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manding attitude ; when, with one of the ruler was advanced as a reason hand, she had destroyed the naval and for denying peace to the people of a
and country; he saw no reason for not ma. cluded him from three quarters of the king peace with him, in whose hands globe ; while, with the other, she of the destinies of France were placed at fered protection to all who claimed present, any more than with the Bourit; when, in fine, she had raised her bons when they presided : and the military reputation to an equality with contrary opinion was always to be her naval glory.
discountenanced, as it must lead to An opportunity soon occurred for eternal war; or rather to a war which a more full display of the sentiments could only end in the extinction of of opposition. When Lord Jocelyn either power. It might, he thought, brought up the report of the com- be foreseen, which must fall, in a conmittee on the address, Mr Whitbread test of that description, when it was rose, and avowed his dissent from considered that the greatness of one the opinions expressed in the speech nation was artificial, while the greatfrom the throne. He thought that ness of the other, such as it was, was every thing which this country could natural; but things need not come to do for Spain had already been done ; that pass ; they would not ; and, as that although the first general of the the present ruler of the destinies of age, and the bravest troops in the France was likely to live long upon world, had been sent to her support, the earth, we must negociate with him nothing had been accomplished ; the whenever an opportunity presented itFrench had obtained repeated suc- self. He should now conclude with cesses ; Saguntum and Badajos had saying, in answer to the declaration of fallen; the attempt on Ciudad Rodri- the noble lord, that Bonaparte had go had proved abortive; Valentia was been baffled in his maritime speculanot likely to struggle long ; Lord tions, would to God that France had Wellington himself, after pursuing ships, and commerce, and colonies, for Massena to the frontier, had been ob- then we should have peace; but un. liged to fall back; and, in short, the til then the probabilities were against enemy was in military possession of it.” Spain. In speaking of the conduet of T'he Chancellor of the Exchequer government towards America, he de- (Mr Perceval) made an excellent reclared, that " instead of a spirit of ply. “ He confessed, that the concluconciliation,” the measures of our mi- ding sentence of the honourable gentlenisters appeared to have been concei. man's speech had furnished him with ved in, what he termed, “ the spirit a clue to his objections against the of commercial subjugation." In re- system pursued by his majesty's goference to the subject of peace, Mr vernment ; for if he was indeed ana Whitbread concluded with the fol- xious that Bonaparte should have lowing reflections. “He understood ships ; if he was indeed anxious that the noble lord (Jocelyn) to have sta- he should have colonies and commerce, ted, that it was impossible to make it could hardly be expected that he peace with France in consequence of should approve of the system upon the personal character of her emperor. which his majesty's government had He®(Mr Whitbread) did not recol- acted, or of those endeavours which lect, in all the details of history, one were intended and calculated to deinstance in which the private character prive him of all. But as he (the Chancellor of the Exchequer) would wish Portugal; but, instead of these boasts to follow the honourable gentleman's being accomplished, or the gloomy speech through the series of topics apprehensions of the honourable genwhich it contained with as much re- tleman realized, we had not only regularity as possible, he should leave scued Portugal from the enemy, but the conclusion for the present, and maintained her in security against his begin by noticing the notions of the utmost efforts. Since this had been honourable gentleman with regard to achieved, indeed, a new light had been the affairs of Spain and Portugal, and discovered, and it was found that it the characters of hopelessness and would not have been the right course desperation in which he had described for the French to drive us into the the war. And here he would wish to sea, but that they should first conbring back to the recollection of the quer Spain, and leave us to be swal. house, the state in which the war stood lowed up at the last after we had been at the beginning of the last session : permitted to waste our strength ! he would wish to bring back to their Would any man believe this? Would recollection the opinions and fears and any man believe, that if it had been prophecies of the honourable gentle in the power of the enemy, he would man, and to entreat them to contrast not have driven us from Portugal ? the prospect he then drew with the Those who held the opinion, that reality of the present scene ; they Buonaparte was irresistible, and that would find, on such a comparison, it was in vain to oppose his designs, that his fears were unfounded, that his wondered that he did not at once expectations were falsified, that his crush this army, which not only actprophecies were erroneous; and yet ed in every point to the frustration of the honourable gentleman was prepa. his designs, but remained in opposi. red, upon the same grounds of appre. tion to him on the peninsula, to his hension, namely, the boasts of Buona. disappointment, to his vexation, and parte, to repeat his prophecies- to his confusion. Would he, if he
could have prevented it, even by diDestroy the web of prophecy in vain, The creature's at his dirty work again." recting against it solely and entirely
the whole of his force, have suffered After such 'failures, one would have this ? No man could think so. He thought the honourable gentleman would have left every thing else to would have hesitated in his course, accomplish our expulsion ; but his and not have continued to hold, that power was not equal to his desire : every thing the enemy vaunted he and the country he ruled could not would do, must be accomplished, or furnish him with the means necessary that it was impracticable to put any to effect his most anxious purpose. stop, to the career of “ this spoilt But though this was his opinion, he child of fortune.” At the period al. would not, therefore, with that preluded to, as at the present, the ho. sumption with which he charged the nourable gentleman had only re-echo. enemy, say, that though heretofore ed the language held by the ene. baffled and defeated, he might not at my, but there was no saying that he some future period accomplish that might not again be disappointed. At object, in attempting which he had the commencement of last session, we been so severely foiled; but he thought were to be driven into the sea, and it might fairly be argued from a rewere not to have a foot of ground in trospective view, that we might con
tinue to maintain ourselves in the pe- nuary, 1812, were laid before parlianinsula, not only to defeat his plans ment ; and both houses appointed of ambition, but as a standing con. committees to examine his majesty's trast to the basest villainy ever exhi- physicians, and to report. The result bited in the world. Yes, he maintain. of these enquiries established the imed, that on all of these points there probability of the king's complete and never was a more striking contrast final restoration to health, although than that which appeared in the con. the physicians, with one exception, duct of the French and British go- concurred in declaring that they did vernments upon the peninsula ; and if not entirely despair. Some slight imthe man who caused it had any view provement had taken place since the to character or ambition, it must be second week in the preceding Decemhis most earnest care and business, by ber; but it was not of such a kind or every method and invention, to keep degree as to encourage any strong hope it not only from the eye of the penina of his majesty's ultimate recovery. sula, but of the world?” In alluding The history of this most afflicting case to the affairs of this country with was altogether very singular. Dy. America, the sentiments expressed by ring the earlier stages of his majesty's Mr Perceval were at once dignified illness, the most sanguine hopes were and forbearing. He declared, that cherished; the king was visited by his as discussions were depending with family; he took exercise out of doors ; the American government, he would the bulletins were discontinued, and not make disclosures which might his subjects, with that feeling of loyalhave a tendency to irritate, but would ty which his numerous vistues inspirather allow his enemies to triumphred, rejoiced in the prospect which for a season in their misconceptions. these favourable circumstances appearThat a war with America would be a ed to present. A marked change, source of great evil to England, he however, took place about the beginreadily admitted ; but if it should ning of July 1811, and although, even prove hurtful to England, it would from that period downwards, his maprove ruinous to America.
He had jesty had been able at intervals to conno wish to see America impoverished, verse with his medical attendants, yet reduced, or subdued ; " but sure he the symptoms of his illness gradually was, that no one could construe those became more discouraging, until, in conciliatory dispositions of England the beginning of the present year, into fear ; conscious of her own dig- they had assumed such an aspect as to níty, she could bear more from Ame- induce his physicians to give the report, rica, fór peace's sake, than from any of which the substance has already been other power on earth.”—After some stated. One of the physicians, however, military criticism's from General Tarle declared, that he had known instances ton on the conduct of Lord Welling- in which patients of the same age, and ton, the report was brought up and similarly afflicted with his majesty, agreed to.
had been restored to health ; so that The state of the king's health was the legislature, although called upon, the first object which engaged the at. when the restrictions on the Priyce tention of parliament. Two declara- Regent should expire, to make a more tions, by the queen's council, on this permanent provision for the exercise melancholy subject, the first dated 5th of the royal functions than had been October, 1811, and the second 5th Ja- thought expedient last year, when
hopes of recovery were confidently en- to the civil list; and an addition of tertained, was still bound to keep in 70,0001. per annum could not in such view the chance of, at least, a partial circumstances be deemed extravagant, re-establishmentof his majesty's health, He then proceeded to state, that as in the provisions to be made for the the lord steward and lord chambercare of the royal person, and the dig- lain had important duties to perform nity of the sovereign.
immediately connected with the royal Mr Perceval came forward at a very functions, it would be necessary that early period of the session, with a plan these officers should be placed round for the arrangement of his majesty's the person of the regent, who was to household. He stated, that when this be invested with the royal authority. melancholy subject had last engaged In the room of the first, therefore, it the attention of parliament, sanguine was proposed, that the first gentleman expectations were entertained of the of the bed-chamber should be substi. king's recovery; that so long as such tuted as the chief officer of the king's hopes could be indulged, it was the household ; that the vice-chamberlain duty of the legislature to look chiefly should be appointed his deputy; that to the restoration of his majesty to four lords and as many grooms of the health and to the exercise of the sove- bed-chamber, a master of the robes, reign authority, guarding at the same and seven or eight equerries, together time against any inconvenience which with his majesty's private secretary, might arise from the
should form the new officers of the pension of the kingly functions: That proposed establishment, which, of the legislature was now called upon to course, must be placed under the con. act in very different circumstances ; troul of the queen, to whom the care that an arrangement, not of a tempora- of his majesty's person had been enry, but of a permanent nature, was de. trusted : That the expenses of this manded,anarrangement which should establishment, in so far as an estimate neither imply a confident hope nor an
could be formed from the expenditure absolute despair of the king's restora- at Windsor during the year ending 5th tion to health: That the measures July, 1811, would not exceed 100,0001. adopted last year had made full provi. This sum, Mr Perceval proposed to sion for supplying the exercise of the take from the civil list, provision being royal authority; and as the law now made at the same time, that a deficit, if stood, by the 18th of February all the such should occur, should be supplied authority, as well as all the duties of the upon an application to the treasury, sovereign, would devolve on the Prince the propriety of which should be afRegent; and as the civil list would also terwards judged of by parliament, and of course be transferred to his royal the sum voted out of the supplies for highness, it became necessary to make the year. That in the circumstances some provision for the personal com- in which the queen was placed, disfort and dignity of the king : That charging, as she had done with exemhis majesty's present civil list was the plary fidelity, the duties which she proper fund for such provision, and his owed to her royal consort, and thus present officers and servants, the pro. incurring an extraordinary expendiper attendants for him during his ill. ture, it seemed proper that her majesness : That as separate establishments ty should have a small addition made for a regent and a king would now be to her income, not exceeding 10,0001., necessary, some addition must be made which sum should be paid out of the
civil list. It was further proposed, as his royal father, and had no occathat the pensions and allowances which sion, of course, for so considerable an the king had been in use to grant to expenditure. It would have been very the objects of his bounty, should be unfair, however, to transfer the civil paid as formerly out of the privy list to his royal highness as if it had purse; that the expences incurred for been solvent, and quite sufficient to de. medical assistance should be paid out fray the royal expenses, when it was of the revenue of the duchy of Lan- known that from the year 1804 downcaster, on which an excess had arisen wards, an annual deficit had occurred of 30,0001. or 40,0001. annually; and, of 24,000l. which had hitherto been lastly, that a commission of three per- supplied from the excess of the Scots sons should be appointed, one of them civil list and the admiralty droits. Mr to be a master in Chancery, and the Perceval, therefore, proposed that this other two to be named by the queen deficiency should still be supplied in the and the Prince Regent, for the ma- same manner, unless it should increase nagement of the king's private pro- so far as to exceed its present average perty. The commissioners were to be by 10,000l. when the subject should be entrusted also with the power of au
submitted to the consideration of
parditing all accounts of pensions and al- liament. It was finally proposed, that lowances taken out of the privy purse.
100,0001. should be voted to meet the the arrangements propo- expences which the prince had incur. sed with reference to the king's house. red, or might yet incur, on his assumphold. To the Prince Regent, how. tion of the royal authority; a compenever, the civil list would, in this man. sation which he had generously decliner, be returned 100,0001. a-year less ned to receive, so long as he had reathan had been enjoyed by the king ; son to flatter himself that the change and it might be thought most advisable in his condition might be temporary, at once to vote the above sum out of but which had now become indispenthe consolidated fund, and to extin. sable by the altered circumstances in guish the exchequer revenue payable which the country was placed. to the prince. But as his royal high- The minister had no sooner deveness had very naturally believed that loped his plan, than a desire was ma. the income arising to him out of the nifested to obstruct the
of exchequer should be continued until the measure, which the immediate exhe should come into possession of the piration of the restrictions on the monarchy itself; and as many persons Prince Regent rendered it necessary had claims
to accelerate. Mr Ponsonby demand. amounted annually to 120,0001., it ed an account of the reasons which had would not have been equitable, in such occasioned the deficiency in the civilcircumstances, to disturb the supply. list; he censured the perplexity of the There could be no great inconvenience, minister's plan ; denied the propriety however, in transferring 50,0001. out of forming any establishment which of the exchequer revenue of the prince, should cast a magnificence around the to meet in part at least the deficiency king, which he was no longer capaof the civil list, leaving the remaining ble of enjoying ; and insisted, above all, 70,0001. untouched ; and although that suitable provision should be made there must still be a deficit of 50,000l. for the prince, in whom the royal auth sum might be dispensed with, as thority was now to be vested, leaving it the prince had not so large a family to his royal highness to decide on what