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11. The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratification shall be exchanged When to bio
In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have there-
8. All the dispositions of the treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814, relative to Former treathe countries ceded by that treaty, shall equally apply to the several territories and ty. districts ceded by the present treaty.
11. The treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814, and the final act of the congress Former treaof Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815, are confirmed, and shall be maintained in all ty. such of their enactments which shall not have been modified by the articles of the present treaty.
12. The present treaty, with the conventions annexed thereto, shall be ratified in When and one act, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in the space of two months, bow to be rze or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have
Additional Article. The high contracting powers, sincerely desiring to give effect to the measures on Slave trade. which they deliberated at the congress of Vienna, relative to the complete and universal abolition of the slave trade, and having, each in their respective dominion, prohibited without restriction their colonies and subjects from taking any part whatever in this traffic, engage to renew conjointly their efforts, with the view of securing final success to those principles which they proclaimed in the declaration of the 4th February, 1815, and of concerting, without loss of time, through their ministers at the courts of London and of Paris, the most effectual measures for the entire and definitive abolition of a commerce so odious, and so strongly condemned by the laws of religion and of nature.
The present additional article shall have the same force and effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the treaty signed this day. It shall be included in the ratification of the said treaty.
In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have
“ Whereas it is expedient that a tonnage duty should be imposed 56 Geo. 8. “ upon French packets or passage vessels, on their entering and departing any c. 9.$ 1. " of the ports of Great Britain, equivalent to the duty now payable on
French “ British packets or passage vessels entering and departing the ports of
packets. “ France :" it is therefore enacted, that there shall be paid unto His Majesty a tonnage duty at the rate of 3s. 6d. for each ton burthen of every packet or passage vessel (a) belonging to the subjects of His Most Christian Majesty, which shall lade or unlade any goods, or take in or set on shore any passengers
(a) By letter of the board of treasury, dated the 26th December, 1817, it is stated, that the attorney and solicitor general have given it as their opinion, that the above act does not extend to all vessels generally, but to such description of vessels as are used as packets or passage vessels, for the conveyance of letters or mails, or passengers and their baggage, or for the conveyance of goods or baggage : but not to such as are really trading vessels bringing cargoes.
E 3-PART 1V.
56 Geo. 3. c. 9.
in any port, creek, harbour, or road of Great Britain, and that the tonnage of every such vessel shall, in case of doubt or dispute as to the same, be ascertained by the proper officers of customs by admeasurement, in manner
directed by 26 Geo. 3. c. 60. (a) Packets not
any packet paying the
or passage vessel liable to the payment of the said duty, until the same is paid duty, $ 2.
as aforesaid ; anıl in case payment thereof shall not be made for the space of 30 days after the arrival of such vessel at any such port, &c. in this kingdom, it shall be lawful for the commissioners of customs in England and Scotland, respectively, to cause such packet or passage vessel, and her masts, apparel, and furniture, to be sold publicly to the best bidder, and the produce thereof to be applied, first to the charges that shall arise by such detention and sale, next to the said duty imposed by this act, and the overplus to be paid to the proprietor of such packet or passage vessel, or other person duly authorized by
suchi proprietor to receive the same. No entry till Rule 3. No officer of customs whatever, at any of the said places in Great duty be paid, Britain where such duty shall become payable, shall take any entry or report 64.
outwards for any such vessel liable to the said duty, nor grant any cocket for any goods intended to be shipped on board any such vessel, nor shall such vessel be permitted to depart from any such place, until the said duty shall be paid pursuant to this act, to the respective collectors or other principal officers of customs authorized to receive the same, and until the master or owner of any such vessel, subject to the payment of such duty, shall show to such respective officer a receipt for the same.
Rule 4. This act shall not extend to any vessel used only for the purposes vessels, 6 8. of pleasure, and which shall not carry any goods or any passengers for hire or reward.
4 Convention between His Britannic Majesty and His Catholic Majesty Ferdinand VII.
signed at London, the 5th February, 1814. It is agreed that any ships or goods belonging to either of the contracting parties, taken by the which shall have been taken by the enemy, and shall be afterwards retaken by any enemy and
ship or vessel belonging to either of the contracting powers, shall reciprocally, in all
cases, save as hereafter excepted, be restored to the foriner owners or proprietors, on taken.
payment of salvage of one eighth part of the true value thereof, if retaken by any ship of war; and of one sixth part, if retaken by any privateer, or other ship or vessel; and in case such ship or goods shall have been retaken by the joint operation of one or more ships of war, and one or more private ship or ships, then on payment also of the last-mentioned salvage of one sixth part.
But if such ship or vessel so retaken shall appear to have been, after the taking by the
enemy, set forth as a ship or vessel of war, the said ship or vessel shall not be restored to the former owners or proprietors, but shall, in all cases, whether retaken by any ship of war, or by any privateer or other vessel, be adjudged lawful prize for the benefit of the capiors.
The present convention shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the - ratifications exchanged at London in six weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue of our respective full powers, the present convention, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms. Done at London, the 5th February, 1811.
Treaty of Friendship and Allinnce between His Britannic Majesty and his Catholic
Majesty Ferdinand VII, signed at Madrid, the 5th July, 1814. Article 1. There shall be in future a strict and intimate alliance between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and His Catholic Majesty, their heirs, and successors ; and in consequence of this intimate union, the high contracting parties shall endeavour to forward, by all possible means, their respective interests.
His Britannic Majesty and His Catholic Majesty declare, however, that in drawing
(a) See TITLE 2, Rules 4 and 6.
closer the ties so happily subsisting between them, their object is by no means to injure any other state.
2. The present alliance shall in no way derogate from the treaties and alliances Trenties with which the high contracting parties may have with other powers, it being understood other powers. that the said treaties are not contrary to the friendship and good understanding which it is the object of the present treaty to cement and perpetuate.
3. It having been agreed by the treaty signed at London on the 14th of January, Treaty of 1809, to proceed to the negociation of a treaty of commerce between Great Britain commerce. and Spain, as soon as it should be practicable so to do, and the two bigh contracting parties desiring mutually to protect and extend the commerce between their respective subjects, promise to proceed without delay to the formation of a definitive arrangement of commerce.
4. In the event of the commerce of the Spanish American possessions being opened Spanish to foreign nations, His Catholic Majesty promises that Great Britain shall be admitted America. lo trade with those possessions as the most favoured nation.
5. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged, Ratification. within 40 days, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue of our respective full powers, the present treaty of friendship and alliance, and have sealed it with the seals of our arms. Done in Madrid, the 5th July, 1814.
II. WELLESLEY. Three Additional Articles to the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between Ilis
Britannic Majesty and His Catholic Majesty Ferdinand VII. signed at Madrid the 28th August, 1814.
Article 1. It is agreed that, pending the negociation of a new treaty of commerce, Trade and Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with Spain upon the same conditions as those treaty of comwhich existed previously to the year 1796. All the treaties of commerce which at merce. that period subsisted between the two nations being hereby ratified and confirmed.
2. His Catholic Majesty concurring in the fullest manner in the sentiments of His Slare trade. Britannic Majesty, with respect to the injustice and inhumanity of the traffic in slaves, will take into consideration, with the deliberation which the state of his possessions in America demands, the means of acting in conformity with those sentiments. His Catholic Majesty promises, moreover, to prohibit his subjects from engaging in the slave trade, for the purpose of supplying any islands or possessions, excepting those appertaining to Spain, and to prevent likewise, by effectual measures and regulations, the protection of the Spanish tiag being given to foreigners who may engage in this tratric, whether subjects of His Britannic Majesty or of any other state or power. (a)
3. His Britannic Majesty being anxious that the troubles and disturbances which south unfortunately prevail in the dominions of His Catholic Majesty in America should Amerien. entirely cease, and the subjects of those provinces should return to their obedience to their lawful sovereign, engages to take the most effectual measures for preventing his subjects from furnishing arms, ammunition, or any other warlike article to the revolted in America.
The present additional articles shall form an integral part of the treaty of friendship and alliance signed on the 5th of July, and shall have the same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word, and shall be ratified within 40 days, or sooner, if possible.
İn witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional articles, and have sealed them with the seals of our arms. Done at Madrid, the 28th August, 1814.
H. WELLESLEY. By a letter from Sir Henry Wellesley, His Majesty's Ambassador at Madrid, to Lord Castlereagh, dated 27th April, 1818, it is stated, that His Catholic Majesty had issued a decree, dated 20th March, 1818, for establishing the Ports of Cadiz, Alicante, Corunna, and Santander, as ports of deposit for all goods which are permitted to be imported into Spain. The motive for this measure set forth in the decree, is a desire to give encouragement to commerce by allowing the delay of a year in the payment of duties, and to facilitate the obtaining at all times supplies for the markets of America.
(a) A further treaty has been made hetween His Majesty ard the King of Spain, for preventing traffic in slaves, signed at Madrid on the 230 Sept. 1917, and an act of parliament (58 Gen. 3. c. 36) has been passed for carrying the same into execution. The laws respecting the slave trade are not within the plan of this book; and the details, which are of considerable leagtb, are not thought of suffeient general interest to jnstify a deviation from this plan.
E 4-PART IV.
Articles imported into Spain for America in register ships are likewise to be allowed to be deposited ; the duty to be paid is two per cent. upon the value of the goods, one half to be paid upon the entry of them, and the other half upon their being taken away from the magazines. After the expiration of a year an application must be made to the Minister of Finance for permission to renew the deposit. The goods are to be sealed on entering the magazines with the seal of the owner and of the magazines. The packages are not to be opened, but only weighed ; if the goods which they contain should be found, upon a sale taking place, to be of a different nature to what was specified when they were received, they are to be confiscated ; and if they should be deposited at a price inferior to their value, a fine of 20 per cent is to be levied on them.
A statement of the goods in deposit is to be published every month by the consulados of the ports.
GENERAL BOARD OF REVENUE. The Treasury Board under this date, have communicated to us the Royal Order which follows :— The King, in conformity with your exposition of the 29th April last, has ordered that until the junta of Tariffs has concluded its 15 per cent. shall be exacted on all foreign manufactures and clothes which may be sent from the ports of deposit to America, 10 per cent on provisions, and 5 per cent. on furniture, tools, and machinery, including in the said 5, 10, and 15 per cent the dues now ordered to be paid :--and on national produce, effects, and manufactures, exacting only during the actual situation of affairs, the duty of Remplarzo, and
; which I communicate to your Lordships for your compliance therewith, and we remit the same to you for the same end, which I translate to you for the same effect. Corunna, 19th May, 1818.
GENERAL BOARD OF REVENUE. The King our Lord has been pleased to order the depots of merchandize not to be permitted till further communications are received, which will be issued immediately : the preparations are made in every port that the royal decree of the 30th March may take effect in all the four designated ports at the same time.
I communicate the same to your Lordships, by royal order, for your information, and the etfects therein expressed.
Madrid, 8th May, 1818.
Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between His Britannic Majesty and His Royal
Higliness the Prince Regent of Portugal, signed at Rio De Janeiro, the 19th of
ARTICLE 1. There shall be a perpetual, firm, and unalterable friendship, defensive alliance, and strict and inviolable union, between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, his heirs and successors, on the one part, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, his heirs and successors, on the other part; as also between and amongst their respective kingdomus, dominions, provinces, countries, and subjects, so that the high contracting parties shall constantly employ as well their utmost attention as all those means which Almighty Providence has put in their power, for preserving the public tranquillity and security, for maintaining their common interests, and for their mutual defence and guarantee against every hostile attack, the whole in conformity to the treaties already subsisting between the high contracting parties; the stipulations of which, so far as the points of alliance and friendship are concerned, shall remain in entire force and vigour, and shall be deemed to be renewed by the present treaty in their fullest interpretation and extent.
[As to tre remoinder of this treaty, see Article 3 of treaty in the next page.] Done in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the 19th February, 1810. STRANGFORD.
CONDE DE LINHARES. Convention between Great Britain and Portugal, signed at Vienna, the 21st January,
1815, in the English and Portuguese Languages. Article 1. That the sum of 300,000%. be paid in London to such person as the Prince Regent of Portugal may appoint to receive the same; which sum shall con
stitute a fund to be employed under such regulations, and in such manner as the said Ships detained. Prince Regent of Portugal may direct, in discharge of claims for Portuguese ships detained by British cruizers previous to the 1st day of June, 1814, upon the alleged ground of carrying on an illicit traffic in slaves.
2. That the said sum shall be considered to be in full discharge of all claims arising out of captures made previous to the 1st of June, 1814; His Britannic Majesty renouncing any interference whatever in the disposal of this money.
3. The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged, When to be in the space of five months, or sooner if possible.
ratified. In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereunto affixed the seals of their arms. Done at Vienna, the 21st of January, 1815. CONDE DE PALMELLA,
ANTONIO DE SALDANHA DA GAMA,
B. JOAQUIM LOBO DA SILVEIRA.
Treaty between Great Britain and Portugal, signed at Vienna, the 22d January, 1815,
in the English and Portuguese Languages. Article 1. That from and after the ratification of the present treaty, and the publi- Slave trade to cation thereof, it shall not be lawful for any of the subjects of the crown of Portugal the northward to purchase slaves, or to carry on the slave trade, on any part of the coast of Africa of equator. to the northward of the equator, upon any pretext, or in any manner whatsoever : provided, nevertheless, that the said provision shall not extend to any ship or ships having cleared out from the ports of Brazil previous to the publication of such ratification; and provided the voyage, in which such ship or ships are engaged, shall not be protracted beyond six months after such publication as aforesaid.
2. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal hereby agrees, and binds Slave trade to himself to adopt, in concert with His Britannic Majesty, such measures as may best the southward conduce to the effectual execution of the preceding engagement, according to its true of line. intent and meaning; and His Britannic Majesty engages, in concert with His Royal Highness, to give such orders as may effectually prevent any interruption being given to Portuguese slips resorting to the actual dominions of the crown of Portugal, or to the territories which are claimed in the said treaty of alliance, as belonging to the said crown of Portugal, to the southward of the line, for the purposes of trading in slaves, as aforesaid, during such further period as the same may be permitted to be carried on by the laws of Portugal, and under the treaties subsisting between the two
3. The treaty of alliance concluded at Rio de Janeiro, on the 19th February, 1810, Treaty of being founded on circuinstances of a temporary nature, which have happily ceased to 19th Feb. exist, the said treaty is hereby declared to be void in all its parts, and of no ef'ect; 1810. without prejudice, however, to the ancient treaties of alliance, friendship, and guarantee, which have so long and so happily subsisted between the two crowns, and which are hereby renewed by the high contracting parties, and acknowledged to be of full force and effect.
4. The high contracting parties reserve to themselves, and engage to determine by When slave a separate treaty, the period at which the trade in slaves shall universally cease and be trade sball prohibited throughout the entire dominions of Portugal; the Prince Regent of Portugal noiversally hereby renewing his former declaration and engagement, that, during the interval cease. which is to elapse before such general and final abolition shall take etfect, it shall not be lawful for the subjects of Portugal to purchase or trade in slaves, upon any parts of the coast of Africa, except to the southward of the line, as specified in the second article of this treaty: nor to engage in the same, or to permit their flag to be used, except for the purpose of supplying the transatlantic possessions belonging to the crown of Portugal. (a)
6. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at When to be
ANTONIO DE SALDANHA DA GAMA,
B. JOAQUIM LOBO DA SILVEIRA.