an American poet who greatly admired French art and literature. In 1912 he went to Paris to study and write. He was visiting in London when the World War broke out, but returned to Paris immediately and joined the Foreign Legion to fight for France. This poem was written from the trenches during the winter, while Seeger was waiting for the renewal of active warfare in the spring. The poet took part in the battle of Champagne and was killed in action, July 4, 1916, in the attack on the village of Belloy-en-Santerre. During the war he formed a great friendship with an Egyptian, Rif Baer, who thus describes his last charge: “After the first bound forward, we lay flat on the ground. I caught sight of Seeger and made a sign to him with my hand. He answered with a smile. How pale he was! His tall silhouette stood out on the green of the cornfields. He was the tallest man in his section. His head was erect, and pride was in his eye. I saw him running forward, with bayonet fixed. Soon he disappeared, and that was the last time I saw my friend.”

Discussion. 1. Notice how the beautiful descriptions of Nature, contrasted with the grim determination to keep the rendezvous, emphasize the joy of life and of living, and make the keeping of the pledge the more heroic; find lines that bring out sharply this contrast. 2. This poem expresses a young man's generous consecration of himself to death while love of life is keen; which lines bring out this thought most beautifully? 3. What other soldier-poets have you learned to know in this book ? Do you know of any others? 4. How does this poem show that the spirit of liberty was the same in the World War as it was in the days of Paul Revere? 5. Pronounce: rendezvous.

Library Reading Other poems by the same author (in Poems).

ROUGE BOUQUET

JOYCE KILMER

In a wood they call the Rouge Bouquet
There is a new-made grave today,
Built by never a spade nor pick,
Yet covered with earth ten meters thick.
5 There lie many fighting men,

Dead in their youthful prime;
Never to laugh nor love again

Nor taste the Summertime.
For Death came flying through the air
10 And stopped his flight at the dugout stair,
Touched his prey and left them there,

Clay to clay.
He hid their bodies stealthily
In the soil of the land they sought to free,

And fled away.
Now over the grave abrupt and clear

Three volleys ring;
And perhaps their brave young spirits hear

The bugle sing: 20 "Go to sleep!

Go to sleep!
Slumber well where the shell screamed and fell.
Let your rifles rest on the muddy floor;

You will not need them any more. 25 Danger's past;

Now at last,
Go to sleep!”

15

There is on earth no worthier grave
To hold the bodies of the brave

10

Than this place of pain and pride
Where they nobly fought and nobly died.
Never fear but in the skies

Saints and angels stand
5 Smiling with their holy eyes

On this new-come band.
St. Michael's sword darts through the air
And touches the aureole on his hair,
As he sees them stand saluting there,

His stalwart sons;
And Patrick, Brigid, Columkill
Rejoice that in veins of warriors still

The Gael's blood runs.
And up to Heaven's doorway floats,

From the wood called Rouge Bouquet,
A delicate cloud of bugle-notes

That softly say: "Farewell!

Farewell! 20 Comrades true, born anew, peace to you!

Your souls shall be where the heroes are; And your memory shine like the morning-star. Brave and dear,

15

Shield us here. 25 Farewell!”

NOTES AND QUESTIONS

Biography. Joyce Kilmer (1886-1918), born in New Brunswick, N. J., crowded much into the brief thirty-two years of his life. Before he was twenty-two he had been graduated from Rutgers College and Columbia University. He was literary critic for the New York Times and the Literary Digest. His life was a particularly happy one, both in his chosen field of work and in his home with his wife and four children. Joyce Kilmer was soldier as well as poet, like David of old, of whom it was said, he “smote now his harp and now the hostile horde.” When the United States

entered the World War, he was among the first to enlist and insisted upon going as a private. “Naturally I'm expecting to go, being of appropriate age and sex,” he wrote to a friend. After serving nearly a year, he died in the eager carrying out of a particularly dangerous piece of work. When the men of his own "Sixty-ninth” found him, his attitude was so like his keen, living self that they did not at first thir him dead, for he lay as if scouting, seeking out the hidden battery which he was trying to locate. He lies buried on the trampled hillside where he fell, close to the river Ourcq. “Rouge Bouquet” was written in a dugout, and the poet called it "probably the best verse I have written.”

Discussion. 1. Where did these fighting men meet death? 2. How does the refrain resemble "taps”? 3. Notice how painstakingly the poet worked out exactly the same riming-scheme in the two stanzas; what interesting fact do you note in the twenty-second line of each stanza? 4. What part of “taps” do these lines imitate? 5. Why does the poet say “There is no worthier grave”? 6. Notice that this group of selections is called “The Eternal Spirit of Freedom”; what famous struggles for liberty are mentioned? 7. Find in the Glossary the meaning of: meter; aureole; Gael. 8. Pronounce: Rouge Bouquet; stalwart.

Class Reading. Bring to class and read "Main Street”; “Roofs”; “The Snowman in the Yard"; "Trees”; “To a Blackbird and His Mate Who Died in the Spring”; “Dave Lilly”; Joyce Kilmer (in Poems, Essays, and Letters, Vol. 1). The Bookman, October, 1918, has a portrait of Joyce Kilmer; try to get a copy to show your classmates.

A Suggested Problem. In the Introduction on page 254 you read that the selections in this group “are only a few out of many such stories and poems that express this eternal spirit of freedom.” Be prepared to contribute to a program of additional selections found in outside reading.

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