this he did not see why other languages the State Teachers' Association. The possessing the same peculiarities would Chair appointed as such committee Prof. not offer the same benefits. He alluded MCGRREGOR, and Messrs. Sabin and to the benefits to be derived from the HUTTON. Mr. CHAMBERLAIN, of Lanstudy of a modern language under the caster, Mr. Rait, of Sheboygan, Prof. light of a modern philology.

SALISBURY, of Whitewater, reported for Rev. Mr. PRADT said that he tlought their several localities. J. Q. EMERY, of the earlier a student could begin Latin Fort Atkinson, alluded in feeling terms the more rapid would be his progress. to the late Mr. PURDY, whose influence

President ALBEE said that he began was still manifest there. Prest. CHAPIN life in a saw mill and thus grew up reported for Beloit College; he stated thoroughly practical. So at the age of that they had inaugurated a philosophi21 he began the study of Latin and Greek, cal course, which should be completely on the idea of making it pay, and upon parallel to the classical course, requiring the dollar basis, he had found it to pay in as much preparation and giving equal the fullest sense of the term. He saw so culture. much culture outside of classical train. Prof. PETTIBONE, of the preparatory ing, that he sometimes thought that he school of Beloit College, explained the was drifting away from the ideas with working of that department. Prof. Eastwhich he graduated. Is there not so MAN reported for the Beloit public much in mathematics and science and our schools; Prof. Wood, for Racine; Prof. own language, that requires our attention WINCHELL. for the Milwaukee High to such an extent that it is hardly worth School; Mr. Marsh, for Waterloo; Prof. while to teach classics at all? The prac. KERR, for the State University; Supt. tical question for him, as the presiding Shaw, for Madison; Mr. Sabin, for Deofficer of a school preparing teachers, pere; Supt. Burton, for the Orphan's was, shall we leave out the classical Home; President ALBEE reported for the languages ? If the classics were in all Oshkosh Normal School, which the past cases additional, it would be well, but in year had sent out 70 teachers. Supt. most cases the question would be, what HUTCHins reported for Fond du Lac; must be omitted ? shall we omit anything Prof. McGREGOR, for Platteville Normal for the classics, and if so, what?

School; Mr. DURKEE reported a growing Mr. ReynoLDS said he thought that interest in classical studies in Kenosha; here in Wisconsin we were drifting to Mr. Brough reported for La Crosse; wards exclusively English studies. He Mr. CURRIER, for Stoughton. Dr. FALhoped that the subject would be further lows was called on, who spoke for the discussed, and a report given upon it. State at large, alluded to the growing

On motion of Mr. Emery, the subject prosperity of the State University, and was referred to a committee consisting the colleges of the State; said that we of President ALBEE, Prof. Allex and had the best institute system of any State, President CHAPIX.

and a common school system of which Adjourned.

all should be proud. AFTERNOON, Tuesday, Dec. 30.

Dr. S. H. CARPENTER, of the State Uni. The session opened with brief reports versity, spoke upon “The Relation of the by gentlemen from various parts of the different Educational Institutions of the State. This feature of the session was of State." He laid down the following progreat interest.

positions: On motion of Mr. PARKER, a Commit.

1. That the education furnished by the State tee of Conference was appointed to invite should be fundamental or disciplinary and not the County Superintendents to meet with | technical.

2. That provided it remains thus fundamental er development. We need just the work the State may furnish any grade of instruction.

done as suggested in the paper presented. 3. That the strictest economy of time, money. We need a practical definition of the priand force should be demanded.

4. That such economy demands that our educa- mary school, and such work well done. tional forces be so adjusted as to work in perfect Teachers who feel that there is something harmony-no results being unnecessarily dupli- in them wish to interest their pupils, and cated, and no desirable results omitted.

to teach everything up to geology, and 5. That economy forbids us to use any more or more expensive force than just sufficient to ac- the consequence is that the pupils can complish the desired result.

neither read, write nor cipher well. He From these propositions the following thought the paper would do good, is it inferences were drawn:

called attention to this single point. 1. The State should determine the grade of each

Mr. HOLFORD thought that there was a class of schools, and assign to each its appropriate damming up behind the point mentionwork.

ed, and that the primary schools needed 2. That the State should provide schools of a attention, as well as the intermediate grade intermediate between the common schools

schools. and the University, so that the educational current may be nowhere obstructed.

On motion of Mr. Every, the thanks 3. The principle of division of labor should be of the Association were tendered to the fully applied.

railway companies, the hotels, W. D. [We have the promise of a resume of Parker, the railway clerk, and the press, his remarks for next month.]

for courtesies extended. Mr. Marsi thought that if the educa.

EVENING SESSION, Dec. 30. tional work of the State were under mar

Prof. PARKER stated that this meeting tial law, such a system might be enforc. was not the regular session of the State ed; but it would not meet the public ap. Teachers Association, but had grown out probation.

of the Principal's Association. At the Mr. CHANDLER said that when any new

summer meeting there was but little opmeasure is proposed, some minds could portunity for discussion, and this meetonly see the difficulties in the way. Mr. ing had grown out of a felt want. As yet MARSH was a good hand to do it, but he it had no regular organization, and the had but a few moments ago said that they question was whether we should abandon had just now adopted this very system, the measure or go on. He proposed that and had established nine grades, from we organize under the general organizawhich no child could graduate, except tion of the State Teachers' Association, upon a careful examination. This point and moved that the officers of that Assoof unity is one which we must forever ciation be requested to call annually & keep in view, and the great objection to meeting of all the educational interests of the adoption of such a plan as that pro- the State at the capitol, at this time each posed, is the difficulties imagined to be

year, which was adopted. in the way.

Dr. Joseph Hobbins of Madison, read Dr. CHAPIN thought the discussion a paper ppon the Sanitary Regulations of should not end until more emphasis had the School Room and Number of School been given to the most practical point Hours. which had been brought forward, and [This important paper is printed in that was the lack of intermediate schools part, in the present number, and will be

a lack which ought to be met. Take finished next month.] the number of young men in all our col. On motion of Prof. MCGREGOR, the leges, and what a meagre number com- thanks of the Association were tendered pared with the million of people in the to Dr. Hobbins for his able and practical State. We need a larger culture, a broad.


Mr. LITTLE, of the Blind Asylum, said into families, each family being in charge that the Blind Asylum was a part of the of a man and woman, who take the place, school system of the State. They receiv. so far as care is concerned, of father and ed pupils from 8 to 20; although most of mother. Every boy has an employment them postponed their education until -- some in the tailor shop, some in the they had grown up. Their work was di. shoe shop, and others in the broom shop. vided into three classes; 1st, the common He thought there was great need of an school studies; 2d, the high school studies industrial school for girls. * and lastly, music. The three best organs President AREY, of the Whitewater in Rock county were played by blind Normal School, and W. D. PARKER, men. Every child was also taught some Principal of Janesville High School, industrial calling. The hand must be presented papers on the “Relation of the made to supply the place of the eye. The Public Schools to the Moral and Social number of avocations which the blind Well-being of the Community. can pursue is necessarily limited. Boys [We shall give these papers hereafter.] are taught broom-making, and the girls WEDNESDAY, A. M., Dec. 31. are taught music and sewing..

E. H. SPRAGUE, Principal at Elkhorn, Mr. WEED, of the Deaf and Dumb Asy. I read a paper upon “What Shall we lum, was glad to see that his institution Teach," and A. J. HUTTON, of West Eau was recognized as forming a part of the Claire, one upon “ The Moral Education school system of the State. Some ex. of the School Grounds and their Sur. pected too much and others too little of roundings." their pupils, as no standard could be fix- [We hope to obtain these papers for ed. They sought to give the mutes the future publication.] power of communicating with each other, Prof. CURTIS of the Winona Normal and generally to make them self-support. School gave an exercise in penmanship, ing. He asked the teachers to forward illustrating his system of teaching. the names of any deaf and dumb chil- l'pon motion of R. C. SPENCER, Presi. dren in their districts.

dent of Business College, Milwaukee, the Mr. HENDRICKSON, of the Industrial Association extended to Prof. Curtis a School, said that he came to listen and vote of thanks for his interesting and not to speak, but was glad of the oppor. instructive exercise. tunity to speak for the institution which Rev. Mr. Pratt opened the discussion be represented, as he was aware that from upon the topic, “ How can the teachers' the nature of their work, it was not very profession be rendered more respected, well known. But while at Whitewater and less precarious ?" He said that the he saw in the basement of the Normal second point was embraced in the first. School some of the stones from the old The first inquiry to be made is: Is there industrial school, which was burned a teacher's profession? If there is not, down a few years ago. This he took as the first step to be taken is to make the an augury that the industrial schopl had teachers's calling a truc profession. When entered the school system of the State. this is done, the teacher's position will at They had three classes – criminals, in. once be less precarious. Another imforrigibles and vagrants. They were all portant means is to secure proper organbright capable boys, ready to learn busi. ization. We had a loose sort of organi. ness habits, if not apt to learn by the ration, called the State Teachers' Associslow process of learning by books. They tion, but it was ephemeral. It should be had 194 pupils, Boys were educated in the made a permanent organization, with common school branches and every one corporate rights and powers. Another is taught a trade. The boys were divided | means is the establishment of profes.


sional schools of didactics. It is true abitity, although we may not admire the that we already have Normal schools, channel into which it has turned its ener but they do not go far enough.

The gies. teacher should be as thoroughly prepared [Messrs. North, CHANDLER, CHIPMAN, for his work as the physician or clergy- HOLFORD and others, made forcible re man. The ability to teach did not come marks upon the subject, sustaining the to any man by intuition.

general views taken by the other gentle Prof. McGREGOR, of Platteville, con- men, but it was we presume, in the re tinued the discussion. He said that a porter's absence, as we do not find a sketch simple statement of propositions was all of them.] that was needed. He was not prepared Mr. REYNOLDS thought that this wan to say that teachers were not respected. of professional spirit among teachers is He thought they were, bnt if their posi- due to the fact that, from Maine to Flor tion could be rendered less unstable they ida, no teacher knows at the end of the would be more respected.

school year where he is to be the nex Another reason is the fickleness of Dis year. Boards of education are apt to be trict Boards. Fault is found with the arbitrary and discharge teachers upor teacher, whispered at first, finally the mere whims, so that no one feels that lu Board is enlisted and the position made has any certain tenure of office. uncomfortable.

Adjourned until 3 P. M. Another reason sometimes assigned is

AFTERNOON SESSION, Dec. 31. inadequacy of salary, but he thought that

Meeting called to order by Pres. RET that as a general rule the teachers were * receiving all that they earned. When

After various remarks by different in teachers fitted themselves to earn more, dividuals, the meeting adjourned sine di salaries would be higher.

B. M. REYNOLDS, President. Another reason is that in most districts

J. Q. EMERY, Secretary. school is kept not to exceed five months. The teachers therefore must seek other CONVENTION OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS employment for a part of the year. The

The County Superintendents of School first remedy is to seek teachers of ma- met in Annual Session in Madison, Mon turer years. The law now allows a cer- day evening, Dec. 29, 1873. tificate to be issued to all persons over 16; Hon. SAMUEL Fallows was unan he proposed that State certificates be is- mously called to the chair, and GEORG sued to persons who have successfully SKEWES, of' Racine county, was chose and successively taught in the same place Secretary. for five years. It might be a visionary On calling the roll of Superintendent suggestion, but would it not be well for and Superintendents elect, the followin our villages to build a house for the were found to be present: teacher, as churches build a parsonage

Alex. F. North,

Geo. Skewes. for the preacher. He endorsed the view A. A. Spencer,

I. N. Stewart, of Mr. PRADT favoring a closer organiza. Thos. Malone,

W.J. Waggonet tion for mutual support. He did not ad. W. H. Holford, J. H. Terry, vocate strikes, but he would cultivate a

LeRoy J. Burlingame, S. A. Craig,

Theo. S. Chipman, W. H. Chandler greater espirit du corps. There ought to J. B. Tracy,

D. H. Morgan, be in every Assembly district a teachers' W. B. Minaghan, J. S. Foley, association, holding three or four meet 0. B. Wyman, M. H. Lynch,

Michael Kirwan, P. Flanagan, ings a year.

| A. O. Wright,

A. E. Howard, The great want is ability. We all ad. M. J. Frawley, W. H. Peck, mire ability, bow to ability, and respect W. J. Johnson, J. T. Flavin.

Gen. Fallows introduced Hon. Ed- to the subject: “ Change of the time of ward SEARING, State Superintendent electing County Superintendent." plect.

He would not change the time but let On motion of W. H. CHANDLER, the political parties be responsible for the meeting adjourned for the evening to men they selected to fill this important meet in joint session with the Executive office. Session of the State Teachers' Associ. W. H. Chandler would take the matter ation.

out of politics altogether, and place the TUESDAY MORNING, Dec. 30. appointing power in the hands of the C. E. Mears, of Polk county, not being State Superintendent. present, the subject assigned him, “Town.

Mr. North moved that the subject be ship system to be made compulsory," was dropped. Motion prevailed. omitted, and J. H. Terry, of Sauk county,

* School Visitation" was spoken upon read a paper on extending the time of by W. H. Chandler. School visitation county certificates. He would have the should be attended by a careful collation present first grade certificates done away of facts and statistics. He takes notes on with, as they nearly approach the five matters worthy of mention and publishes years' state certificate, and make the press them in the paper of his district. He ent second grade certificate answer for works with the children by talking to the first grade with two years' duration; them about what is desirable to have in the second as the third now stands, and the school room and having them appeal for a third the same as for the second, but to their parents for those improvements with a lower standing.

which their superintendent says they Michael Kirwan objected to this

ought 10 have. Made some suggestion change, and preferred to change the state

about not condemning school houses, as

the better sentiment should prevail that certificates, uniting the present second grade and limited five years' certificates.

it would be a disgrace to any district in

having its school building condemned. Alex. F. North objected to the first

A. F. North approved of what was said grade certificates being granted for the

by the last speaker. Would approve of term of three years, as it might remove a

visiting schools at least one-half of a day number of teachers from the examina- at a time; also considered it a good time tions of the incoming Superintendent.

to arrive at the real statistics of the disW. H. Holford would grant third grades trict. for six months, and second grades for

J. H. Terry would do more, by leaving eighteen months, and first grades for two the situation of affairs in the district, and years.

making an acquaintance of the people Theo. S. Chipman would grant third

and their condition and needs. grades for one year, second grades for

D. H. Morgan would give special attentwo years, and first grades for three years. tion to the surroundings of buildings. I. X. Stewart concurred with Mr. North

Mr. Kirwan reminded us of the difficul. in that first grade certificates be granted ties in school visitation. Too many

schools cannot receive the attention they On motion, the subject was referred to should. Hurried visits must be made, or a committee of three. The chair ap- some of the schools be neglected in larger pointed Alex. F. North, chairman, W. H. counties. ("handler and Michael Kirwan.

W. H. Chandler visited the poorest class 1.0. Wright being absent, the subject of teachers first, leaving those whom he " Increase of School Fund” was passed could trust until he could reach them in per and A. F. North called on to speak his own good time.

but for two years.

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