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Discussion. 1. Note that part of the story which pictures the conditions of New England under Andros. 2. What were the wrongs under which the people suffered? 3. Did they submit willingly? 4. What rumor gave them hope of a return of "civil and religious rights”? 5. How did this rumor affect the Governor and his councilors? 6. Why was the Guard assembled ? 7. What effect upon the people had its appearance at this time? 8. What does Hawthorne call this scene in the street? 9. What does he say is its “moral”? 10. Who came to have the advantage, the Governor and his soldiers, or the people? 11. Find all that accounts for the Champion and his sudden appearance. 12. What great cause did he come to champion? 13. What cause were Andros and his soldiers supporting? 14. Who was victorious ? 15. Tell briefly the main incident. 16. Give your opinion as to Hawthorne's purpose in writing this story. 17. Read “The Short Story," page 104, and see if you can find the four parts of this story. 18. Show how this story, though based upon a legend, is the kind of literature mentioned in the Introduction, page 335, that supplements your knowledge of history. 19. In the Introduction to Part III, on page 254, you read a discussion of the “Eternal Spirit of Freedom.” What similar ideas did you gain from reading "The Gray Champion”? 20. Find in the Glossary the meaning of: concurrence; filial; extinct; confound; constituted; arch-enemy; sensible; blenched; abdicated; obelisk. 21. Pronounce: inquiry; apostolic; predecessor; truncheon; dotard.
Phrases for Study
annulled the charters, 441,
roundheaded dignitary, 447, 26 domestic tyranny, 449, 21 vindicate their ancestry, 449, 25
Class Reading. Select passages to be read aloud in class.
Outline for Testing Silent Reading. Make an outline to guide you in telling the story.
Library Reading. The Introduction on page 336 tells you that the more selections you read like the ones given in this part of your book, the better you will understand America. Such reading may well include other stories from Twice-Told Tales, such as “The May-Pole of Merry Mount,” “Legends of the Province House,” “The Gentle Boy,” “Sights from the Steeple”; also The Hoosier Schoolmaster, Eggleston; Northwestern Fights and Fighters, Brady; The Story of Tonty, Catherwood; Cadet Days, King; The Pilot, Cooper.
Have you heard of the wonderful one-hoss shay
Scaring the parson into fits,
Seventeen hundred and fifty-five.
Snuffy old drone from the German hive.
Saw the earth open and gulp her down,
It was on the terrible Earthquake-day
Now in building of chaises, I tell you what,
In panel, or crossbar, or floor, or sill,
Find it somewhere you must and will
15 But the Deacon swore (as Deacons do,
With an “I dew vum,” or an “I tell yeou”) He would build one shay to beat the taown ’N' the keounty 'n' all the kentry raoun’;
It should be so built that it couldn'break daown. 20 —“Fur," said the Deacon,“ 't's mighty plain
Thut the weakes' place mus' stan’ the strain;
So the Deacon inquired of the village folk 25 Where he could find the strongest oak,
That couldn't be split nor bent nor broke-
The crossbars were ash, from the straightest trees, 30 The panels of white-wood, that cuts like cheese,
But lasts like iron for things like these;
Last of its timber—they couldn't sell 'em;
Their blunt ends frizzled like celery-tips; 5 Step and prop-iron, bolt and screw,
Spring, tire, axle, and linchpin too,
Boot, top, dasher, from tough old hide 10 Found in the pit when the tanner died.
That was the way he “put her through."“There!" said the Deacon, "naow she'll dew."
Do! I tell you, I rather guess
She was a wonder, and nothing less !
Deacon and deaconness dropped away,
20 EIGHTEEN HUNDRED—it came and found
The Deacon's masterpiece strong and sound.
Eighteen hundred and twenty came25 Running as usual; much the same.
Thirty and forty at last arrive,
Little of all we value here
Wakes on the morn of its hundredth year 30 Without both feeling and looking queer.
In fact, there's nothing that keeps its youth,
(This is a moral that runs at large; Take it.-You're welcome.-No extra charge.)
FIRST OF NOVEMBER, the Earthquake-day
There are traces of age in the one-hoss shay, 5 A general flavor of mild decay,
But nothing local, as one may say.
That there wasn't a chance for one to start. 10 For the wheels were just as strong as the thills,
And the floor was just as strong as the sills,
And the back-crossbar as strong as the fore, 15 And spring and axle and hub encore.
And yet, as a whole, it is past a doubt
First of November, fifty-five!
This morning the parson takes a drive. 20 Now, small boys, get out of the way!
Here comes the wonderful one-hoss shay, Drawn by a rat-tailed, ewe-necked bay. “Huddup!" said the parson.-Off went they.
The parson was working his Sunday's text25 Had got to fifthly, and stopped perplexed
At what the-Moses-was coming next.
First a shiver, and then a thrill,
And the parson was sitting upon a rock,