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14 Geo, . C. 36,
Oath of im.
Levant or Turkey company; (a) any thing in 12 Cha. 2. c. 18. (b) to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding.
Rule 2. No silk, or other produce, commodities, or manufactures of porter, 9 3. Persia, shall be imported into Great Britain through Russia by virtue of this
act, unless the importer thereof do take an oath before the collector, customer, or controller of custonis at the place of importation, that to the best of his knowledge and belief, the said silk, &c. contained in his entry, were really and truly purchased by barter with woollen or other manufactures, goods exported from Great Britain to Russia, and from thence carried into Persia, (not being gold or silver in coin or bullion,) or with the produce arising from the sales of such woollen or other manufactures, or goods, so exported, and not otherwise ; and in default of taking such oath all such silk, or other the produce, or manufactures of Persia, so imported from Russia, shall be liable to be seized and forfeited, in like manner as if the same had been
imported contrary to the said act. Goods not to Rule 3. Nothing in this act shall extend to the permitting the using or be worn in wearing in this kingdom any wrought silks, or other the goods of the manuEngland, \ 3. facture of Persia, mentioned in U and 12 Will. 3. c. 10. (C) which may
be imported by virtue hereof through Russia ; but the same act, and every clause therein contained, so far as the same relates to the importing the said goods into the port of London only, and to the entry thereof, and payment of the duties, and putting the same into proper warehouses, and exporting them on security, and to the seizing and prosecuting those goods, and keeping proper accounts thereof, and subjecting the persons concerned to penalties and dis. abilities for breach of the said act, shall be practised, and be of full force and effect for the purposes aforesaid, as if the said act, and the several clauses therein contained, were particularly and at large repeated and set down in the body of this act.
Rule 4. This act shall not extend to hinder or deprive the East India Company, Company from having and enjoying all such powers, privileges, franchises, $ 6.
benefits, matters, or things, as do or shall belong to them, or which they could or might enjoy in any manner, if this act had not been made.
Rule 5. It shall be lawful for any person free or to be free of the fellowc. 34. $1. ship of English merchants for discovery of new trades, commonly called the
Russia Company, exclusive of all others, to import into this kingdom, in imported by
British-built shipping, navigated according to law, from any place within the Russia Com- countries, territories, or dominions of or belonging to the empire of Russia,
raw silk of the growth or produce of Persia, which shall be purchased by barter with woollen or other manufactures, or goods exported from Great Britain to Russia, although the same be not carried from thence into Persia (gold and silver in coin or bullion excepted), or with the produce arising from the sale of such manufactures, or goods exported from Great Britain to Russia as aforesaid, and not otherwise, upon paying or securing to be paid the duties now payable for the same by any law now in force, according to such rules, and in the same manner, and with such allowances, and drawbacks, and under such penalties, forfeitures, and disabilities, as are by law prescribed and practised, on the importation of raw silk of the growth or produce of Persia imported into this kingdom from any place in the Levant
Seas, by any person free of the Levant or Turkey company, Tinporter's Rule 6. No silk of the growth or produce of Persia shall be imported into oath, $ 2. Great Britain, from any of the countries, dominions, or territories, of or be
longing to the empire of Russia, by virtue of this act, unless the importer thereof do make oath before the collector, customer, or controller of customs at the place of importation, that, to the best of his knowledge and belief, the silk contained in his entry was really and truly purchased by barter with woollen or other manufactures, goods, or commodities exported from Great Britain to Russia, (not being gold or silver in coin or bullion,) or with the
23 Geo, 2.
How raw silk may be
(a) See Title 78, Rule 2.
(1) Title 1.
produce arising from the sale of such woollen or other manufactures, goods, 23 Geo. 2. or commodities, and not otherwise; and in default of making such oath, all c. 81. such silk so imported shall be liable to be seized and forfeited, in like manner as if the same had been imported contrary to 12 Cha. 2. c. 18. (Title 1.]
Rule 7. Nothing herein contained shall extend to deprive the East India East India Company of any of the powers, privileges, franchises, and benefits which do Company, or shall belong to them, or which they could or inight have had and enjoyed $ 3. in any manner whatsoever, if this act had not been made.
Treaty of Peace between His Britannic Majesty and His Majesty the King of Sweden,
done at Orebro, the 18th July, 1812. ARTICLE 1. There shall be, between their Majesties the King of Sweden and the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, their heirs and successors, and between their subjects, kingdoms, and states respectively, a firm, true, and inviolable peace, and a sincere and perfect union and friendship ; so that, from this moment, every subject of misunderstanding that may have subsisted between them shall be regarded as entirely ceased and destroyed.
2. The relations of friendship and commerce between the two countries shall be re-established on the footing whereon they stood on the 1st day of January, 1791 ; and all treaties and conventions subsisting between the two states at that epoch shall be regarded as renewed and confirmed, and are accordingly, by the present treaty, renewed and confirmed.
3. If in resentment of the present pacification, and the re-establishment of the good intercourse between the two countries, any power whatsoever make war upon Sweden, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, engages to take measures, in concert with His Majesty the King of Sweden, for the security and independence of his states.
4. The present treaty shall be ratified by the two contracting parties, and the ratifications exchanged within six weeks, or sooner if possible.
In faith whereof, we the undersigned, in virtue of our full powers, have signed the
Contention between His Britannic Majesty and His Majesty the King of Sweden,
signed at London, 13th day of August, 1814. His Swedish Majesty, by Article 9 of the treaty concluded at Paris on the 30th Guadaloupe. of May last, having consented, in virtue of arrangements stipulated with the Allies, that the Island of Guadaloupe should be restored to His Most Christian Majesty; and it being understood and agreed that in consideration of the incorporation of the Belgic Provinces with Holland, as provided for in the treaty of Paris, Holland should be liable to furnish, out of the colonies now in possession of His Britannic Majesty, the compensation to which His Swedish Majesty is entitled for the rights ceded as aforesaid ; and whereas it has been deemed more expedient by His Swedish Majesty and by the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands, that in the event of such incorporation taking place as aforesaid, the compensation to be furnished by Holland should be made in money; and His Swedish Majesty having agreed to accept the sum of 24 millions of livres, in full satisfaction of his said rights; and His Britannic Majesty, as the friend and ally of both powers, being willing to become answerable to His Swedish Majesty for the due and punctual discharge of the said compensation, their said Majesties have resolved to enter into engagements accordingly, and have for this purpose nominated their Plenipotentiaries. (Here follow the nominations of the Plenipotentiaries.)
Article 1. His Britannic Majesty agrees to pay, and His Swedish Majesty to accept, the sum of 24 millions of livres, in full discharge and satisfaction of his claims under Article 9 of the treaty of Paris. The said sum to be payable in London to His Swedish Majesty's minister, according to the rate of exchange between London and Paris at each time of payment, in 12 equal monthly instalments ; the first monthly instalment to become due and payable by His Britannic Majesty one month after the
ratification of the treaty, by which the said Belgic Provinces shall be incorporated with Holland as aforesaid. (à)
2. It is agreed and understood, that the above arrangement being contingent upon the due execution of the engagements contained in the treaty of Paris, His Swedish Majesty's rights to compensation from His Britannic Majesty and his Allies shall not be prejudiced by any failure or non-fulfilment of the engagements in question, but shall continue in full force and effect, unless otherwise satisfied, as if this convention had not been made. Done at London, the 13th August, 1814. CASTLEREAGH.
G. M. DE REHAU'SEN.
TITLE LXIV.-NORWAY. [A QUESTION having arisen relative to admitting to entry a vessel built in Norway previously to its late annexation to Sweden, it is stated by letter from the board of treasury, dated 28th April, 1817, that as their lordships agree in the opinion expressed by the lords of the committee of council for trade, it is not their intention to submit any bill to parliament for allowing such vessels to be admitted to entry, either as Swedish or Danish vessels: but to apply such relief as occasional circumstances may seem to require.]
TITLE LXV.- DENMARK.
Ppace esta blished.
Prisoners of war.
Restoration of colonies.
Treaty of Peace between His Britannic Majesty and His Majesty the King of Denmark,
signed at Kiel, the 14th January, 1814. ARTICLE 1. From the moment of the signature of the present treaty, there shall be peace and friendship between their Majesties the king of the Unired Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the King of Denmark, and between their respective kingdoms, states, and subjects, in all parts of the world. All hostilities between them shall cease, and all prizes taken from the subjects of the respective nations shall be considered as null from the day of the signature of the present treaty, and shall be restored on both sides to their respective owners.
2. The respective prisoners of war shall, immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, be restored en masse, on payment, on both sides, of the private debts which they shall have contracted.
3. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland consents to restore to His Danish Majesty all the possessions and colonies which have been conquered by the British arms in this present war, except the island of Heligoland, which His Britannic Majesty reserves io himself with full and unlimited sovereignty.
4. The restoring of the colonies shall be performed according to the same rules and principles which were laid down when His Britannic Majesty gave up to His Danish Majesty these same colonies in the year 1801. With regard to the island of Anholt, it is agreed that it shall be given back one month after the ratification of the present treaty, unless the season and the dificulty of navigation should present insurmountable obstacles.
5. His Britannic Majesty having stipulated with his Allies, the Emperor of Russia, the king of Sweden, and the King of Prussia, not to conclude either armistice or peace with their common enemies, but by niutual consent, it is understood that the peace re-established by the present treaty, and by the treaty signed this day between the King of Denmark and the King of Sweden, shall in consequence be extended to the above-mentioned Allies, by the means of negociations, the which shall be entered upon as soon as possible, Ilis Britannic Majesty engaging himself to employ his good ottices with his Allies order that their respective relations with His Danish Majesty may be renewed upon the same footing as they were befor the war.
His Danish Majesty, relying with full confidence on the good offices of their Britannic and Swedish Majesties, for the purpose, as soon as possible, of restoring the peaceable and friendly connexions between His Majesty the Emperor of Russia and the King of Prussia, as they were before the war, consents to make all hostilities towards the Allies of Great Britain and Sweden immediately cease. All prizes which have
Negociations with other powers.
(a) See TITLE 68,
been made since this treaty has been signed shall be restored : His Danish Majesty relying ou a complete reciprocity in this respect.
6. His Danish Majesty consents to take an active part with the allied powers in the present war against France, &c. (a)
7. The commercial relations between the subjects of the high contracting parties Commercial shall again return to the usual order, as existing before the present war began. "They relations. moreover reciprocally agree to adopt measures, as soon as possible, for giving the sanie greater force and extent.
8. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and Slave trade. the British nation, being extremely desirous of totally abolishing the slave trade, the King of Denmark engages to co-operate with His said Majesty for the completion of so beneficent a work, and to prohibit all his subjects, in the most effectual manner, and by the most solemn laws, from taking any share in such trade.
9. The two high contracting parties oblige themselves reciprocally not to conclude Peace with any peace or truce with France, but by mutual consent. (a)
France. 10. Whereas His Danish Majesty, in virtue of the treaty of peace this day concluded Nurway. with the King of Sweden, has ceded Norway to His said Majesty for a certain provided indemnity, His Britannic Majesty, who thus has seen his engagements contracted with Sweden in this respect fulfilled, promises, in concert with the King of Sweden, to employ his good ofħces with the allied powers, at the general peace, to obtain for Denmark a proper indemnity for the cession of Norway.
11. The sequestrations which have been laid, by either of the contracting parties, Sequestraon property not already confiscated or condemned, shall be raised immediately after tions. the ratification of this treaty.
12. His Majesty the King of Sweden having engaged, by the 6th Article of the Stralsund. treaty of alliance with His Britannic Majesty, concluded at Stockholm the 3d of March, 1813, to grant for a period of 20 years, to be computed from the exchange of the ratifications of the said treaty, to the subjects of His Britannic Majesty the privileges of depôt in the port of Stralsund, of all articles being the growth or manufacture of Great Britain, or of her colonies, on paying a duty of one per cent, ad valorem on Duty. such articles and merchandize on import and export ; His Majesty the King of Den- Vessels, mark promises to fulfil, in his new character of sovereign of Swedish Pomerania, the said stipulation, by substituting Danish for Swedish bottoms.
13. All the ancient treaties of peace and commerce between the former sovereigns Ancient treaof Englaud and Denmark are hereby renewed in their full extent, so far as they are lies. not contradictory to the stipulations of the present treaty.
14. This treaty of peace shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties; the When to be ratifications to be exchanged at Kiel within one month, or sooner if practicable.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, have signed
Addilional Articles to the Definitive Treaty betroeen His Britannic Majesty and the
King of Denmark, signed at Kiel, the 14th January, 1814. Article 1. The evacuations, cessions, and restitutions, stipulated by the above- Cessions. mentioned treaty, shall be executed, in Europe within a month, in the seas of America within three months, and in the continent and seas of Asia within six months after the ratification of the definitive treaty.
2. In all cases of restitution agreed upon by the present treaty, the fortifications Fortifications. shall be delivered up in the state in which they were at the moment of the signature of the definitive treaty, and all works which shall have been constructed since the occupation shall remain untouched.
It is further agreed, that in all the cases of session stipulated, there shall be allowed Time for to the inhabitants, of whatever condition or nation they may be, a term of three years, disposal of reckoning from the notification of the present treaty, to dispose of their property, ac- property in quired and possessed whether before or in the course of the war, during which term of three years they shall be at liberty freely to exercise their religion, and to enjoy
property The same facility is granted within the countries restored, to all persons, inhabitants or others, who shall have formed any establishments during the time which those countries were possessed by Great Britain.
In respect to the inhabitants of the countries restored or ceded, it is agreed that no Political one shall be persecuted, disturbed, or troubled, either personally or in his property, under Opinious, &c.
cases of ces siou.
(a) See TITLE 69.
any pretext, on account of his political opinions or conduct, or of his attachment to either of the high contracting parties, or for any other cause, unless it be for debts
contracted with individuals, or for acts subsequent to the present treaty. Decisions 3. The decision of every claim between individuals of the respective nations for any between indi. debts, property, effects, or rights whatsoever, which conformably to common usage and
the laws of nations ought to be brought forward, shall be referred to the competent tribunals, and in such cases there shall be prompt and complete justice rendered in the countries where the claims are respectively put forth.
These additional articles shall make a part of the treaty signed the 14th January, 1814, and shall have the same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word in the said treaty.
They shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within four weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we, the undersigned, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional articles, and have affixed thereto the seal of our
When to be ratified.
Done at Liege, the 7th April, 1814.
King of Denmark, signed at Kiel, the 14th January, 1814. Security of It is agreed between the two high contracting parties, that the same security of persons and person and property, which has been stipulated by the additional articles signed property for this day, for the inhabitants of the restored or ceded countries, shall be afforded to British or all the subjects of His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Hanoverian Ireland, whether British or Hanoverians, and of His Majesty the King of Denmark, subjects.
who shall have taken an active part in the present war, which has disturbed so many countries, and that no one shall be persecuted, disturbed, or troubled, on account of his political conduct or opinions during the course of the war.
This additional article shall make part of the treaty signed the 14th January, 1814, and shall have the same force and validity as if it was inserted word for word in the
said treaty. When to be It shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications shall bo ratified. exchanged within four weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we, the undersigned, in virtue of our respective full powers,
EDMUND BOURKE. [Ratified 31st January, 1814, except the 4th article.]
Austria, signed at Paris, the 20th November, 1815.
ARTICLE 1. The high contracting parties reciprocally promise to maintain, in its
force and vigour, the treaty (a) signed this day with His Most Christian Majesty, and treaty, to see that the stipulations of the said treaty, as well as those of the particular con
ventions which have reference thereto, shall be strictly and faithfully executed in their fullest extent.
2. The high contracting parties, having engaged in the war which is just termiongagements. nated, for the purpose of maintaining inviolable the arrangements settled at Paris
last year, for the safety and interest of Europe, having judged it adviseable to renew the said engagements by the present act, and to contirm them as mutually obligatory, subject to the modifications contained in the treaty signed this day with the plenipotentiaries of His Most Christian Majesty, and particularly those by which Napoleon Bonaparté and his family, in pursuance of the treaty of the 11th April, 1814, have been for ever excluded from supreme power in France, which exclusion the contracting powers bind themselves, by the present act, to maintain in full vigour, and, should it be necessary, with the whole of their forces. And as the same revolutionary principles which upheld the last criminal usurpation, might again, under other forms, convulse France, and thereby endanger the repose of other states ; under these circumstances, the high contracting parties, solemnly admitting it to be their duty to re
(a) For this treaty, see TITLE 69.