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c. 111.

mand, and take, for every letter or packet which shall be brought into Great 59 Gro. 3. Britain by any vessel arriving from Ceylon, the Mauritius, or any place within the limits of the charter of the East India Company or from the Cape of Good Hope, the rates following ; viz. for every such letter or packet, a sea postage of Rates for let

ters and packfour-pence; provided the same shall not exceed the weight of three ounces :

els from inand for every leiter or packet exceeding the weight of three ounces, a sea post- dia. age of 1s. per ounce, in addition to any inland

or internal

postage
which

may arise upon the inland conveyance of such letters and packets. And for the encouragement of the masters or commanders of such vessels, it shall be lawful for the postinaster general to allow to every such commander or master the sum of two-pence a letter or packet, upon all such letters and packets as he respectively, on their arrival from Ceylon, the Mauritius, or any place within the limits of the charter of the East India Company, or from the Cape of Good Hope, shall deliver unto the deputy or deputies of the postmaster general, according to the directions herein-after contained.

Rule 13. It shall be lawful for His Majesty's postmaster general, and his How letters deputies by him thereunto authorized, in his and their discretion, to collect and maybe for receive letters and packets of letters directed to Ceylon, the Mauritius, or any India, $ 4. place within the limits of the said company's charter, or to the Cape of Good Hope, and to forward the same by any vessels that he in his discretion shall think fit; and also that it shall be lawful for His Majesty's postmaster general, and his deputies by him thereunto authorized, for the use of His Majesty, , to demand and take, for every letter or packet that shall be delivered to him, or to his deputy, for conveyance in manner herein-before specified, the rates following; that is to say, for every such letter a sea postage of two- Rates for letpence; provided the same shall not exceed the weight of three ounces: and ters and packfor every letter or packet exceeding in weight three ounces, a sea postage at the rate of 1s. per ounce.

Rule 14. It shall be lawful for His Majesty's postniaster general, and his Rates for deputies by him thereunto authorized, in his and their discretion, to receive newspapers, newspapers or printed prices current, and also any printed paper liable to the stamp duties and duly stamped, for conveyance to such places; and also it shall be lawful for His Majesty's postmaster general, and his deputies, for the use of His Majesty, to demand, and take, for the conveyance of the same, the sum of one penny for each packet not exceeding one ounce, and for each packet exceeding one ounce, at the rate of one penny per ounce; provided always, that the same be sent in covers open at the sides.

Rule 15. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to oblige any person Letters, &c. to send any letters or packets of letters, or any newspapers, or printed prices cur

forwarded, tent, or any other printed papers, to the East Indies, or to the islands of Ceylon than through or the Mauritius, or any place whatsoever within the limits of the charter of the post office,

6. said company, or to the Cape of Good Hope, through His Majesty's post office, but it shall be lawful for all persons to send letters and packets of letters, newspapers, printed prices current, and other printed papers to those places in any manner that they may find practicable and convenient.

Rule 16. The commanders of all vessels bound to Ceylon, the Mauritius, Commanders or any place within the limits of the charter of the said company, or to the

Ø 7. Cape of Good Hope, are hereby required to receive on board their respective ships any bags of letters and packets which shall be tendered to them for con

ets to India,

&c. $ 5.

otherwise

to take bags,

59 Geo. S. c. 111.

How court of directors and secret com.

Letters from

Commission

veyance as aforesaid by the postmaster general, or his deputies, without receive

ing or being entitled to receive any remuneration for such conveyance. Commanders Rule 17. In case any such cominander shall refuse to receive on board his refusing to

ship any such bag of letters and packets, which shall be so tendered to him for receive, or neglecting to conveyance as aforesaid, or having received on board any such bag, shall wildeliver, $ 8. fully neglect to deliver the same on his arrival at the place of his destination,

then and in either of such cases, such commander shall rfeit a penalty of 2001.

Rule 18. It shall be lawful for the court of directors of the said company,

or the secret committee appointed by the said court, in pursuance of two acts of mittee may

33 and 53 Geo. 3. to receive free from all duty of postage from the several goreceive and

vernments in India, or from any agent or other officer of the said company, at send letters, &c. $ 9. any place within the limits of the charter of the said company, any letter or

packet relating entirely to the affairs of the said company, and in like manner to send any such letters and packels addressed to such governments, agents, or other officers, free from all duty of postage; provided that all letters so sent be superscribed by the chairman or deputy chairman, or secretary or assistant secretary of the said company.

Rule 19. It shall be lawful for the said court of directors, secret committee, company's agents, I 10.

and secretary or assistant secretary of the said company, to receive from any officer or agent of the said company abroad any letters or packets entirely relating to the affairs of the said company by ships in the service of the said company, in the manner heretofore accustomed, without payment of any postage, and without subjecting any person to any penalty or forfeiture in respect thereof.

Rule 20. It shall be lawful for the commissioners for the affairs of India, ers for affairs and for the chairman and deputy chairman of the said East India company for of India, 11. the time being, to send and receive letters and packets to and from Ceylon, the

Mauritius, or any place within the limits of the charter of the company, or to and from the Cape of Good Hope, free from all duty of postage; provided that

do such letter or packet exceed the weight of three ounces. Public offi. Rule 21. Noihing in this act shall extend to prevent such public officers as cers, 18.

may now send and receive letters and packets free of postage, from sending and receiving letters and packets free from any postage directed to be paid by this act, in the same manner as they are now authorized by law to send and receive

letters and packets free from postage. Secretary of Rule 22. It shall be lawful for the secretary to the board of commissioners board of .con- for the affairs of India for the time being, to send and receive letters and packets troul, 13.

by the post free from the duty of postage, in the same manner and under such regulations as the under secretaries to His Majesty's principal secretaries of state are, by any act, or by this act, authorized to send and receive letters and

packets free from postage. Letters from Rule 23. Nothing in this or any other act shall extend to charge with the governor of duty of postage any letters or packets addressed by the governors of His MaCeylon, &c. | 14. jesty's settlements of Ceylon, the Cape of Good Hope, or the Mauritius, or by

the secretaries of such governments respectively, to the agents of those respective governments residing in England, or by such agents to such governors of secretaries : provided always, that the contents of such letters and packets re. late bona fide to the public service or concerns of such governments, and such

governor, secretary, or agent, respectively, superscribe the same. Directors,

Rule 24. It shall be lawful for the directors of the said company for the

for any

time being, to receive letters and packets free from sea postage, from any place 59 Gen. 3. within the limits of the charter of the said company, by ships in the service of c111. the said company ; provided that the letters and packets brought by any one such ship, to be received by any such director, do not collectively exceed the weight of six ounces ; and that such persons as shall have been directors may continue to receive such letters and packets free from postage for one year after they respectively shall have ceased to be directors.

Rule 25. It shall be lawful for the owners, charterers, or consignees of ves. Owners or sels, resident in Great Britain, to receive their letters by their own vessels, from Fessels, $ 16. Ceylon, the Mauritius, or any place within the limits of the charter of the said company, or from the Cape of Good Hope, free from sea postage ; provided that such owners, charterers, or consignees shall be described as such in the address and superscription of such letters, and that such letters brought by any one vessel to any one owner, charterer, or consignee, shall not collectively exceed the weight of 20 ounces.

Rule 26. It shall be lawful for the owners or consignees of goods on board Owners or ships arriving from Ceylon, the Mauritius, or any place within the charter of goods, ; 17. the said company, or from the Cape of Good Hope, to receive letters free from the sea postage by such ships ; provided that such owners or consignees shall be described as such in the address and superscription thereof; and provided it shall appear by the ship’s manifest, that such persons actually have goods on board such ships ; and that the letter or letters brought by any one such ship,

one such owner or consignee, shall not collectively exceed the weight of six ounces.

Rule 27. If any person whatsoever shall falsely superscribe any letter, as Falsels superbeing the owner, charterer, or consignee of the vessel conveying the same, or

ters, ( 18. the owner, shipper, or consignee of the goods shipped in the vessel, every such person so offending shall for every such offence forfeit 101.

Rule 28. Such owners, charterers, consignees and shippers, may on the ac- low owners count of such ship obtain such letters as they respectively may be entitled to

talo letters, receive free of sea postage as aforesaid, from the master of such ship, before he $19. shall make his delivery at the post office in manner hereinafter directed ; but nothing in this act shall entitle such owners or consignees to take away ang letters whatever not within the limitation of weight and superscription.

Rule 29. In case any officer of customs shall find any letter superscribed Owners' letas the letters of such owners, charterers, consignees, or shippers, exceeding the ters exceedweight limited by this act, then it shall be lawful for such officer to seize so $ 20. many of the letters as shall reduce the remainder within the proper weight, and he shall take the same to the nearest post office; and the post master of the place shall pay to the officer delivering the same at the rate of 6d. for each letter or packet so seized.

Rule 30. On the arrival of any vessel off the coast of Great Britain, the Masters of master shall cause all letters on board his ship (except such letters as may be vessels on obtained by such owners, charterers, consignees; and shippers, and except letters lect, &c. letand packets exceeding the weight of three ounces) 10 be collected, and enclosed ters, $ 21. in some bag, box, or other envelope, to be sealed with his seal, and to be addressed to any of His Majesty's deputy postmasters in Great Britain, to be in readiness to send on shore by his own boat or by the pilot boat, or any other safe and convenient opportunity, in order that the same may be delivered at the

scribina let

&c. may ob

arrival to col

!,9 Geo, 3.

first regular post office which can be communicated with, and be distributed 1.111.5 25. thence by the earliest inland posts; and shall likewise cause all letters and

packets exceeding the weight of three onnces (except such as may be obtained by owners, charterers, consignees, and shippers as aforesiid), to be collected and enclosed in some bag, box, or other envelope, to be sealed and addressed as aforesaid, and shall deliver the saine at the regular place where the vessel shall report, and shall at such place sign a declaration in the presence of the person authorized by the postmaster general at such place, who shall also sigu the same ; which declaration shall be in the form or to the effect following;

that is to say,

Officers per mitting ves. sels prema

Persons hav. ing letters on

Declaration. I A. B. commander of the state the name of the ship or vessel] arrived from

'[state the place) do, as required by law, solemnly declare, that I have, to the “ best of my knowledge and belief, delivered, or caused to be delivered to the

post office, every letter, bag, package, or parcel of letters that were on board " the [state the name of the ship], except such letters as are exempted by law.” And that until such declaration shall be made and produced to the controller

or principal officer of customs, he shall not permit such vessel to report. Refusing to

Rule 31. If any master of any vessel shall willingly refuse or neglect to make declaration, $ 22. make or produce the said declaration, he shall forfeit for every such offence,

501.

Rule 32. If any collector, controller, or principal officer, hereby required to

prohibit any vessel reporting until the requisites of this act be complied with, turely to re- shall permit such vessel to report, such collector, controller, or officer, for port, $ 23.

permitting such vessel to report, shall forfeit 50.

Rule 33. If, after the master of any vessel shall have sent his letters to the board, $ 24. post office of any port at which he may touch, prior to his arriving at that port

where the vessel is to report, any letter or packet not exempted by this act shall be found on board his vessel, in his possession, or in the possession of any of his crew, or any passenger on board, every such person knowingly having such letter or packet in his possession or in his baggage, shall forfeit for every letter 51.

Rule 34. It shall be lawful for such collector, controller, or other officer, search pack ages, \ 25. at any place whatsoever, who in the due execution of his duty as a re

venue officer shall discover any letters or packets on board any vessel, in any place whatsoever, contrary to the provisions of this act, to seize all such letters and packets, and to forward the same to the postmaster general or his deputy at the place; and that the officer seizing and sending the same shall be entitled to one moiety of the penalty which may be recovered for any such

offence. Breaking

Rule 35. If any person to whom any letters may be entrusted by the masseals of pack.

ter of any vessel, sealed up in the manner required by this acı, shall break the ters, \ 26.

seal, or in any manner open the same, or shall not duly deliver the same without wilful or unavoidable delay, every person so offending shall forfeit for every such offence 201.

Rule 36. In case any bags, packages, or parcels of letters shall be brought brought by ships of war, by any ship of war, the cominander thereof shall cause the same, and all let$ 27.

ters which may be on board (except the public dispatches of government), to be imunediately sent to the post office at the first port where he shall arrive ;

Officers to

ages of leta

Letters

c. lll.

and such commander shall, for all such letters, be entitled to receive the same 59 Geo. 3. allowances as are payable to the masters of other vessels.

Rule 37. In case it shall happen from any unforeseen circumstances, that Money due the master of any vessel, or the commander of any ship of war, shall upon de- to masters of livering his bags, packages, or parcels of letters, be prevented from receiving vessels, 9 28. the money to which he shall be entitled, such master or commander shall nevertheless be paid the same, by the order of the postmaster general, at such other places as may be most convenient.

Rule 38. One moiety of the several pecuniary penalties hereby imposed How penalshall be payable to the use of His Majesty, and the other moiety to any person ties to be rewho shall inform and sue for the same, to be recovered with full costs of suit, covered and by action of debt

, bill, plaint

, or information, in any of His Majesty's courts of applied, I 29. record in Great Britain, wherein no essoign, protection, or privilege, or wager of law, shall be admiued.

Rule 39. If any action or suit be commenced against any person for any Limitation of thing done in pursuance of this act, the same shall be commenced within actions, twelve months after the fact committed, and not afterwards.

Rule 40. Nothing in this act shall extend to any letters or packets to or China, 433. from China, but they may be sent and carried as heretofore has been used.

TITLE XXIII.-MEDITERRANEAN PASSES.

(The nature of a Mediterranean Pass is this : in the treaties that have, from timc to time, been made with the different Barbary States, it has been agreed, that the subjects of the King of Great Britain should pass the seas unmolested by the cruizers of those states; and for better ascertaining what ships and vessels belong to British subjects, it is provided, that they shall produce A Pass, under the hand and seal of the lord high admiral, or the lords commissioners of the admiralty.

Io pursuance of these treaties, passes are made out at the admiralty, containing a very few words, written on parchment, with ornaments at the top, through which a scollopped indenture is made; the scollopped tops are sent to Barbary, and being put in the possession of their cruizers, the commanders are instructed to suffer all persons 10 pass who have passes that will fit these scollopped tops. The protection aforded by these passes is such that no ships which traverse the seas frequented by these rovers ever fail to furnish themselves with them; whether in the trade to the East Iodies, Africa, or'the Levant, or in the trade to Spain, Italy, or any part of the Mediterranean; and from the more particular need of them in the latter, they, no doubt, obtained the name of Mediterranean Passes. For the accommodation of merchants in distant parts, blank passes, signed by the lords of the admiralty, are lodged with the governors abroad, and with the British consuls, to be granted to those who comply with the requisites necessary for obtaining them.

As this piece of security is derived wholly from the stipulations made by the crown with a foreign power, the entire regulation and management of it have been under the direction of His Majesty, who, with the advice of his privy council, has preicribed the terms and conditions upon which those passes shall be granted.

Among others are the following: they are to be granted for yone but British-built ships, or ships made free, navigated with a master and three fourths of the mariners British subjects, or foreign protestants made denizens. Bond is to be given in tlie

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