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Rule 8. If any vessel or boat, having on board any foreign spirits, in any 45 Geo. 3. package which shall not contain 60 gallons at least (except only for the use of c, 121. the seamen, not exceeding two gallons for each seaman) or having on board Vessels hoany wine in packages of less content than a reputed hogshead (except such
6. wine in boules as by this act is allowed, and provided such vessel or boat haviny wine op board shall not exceed 60 tons burthen), or having on board any tobacco or snuff in any package containing less than 450 lb. (except loose tobacco for the use of the seamen, not exceeding 5lb. for each seaman), shall be found at anchor, or hovering, or shall be discovered to have been within two leagues of the coasts of the said islands of Guernsey, Jersey, or Sark, or within two miles of the coast of Alderney, such vessel or boat not proceeding on her voyage (wind and weather permitting) unless in case of unavoidable necessity or distress of weather, of which necessity or distress the master of such vessel or boat shall give notice, and make proof before the chief officer of customs of the nearest port, or the port in which such vessel or boat shall take shelter, or to which such ressel or boat can go under all rircumstances of wind, tide, and weather, immediately after the arrival of such vessel or boat within the limits of such port, then not only all such goods and packages, but also the vessel or boat on board which the same shall be found as aforesaid, with her tackle, &c. shall be forfeited, and may and shall be seized as such by any officer of His Majesty's navy or marines, or of custoins or excise. (a)
" Whereas it is expedient 10 prevent frauds which may be com- 47 Geo. 8. “ miited by ships trading from the islands of Jersey, Guernsey, "Alderney, sess. 2. C. 66. " and Sark, (6) '10 the prejudice of His Majesty's revenue, and the trade and 1
commerce of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland;" it is there- bulk or alterfore enacted, that if after the departure from the said islands, respectively, of ing cargo. any vessel or boat belonging in the whole or in part to His Majesty's subjects, or whereof one half of the persons on board are subjects of His Majesty, having on board any spirits, tobacco, snuff, tea, wine, or salt, bulk shall be broken, or any part of the cargo shall be unladen or unshipped from or out of such vessel or boat, or any alteration shall be made in the form, size, description, or number of the packages, so taken on board, or in the quantity or quality, or mode of package of the goods contained therein, at any time while such vessel or boat shall be in the prosecution of the voyage towards Great Britain or Ireland, or any other place whatever for which such vessel or boat shall have cleared out from the said islands, every such vessel or boat, with her tackle, &c. shall be forfeited, and shall and may be seized by any officer of the army, navy, or marines, or of customs or excise : (a) provided, that no forfeiture shall be incurred on account of the breaking bulk, or onshipping or unlading the cargo, or any part thereof, as aforesaid, if the same was done through unavoidable necessity or distress ; nor shall any forfeiture be incurred on account of Necessity or any such alteration in the cargo of such ressel or boat, if the same was occa- distress. sioned by inevitable cause or accident, or became necessary for the security or preservation of such vessel or boat, such necessity, distress, cause, or accident, to be proved to the satisfaction of the commissioners of customs or excise in England, Scotland, or Ireland.
Rule 10. No vessel shall sail or depart from either of the islands of Guern- Clearance sey, Jersey, or Alderney, without having a clearance, whether such vessel and bond, shall sail in ballast or have a cargo on board ; and if any such vessel shall have $ 14. a cargo on board, then the master of such vessel shall give bond to His Majesty, which bond every such officer is hereby authorized and required to take in double the value of such vessel and of the cargo on board, for the due landing thereof at the port for which such vessel shall have cleared ; and every vessel which shall not have such clearance, or having any such clearance for any cargo, shall be found light, or with any part of such cargo discharged before Vessels fouod
light. (a) As to militia and volunteers, see Title 5, Rule 83 ; and as to half-pay officers, see TITLE 5, Rule 100.
(2) By 48 Geo.3.C. 84. $ 12. so much of the above act as is applicable to the islands of Guernsey, Jersey, and Alderney, is to extend to the Isle of Man.
Vessels with greater than
47 Geo, 3. the delivery thereof, according to such clearance, at the port specified therein, sess. 2. c. 66. or within the United Kingdom, or at some foreign port, if cleared from a
foreign port, unless through any unavoidable necessity or distress, or for the security or preservation of the vessel, to be proved to the satisfaction of the commissioners of customs or excise in England, Scotland, or Ireland, shall be forfeited, and shall and may be seized by any officer of the army, navy, or marines, or of customs or excise. (a)
Rule 11. If any vessel or boat, belonging in the whole or in part to His
Majesty's subjects, or whereof one half of the persons on board are subjects of portions of
His Majesty, shall sail or depart from either of the islands of Guernsey, Jersey, men, or with Alderney, or Sark, with any greater number of persons on board than is allowed empty casks, (b) under this act to be on board any vessel or boat, of like size and descrip
tion, or if any vessel or boat whatever shall sail or depart from either of the for smuggling, said islands having on board, or which shall take or have taken on board, $ 13.
during the voyage, any small cordage adapted and prepared for slinging small casks, or any ankers, half ankers, or other small casks under 60 gallons, or any tin or other cases or bladders of less content than 60 gallons, and capable of containing liquids, of the sort or description used, or intended to be used, or fit or adapted, for the smuggling of spirits, than shall be really necessary for the use of such vessel, or any materials for the forming, making, or constructing of any such ankers, &c. or having on board, or which shall take or have taken on board, during the voyage, any syphon, tube, hose, or implements whatever, for broaching or drawing off any fluid, more than is usual and necessary to have on board for the fair and ordinary purposes of the voyage, or having on board, or which shall take or have taken, during the voyage, any articles, implements, or materials, adapted and prepared for the re-packing any tobacco or snuff which may be on board, or have been on board, any such vessel or boat during the voyage, every such vessel or boat, shall, with her tackle, &c. be forfeited, and shall and may be seized by any officer of the army, navy, or marines, or of customs, or excise. (a)
Rule 12. In case any salt, whether foreign or British, shall be exported packages salt from the islands of Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, or Sark, (c) or shall be removed
by sea from any one part to any other part of either of the said islands, or shall
be Ported, ý 81.
put on board any vessel or boat whatever, in order to be so removed or carried, otherwise than in bulk or casks containing. 4 cwt. net of salt, except only such salt as may be for the necessary provisions of such vessel or boat, or for the use of the seamen, not exceeding 2 lb. for each man, to be stowed openly and fairly in such vessel or boat; or in case any pepper shall be exported from the said islands, or either of them, or shall be removed by sea from any one part to any other part of the same, or shall be put on board any vessel or boat whatever, other than such quantity as may be necessary for the use of the seamen, in order to be so removed in casks not containing 4 cwt. net of pepper, all such salt and pepper, and also the vessel or boat on board of which any such salt or pepper may be found, shall, with the tackle, &c. be forfeited, and shall and may be seized by any officer of His Majesty's army, navy, or marines, or of customs or excise. (a)
Rule 13. It shall be lawful to export from either of the islands of Guernsey c. 62. 6.
and Jersey, at any one time, any quantity of salt not exceeding 10 bushels, any
quantity of pepper not exceeding 50 lb. or any quantity of wine not exceeding wine may be
10 dozen reputed quart bouiles, for the supply of the said island of Sark, and exported from the said articles may be so exported in any boat not exceeding the burthen of Guernsey and 10 tons, such boat having a licence from the principal officers of customs Jersey to at either of the said islands of Guernsey and Jersey, for the purpose of being
employed in carrying commodities for the supply of the said island of Sark,
or pepper may be ex
49 Geo. 3.
(a) As to militia and volunteers, see Title 5, Rule 83; and as to half-pay officers, see Title 5, Rule 100.
(6) See TITLE 2. (c) By 48 Geo. 3. C. 84. $ 12. so much of the above act as is applicable to the islands of Guernsey, Jersey, and Alderney, is to extend to the Isle of Man.
wbich licence such officer is hereby authorized and required to grant, without 49 Geo. 8. taking any fee or reward for the same: provided, that every such boat having c. 6. on board at any one time any greater quantity of the respective articles than what is permitted by this act, such articles, if in packages of less size or content than prescribed by the laws in force, shall be forfeited, and shall and may be seized by any officer of the army, navy, or marines, or of customs or excise. (a)
TITLE LVII.-FARO OR FERRO.
Rule 1. “ Whereas tobacco, rum, and other goods, are shipped for ex- 5 Geo. S. portation to the islands of Faro or Ferro, being part of the doininions of the c. 43. 981. King of Denmark, with no other intent than fraudulently to re-land the Drawback or
bounty. same on the coasts of Great Britain or Ireland; which practices, if not pre“ vented, will greatly diminish His Majesty's revenues of customs, and be very
prejudicial to the fair traders :” for remedy thereof, it is enacted, that no drawback or bounty shall be allowed for any goods whatsoever, which shall be exported from Great Britain or Ireland to the said islands of Faro or Ferro; nor shall any cocket, or clearance be granted for the exporting to the said islands any goods which are prohibited to be worn or used either in Great Britain or Ireland.
Rule 2. If any person shall enter any goods for exportation to foreign parts, Entering other than to the said islands of Faro or Ferro, in order to obtain the draw- goods for back or bounty for the same; or if any goods which are prohibited to be other places worn or used in Great Britain'or Ireland shall be entered for exportation to Ferro, and foreign parts other than to the said islands of Faro or Ferro, and such goods landing thema shall nevertheless be carried to the said islands, and landed there, contrary to there, $ 32. this act; then, the drawback or bounty paid or to be paid for the same shall be forfeited ; and the exporter of such goods, and the master of the vessel on board which the same were loaden and exported, and every person concerned or assisting in the exportation or landing of the said goods, whether any drawback or bounty has been or is to be paid for the same or not, shall forfeit treble the value of the goods; and the vessel on board which such goods were loaden and exported, with her tackle, &c. shall also be forfeited, and shall and may be seized and prosecuted by any officer of customs or excise in Great Britain or Ireland. (6)
Rule 3. The said islands of Faro or Ferro shall be added to, and included Oath o por in, the oath upon all debentures for goods exported, whereon the exporter is debentures
, to swear that such goods are not landed or intended to be landed in Great ( 33. Britain or Ireland.
TITLE LVIII.- GREENLAND. Rule 1. It shall be lawful for all His Majesty's subjects, and for every 95 Cha. 2. other person of what nation soever residing and inhabiting here, during the c. 7. $ 1. time of such their residence, freely to trade into and from Greenland and those seas, and there to take whales and all other sorts of fish, and to import into this kindgdom all sorts of oil, blubber, and fins thereof, and to use and exercise all other trade to and from Greenland and those parts.
TITLE LIX.-EASTLAND COMPANY. Rule 1. It shall be lawful for every person, native or foreigner, at all 25 Cha. 9. times to have free liberty to trade into and from Sweden, Denmark, and c. 7. $ b. Norway ; any thing in the charter of the governor, assistants, and fellowship of merchants of Eastland, or any other charter, grant, act, or any thing else
(a) As to militia and volunteers, see Title 5, Rule 83; and as to half-pay officers, sce TITLE 5, Rule 100. (6) As to officers of army, navy, &c. see Title 5, Rules 70, 83, 99, and 100.
95 Cha. 2, c. 7.
heretofore made or done, or hereafter to be done, to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding. (a)
Rule 2. Whatsoever persons, subjects of this realm, shall desire to be admitted into the said fellowship of merchants of Eastland, every such person shall be admitted into the said fellowship, paying for his admission the sun of 40s. and no more.
Treaty of Peace between His Britannic Majesty and His Majesty the Emperor of all
the Russias, done at Orebro, the 6th July, 1812. ARTICLE 1. There shall be between His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias and His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, their heirs and successors, and between their kingdoms and subjects respectively, a firm, true, and inviolable peace, and a sincere and perfect union and amity ; so that, from this moment, all subjects of disagreement that may have subsisted between them shall cease.
2. The relations of amity and commerce between the two countries shall be reestablished, on each side, on the footing of the most favoured nations.
3. If in resentment of the present re-establishment of peace and good under. standing between the two countries, any power whatsoever shall make war upon His Imperial Majesty or His Britannie Majesty, the two contracting sovereigns agree to act in support of each other for the maintenance and security of their respective kingdoms.
4. The two high contracting parties reserve to themselves to establish a proper understanding aud adjustment, as soon as possible, with respect to all maliers which may concern their eventual interests political as well as commercial,
5. The present treaty shall be ratified by the two contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in six weeks, or sooner, if possible.
And for the due performance of the same, we sign, in virtue of our full powers, and have signed, the present treaty of peace, and have thereto affixed our seals. Dope at Orebro, the 6th (18th) July, 1812. Edward Thornton.
PAUL BARON DE NICOLAY.
10 & 11
Rule 1. Every subject of this realm desiring admission into the fellowship Will . 3. c. 6. of English merchants for discovery of new trades, commonly called or known
by the name of the Russia Company, on request in that belialf to be made to the governor, consuls, and assistants of the said fellowship, shall be admitted into the said fellowship, and shall have, use, and enjoy all the liberties, privileges, jurisdictions, franchises, powers, and authorities granted to the said fellowship, either by letters patent or act of parliament, as fully, and amply, as any other member of the said fellowship could, can, or may bave, use, or enjoy the same by virtue of letters patent and act of parliament, or either of them ; such subject paying for such his admission, for the use of the said fellowship only, the sum of 51. and no more. (b)
(a) The Eastland Company subsisted under a charter granted by Queen Elizabeth in 1579, for regulating the commerce into the East country; a name anciently given, and still continued by mercantile people, to the ports of the Baltic Sea, more particularly those of Prussia and Livonia. They were by this charter to enjoy the sole trade through the Sound into Norway, Sweden, Poland, Lithuania (excepring Narva, which was within the charter of the Russian Company), Prussia, and also Pomerania, from the river Oder eastward, Dantzic, Elbing, and Koningsberg; also to Copenhagen and Elsinore, and to Finland, Gothland, Bornholm, and Oeland. This charter was confirmed by another from Charles I. in 1629.-REEVES, 2d. Ed. p. 162.
(6) The Russia Company subsisted by virtue of a charter granted by Philip and Mary in the first and second year of their reign, which was confirmed by a private Rule 2. The sum of 51. only, and no more, shall be demanded, taken, no 10 & 11 accepted by the said fellowship for any admission to the freedom thereof : Will. 3. c. 6. any by-law, statute, or ordinance of the said fellowship, made or to be made $ 2. to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding.
Rule 3. Where any person residing in any out-port, or any other place 98. within this realm, shall make request to be admitted into the said fellowship as aforesaid, by his agent or deputy, making tender of 51. for his admission, the said governor, consuls, and assistants, shall, under the common seal of the said fellowship, within ten days after such request, appoint one or more person or persons to admit such person into the freedom of the said fellowship, and 10 administer to him the oath to be taken by the freemen of the said fel. lowship ; which oath they are hereby empowered 10 administer ; which admission and administration of the said oath shall be as good and effectual as if the same were actually done by the said governor, consuls, and assistants.
Rule 4. The commissioners of customs shall, at every session of parlia- $4. ment, lay before both houses a true account in writing, under their hands, of what naval stores shall have been imported into this kingdom by any person trading to Russia.
[As to the vessels in which Russian goods are to be imported, see Title 1, Vessels. Rule 7.]
TITLE LXI.--Drugs. Rule 1. All drugs of the growth, production, or manufacture of any part 21 Geo. 3. of the dominions of Russia, which shall be laden and shipped at any place c. 62. $ 1. subject to and within the Russian dominions, and imported from thence in British-built shipping into this kingdom, shall be deemed to be imported directly from the place of their growth, and be liable to and pay duties accordingly.
TITLE LXII.-Persian Goods. Rule 1. It shall be lawful to any person free or to be free of the fellowship 14 Geo. 2. of English merchants for discovery of new trades, commonly called the c. 36. $ 1. Russia Company, exclusive of all others, to bring and import into this How Russia kingdom, in British-built shipping, navigated according to law, from any
import certain place of or belonging 19 the Czar or Emperor of Russia, raw silk, or any Persian other goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of Persia, (provided goods. such manufacture be made of the growth or produce of Persia,) being purchased by barter with woollen or other manufactures, goods exported from Great Britain to Russia, and from thence carried into Persia, (gold and silver in coin or bullion excepted,) or with the produce arising from the sales of such manufactures, or goods, so exported to Russia and carried into Persia as aforesaid, and not otherwise, upon paying or securing the duties now payable for the same by any law now in force, according to such rules, methods, and directions, and in the same manner and form, and with such allowances, and drawbacks, and under such penalties, forfeitures, and disabilities, as are by law prescribed and practised on the importation of the like goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of Persia, imported into this kingdom from any place in the Levant Seas, by any person free of the
statute passed in the eighth year of Queen Elizabeth. The charter was granted to them under the style of The merchants adventurers of England for the discovery of lands, territories, 'isles, dominions, and seignories unknown, and not before their late adventure or enterprize by seas or navigation commonly frequented. In the statute they were described by the name of The fellow'ship of English merchants for discorery of ner trades. The extent of their rights under the statute was, the sole privilege of trading to and from the dominions and territories of the Emperor of Russia lying northward, north-eastward, and north-westward from the city of London ; as also to the countries of Armenia Major or Minor, Media, Hyrcania, Persia, or the Caspian Sea. It was said in stat. 10 & 11 Will. 3. c. 6. to be commonly called the Russia Company.-Reeves, 2d. Ed. p. 162.