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Official ac- 2. In order to ascertain the prices as afofesaid, the official accounts of the charges count of salt. incurred by the British government, for the salt manufactured in the districts in the
vicinity of the French seitlements on the coasts of Coromandel and Orixa, respectively, shall be open to the inspection of a commissioner to be appointed for that purpose by the agents of His Most Christian Majesty in India ; and the price to be paid by the British government shall be settled according to an average to be taken every three years, of the charges as aforesaid, ascertained by the said official accounts, commencing
with the three years preceding the date of the present convention. Price of salt. The price of salt at Chandernagore to be determined, in the same manner, by the
charges incurred by the British government for the salt manufactured in the districts
nearest to the said settlement. Salt works. 3. It is understood that the salt works the possessions belonging to His Most
Christian Majesty shall be and remain under the direction and administration of the
agents of His said Majesty. Price of salt. 4. With a view to the effectual attainment of the objects in the contemplation of the
high contracting parties, His Most Christian Majesty engages to establish in his possessions on the coasts of Coromandel and Orixa, and at Chandernagore in Bengal, nearly the same price for salt, as that at which it shall be sold by the British governient in the vicinity of each of the said possessions.
5. In consideration of the stipulations expressed in the preceding articles, His Brito King of tannic Majesty engages that the sum of four lacs of sicca rupees shall be paid annually
to the agents of His Most Christian Majesty duly authorized, by equal quarterly instalments ; such instalments to be paid at Calcutta or at Madras, ten days after the bills that may be drawn for the same by the said agents shall have been presented to the government of either of those presidencies; it being agreed that the rent above stipu
lated shall commence from the 1st of October, 1814. Quantity of 6. With regard to the trade in opium, it is agreed between the high contracting opium for parties, that at each of the periodical sales of that article, there shall be reserved for French King. the French government, and delivered, upon requisition duly made by the agents of
His Most Christian Majesty, or by the persons duly appointed by them, the number of
chests so applied for, provided that such supply shall not exceed 300 chests in each Frice. year; and the price to be paid for the same shall be determined by the average rate at
which opium shall have been sold at every such periodical sale. It being understood that if the quantity of opium applied for at any one time shall not be taken on account of the French government by the agents of His Most Christian Majesty, within the usual period of delivery, the quantity so applied for shall nevertheless be considered as
so much in reduction of the 300 chests hereinbefore mentioned. Requisitions The requisitions of opium as aforesaid are to be addressed to the governor-general of opium. at Calcutta, within 30 days after notice of the intended sale shall have been published
in the Calcutta Gazette. Salt petre. 7. In the event of any restriction being imposed upon the exportation of saltpetre,
the subjects of His Most Christian Majesty shall nevertheless be allowed to export
that article to the extent of 18,000 maunds. French sub- 8. His Britannic Majesty further engages to permit the subjects of His Most Christian jects in ludia. Majesty in India to continue their residence and commerce so long as they shall con
duct themselves peaceably, and shall do nothing contrary to the laws and regulations of the government.
But in case their conduct should render them suspected, and the British government should judge it necessary to order them to quit India, they shall be allowed the period of six months to retire with their effects and property to France, or to any other country they may choose.
At the same time it is to be understood, that this favour is not to be extended to
those who may act contrary to the laws and regulations of the British government. Judicial pro- 9. All Europeans and others whosoever, against whom judicial proceedings shall be ceedings. instituted within the limits of the settlements or factories belonging to His Most
Christian Majesty, for offences committed, or for debts contracted, within the said limits, and who shall take refuge out of the same, shall be delivered up to the chiefs of the said settlements and factories ; and all Europeans and others whosoever, against whom judicial proceedings as aforesaid shall be instituted without the said limits, and who shall take refuge within the same, shall be delivered up by the chiefs of the said settlements and factories, upon demand being made of them by the
British government. Alteration in 10. For the purpose of rendering this agreement permanent, the high contracting agreement. parties hereby engage, that no alteration shall be made in the conditions and
stipulatio s in the fore going articles, without the mutual consent of His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of Ilis Most Christian Majesty
11. The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratification shall be exchanged when to be at London, in the space of one month from the date hereof, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereunto affixed the seals of their arms.
Done at London, 7th March, 1815.
Definitive Treaty between Great Britain and France, signed at Paris, the 20th
November, 1815. The following are the only articles of this treaty in any wise affecting trade. 7. In all countries which shall change sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present Disposal of treaty, as of the arrangements which are to be made in consequence thereof, a period property. of six years from the date of the exchange of the ratifications shall be allowed to the inhabitants, natives or foreigners, of whatever condition and nation they may be, to dispose of their property, if they should think fit so to do, and to retire to whatever country they may choose.
8. All the dispositions of the treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814, relative to Former treathe countries ceded by that treaty, shall equally apply to the several territories and ty. districts ceded by the present treaty.
11. The treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814, and the final act of the congress Former trea. of Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815, are confirmed, and shall be maintained in all ty. such of their enactments which shall not have been modified by the articles of the present treaty.
12. The present treaty, with the conventions annexed thereto, shall be ratified in When and one act, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in the space of two months, how to be ra. or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have
Additional Article. The high contracting powers, sincerely desiring to give effect to the measures on Slave trade. which they deliberated at the congress of Vienna, relative to the complete and universal abolition of the slave trade, and having, each in their respective dominion, prohibited without restriction their colonies and subjects from taking any part whatever in this traffic, engage to renew conjointly their efforts, with the view of securing final success to those principles which they proclaimed in the declaration of the 4th February, 1815, and of concerting, without loss of time, through their ministers at the courts of London and of Paris, the most effectual measures for the entire and deinitive abolition of a commerce so odious, and so strongly condemned by the laws of religion and of nature.
The present additional article shall have the same force and effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the treaty signed this day. It shall be included in the ratification of the said treaty.
In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have
“ Whereas it is expedient that a tonnage duty should be imposed 56 Geo. 8. upon French packets or passage vessels, on their entering and departing any c. 9.9 1.
Duty on " of the ports of Great Britain, equivalent to the duty now payable on “ British packets or passage vessels entering and departing the ports of
packets. “ France :" it is therefore enacted, that there shall be paid unto His Majesty a tonnage duty at the rate of 3s. 6d. for each ton burthen of every packet or passage vessel (a) belonging to the subjects of His Most Christian Majesty, which shall lade or unlade any goods, or take in or set on shore any passengers
(a) By letter of the board of treasury, dated the 26th December, 1817, it is stared, that the attorney and solicitor general have given it as their opinion, that the above act does not extend to all vessels generally, but to such description of vessels as are used as packets or passage vessels, for the conveyance of letters or mails, or passengers and their baggage, or for the conveyance of goods or baggage : but not to such as are really trading vessels bringing cargoes.
56 Geo. 3.
in any port, creek, harbour, or road of Great Britain, and that the tonnage
It shall be lawful for any officer of customs to detain any packet paving the
or passage vessel liable to the payment of the said duty, until the same is paid duty, $ 3.
as aforesaid ; and in case payment thereof shall not be made for the space of 30 days after the arrival of such vessel at any such port, &c. in this kingdom, it shall be lawful for the commissioners of customs in England and Scotland, respectively, to cause such packet or passage vessel, and her masts, apparel, and furniture, to be sold publicly to the best bidder, and the produce thereof to be applied, first to the charges that shall arise by such detention and sale, next to the said duty imposed by this act, and the overplus to be paid to the proprietor of such packet or passage vessel, or other person duly authorized by
such proprietor to receive the same. No entry till Rule 3. No officer of customs whatever, at any of the said places in Great duty be paid, Britain where such duty shall become payable, shall take any entry or report
outwards for any such vessel liable to the said duty, nor grant any cocket for any goods intended to be shipped on board any such vessel, por shall such vessel be permitted to depart from any such place, until the said duty shall be paid pursuant to this act, to the respective collectors or other principal officers of customs authorized to receive the same, and until the master or owner of any such vessel, subject to the payment of such duty, stall show to such respective officer a receipt for the same.
Rule 4. This act shall not extend to any vessel used only for the purposes vessels, 8. of pleasure, and which shall not carry any goods or any passengers for hire or reward.
A Convention between His Britannic Majesty and His Catholic Majesty Fordinand VII.
signed at London, the 5th February, 1814. Vessels It is agreed that any ships or goods belonging to either of the contracting parties, taken by the which shall have been taken by the enemy, and shall be afterwards retaken by any enemy and
ship or vessel belonging to either of the contracting powers, shall reciprocally, in all afterwards re
cases, save as hereafter excepted, be restored to the former owners or proprietors, on payment of salvage of one eighth part of the true value thereof, if retaken by any ship of war; and of one sixth part, if retaken by any privateer, or other ship or vessel; and in case such ship or goods shall have been retaken by the joint operation of one or more ships of war, and one or more private ship or ships, then on payment also of the last-mentioned salvage of one sixth part.
But if such ship or vessel so retaken shall appear to have been, after the taking by the enemy, set forth as a ship or vessel of war, the said ship or vessel shall not be restored to the former owners or proprietors, but shall, in all cases, whether retaken by any ship of war, or by any privateer or other vessel, be adjudged lawful prize for the benefit of the capturs.
The present convention shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications exchanged at London in six weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue
Treaty of Friend hip and Alliance butiveen llis Britannic Majesty and his Catholic
Majesty Ferdinand V 11. signed at Jadrid, the 5th July, 1814. Article 1. There shall be in future a strict and intimate alliance between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and His Catholic Majesty, their heirs, and successors and in consequence of this intimate union, the high contracting parties shall endeavour to forward, by all possible means, their respective interests.
His Britannic Majesty and His Catholic Majesty declare, however, that in drawing
(a) See TITLE 2, Rules 4 and 6.
closer the ties so happily subsisting between them, their object is by no means to injure any other state.
2. The present alliance shall in no way derogate from the treaties and alliances Trenties with which the high contracting parties may bave with other powers, it being understood other powers. that the said treaties are not contrary to the friendship and good understanding which it is the object of the present treaty to cement and perpetuate.
3. It having been agreed by the treaty signed at London on the 14th of January, Treaty of 1809, to proceed to the negociation of a treaty of commerce between Great Britain commerce. and Spain, as soon as it should be practicable so to do, and the two bigh contracting parties desiring mutually to protect and extend the commerce between their respective subjects, promise to proceed without delay to the formation of a definitive arrangement of commerce.
4. In the event of the commerce of the Spanish American possessions being opened Spanish to foreign nations, His Catholic Majesty promises that Great Britain shall be admitted America. to trade with those possessions as the most favoured nation.
5. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged, Ratification. within 40 days, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue of our respective full powers, the present treaty of friendship and alliance, and have sealed it with the seals of our arms. Done in Madrid, the 5th July, 1814.
II. WELLESLEY. Three Additional Articles to the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between llis
Britannic Majesty and His Catkolic Majesty Ferdinand VII. signed at Madrid the 28th August, 1814.
Article 1. It is agreed that, pending the negociation of a new treaty of commerce, Trade and Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with Spain upon the same conditions as those treaty of comwhich existed previously to the year 1796. All the treaties of commerce which at merce. that period subsisted between the two nations being hereby ratified and confirmed.
2. His Catholic Majesty concurring in the fullest manner in the sentiments of His Slare trade. Britannic Majesty, with respect to the injustice and inhumanity of the traffic in slaves, will take into consideration, with the deliberation which the state of his possessions in America demands, the means of acting in conformity with those sentiments. His Catholic Majesty promises, moreover, to prohibit his subjects from engaging in the slave trade, for the purpose of supplying any islands or possessions, excepting those appertaining to Spain, and to prevent likewise, by effectual measures and regulations, the protection of the Spanish tag being given to foreigners who may engage in this traffic, whether subjects of His Britannic Majesty or of any other state or power. (a).
3. His Britannic Majesty being anxious that the troubles and disturbances which South unfortunately prevail in the dominions of His Catholic Majesty in America should Amerien. entirely cease, and the subjects of those provinces should return to their obedience to their lawful sovereign, engages to take the most effectual measures for preventing his subjects from furnishing arms, ammunition, or any other warlike article to the revolted in America.
The present additional articles shall form an integral part of the treaty of friendship and alliance signed on the 5th of July, and shall have the same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word, and shall be ratified within 40 days, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional articles, and have scaled them with the seals of our arms. Done at Madrid, the 28th August, 1814.
H. WELLESLEY. By a letter from Sir Henry Wellesley, His Majesty's Ambassador at Madrid, to Lord Castlereagh, dated 27th April, 1818, it is stated, that His Catholic Majesty had issued a decree, dated 20th Narch, 1818, for establishing the Ports of Cadiz, Alicante, Corunna, and Santander, as ports of deposit for all goods which are permitted to be imported into Spain. The motive for this measure set forth in the decree, is a desire to give encouragement to commerce by allowing the delay of a year in the payment of duties, and to facilitate the obtaining at all times supplies for the markets of America.
(a) A further treaty has been made hetween His Majesty ard the King of Spain, for preventing traffic in slaves, signed at Madrid on the 230 Sept. 1917, and an act of parliament (59 Gen. 3. c. 36) has been passed for carrying the same into execution. The laws respecting the slave trade are not within the plan of this book; and the details, which are of considerable leagtb, are not thought of Sufbeient general interest to jnstify a deviation from this plan.
Articles imported into Spain for America in register ships are likewise to be allowed to be deposited ; the duty to be paid is two per cent. upon the value of the goods, one half to be paid upon the entry of them, and the other half upon their being taken away from the magazines. After the expiration of a year an application must be made to the Minister of Finance for permission to renew the deposit. The goods are to be scaled on entering the magazines with the seal of the owner and of the magazines. The packages are not to be opened, but only weighed; if the goods which they contain should be found, upon a sale taking place, to be of a different nature to what was specified when they were received, they are to be confiscated; and if they should be deposited at a price inferior to their value, a fine of 20 per cent. is to be levied on them.
A statement of the goods in deposit is to be published every month by the consulados of the ports.
GENERAL BOARD OF REVENUE. The Treasury Board under this date, have communicated to us the Royal Order which follows :- The King, in conformity with your exposition of the 29th April last, has ordered that until the junta of Tariff's has concluded its 15 per cent. shall be exacted on all foreign manufactures and clothes which may
be sent from the ports of deposit to America, 10 per cent on provisions, and 5 per cent. on furniture, tools, and machinery, including in the said 5, 10, and 15 per cent. the dues now ordered to be paid :--and on national produce, effects, and manufactures, exacting only during the actual situation of affairs, the duty of Remplarzo, and
; which I communicate to your Lordships for your compliance therewith, and we remit the same to you for the same end, which I translate to you for the same effect. Corunna, 19th May, 1818.
GENERAL BOARD OF REVENUE. The King our Lord has been pleased to order the depots of merchandize not to be permitted till further communications are received, which will be issued immediately : the preparations are made in every port that the royal decree of the 30th March may' take effect in all the four designated ports at the same time.
I communicate the same to your Lordships, by royal order, for your information, and the effects therein expressed.
Madrid, 8th May, 1818.
Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between His Britannic Majesty and His Royal
Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, signed at Rio De Janeiro, the 19th of
[As to the remainder of this treaty, see Article 3 of treaty in the next page.]
CONDE DE LINHARES.
1815, in the English and Portuguese Languages. Article 1. That the sum of 300,000/. be paid in London to such person as the Prince Regent of Portugal may appoint to receive the same; which sum shall con