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listening to the President? 14. Be prepared to read to the class a sentence selected because it seemed especially significant to you. 15. Find in the Glossary the meaning of: significant; democracy; aristocracy; fealty; catholic; consummation; depict; familiars; communing; vestal; transmute. 16. Pronounce: haunts; dominant; validity; benignant; reassurance; permeating; sovereign.
Phrases for Study
submits its processes, 291,
9 creed of caste, 291, 10 conventional standards, 291, 14 great plot, 291, 22
to the manner born, 292, 15
Library Reading. He Knew Lincoln, Tarbell; Boys' Life of Lincoln, Nicolay.
Magazine Reading. See Collier's for September 9, 1916, for an illustrated description of the acceptance of the memorial.
Suggestions for Theme Topics. 1. Other great Americans of humble origin. 2. The best “intimate” story I know about Lincoln.
HOME AND COUNTRY
HENRY W. GRADY
The germ of the best patriotism is in the love that a man has for the home he inhabits, for the soil he tills, for the trees that give him shade, and the hills that stand in his pathway.
I teach my son to love Georgia-to love the soil that he stands 5 on—the broad acres that hold her substance, the dimpling val
leys in which her beauty rests, the forests that sing her songs of lullaby and of praise, and the brooks that run with her rippling laughter. The love of home-deep-rooted and abidingthat blurs the eyes of the dying soldier with the vision of an old homestead amid green fields and clustering trees—that follows the busy man through the clamoring world, and at last draws his tired feet from the highway and leads him through
shady lanes and well-remembered paths until he gathers up the 5 broken threads of his life—this, lodged in the heart of the citizen, is the saving principle of our government.
We note the barracks of our standing army with their rolling drums and their fluttering flags as points of strength and protec
tion. But the citizen standing in the doorway of his home, con10 tented on his threshold, his family gathered about his hearthstone
while the evening of a well-spent day closes in scenes and sounds that are dearest-he shall save the Republic when the drumtap is futile, and the barracks are exhausted.
This love shall not be pent up or provincial. The home should 15 be consecrated to humanity, and from its rooftree should fly
the flag of the Republic. Every simple fruit gathered there, every sacrifice endured, and every victory won should bring better joy and inspiration in the knowledge that it will deepen the glory of our Republic and widen the harvest of humanity.
Exalt the citizen. As the state is the unit of the government, he is the unit of the state. Teach him that his home is his castle, and his sovereignty rests beneath his hat. Make him self-respecting, self-reliant, and responsible. Let him lean on
the state for nothing that his own arm can do, and on the gov25 ernment for nothing that his state can do. Let him cultivate
independence to the point of sacrifice, and learn that humble things with unbartered liberty are better than splendors bought with its price. Let him neither surrender his individuality to
government nor merge it with the mob. Let him stand upright 30 and fearless, a freeman born of freemen, sturdy in his own
strength, dowering his family in the sweat of his brow, loving to his state, loyal to his Republic, earnest in his allegiance wherever it rests, but building his altar in the midst of his
household gods and shrining in his own heart the uttermost 35 temple of its liberty.
NOTES AND QUESTIONS Biography. Henry W. Grady (1851-1889) was born in Athens, Georgia. He was graduated from the University of Georgia and studied at the University of Virginia. At an early age he became editor of the Rome Courier and later established the Atlanta Herald. In 1882 he became part owner and managing editor of the Atlanta Constitution, one of the great newspapers of the South. He was an eloquent speaker, and was widely known and admired for his broad sympathies and kindliness.
Discussion. 1. What does the author consider “the germ of the best patriotism”? 2. The love of home forms the basis for the love of the homeland; why does the author regard this as “the saving principle of our government”? 3. Which is the greater in saving the Republic, the patriotic citizen, or the drum-beat, the flag, and the barracks? 4. Can you tell how every sacrifice endured and every service rendered in the home "will deepen the glory of the Republic”? 5. What ways to exalt the citizen are suggested in the last paragraph? 6. The author defines the relation in America between the home and the homeland; why is this a suitable conclusion to a group of selections dealing with America's experiment in free government? 7. Find in the Glossary the meaning of: dimpling; provincial; unbartered; allegiance.
Girls and boys of America, you are the hope of the world.
Because the world is sick to death of war, and the world kings favor war, and democracies abhor war, and because the United 5 States is the most powerful democracy in the world, and because,
when Europe's present leaders are dead, you girls and boys of ten, twelve, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, will be governing the United States, and therefore, if you wish, leading the world! Be
clear about this. The world looks to you in hope because you 10 are the logical heirs of the present generation of leaders. If you
have the gumption and the go, the knowledge, the vision, and the largeness of hearts to accept that inheritance, you will have it in your power to determine the course of the world's history for centuries to come!
*See Silent and Oral Reading, page 11.
The world asks you to think. It doesn't ask you to stand on a street corner and wave the flag; it doesn't ask you to enlist. The world asks you to sit down and think about your country.
Democracy isn't a success, Young America. Not yet. But it isn't a failure, either. Not yet. It's just a gorgeous experiment, that you and I and Tom and Mary and Jane and Betty and Larry and Jack and Susan and Bill could make a success
that would shake the world, if we'd only make up our minds 10 to take democracy as seriously as we take, say, baseball—or crêpe de Chine.
We know what America stands for; we know what America is. Golden girls and boys, have you ever thought what America might be?
We're wasteful-look at our forests, look at the youth in our slums!
We're materialistic-look at the faces in our cities, look how hard we are to arouse in defense of a principle, look how quickly,
after our moment of exaltation and sacrifice, we drop back into 20 the sordid round of getting and spending.
We're improvident, blindly careless of everything beyond the present hour—we never prepare!
As citizens we are indifferent-we will endure in our government every form of extravagance, inefficiency, and corruption 25 conceivable rather than jump into the midst of the mess and help to clean it up.
“We know all these things," you say, a little wearily. "But what can we do?”
You? You can do everything. Your elders are busy, and 30 many of them are stodgy; and they are accustomed to waste
and corruption and muddling, and many are afraid of change, any change, and resent as an imposition any attempt to make them think. Thinking is more laborious than digging trenches after you're forty, especially when you're out of training; and