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7. The trading flag of the United States of the Ionian Islands shall be acknow- Trading lag. ledged by all the contracting parties as the flag of a free and independent state. It shall carry with the colours and above the armorial bearings thereon displayed before the year 1807, such other as His Britannic Majesty may think proper to grant, as a mark of the protection under which the said Ionian States are placed ; and for the more effectual furtherance of this protection, all the ports and harbours of the said states are hereby declared to be, with respect to honorary and military rights, within British jurisdiction. The commerce between the United Ionian States and the dominions of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall enjoy the same advantages and facilities as that of Great Britain with the said United States. None but commercial agents, or consuls, charged solely with the carrying on commercial relations, and subject to the regulations to which commercial agents or consuls are subject in other independent states, shall be accredited to the United States of the Ionian Islands.

8. All the powers which signed the treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814, (a) and Parties to the act of the congress of Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815, and also His Majesty the accede. King of the Two Sicilies, and the Ottoman Porte, shall be invited to accede to the present convention.

9. The present act shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in two When to be months, or sooner if possible.

In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have affixed
thereunto the seals of their arms.
Done at Paris, the 5th November, 1815.
CASTLEREAGH,

LE PRINCE DE RASOU MOFESKY,
WELLINGTON.

LE COMPTE CAPO D'ISTRIA.
Note.-- Similar treaties were signed on the sume day by the Plenipotentiaries of His

Majesty, with those of the Emperor of Austria and the King of Prussia, respec

ratified.

tively.

TITLE LXXVIII.-TURKEY.

sels currants and Turkish

free of Tur

Rule 1. No currants nor cominodities of the growth, production, or ma- 12 Cha. 2. nufacture of any of the territories to the Ottoman or Turkish empire be- c. 18. $ 5. longing, shall be imported into England or Ireland in any vessel, but which in what vesis of English-built and duly navigated, and in no other, except only such foreign vessels as are of the built of that country or place of which the said gonds may be goods are the growth, production, or manufacture, or of such port where the imported. said goods can only be, or most usually are, first shipped for transportation, and whereof the master and three fourths of the mariners at least are of the said country or place, under the penalty and forfeiture of ship and goods. (See this law at large under Title 1.]

Rule 2. Every subject of Great Britain desiring admission into the com- 26 Geo. 2. pany of merchants of England trading into the Levant seas, commonly called c. 18. $ 1. or known by the name of the Turkey Company, shall, upon request for that Who may be purpose made by himself, or any other person in his behalf, to the governor

key Company. or deputy governor of the said company, be admitted into the said company within the space of 30 days after such request shall be made, and shall have, use, and enjoy all the liberties, privileges, jurisdictions, franchises, powers, and authorities granted to the said company by the said letters patent, as fully as any member of the said company could, can, or may have, use, and enjoy the same, by virtue of the letters patent granted by their Majesties King James and King Charles, such subject paying or tendering, or causing to be paid or tendered, for such his admission, for the use of the said company, 207, and no more.

Rule 3. The following oath, in lieu of the oath heretofore taken by Oath on adpersons upon their admission to their freedoms in the said company, shall be mission, $ 2. taken by every person upon his admission to his freedom, either before the governor or deputy governor of the said company, or before two of His Majesty's justices of the peace, which justices are hereby required to certify

(a) For this treaty, see TITLk 69.

c. 1S.

Oath.

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26 Geo. 2 under their hands and seals, that the said oath was taken by
on the
day of

before us, two of His Majesty's justices of the peace in and for

“ You swear to be good, faithful, and true to our Sovereign Lord King George, his " heirs and successors; you shall be obedient and assistant to the governor, his de“ puty, and assistants of the Company of Merchants of England trading into the “ Levant Seas, in all lawful matters ; you shall truly hold and keep to your power “ (having no singular regard to yourself, to the hurt and prejudice of the common " weal of the said company) all statutes, acts, and ordinances, which have been duly “ made, according to the grant of privileges granted to the said company, and con“ sistent with an act of parliament made in the 20th year of the reign of His Ma“ jesty King George II. intituled, 'An Act for enlarging and regulating the Trade into “the Levant Seas ;' the secrets of the said company you shall not disclosc; and “ if you shall know any person or persons that intend any hurt, harm, or prejudice

to our aforesaid Sovereign Lord the King's Majesty, his heirs or successors, or to “ the said company, or the privileges of the said company, you shall give know“ ledge thereof to the said governor, deputy, or assistants, or to some of them; and

you shall not colour or free any goods belonging to any one not free of the said

company. So help you God.” how persons

Rule 4. It shall be lawful for every person, being free of the said company may export as aforesaid, separately or jointly to export, or cause to be exported, from any goods, $ 3. place in Great Britain to any place within the limits (a) of the said letters

patent, in any British or plantation-built ships (navigated according to law), at any time and to any person whomsoever, being freemen of the said company, or sons or apprentices of freemen (such freemen, sons, or apprentices, being His Majesty's Christian subjects), so long as such person shall remain under, and submit to, the protection and direction of the British ambassador and consuls respectively, any goods whatsoever, not prohibited by law to be exported; and also to import, in like manner, from any place within the liinits of the said letters pateni, raw silk, or any other goods purchased within the said limits (not prohibited by law to be imported), upon paying or securing the customs and other duties payable for the same to His Majesty, by virtue of any law now in force, or hereafter to be made; and upon paying such impositions or sums of money as shall be assessed and charged upon all goods, to be exported or imporied as aforesaid, or upon any ships laden with the same,

for defraying the necessary expenses of the said company. Proviso, $4. Rule 5. The exportation of gold or silver, either in foreign coin or bul.

lion, shall remain subject to the by-laws of the said company made or to be made in that behalf.

Rule 6. It shall be lawful for the governor and company of merchants of c. 65. $ 1. England trading into the Levant Seas, commonly called ihe Turkey Company, How persons

the major part present at any general court of the said company, to appoint, abroad may

under the seal of the said company, any person resident in foreign parts to administer the oath prescribed by the preceding act to all British subjects resident in foreign parts desiring admission into the said company; all which persons, so appointed by the said company, shall be authorized and required to administer the said oath accordingly, and to certify, ander the hand and seal of each, or any one or more of them respectively, that the said oath was taken by

before him or them; and every British subject resident in foreign parts desiring admission into the said company, and having taken the said oath, and such oath being certified as aforesaid, shall, upon request for that purpose made by himself, or any other

32 Geo. 3.

or

be admitted into company.

on the

(a) The places reserved to this company for their trade, are the states of the republics of Venice (in its Gulf,) those of Ragusa, and all the Grand Seignior's dominions; the ports of the Levant and Mediterranean, excepting those of Carthagena, Alicant, Denia, Valencia, Barcelona, Marseilles, Toulon, Genoa, Leghorn, Civita

Vecchia, Palermo, Messina, Malta, Majorca, Minorca, Corsica, and all other ports and places of commerce on the coasts of France, Spain, and Italy. And the fine for those caught in trade, and not members of the company, is 20 per cent. on the value of the loading so taken. BEAWES.

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person in his behalf to the governor or deputy governor of the said company, be 32 Geo. %. admitted into the said company within the space of 30 days after such request shall c. 65. be made; and shall have, use, and enjoy all the liberties, privileges, jurisdictions, franchises, powers, and authorities granted to the said company by any letters patent, or act of parliament, as fully as any other member of the said company can have or enjoy the same, having taken the oath prescribed by the said act; such British subject, upon such admission, paying or tendering, or causing to je paid or tendered, for such his admission, for the use of the said company, the sum of 201. and no more.

Rule 7. It shall be lawful for the treasurer of the Turkey Company to supply How treathe place of the governor and deputy governor of the said company, and of each surer may of them, in their absence.

act, $ 2. Rule 8. " Whereas raw silk and mohair yarn of the product and manufacture 11 Geo. 8. “ of Asia are by the laws pow in force prohibited to be imported into this king-c. 41. $ 4. “ dom from any port or place in the Streighis or Levant Seas, except such ports or

places as are within the dominions of the Grand Seignior; and some doubts have

arisen, whether such raw silk and mohair yarn, though shipped and laden in the " said Streights and Levant Seas, within the dominions of the Grand Seignior, can “ be legally imported into this kingdom, after having been landed at Malta, Al

cona, Vevice, Messina, Leghorn, Genoa, or Marseilles, for the purpose of being

opened and aired;" it is therefore enacted, that any such raw silk or mohair Raw silk and yarn, of the product and manufacture of Asia, as shall be or liave been shipped in mohair yara. any place in the said Streights or Levant Sras, within the dominions of the Grand Seignior, and which shall be afterwards landed at any or either of the places here. inbefore particularly mentioned, for the purpose of opening and airing only, and which shall be re-shipped on board the same ship from which they were so landed, shall, upon importation into this kingdom be deemed to have been imported from the place within the Grand Seignior's dominions where such goods were first shipped, and not from the place where they were landed to be opened and aired. (a)

Rule 9. All goods, to whomsoever belonging, of the growth, production, or 59 Geo. S. manufacture of Turkey or Egypt, or of any of the dominions of the Grand Seignior, c. 110.9 1. imported into the United Kingdom directly from Turkey or Egypt, or from any of the dominions of the Grand Seignior, or from any other country or place, shall be subject to the duties payable to the said Turkey Company under the several acts of parliament herein-before contained.

Rule 10. All the regulations in the said several acts contained, for the purpose of Former acts, securing and enforcing the payment of the said duties to the said company, shall be $ 2. in full force and effect, as if the same had been repeated and re-enacted in the body of this act.

Duties.

TITLE LXXIX-Tobacco. Rule 1. It shall be lawful to import directly from the territories or dominions 43 Geo. 3. of the Emperor of Russia, and the Oitoman or Turkish empire respectively, in Bri-c. 68. ( 29. tish-built ships, owned, navigated, and registered according to law, into any port How tobacco of Great Britain, being an enumerated port (6) for the importation of tobacco, may be im. and to enter and land, and to lodge, in any warehouse provided according to law ported and for the reception of tobacco in England and Scotland respectively, any tobacco exported. being the growth or production of either of the aforesaid territories or dominions ; and such tobacco may be exported in like maoner, or entered for home trade or consumption, on payment of the like duties of customs as tobacco the growth or production of the United States of America may be exported or entered for home trade or consumption, according to the laws in force on 5th July, 1803; and the exporter of such tobacco shall, upon the said tobacco being manufactured in Great Britain, and exported according to the laws in force on the said day, be entitled to and allowed the like drawbacks as are respectively allowed upon the same sorts and descriptions of tobacco manufactured from tobacco of the growth or production of the United States of America, and legally exported from Great Britain,

Rule 2. All tobacco, which shall be imported into or exported from Great Bri- Regulations tain by virtue of this act, is hereby made subject to all the regulations, penalties, of other acia, and forfeitures to which any tobacco is or may be subject by any act of parliament $ 30. in force on 5th July, 1803, and every pain, penalty, fine, or forfeiture, for any offence whatever committed against or in breacb of any act of parliament in force

(a) As to the trade with Malta, see TITLE 74.

(b) See TITLE 156.

49 Geo, 3.

c. 68.

47 Geo. 3.

1. Certain acts,

on the said day made for securing the revenue of customs, or for the regulation or improvement thereof; and the several clauses, powers, and directions therein contained shall extend to, and shall be respectively put in execution for tobacco imported into or exported from Great Britain by virtue of this act, so far as the same are applicable thereto, in as ample a manner as if all the said clauses, &c. were particularly re-enacted in the body of this present act.

Rule 3. The acts of 29 Geo. 3. c. 68. (a) and 30 Geo. 3. C. 40. so far as sess. 1. c. 25. the same extend to prevent the importation of tobacco of the growth or pro

duction of the territories or dominions of the Ottoman or Turkish empire, Tepealed.

packed in bags or packages within any hogshead, cask, chest, or case, or to the separating or dividing of tobacco within any such hogshead, &c. are hereby

repealed. Packages, \ 2. Rule 4. No such tobacco shall be imported into Great Britain from the

said territories, unless the outward package thereof shall be an hogshead, cask, chest, or case, and the quantity of tobacco packed therein shall be of the

weight of 450 lb. net at the least, nor unless the master of the vessel importing Manifest. such tobacco shall have on board a manifest in writing, made out and signed by the master, on or before the clearing of such ressel

, at each of the places within the said territories where such tobacco shall be laden on board, containing the names of the respective places where the tobacco shall have been laden on board, the names of the vessel, together with the christian and surname of the master of such vessel, and the place to which such vessel belongs, and also the tonnage of such vessel, according to the certificate of registry thereof; and which manifest shall also contain a true account of all the tobacco so laden on board such vessel, with the number of hogsheads, casks, chests, and cases respectively, and the marks and numbers set thereon, and the number of parcels or bundles of tobacco contained in each such hogshead, &c. and also the net weight of the tobacco contained therein ; and such weight of the tobacco, and also the tare of the package, shall be distinctly and legibly marked on every such hogshead, &c. upon which said manisest in writing there shall be indorsed the oath of the inaster of such vessel, testifying the truth thereof, and sworn to by such master on or before the clearing of the ship, before the British consul, if there be any British consul then resident at or near the place where such tobacco shall be so laden on board, or before some magistrate or other public officer residing at or near such place, if there be not any British consul resident there; which manifest, and none other, shall be required for such tobacco imported froin the dominions and territories

aforesaid. (6) Esports, $ 3. Rule 5. All tobacco imported under the provisions of this act may be ex

ported in the like quantities and packages in which the same is allowed to be imported by virtue of this act, subject nevertheless to the like regulations, penalties, and forfeitures to which any tobacco is now or hereafter may be subject on exportation.

TITLE LXXX.-AFRICA. 23 Geo. 8. Rule 1. Ir shall be lawful for all His Majesty's subjects to trade and traftick to c. 31. 1. and from any place in Africa, between the port of Sallee in South Barbary, and Free trade.

the Cape of Good Hope, at such times, and in such manner, and in or with such quantity of goods, as they shall think fit, without any restraint whatsoever, save as

is hereinafter expressed. Incorporation, Rule 2. All His Najesty's subjects, who shall trade to or from any of the places

of Africa, between Cape Blanco, and the Cape of Good Hope, shall for ever hereafter be a body corporate and politic, in name and in deed, by the name of The Company of Merchants trading to Africa; and by the same name shall have per. petual succession, and shall have a common seal ; and by that naine sball and may sue and may be sued, and do any other thing, which any other body corporate or politic, as such, can or may lawfully do.

&c. 62.

(a) See TITLE 186.
(6) As to dispensing with the manifest in some cases, see TITLK 156, Rule 53.

4.

Rule 3. All the British forts, settlements, and fac:ories on the coast of Africa, 23 Geo. 2. beginning at Cape Blanco aforesaid, and extending from thence to the Cape of Good c. 31. Hope inclusive, and all other the regions, countries, dominions, territories, con- Forts, &c. of tinents, coasts, ports, bays, rivers, and places, lying and being within the aforesaid the Royal limits, and the islands near adjoining to those coasts and comprehended within those African Comlimits, which are now claimed by or are in the possession of The Royal African pany, $ 3. Company of England, or which may be hereafter in the possession of the company hereby established, shall, from the passing of an act of parliament for divesting (a) the African Company of their charter, forts, castles, and military stores, canoe men, castle slaves, and all other their property on the coast of Africa, their goods only excepted, be absolutely vested in the said new company established by this act and their successors, to the intent and purpose that the said forts, (b) settlements, and premises shall be employed at all times hereafter, only for the protection, encouragement, and defence of the said trade.

Rule 4. It shall not be lawful for the company established by this act to trade to Company or from Africa in their corporate or joint capacity, to have any joint or transferable not to trade, stock, or to borrow or take up any sum of money, on their common seal.

Rule 5. The direction and management of the affairs of the said company hereby Election of established, shall be in and by a committee of nine persons, to be chosen annually, committee, who are to meet and assemble together, from time to time, as often as shall be ne- $ 5. cessary, at some place in the city of London ; and the committee men so assembled shall, from the passing of such act of parliament for divesting the African Company of their charter, forts, castles, and military stores, canoe men, castle slaves, and all other their property on the coast of Africa as aforesaid, or before the passing such act, so far as the said African Company shall consent thereto, have full power, from Powers. time to time, to make orders for the governing, maintaining, preserving, and improving the forts and factories already built, or which hereafter shall be built, within the limits aforesaid; and to appoint governors, deputy-governors, or any other officers, civil or military, of or for the said forts and settlements, and them to remove and displace when they shall see fit; and to make orders and regulations for the better government of the said officers and servants abroad, and to take security from them for their good behaviour, and for their paying due obedience to the regulations established by this act, and to such other orders and regulations as the said committee shall from time to time think proper to make ; so as no orders or regulations to be made by the said committee shall tend to lay any restraint whatsoever on the said trade or traders to and from Africa, contrary to the true intent and meaning of

Rule 6. Such of His Majesty's subjects who shall, on or before the 30th June, Who to be 1750, pay to the chamberlain of London, the clerk of the merchants' hall in Bristol, first members, or the town clerk of Liverpool, 40s. each for their freedom in the said company,

&c. { 13. shall be the first freemen and members of the said new company established by this act: and from the said 30th June, 1750, any other of His Majesty's subjects, trading or intending to trade to or from Africa, shall and may be admitted to be a freeman or member of the said company at London, Bristol, or Liverpool, upon his payment of 40s. for the same, to such persons as the committee for managing the affairs of the said company shall, and are hereby required, from time to time, to appoint to receive the same in London, Bristol, or Liverpool, respectively.

Rule 7. No person so admitted after the said day shall be entitled to vote for the Proviso, $ 14. election of any committee man, until one year after such admission.

Rule 8. The chamberlain of London, the clerk of the merchants' hall in Bristol, Certificates of the town clerk of Liverpool, and such other persons whom the said committee shall, admission, at any time hereafter, appoint to receive the said sums of 40s. for the admission of $ 15. persons into the freedom of the said company, shall, upon their receiving the same, sign and deliver a certificate to the person paying the same, certifying his having paid 405. for his being admitted into the freedom of the said company; for which certi- Fee. ficate there shall be paid to the person appointed to receive the said sums of 40s. the Names sum of 2s. Od. and no more, as a fee or reward for his trouble therein; and the names entered.

this act.

(a) Sex Rule Is of this title.

(6) By 4 Geo, 3. c. 20. 1. the fort of Senegal and its dependencies, and every part thereof, are bereby declared to be vested in the company of mercbants trading to Africa, to be employed at all times lereafter for the protection, encouragement, and defen

the African trade, the same manner, and under the same regulations, and subject to the same rules, orders, directions, governments, limitations, restrictions, powers, and authorities, as the other forts and settlements on the coast of Africa are now Vested in the said company, and subject to, by virtue of the preceding act, ia as full manner as the same could or would have been if the said fort and dependencies bad been mentioned in the said act, or all the clauses and things contained in the said act were bereia again repeated and enacted.

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