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double their watchfulness for the tranquillity and interest of their people, engage, in case so unfortunate an event should again occur, to concert amongst themselves, and with His Most Christian Majesty, the measures which they may judge necessary to be pursued for the safety of their respective states, and for the general tranquillity of Europe.

3. The high contracting parties, in agreeing with His Most Christian Majesty that a Parties to line of military positions in France should be occupied by a corps of allied troops place themduring a certain number of years, had in view to secure, as far as lay in their power, selves on a the effect of the stipulations contained in articles 1 and 2 of the present treaty, and war establishuniformly disposed to adopt every salutary measure calculated to secure the tran- ment, if ne

cessary. quillity of Europe by maintaining the order of things re-established in France, the engage, that in case the said body of troops should be attacked, or menaced with an attack, on the part of France, that the said powers should be again obliged to place themselves on a war establishment against that power, in order to maintain either of the said stipulations, or to secure and support the great interests to which they relate, each of the high contracting parties shall furnishi, without delay, according to the stipulations of the treaty of Chaumont, and especially in pursuance of the 7th and 8th articles of this treaty, its full contingent of 60,000 men, in addition to the forces left in France, or such part of the said contingent as the exigency of the case may require should be put in motion.

4. If, unfortunately, the forces stipulated in the preceding article should be Additional found insufficient, the high contracting parties will concert together, without loss number of of time, as to the additional number of troops to be furnished by each for the support troops, if noof the common cause ; and they engage to employ, in case of need, the whole of cessary. their forces, in order to bring the war to a speedy and successful termination, reserving to themselves the right to prescribe, by common consent, such conditions of peace as shall hold out to Europe a suficient guarantee against the recurrence of a similar calamity.

5. The bigh contracting parties having agreed to the dispositions laid down in the How long preceding articles, for the purpose of securing the effect of their engagements during engagements the period of the temporary occupation, declare, moreover, that even after the ex- to remain iu piration of this measure, the said engagements shall still remain in full force and force. vigour, for the purpose of carrying into effect such measures as may be deemed necessary for the maintenance of the stipulations contained in the articles 1 and 2 of the present treaty.

6. To facilitate and to secure the execution of the present treaty, and to consolidate Parties to the connexions which at the present moinent so closely unite the four sovereigns for meet at fixed the happiness of the world, the high contracting parties have agreed to renew their periods. meetings at fixed periods, either under the immediate auspices of the sovereigns themselves, or by their respective ministers, for the purpose of consulting upon their common interests, and for the consideration of the measures which at each of those periods shall be considered the most salutary for the repose and prosperity of nations, and for the maintenance of the peace of Europe.

7. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged, When to be within two months, or sooner if possible.

In faith of which the respective plenipotentiaries have signed it, and affixed thereto
the seal of their arms.
Done at Paris, the 20th November, 1815.
CASTLEREAGH,

METTERNICI,
WELLINGTON.

WESSENBERG.

ratified.

Note. Similar treaties were signed on the same day by the plenipotentiaries of His Majesty, with those of the Emperor of Russia and the king of Prussia respectively.

TITLE LXVII.-EAST FRIEZLAND. (By letter from the board of treasury, dated the 11th June, 1816, it is stated, that

Pappenburg, by the general treaty signed in congress at Vienna, June 9, 1815, the province of East Friezland (in which the town of Pappenburg is comprehended) is annexed to the kingdom of Hanover; and that the vessels built in that province or town, and navigated according to law, are to be admitted and treated as Hanoverian-built vessels in the ports of the United Kingdom.]

TITLE LXVIII.

NETHERLANDS AND THE LOW COUNTRIES.

Forts and

Facilities of coininerce

Convention between Great Brilain and the United Netherlands, signed at London,

the 13th August, 1814. Restoration ARTICLE 1. His Britannic Majesty engages to restore to the Prince Sovereign of the of colonies. United Netherlands, within the term which shall be hereafter fixed, the colonies,

factories, and establishments, which were pos sed by Holland at the commencement of the late war, viz. on the 1st January, 1803, in the seas and on the continents of America, Africa, and Asia ; with the exception of the Cape of Good Hope, and the settlements of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, of which possessions the high contracting parties reserve to themselves the right to dispose by a supplementary convention, hereafter to be negociated according to their mutual interests, and especially with reference to the provisions contained in the 6th and 9th articles of the treaty of peace signed between His Britannic Majesty and His Most Christian Majesty, on the

S0th May, 1814. (a) Banca in ex- 2. His Britannic Majesty agrees to cede in full sovereignty the island of Banca, in change for the castern seas, to the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands, in exchange for the setCocbiu. tlement of Cochin and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar, which is to remain

in full sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty.

3. The places and forts in the colonies and settlements, which by virtue of the two places. preceding articles are to be ceded and exchanged by the two high contracting parties,

shall be given up in the state in which they may be at the moment of the signature of the present convention.

4. His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the subjects of His Royal Highness the

Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, the same facilities, privileges, and proand security tection, with respect to commerce and the security of their property and persons, of property within the limits of the British sovereignty on the continent of India, as are now or and persons shall be granted to the most favoured nations. Fortifications His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign, on his part, having nothing more at in India, and heart than the perpetual duration of peace between the crown of England and the

United Netherlands, and wishing to do his utmost to avoid any thing which might of troops. affect their mutual good understanding, engages not to erect any fortifications in the

establishments which are to be restored to him within the limits of the British sovereignty upon the continent of India, and only to place in those establishments the

number of troops necessary for the maintenance of the police. When colo- 5. Those colonies, factories, and establishments which are to be ceded to His Royal

Highness the Sovereign Prince of the United Netherlands by His Britannic Majesty festored. in the seas or on the continent of America, shall be given up within three months,

and those which are beyond the Cape of Good Hope within the six months which

follow the ratification of the present convention. Security for 6. The high contracting parties, desirous to bury in entire oblivion the dissensions individuals. which have agitated Europe, declare and promise, that no individual, of whatever

rank or condition he may be, in the countries restored and ceded by the present treaty shall be prosecuted, disturbed, or molested in his person or property, under any pretext whatever, either on account of his conduct or political opinions, his attachment either to any of the contracting parties, or to any government which has ceased to exist, or for any other reason except for debts contracted towards individuals, or acts

posterior to the date of the present treaty. Time for disse 7. The native inhabitants and aliens, of whatever nation or condition they may be, posal of pro- in those countries which are to change sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present perty, convention as of subsequent arrangements to which it may give rise, shall be allowed

a period of six years, reckoning from the exchange of the ratifications, for the purpose of disposing of their property, if they think fit, whether it be acquired before or during

the late war, and of retiring to whatever country they may choose. Slave trade. 8. The Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, anxious to co-operate, in the

most effectual manner, with his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, so as to bring about the total abolition of the trade in slaves on the coast of Africa, and having spontaneously issued a decree on the 15th June, 1814, wherein it is enjoined that no ships or vessels whatever, destined for the trade in slaves,

maintenauce

nies to be

(a) For this treaty, see TITLE 69.

be cleared out or equipped in any of the harbours or places of his dominions, nor ad-
mitted to the forts or possessions on the coast of Guinea, and that no inhabitants of
that country shall be sold or exposed as slaves, does moreover hereby engage to pro-
hibit all his subjects, in the most effectual manner, and by the most solemn laws, from
taking any share whatsoever in such inhuman traffic.
Done at London, the 13th August, 1814.
CASTLEREAGH.

H. FAGEL.
First Additional Article.
In order the better to provide for the defence and incorporation of the Belgic Pro-
vinces with Holland, and also to provide, in conformity to the 9th article of the treaty
of Paris, a suitable compensation for the rights ceded by His Swedish Majesty under
the said article, which compensation, it is understood, in the event of the above re-
union, Holland should be liable to furnish, in pursuance of the above stipulations, it is
hereby agreed between the high contracting parties, that His Britannic Majesty shall
take upon hinself, and engage to defray, the following charges :

1st, The payment of one million sterling to Sweden, in Sweden, in satisfaction of the Payment for claims aforesaid, and in pursuance of a convention this day executed with His Swedish claims of Majesty's plenipotentiary to that effect, a copy of which convention is annexed to these Sweden, additional articles.

2dly, The advance of two millions sterling, to be applied, in concert with the Prince How money Sovereign of the Netherlands, and in aid of an equal sum to be furnished by him applied. towards augmenting and in proving the defences of the Low Countries.

3dly, To bear equally with Holland such further charges as may be agreed upon Charges for between the high contracting parties and their allies, towards the final and satisfactory udiva. settlement of the Low Countries in union with Holland, and under the dominion of the House of Orange, not exceeding in the whole the sum of three millions, to be defrayed by Great Britain.

In consideration and in satisfaction of the above engagements, as taken by His Bri- Cape of tannic Majesty, the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands agrees to cede in full so- Good Hope, vereiunty to His Britannic Majesty, the Cape of Good Hope, and the settlements of Demerary, De ierary, Essequibo, and Berbice ; upon the condition, nevertheless, that the subjects Essequibo, of the said Sovereign Prince, bemg proprietors in the said colonies or settlements, shall and Berbice, be at liberty (under such regulations as may hereafter be agreed upon in a supplementary convention) to carry on trade between the said settlements and the territories in Europe of the said Sovereign Prince.

It is also agreed between the two brigh contracting parties, that the ships of every Cape of kind belonging to Holland shall have permission to resort freely to the Cape of Good Good Hope. Hope, for the purposes of refreshment and repairs, without being liable to other charges than such as British subjects are required to pay.

Second Additional Article. The small district of Bernagore, situated close to Calcutta, being requisite to the due Bernagore in preservation of the peace and police of that city, the Prince of Orange agrees to cede East lodies. the said district to this Britannic Majesty, upon a payment of such sum annually to His Royal Highness as may be considered by commissioners, to be appointed by the respective governuents, to be just and reasonable, with reference to the profits or revenue usually derived by the Dutch government from the same. Done at London, the 13th August, 1814. CASTLEREAGH.

H. FAGEL.

ceded.

TITLE LXIX.-FRANCE.

Definitive Treaty of Peace and Amily between His Britannic Majesty and His Most

Christian Majesty, signed at Paris, the 30th May, 1814. The following are the Articles of this Treaty in any wise affecting Trade. ARTICLE 1. There shall be from this day forward perpetual peace and friendship Peace esta. between His Britannic Majesty and His Allies on the one part, and His Majesty the blished. King of France and Navarre on the other, their heirs and successors, their dominions and subjects, respectively.

The high contracting parties shall devote their best attention to maintain, not only between themselves, but, inasmuch as depends upon them, between all the states of

Limits of
France,

the Rbine.

Duties.

Other rivers.

Malta,

Europe, that harmony and good understanding which are so necessary for their tranquillity.

2. l'he kingdom of France retains its limits entire as they existed on the 1st of January, 1792. It shall further receive the increase of territory comprised within the line established by the following article :

3. On the side of Belgium, Germany, and Italy, the ancient frontiers shall be reestablished as they existed on the 1st January, 1792, extending from the North Sea, between Dunkirk and Nieuport, to the Mediterranean, between Cagnes and Nice, with the following modifications :

[These modifications do not seem material to the object of this book; they are there.

foje omitted. ) Road by 4. To secure the communications of the town of Geneva with other parts of the Swiss Versoy, territory situated on the labe, France consents that the road by Versoy shall be common Smuggling, to the iwo countries. The respective governments shall amicably arrange the means for

preventing smuggling, regulating the posts, and maintaining the said road. Navigation of 5. The navigation of the Rhine, from the point where it becomes navigable unto

the sea, and vice versa, shall be free, so that it can be interdicted to no one :--and at the future congress, attention shall be paid to the establishment of the principles according to which the duties to be raised by the states bordering on the Rhine may be regulated, in the mode the most impartial and the most favourable to the commerce of all nations.

The future congress, with a view to facilitate the communication between nations, and continually to render them less strangers to each other, shall likewise examine and determine in what manner the above provision can be extended to other rivers which,

in their navigable course, separate or traverse different states. Holland. 6. Holland, placed under the sovereignty of the House of Orange, shall receive an

increase of territory. The title and exercise of that sovereignty shall not in any case

belong to a prince wearing or destined to wear a foreign crown. Germiny. The States of Germany shall be independent and united by a federative bond. Switzerlaud.

Switzerland, independent, shall continue to govern herself. Italy.

Italy, beyond the limits of the countries which are to revert to Austria, shall be composed of sovereign states.

7. The island of Malta and its dependencies shall belong in full right and sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty.

8. His Britannic Majesty, stipulating for himself and his Allies, engages to restore to in America, His Most Christian Majesty, within the term which shall be hereafter fixed, the colonies, Africa, and fisheries, factories, and establishments of every kind which were possessed by France A ja, to boy

on the 1st of January, 1792, in the seas and on the continents of America, Africa, and Asia, with the exception, however, of the islands of Tobago and St. Lucie, and of the Isle of France and its dependencies, especially Rodrigues and Les Séchelles, which several colonies and possessions His Most Christian Majesty cedes in full right and sovereignty to His Britannie Majesty, and also the portion of St. Domingo ceded to France by the treaty of Basle, and which His Most Christian Majesty restores in full

right and sovereignty to His Catholic Majesty. Guadaloupe. 9. His Majesty the king of Sweden and Norway, in virtue of the arrangements sti

pulated with the Allies, and in execution of the preceding article, consents that the island of Guadi loupe be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, and gives up all the

rights he may have acquired over that island. French 10. Her Most Faitlitul Majesty, in virtue of the arrangements stipulated with her Guyana. Allies, and in execution of the 8th article, engages to restore French Guyana as it

existed on the 1st of January, 1792, to His Most Christian Majesty, within the term hereafter fixed.

The renewal of the dispute which existed at that period on the subject of the frontier, being the effect of this stipulation, it is agreed that that dispute shall be terminated by a friendly arrangement between the two courts, under the mediation of His Britannic

Majesty. How colonies, 11. The places and forts in those colonies and settlements, which, by virtue of the ac, to be 8111, 9th, and 10th articles, are to be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, shall be

given up in the state in which they may be at the moment of the signature of the present treaty,

12. Hin Britannic Majesty guarantees to the subjects of His Most Christian Majesty Tudim

the s me facilities, privileges, and protection, with respect to commerce, and the security of their persons and property within the limits of the British sovereignty on the continent of India, as are now or shall be granted to the most favoured nations.

Ilis Most Christian Majesty, on his part, having nothing more at heart than the perpetual duration of peace between the two crowns of England and of France, and wishe

Colonies, &c.

restored.

Frontier.

Teatured.

ing to do his utmost to avoid any thing which might affect their mutual good understanding, engages not to erect any fortifications in the establishments which are to be restored to him within the limits of the British sovereignty upon the continent of India, and only to place in those establishments the number of troops necessary for the maintenance of the police.

13. The French right of fishery upon the great Bank of Newfoundland, upon the Fishery. coasts of the island of that name, and of the adjacent islands in the Gulf of St. Laurence, shall be replaced upon the footing in which it stood in 1792.

14. Those colonies, factories, and establishments, which are to be restored to His When coloAlost Christian Majesty by His Britannic Majesty or his Allies in the Northern Seas, nies, &c. to or in the seas on the continents of America and Africa, shall be given up within the be restored. three months; and those which are beyond the Cape of Good of Hope, within the six months, which follow the ratification of the present treaty. 15. Antwerp shall for the future be solely a commercial port.

Antwerp. 32. All the powers engaged on either side in the present war shall, within the space Congress. of two months, send plenipotentiaries to Vienna, for the purpose of regulating in general congress, the arrangements which are to complete the provisions of the present treaty.

33. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged Ratification. within the period of 15 days, or sooner if possible.

In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed and affixed to it the
seals of their arms.
Done at Paris, the 30th May, 1814.
CASTLEREAGH,

LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT.
AEERDEEN,
CATHCART,
Chas. STEWART.

Additional Arlicles. Article 1. His Most Christian Majesty, concurring without reserve in the sentiments Slave trade. of His Britannic Majesty, with respect to a description of traffic repugnant to the principles of natural justice and of the enlightened age in which we live, engages to unite all his efforts to those of His Britannic Majesty, at the approaching congress, to induce all the powers of Christendom to decree the abolition of the slave trade, so that the said trade shall cease universally, as it shall cease definitively, under any circumstances, on the part of the French government, in the course of five years; and that, during the said period, no slave merchant shall import or sell slaves, except in the colonies of the state of which he is a subject.

5. The two high contracting parties, desiring to establish the most friendly relations Commerce. between their respective subjects, reserve to themselves, and promise to come to a mutual understanding and arrangement, as soon as possible, upon their commercial interests, with the view of encouraging and increasing the prosperity of their respective

The present additional articles shall have the same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word in the treaty patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at the same time.

In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have assigned and affixed to them
the seals of their arms.
Done at Paris, the 30th May, 1814.
CASTLEREAGH,

LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT.
ABERDEEN,
CATHCART,
Chas. STEWART.

[Ratified June 17, 1814.]

states.

?

חס

Convention betreen Great Britain and France, signed at London, the 7th March, 1815.

Article 1. His Most Christian Majesty engages to farm to the British government in Salt on the Ir.dia, the exclusive right to purchase at a fair and equitable price, to be regulated by coasts of Cothat which the said government shall have paid for salt in the districts in the vicinity of mandel and the French possessions on the coast of Coromandel and Orixa, respectively, the salt that Orixa. may be manufactured in the said possessions, subject however to a reservation of the quantity that the agents of His Most Christian Majesty shall deem requisite for the domestic use and consumption of the inhabitants thereof; and upon the condition, that the British government shall deliver in Bengal, to the agents of His Most Christian Majesty, the quantity of salt that may be judged necessary for the consumption of the inhabitants of Chandernagore; reference being had to the population of the said settlement; such delivery to be made at the price which the British government shall have paid for the said article.

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