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MAY 30, 1973 Mr. Bolling, from the Committee on Rules, reported the following resolution;

which was referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed

RESOLUTION
Resolred, That npon the adoption of this resolution it

1

2 shall be in order to move that the llouse resolve itself into

3 the Committee of the Whole lIouse on the State of the Union

4 for the consideration of the bill (11.R. 7935) to amend the

5 Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to increase the minimum

6 wage raies under that Act, to expand the coverage of that

7 Act, and for other purposes. After general debate, which shall

8 be contined to the bill and shall continue not to exceed three

9 hours, to be equally divided and controlled by the chairman 10 and ranking minority member of the Committee on Educa

11 tion and Labor, the bill shall be read for anendment under

V

2

1

the five-minute rule. At the conclusion of the consideration

.

2 of the bill for amendment, the Committee shall rise and report

3 the bill to the llouse with such amendments as may have

4 been adopted, and the previous question shall be considered

5

as ordered on the bill and amendments thereto to final pass

6

age without intervening motion except one motion to 7 recommit.

32-781 (Vol. 1) 0 - 76 - 18

9:30 CONGRESS | HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

1st Session

REPORT No. 93-240

PROVIDING FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF H.R. 1935

MAY 30, 1973.—Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed

Mr. BOLLING, from the Committee on Rules,

submitted the following

REPORT

(To accompany H. Res. 419)

The Committee on Rules, having had under consideration House Resolution 419, by a nonrecord vote reports the same to the House with the recommendation that the resolution do pass.

(From the Congressional Record-House, June 5, 1973)

FAIR LABOR STANDARDS AMENDMENTS OF 1973 Mr. Dent. Mr. Speaker, I move that the House resolve into the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union for the consideration of the bill (H.R. 7935) to amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to increase the minimum wage rates under that act, to expand the coverage of that act, and for other purposes.

The SPEAKER. The question is on the motion offered by the gentleman from Pennsylvania.

The motion was agreed to.

IN THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE

Accordingly the House resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union for the consideration of the bill H.R. 7935, with Mr. Bolling in the chair.

The Clerk read the title of the bill. By unanimous consent, the first reading of the bill was dispensed with.

The CHAIRMAN. Under the rule, the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Dent) will be recognized for 112 hours, and the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Erlenborn) will be recognized for 112 hours. The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Pennsylvania.

(Mr. Dent asked and was given permission to revise and extend his remarks.)

Mr. Dent. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself such time as I may consume.

Mr. Chairman, periodically every 4 or 5 years some Member of this Congress since 1938 has had the duty of presenting to the House legislation amending an act first passed in 1938 establishing the minimum wage rate for these United States.

From that time to this, it has been the endeavor of all of the chairmen and Members of this Congress, by their vote, in every instance to try to arrive at some figure and at some point in time to a basic minimum wage covering the lower waged workers in America. We were the very first industrial Nation to pass this kind of legislation; yet, today I find no other major industrial nation that is still fragmentizing the minimum wage into various groups. It has created a situation where we still carry on an injustice in that particular area.

Even late coming, emerging industrial nations have seen fit to establish a minimum completely across the entire field of low-wage workers. This has a great deal of merit to it. It is difficult for the Congress, in its many duties which it has to perform, to study and come up with an equitable scheme every 4 or 5 years to try to blend the earnings of various groups into a respectable, reasonable basic wage.

We are talking in the main about the unemployed workers who are out of work and find work in that field of endeavor where the lowest wage is paid. These are not organized laborers. Organized labor has long since shown that it can and does get equity for its membership out of the production dollar and the service dollar spent in this country. We, in essence then, are the negotiating team for the millions of workers in this country who are not organized into bona fide labor unions.

Mr. Chairman, a minute ago some question was raised as to the jurisdiction of this committee in covering Federal employees under minimum wage. It is interesting to note that we already cover under minimum wage 636,000 Federal employees. It is interesting to note that we already also cover 2,817,000 State and local employees.

Men in industry, persons in business on Main Street said to me over the last 15 years or more “Why is it that you establish for me a basic minimum wage requirement and yet you do not do it for the local employees in town; you do not do it for State employees!"

We have done it, but this is the history of this legislation. We do it piecemeal. If we once arrive at a uniform minimum wage, then we can let the law of equity in a matter of earnings for the lower, unorganized workers of this country, work.

We do it for Federal employees. I tried in 1966 to have this House consider putting minimum wage levels under the same type of cost of living adjustment which propels the increase in wages for Federal employees, and in most instances is followed by State and local units. If we had tied the minimum wage to the cost of living index that this Congress and the executive branch have used to justify increasing Federal wages, the minimum wage worker who received his last pay increase to $1.60 an hour in 1968 would now be earning, with the vote of the Members of the House, $2.38 per hour. Those covered in 1966 would be receiving $2.19 per hour. .

Some of the cost-of-living increases in one single year have amounted to more than an entire year's earnings of a minimum wage worker in this country, if he worked 52 weeks a year and 40 hours every week of that year.

Things have been said about youth employment. What we tried to do in previous amendments is exactly what the gentleman from Illinois (Nr. Erlenborn) would do in his legislation. He retains the provisions of that bill voted by a large majority of this House, to establish a priority for part-time jobs and vacation jobs, by giving a differential to students.

Why did we do this? It was because at that time in history we had learned that one of the maladies which struck the educational field in America was the dropout. We have spent billions of dollars in picking up the dropout and trying to rehabilitate him with work training, with Youth Corps jobs, with outright spending of millions and hundreds of millions of dollars, to try to bring this group of dropouts back into the mainst ream of American employment and the American economy.

But we went further than that. This is one thing Members ought to know. I am sorry so many Members are absent, because there has been a very false impression given, one that is not backed by fact. The law also is here to read.

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