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had been returned to the Marquis dual character on the catholic quesWellesley; but that the proposition tion; but really he did not see that which he had made had been rejected there were any grounds for all the hor. with any thing of personal animo. ror expressed by his right honourable sity, was an idea which he trusted the friend and the gentlemen opposite. The House and the country would dismiss gentlemen opposite who were so much altogether. Such an idea was now, struck with this arrangement, on lookhe trusted, dismissed from the breast ing more closely into the business of the noble marquis himself; for would find that it was only a plagia.. as he (the marquis) had declared that rism on their own conduct.' In Lord he would never again, under any cir- Grenville’s administration, though the cumstances, serve under his departed catholic question was a cabinet meafriend Mr Perceval, as well might he sure, it was allowed to two of the ca(Lord C.) accuse the noble marquis binet (Lords Sidmouth and Ellenboof having cherished a feeling of ani- rough) to defend their own opinions, mosity against that illustrious charac- which were in opposition to the conter, as he (the marquis) could accuse cession ; and he hoped the present go. him (Lord C.) and his colleagues of vernment might be sheltered under the such a feeling from their recent con- wing of such a precedent from the duct. No feeling was more distant charge of venturing upon new princi. from their mind, nor more abhorrent ples. For himself he felt perfectly at to their nature, than a feeling like that liberty to take any course on the cawhich he had described on such an oc- tholic question which his judgment casion. With respect to the late ne- might dictate ; and he had no hesitagociations he would say, that if there tion in saying, he should be willing to were in the first instance difficulties in
go into a discussion on that subject forming an administration, those diffi- with any man in or out of that House, culties must have been always increathat seemed to promise to lead to any sed when the negociations were expo- practical and beneficial result. Advertsed in their progress to the observa- ing to the point on which the last netions of the critic. Parliament had no gociation, that of the Earl of Moira, reason to be afraid of such negocia. had broken off, he would say, (though tions being privately carried on. he would be the last man to impute He declared, that in the English his- any thing of disrespect to the crown on tory, a proceeding so sudden, with so the part of either of the noble lords,) short a notice, was not to be found that the point for which they had conas that which they had lately seen, ,tended, though he would never say that when the House decided, not against it ought to be placed on any footing disa government who by their own im- tant from other political arrangements, mediate and direct conduct had proved had never been contended for as in the themselves unworthy of confidence, present instance, prior to the discusbut against an administration, of which sion of the other arrangements. It the formation was but in progress. He was clear Lord Moira had understood hoped their conduct, in this instance, this to be the subject of after considerwould form a precedent which future ation, as he had declared, that it was parliaments would never follow._A impossible for him to concur in making great deal had been said of the uncon- the exercise of power over the housestitutional conduct of the administra. hold officers, a positive and indispensation, because each member of the ca. ble condition in the formation of a go. binet would be left to act in his indivi. vernment.' The subject had unfortanately been taken up in a tone fof ceding that as a preliminary, which harshness which the country would the noble lords well knew would at all never countenance in those who ap- events have followed as a consequence proached the throne.
of their accession to power.
The “ And now all I have to say for maintenance of the dignity of the soministers,” concluded the noble lord, vereign-the protection of the crown “ is, that they claim the constitutional against usurpation, is essential to the support of parliament, till their actions welfare both of the prince and the seem to speak them unworthy of it; people, and the firmness and fidelity and though the present government of the Earl of Moira
this occamay not possess within itself all those sion, will entitle him to the lasting attributes which we have heard given gratitude of his country. The grounds to broad and extended administrations, upon which the whig lords refused to they have at least one recommendation accept of office, after every thing poto public confidence (and it is not a litically important had been conceded small one,) that they have no disunion to them-after an offer had been made among themselves. We have no pri- them of powers, the exercise of which vate ends to answer; we are all anxious they deemed essential to the salvation to serve our country, to do our best, of the country, gave some countenance and to submit our conduct to the to charges which had been often made judgment of parliament.”
against them by their enemies ; and This excellent speech had a great they were, without a murmur, except effect ; the House and the country among their own adherents, allowed were tired of the late proceedings; the to betake themselves to retirement. motion of Mr Wortley was negatived The Marquis Wellesley stood in a by a great majority; and the ministers different situation. He had committed were fully established in power. errors; he had pleaded guilty to a de
An impartial review of these trans- reliction in some degree of the duty actions will enable every man to form which he owed the public, by contian opinion as to the views and conduct nuing to act on principles which he of the different competitors for power. disapproved; he had vainly indulged We find Lords Grey and Grenville, the hope of uniting with men with in the first instance, breaking off the whom his whole political life had been negotiation with Marquis Wellesley at variance; he had, through neglibecause a sufficient share of influence gence, allowed a publication to appear, was denied them ; yet, out of a cabinet which we have his own authority for of thirteen persons, they were to have saying that he deeply regretted ; and the recommendation of a majority, in- he had hastily charged to “ dreadful cluding Lords Moira and Erskine. personal animosities” sentiments which They afterwards refused to negociate were the result of the most honoura, with' Lord Moira, because he would ble feelings. But his character' for not accede to their condition of dis- energy and talent stood high with the missing the household officers ; because country; and his exclusion from powhe would not consent that his royal er was sincerely regretted. The refu. master should be deprived of the com- sal of Mr Canning, whose brilliant panions of his private hours, on the talents were so highly admired, to acpretence of a secret influence, of which cept of office, was no less lamented by much had been said, but nothing pro- the ministers than by the country. ved ; and, finally, because he would The conduct of the ministers in the not submit to the humiliation of con- course of the negociations seems deserving of approbation. They did not be unequivocally declared, and as the obtrude their services on the country, parliament was drawing towards its but retired with a modesty which natural termination, they wisely resolmight have been advantageously imita. ved on making an immediate appeal to ted in other quarters ; and so long as popular opinion in the manner which the negociations depended, they not is authorised by the constitution. The only put themselves entirely out of parliament was accordingly dissolved: consideration, but gave every facility and while their enemies hailed this which their principles and feelings measure with shouts of triumph, the wouid permit to the arrangements so
ministers waited with silent confidence anxiously desired. A sense of duty, the result of the election. Their ophowever, called for a change of con- ponents affected to see the overthrow duct on their part when the negocia of the government in the issue of this tions had failed, and when it became experiment; and resorted to every art apparent that without their interposi- for counteracting the general population the prince and the country must rity which the ministers were fast achave been exposed to great difficulties. quiring. But the hopes of the oppo
They knew when it was their duty to sition were still disappointed : Sir Sastep forward ; they hesitated not to muel Romilly was unfortunate at Brisencounter the awful responsibility tol, and Mr Brougham, after a warm which belonged to a crisis so momen- contest, was obliged to yield to Mr tous ; they had no other object but Canning at Liverpool. The friends of the service of their country; and their the opposition had the same fortune in ability to serve it with advantage was various other quarters, and the influsoon acknowledged throughout Eu- ence of the whigs seemed to experience rope.
a rapid decline ; while the ministers They were in the meantime com- derived a great accession of strength pletely successful at home, by obtain- . from an experiment which it was preing the confidence and approbation of dicted would disappoint all their exparliament and of the country. As pectations, and prove fatal to the sta.. they were anxious, however, that the þility of their power. general sentiment in their favour should
Affairs of Ireland. Conspiracy for extirpating Heretics and dissolving the Union. Charges made against the Irish Government. Reasons assigned for bringing forward the Catholic Question, and the Discussion of the State of
Ireland at an early Period of the Session of Parliament. Result of the Parliamentary Proceedings on the State of Ireland. Mr Parnell's Motion or the Subject of Irish Tithes.
It is a circumstance no less singular Irish nation, that while the more ambithan unfortunate, that Ireland, with tious and intriguing of the middle the great capacity which she unques- ranks are perpetually engaged in fotionably has for improvements of every menting discord, the lower orders, who kind, and the ample means which she are without wealth or education, be. possesses of adding to the power and come an easy prey to all classes of ad. prosperity of the empire, should hi- venturers ; their ignorance and credutherto, on almost every occasion, when lity are easily imposed on, and their the energies of the country were to be ardent spirits and ill-regulated minds called forth, have proved an obstacle are seduced without difficulty into ad. in many respects to their vigorous den ventures the most hazardous, and even velopement. With a luxuriant and fer- into projects the most atrocious. It tile soil, considerable wealth and a nu- may seem strange, that, situated in the merous population, at once adventu- immediate neighbourhood of a great rous and brave, instead of contributing and enlightened country, enjoying all much to the general strength in the the advantages of an easy and intimate greatest exigencies of the empire, she intercourse with it, and possessing, as has too often presented the most seri. Ireland now does, all the benefits of a ous obstructions to the proceedings of political union with a people far adgovernment. The truth is, that Ire- vanced in wealth and knowledge, she land has never yet been without much should still exhibit so many deplorable deep and alarming discontent ; that symptoms of a barbarism, which, under her citizens have been incessantly ur
present system, seems to be nearly ging, claims upon the government, incurable. Great faults have no doubt which have given rise to much intem- been committed by the people, and perate discussion, and that so far from great crimes by the demagogues, who considering her alliance with England are always at work to agitate the as an advantage, many of the most da. public mind; but the very success of ring and active of her people have been such attempts, and the disposition busily employed in devising means by shewn by the people to second them, which a separation might be accom- afford a strong presumption that plished. It is the misfortune of the there is something in the political state
of Ireland which demands a remedy. markable than some of those which The manifold errors of the govern- preceded it for the display of that inment of Ireland, committed in past. temperate spirit which has been the times, have left in the present age parent of so many miseries to Ireland. evilo so difficult to be corrected, that If many real conspiracies in Ire. those who are most ardent in the land have been suffered to attain an cause of improvement, have been often alarming magnitude before attracting deterred by the difficulty of the task, public notice, we have to record a and scared away by that violence and curious instance which happened dumalignity which centuries of misgovern- ring this year of a very foolish plot ment have produced among the Irish that excited much agitation. About people. It is no very easy task to en. the beginning of the year a meeting lighten and ameliorate a people to whom was held of the trustees of the chadiscord and violence have become so rity-school, belonging to the catholicfamiliar ; to remove the barriers which chapel in Church-street. The schoolan ancient tyranny had established in master neglected to attend at the usuits own support, and of which it has al hour, but when the trustees were almost ensured the perpetuation by de- about to disperse, he made his apgrading the habits and character of its pearance in a state of intoxication, victims. It is manifest that a very vio- for which he was severely reprimandlent change could not, in such circum- ed, and required to state the reasons stances, be justified by the principles of of his absence. He endeavoured to a wise policy, and it is no less clear, excuse himself by alleging that he that great difficulties must occur to had been detained by important busiobstruct the progress even of those ness; but as his duty required that all who should attempt a more gradual his time should be devoted to the and therefore a more reasonable im- school, the trustees refused to admit provement on the state of this unhap- his apology. He was at last prepy country. To add to the other mis. vailed on to give a more satisfactory fortunes of Ireland, a great propor. account of himself, when he declared tion of her people profess a religion that he had been engaged in the busiwhich is not the religion of the state ; ness of the New Association, to one a religion, which, for its ancient crimes division of which he described himself and enormities, has become odious to as being the secretary. He then told all the professors of the reformed
a very whimsical story as to the nature faith ; which has an undoubted ten- and objects of this association. He dency to keep down in ignorance and said it had been instituted for the purservility those who profess its tenets, pose of separating Ireland from Engand thus to counteract_all plans of land by force of arms; that it had political amelioration. It cannot be another great object in view—the exwonderful that, in a country thus tirpation of heresy; that, however, the situated, frequent symptoms of dis- most active person connected with it, affection to government, numerous was a Mr Fisher, a protestant; and and atrocious crimes, and a general that he, the schoolmaster, had been spirit of distrust and discord, should assured by this person, and the others prevail; and although the period, engaged in the conspiracy, that it had of which a short account is now to the sanction of the catholic committee: be given, was not marked by any oc- . That he himself had been supplied with currences of great constitutional im- a blunderbuss; that
others were portance, yet was it scarcely less ren armed, as it was easy to procure arms