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2S Geo. 3. c. 37.

30 Gee. 3. e. 26. $ 1. Yucatan.

39 Geo. 3. c. 41.

&c.

41 Geo. 3. c. 91. $ 8. Corn and

provisious.

tom house at the port of importation, and unless such sale be made within 12 months next after the importation of such skins respectively.

Rule 3. Any goods imported into this kingdom by way of merchandize from the settlement at Yucatan in South America, shall be free of the auction duty or the first sale of such goods by auction, by or for the account of the original importer to whom the same were consigned, and by whom they were entered at the custom house at the port of importation, so as such sale be made within 12 months after such goods shall be imported, and by some person duly licensed to exercise the trade or business of an auctioneer.

Rule 4. All whale oil, whale bone, ambergris, and head matter, and all

skins of seals and other animals living in the sea, shall be free of the auction Whale oil,

duty on the first sale thereof by auction in Great Britain ; and also all elephants' teeth, palın oil, dying woods, drugs, and other articles for dyers' use, and all inahogany and other unmanufactured wood for the use of cabinetmakers and other manufacturers, imported in British ships from Africa or from any British settleinent abroad, shall be free of the said duty on the first sale of such goods by auction, by or for the account of the original importer to whom the same were consigned, and by whom they were entered at the custom house at the port of importation, so as such sale be made within 12 months after such goods shall be imported, and by some person duly licensed to exercise the trade or business of an auctioneer.

Rule 5. Wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, peas, beans, and other corn and grain of every sort, tour, and ineal, imported into Great Britain, and all beef, pork, hams, bacon, cheese, and butter, imported as aforesaid, shall be free of the auction duty, on the first sale thereof by auction in Great Britain, by or for the account of the original importer, to whom the same shall be consigned, and by whom the same shall be entered at the custom house at the port of importation, so as such sale be made within 12 months after such articles respectively shall be imported, and by some person duly licensed to exercise the trade or business of an auctioneer.

Rule 6. All goods and effects imported in any British vessel from any British colony or settlement in America, or from any part of the United States of America, may be sold by auction free of the duty imposed by law on goods and effects sold hy auction : provided that nothing in this act shall extend to authorize the sale of any such goods or effects free of the said duty, unless on the first sale of such goods or effects by or for the account of the original importer thereof, by whom the same were entered at the custom house at the port of importation, nor unless such sale shall be made within 12 months next after the time when such goods or effects shall have been so imported. (a)

Rule 7. All goods, the produce of the West Indies, brought into any of sess. 2. C. 65. the docks, basons, or cuts of the said West India Dock Company in the port Siles by West

of London, which shall be sold by the directors of the said company, or under Company. their authority, conformably to the provisions in the preceding act, and

42 Geo. 3. c. 113.(b) to reimburse themselves for charges incurred for duties,
landing, warehousing, interest of money advanced, or

for
any
other

purpose respecting the same, such sales shall be free of the duty imposed by law on goods and effects sold by auction.

42 Geo. 3. e. 93. 9 3. Plantation goods, &c.

47 Geo, 3.

Inilia Dock

(a) By 52 Geo. 3. C. 53. § 1. all coffee so imported may be sold by auction free
of the duty imposed by law on goods and effects sold by auction, at any time whilst
the same shall be in any warehouse, under 43 Geo. 3. c. 132. or any other act of
parliament relating to the warehousing of goods without payment of duties.
(7) See TITLE 239, Rules 11--20.

• See TITLE 245.

West Indies.

Rule 1.

ܪ

TITLE XXI.-BONDS. [The following laws, which relate to bonds of a general nature, it is judged proper to insert under a separate title here: but numerous other bonds are required to be given touching specific articles or places, the regulations respecting which will be found under the distinct titles of such articles or places.]

[As to Bonds for the East India Company's goods, see Titles 95 East Indies. and 104.] [As to Bonds for West India goods, see Title 1.)

All bonds which have been or shall hereafter be taken by any 16 Gro. 3. officer, relating to the revenue and business of customs, upon which no pro- c. 45. § 2. secutions shall be commenced, for the breach or non-performance of any condition therein, within five years from the date of such bond (except bonds for duties, or other money due to the crown, and for the good behaviour of the officers in the execution of their duty), shall be void ; and it shall be lawful for the cominissioners of customs in England and Scotland, respectively, to order the several officers under their management, having the custody of such bonds, to cancel and destroy the same in such manner as they shall think proper.

Rule 2. Every such bond, which has heretofore been or shall hereafter be 4s Geo. 3. entered into in relation to the revenue or business of customs, shall remain in c. 84. $ 13. full force for two years, and may be prosecuted at any time within two years from the time limited in the condition of every such bond, for the performance thereof, any thing in the preceding act to the contrary thereof notwithstanding; and from the expiration of such two years, every such bond, upon which no prosecution shall have been commenced, shall be void, and may be cancelled and destroyed, as in the said act is directed.

Rule 3. It shall not be lawful for any officer of customs to cancel any $ 14. bond given upon the granting of any licence for the navigation of any

vessel or boat, and for the preventing the owner or any other person using or employing such vessel or boat contrary to the laws in force for the prevention of smuggling;(a) or to deliver up any such bond to the obligor, or any other person, until the licence in respect whereof such bond was given hath been delivered up to the proper officer of customs for the space of 12 calendar months, or the penalty of such bond hath been paid to His Majesty.

TITLE XXII.-LETTERS.

[The regulations contained in the following acts being of considerable importance to owners and masters of vessels, it has been deemed proper to insert them at large, although, in strictness, only a small portion of them comes within the plan of this book. The new law concerning letters to and from the East Indies, &c. will also be found under this title.]

Rule 1. The postinaster general and his deputies, servants, and agents, and 9 Ann. no other person whatsoever, shall have the carrying and delivering of all let. c. 10. 2. ters and packets whatsoever, which shall be sent to and from all parts and Who may places of Great Britain and Ireland, North America, the West Indies, and carry letters, other Her Majesty's dominions, and also to and from all the kingdoms and countries beyond the seas, where he shall settle or cause to be settled posts, or running messengers toi that purpose : except such letters as shall respectively Exceptioa. concern goods sent by common known carriers of goods by carts, waggons, or pack horses, and shall be respectively delivered with the goods such letters do (a) The laws respecting the licensing of vessels and boats are under Title 2.

&c.

watermen,

9 Ann. c. 10. concern, without hire or reward, or other profit or advantage for receiving or

delivering such letters ; and excepi letters of merchants, and masters, owners of any ships, barks, or vessels of merchandize, or any the cargo or loading therein, sent on board such vessels, whereof such merchants or masters are owners as aforesaid, and delivered by any masters of any such vessels, or by any other person employed by them for the carriage of such letters, according to their respective directions, so as such letters be delivered to the respective persons to whom they shall be directed, without paying or receiving any hire or reward, advantage or profit, for the same in any wise; and also except commissions, or the return thereof, affidavits, writs, process or proceedings, or returns thereof, issuing out of any const; and also any letter to be sent by any private friend in their way of journey or travel, or by any messenger sent on

purpose for or concerning the private affair of any person. l'arriars, Rule 2. Nothing in the said exception shall extend to give any licence or conchimen, authority to any common known carrier of goods by carts, wagzons, or pack

horses, his servants or agents, to receive, collect, or deliver, with or without ke. $ 3.

hire, any letter or packet of letters whatsoever, that do not concern goods in their caris, waggons, or on their pack horses, nor to any owners or drivers of stage.coaches, nor to any owners, masters, or commanders of boats called passage-boats, sailing between any part of Great Britain or Ireland, and any places beyond the seas, nor their servants or agents, nor to any passenger on board uch boats or vessels, nor to the owners or watermen on board of any boat, barge, or vessel, passing or re-passing on any river to and from any parts of Great Briiain and Ireland, North America, or the West Indies, or other Her Majesty's dominions and territories, although such persons respectively do not receive any hire or reward, or other advantage, for the same; but all such persons collecting and delivering letters as aforesaid, though without hire or reward, are hereby declared to be persons offending against this act, and shall forfeit such sums of money, as persons collecting, receiving, conveying, and delivering of letters for hire, or setting up, employing, and maintaining ang post contrary to this act, or that are or shall be concerned therein, are herein

after enacted to forfeit. (a) Ship-letters Rule 3. All letters and packets, that by any master of any vessel, or any and packets of his company, or any passengers therein, shall be brought to any port-town, to be deliver

or which shall arrive or touch at any port belonging to any pori-town, within ed at postoflice, 15.

any Her Majesty's dominions, or any the members thereof, or which shall be on board any vessel, that shall touch or stay at any such port-town (other than such letters as are before excepted, or may be sent by common known carriers in manner aforesaid, or by a friend as aforesaidl) shall by such master, passenger, or other person, be forthwith delivered unto the deputy only of such postmaster general for the time being, by himn appointed, for such' place or port-town, and to be by such deputy sent post unto the said general postoffice, to be delivered according to the several directions of the same ; upon pain of forfeiting 51. for every offence against the tenor of this present act.

Rule 4. Every such master or other person for every letter or packet of hringer, $ 16. letters he shall so deliver unto such depnty, shall receive the sum of id. of

such deputy, he signing a certificate of the number of letters delivered, and by what vessel they came, and of the time when he delivered the same to such deputy, and giving a receipt for such nunber of pence as he shall receive of such deputy.

Rule 5. No vesse) shall be permitted to break bulk, or 10 make any entry C. 25. 3. in any port in the British dominions, until all letters and packets brought by Etry of ves. any master of any such vessel, or by any of his company, or any passenger on

Neard to

Go. 3.

dela.

(a) By 42 Geo. 3. C. 81. § 5. no person whatsoever shall send or cause to be sent or conveyed, or tender or deliver in order to be sent or conveyed, otherwise than by the post, or by the authority of the postmaster general, or his deputies, or to the nearest or most convenient post-town, to be from thence forwarded by the post, any letter or packet of letters, on pain of forfeiting for every such cflence, 5l.

hoard the same, to any port in the said dominions where pòsts are or hereafter 6 Geo. 8, may be established, and whence such letters and packets can or may be des- C 25. patched by post, shall be delivered to the deputies or agents of the postmaster general, to be by them forwarded, according to their respective directions, in the same course that other letters are sent from such respective ports ; except such letters, commissions, and other matters and things, as are excepted in the foregoing act of 9 Ann. and also except all such letters and packets as shall be brought in any vessel liable to the performance of quarantine; and all masters, mariners, passengers, and other persons neglecting or refusing to deliver the packets brought by them as aforesaid, shall, for every such neglect or refusal, respectively forfeit 201.

Rule 6. Whenever any foreign letter or packet, containing any enclosure, 24 Geo. 8. shall be received at any of the offices of the general post-office, it shall be law-sess

. 2. c. 87. ful for any of the officers employed in the said office to carry such letter or Letters suspacket to any justice of peace, or other magistrate for the town, district, or pected to con

taiu probibite county, in which such office shall be situate, and to make oath before such ed goods. magistrate, that he suspects the same to contain goods which are prohibited to be imported, or on the importation of which a duty is payable; and it shall then be lawful for him, in the presence of the said magistrale, to cut with a penknife in and through the folds of the said letter or packet, and its enclosure or enclosures, one opening of slit, not exceeding two inches in length; and if it shall then appear to the said magistrate that any such goods are contained therein, he shall proceed forthwith to open the said letter or packet, and shall immediately, in the presence of the said officer, destroy such goods ; and in such case, the magistrate shall enclose such letter or packet in a cover, in which shall be written an attestation signed by him, containing the name of the officer by whom such letter or packet shall have been brought to him, the time of its being so brought, and the quantity and description of the goods found therein, and attesting that the same were then by him destroyed, and shall deliver the said letter or packet so enclosed, and also sealed by him, to the said officer, to be by him forwarded to the commissioners of customs, who shall, on the receipt thereof, cause to be paid to the said officer any sum not exceeding 51. nor less than 10s.

Rule 7. If, on making such opening in such letter or packet, no such goods Letters openbe found therein, the said magistrate shall then enclose the same in a cover, goods found, with an attestation signed by him, that the opening in such letter or packet i 5. was made in his presence, and shall deliver the same, sealed up, to the said officer, to be transmitted by the ordinary course of the post to the person to whom such letter or packet shall have been directed when it was received at the post-office : provided that no additional postage shall be charged on any such letter or packet in consequence of these proceedings, nor shall

any letter a packet be detained thereby beyond the due and regular course of the post, except in cases of the most urgent necessity.

Rule 8. So much of 39 Geo. 3. c. 76. as grants a rate of postage of 4d. for 64 Geo. 3. every single letter, and so in proportion for packets, in addition to any inland C. 169. $ !; postage which may arise upon the inland conveyance of such letters and part repealed. packers, for letters and packets brought by vessels other than packet-boats from

54 Geo. 3. c. 169.

How persons

ters to postoffice, 2011 paying rate, may forward

may collect letters and

places within llis Majesty's dominions, and from kingdoms and countries beyond the seas into Great Britain, is hereby repealed.

Rule y. It shall be lawful for His Majesty's postmaster general and his bringing let: deputies to receive letters and packets directed to places within His Majesty's

dominions, and to kingdoms and couiries beyond the seas, from any persons

who may bring the same to any post office in Great Britain, and who may be them, 13. desirous to forward such letters themselves, and 10 affix upon each letter or

packet such stamp, mark of postage, or designation, as the postmaster general in his discretion shall think proper and order, and thereupon to demand and reccive, for the use of His Majesty, a rate of postage of one third part of the rates and duties payable by law for such respective letters and packets if the same were conveyed by packet-boats, and in cases where no rate of postage is already established, then to demand and take for such letters and packets, rates as nearly as can be ascertained equal to one third part of what is now paid for letters sent beyond the seas, and upon payment thereof 10 return such letters and packets to the persons bringing the same ; and it shall be lawful for such persons to forward such letters and packets to the places to which they may be directed, by any vessels that they may think proper, not being packet boats, without incurring any penalty therefore, and without payment of any other rate

or duty of postage. How persons Rule 10. It shall be lawful for His Majesty's postmaster general, by writing

under his hand, and under seal of the office of postmaster general, to licence forward them, and authorize any person whatsoever to collect letters and packets in Great 14.

Britain directed 10 places within His Majesty's dominions, and to kingdoms and countries beyond the seas, for the purpose of being forwarded according to their directions by any vessels other than packet boats, provided that such per

sons so to be licensed shall, previous to forwarding the saine, bring such letters Letters to be and packets to the post office of the town or place to have a stamp, mark of stamped,

postage, or designation put thereon, which stamp, mark of postage, or designation, the postmaster general and his deputies are hereby required to put thereon, and to demand and take, for the use of His Majesty, the same rates of postage as are hereby made payable for letters and packets 10 be forwarded by persons bringing the same in manner hereinbefore provided ; and upon such payment being made, to return such letters and packets to the persons so to be licensed, and it shall be lawful for such authorized persons to forward such letters and packets by any vessels that they may think proper, not being packet boats, without incurring any penalty therefore, and without payment of any other rate of postage.

Rule 11. This act shall not prevent the East India Company, nor their Company, 15.

court of directors, froin sending and receiving, and causing to be sent and received, to and from any of their governments and servants abroad, all packets, letters, and papers whatsoever, rela:ing to the affairs, business, and concerns of the said company, and of their several governments abroad, in the manner heretofore accustomed by the said company and their court of directors, without payment of any postage or duty, nor to subject any person to any penalty or forfeiture in respect thereof.

Rule 12. It shall be lawful for His Majesty's postmaster general, to de. 6. III. $ 3.

Rates,

East India

59 Geo. 3.

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