sional schools of didactics. It is true abitity, although we may not admire the that we already have Normal schools, channel into which it has turned its enr: but they do not go far enough. The gies. teacher should be as thoroughly prepared ! (Messrs. Worth, C'HANDLER, CHIPX4. for his work as the physician or clergy-, HOLFORD and others, made forcible to

The ability to teach did not come marks upon the subject, sustaining the to any man by intuition.

general views taken by the other gentie: Prof. MCGREGOR, of Platteville, con- men, but it was we presume, in the it tinued the discussion. He said that a porter's absence, as we do not find a sketch simple statement of propositions was all of them.] that was needed. He was not prepared Mr. REYNOLDS thought that this want to say that teachers were not respected. of professional spirit among teacher: is He thought they were, bnt if their posi- due to the fact that, from Maine to Flortion could be rendered less unstable they ida, no teacher knows at the end of the would be more respected.

school year where he is to be the next Another reason is the fickleness of Dis year. Boards of education are apt to be trict Boards. Fault is found with the arbitrary and discharge teachers upon teacher, whispered at first, finally the mere whims, so that no one feels that he Board is enlisted and the position made has any certain tenure of office. uncomfortable.

Adjourned until 3 P. M. Another reason sometimes assigned is

AFTERNOON SESSION, Dec. 31. inadequacy of salary, but he thought that

Meeting called to order by Pres. RET: that as a general rule the teachers were receiving all that they earned. When

After various remarks by different in teachers fitted themselves to earn more, dividuals, the meeting adjourned sine di, salaries would be higher.

B. M. REYNOLDS, President. Another reason is that in most districts

J. Q. EMERY, Secretary. school is kept not to exceed five months. The teachers therefore must seek other CONVENTION OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS employment for a part of the year. The

The County Superintendents of Schools first remedy is to seek teachers of ma- met in Annual Session in Madison, Mon. turer years. The law now allows a cer-day evening, Dec. 29, 1873. tificate to be issued to all persons over 16; Hon. SAMUEL Fallows was unani. he proposed that State certificates be is. mously called to the chair, and GEORGE sued to persons who have successfully SKEWES, of Racine county, was chosen and successively taught in the same place Secretary. for five years. It might be a visionary On calling the roll of Superintendents suggestion, but would it not be well for and Superintendents elect, the following our villages to build a house for the were found to be present: teacher, as churches build a parsonage Alex. F. North, Geo. Skewes, for the preacher. He endorsed the view A. A. Spencer,

I. N. Stewart, of Mr. PRADT favoring a closer organiza. Thos. Malone,

W.J. Waggoner. tion for mutual support. He did not ad. W. H. Holford, J. H. Terry,

LeRoy J. Burlingame, S. A. Craig, vocate strikes, but he would cultivate

Theo. S. Chipman, W. H. Chandler, greater espirit du corps. There ought to J. B. Tracy,

D. H. Morgan, be in every Assembly district a teachers' W. B. Minaghan, J. S. Foley, association, holding three or four meet. 0. B. Wyman, M. H. Lynch,

Michael Kirwan, ings a year.

P. Flanagan, | A. O. Wright,

A. E. Howard, The great want is ability. We all ad. M. J. Frawley, W. H. Peck, mire ability, bow to ability, and respect W. J. Johnson, J. T. Flarin.

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Gen. Fallows introduced Hon. ED. to the subject: “ Change of the time of
WARD SEARING, State Superintendent electing County Superintendent."

He would not change the time but let
On motion of W. H. CHANDLER, the political parties be responsible for the
meeting adjourned for the evening to men they selected to fill this important
meet in joint session with the Executive office.
Session of the State Teachers' Associ. W. H. Chandler would take the matter

out of politics altogether, and place the TUESDAY MORNING, Dec. 30. appointing power in the hands of the C. E. Mears, of Polk county, not being State Superintendent. present, the subject assigned him, “Town

Mr. North moved that the subject be ship system to be made compulsory," was dropped. Motion prevailed. omitted, and J. H. Terry, of Sauk county,

School Visitation” was spoken upon read a paper on extending the time of by W. H. Chandler. School visitation county certificates. He would have the should be attended by a careful collation present first grade certificates done away of facts and statistics. He takes notes on with, as they nearly approach the five matters worthy of mention and publishes

years' state certificate, and make the press them in the paper of his district. He ent second grade certificate answer for works with the children by talking to the first grade with two years' duration; them about what is desirable to have in the second as the third now stands, and the school room and having them appeal for a third the same as for the second, but to their parents for those improvements with a lower standing.

which their superintendent says they Michael Kirwan objected

ought to have. Made some suggestion

this change, and preferred to change the state

about not condemning school houses, as certificates, uniting the present second

the better sentiment should prevail that grade and limited five years' certificates.

it would be a disgrace to any district in

having its school building condemned. Alex. F. North objected to the first

A. F. North approved of what was said grade certificates being granted for the by the last speaker. Would approve of term of three years, as it might remove a

visiting schools at least one-half of a day number of teachers from the examina- at a time; also considered it a good time tions of the incoming Superintendent.

to arrive at the real statistics of the disW. H. Holford would grant third gradestrict. for six months, and second grades for

J. H. Terry would do more, by leaving Highteen months, and first grades for two the situation of affairs in the district, and Theo. S. Chipman would grant third and their condition and needs.

making an acquaintance of the people rades for one year, second grades for

D. H. Morgan would give special atten. {wo years, and first grades for three years. tion to the surroundings of buildings. I. N. Stewart concurred with Mr. North

Mr. Kirwan reminded us of the difficul. in that first grade certificates be granted tics in school visitation. Too many

schools cannot receive the attention they On motion, the subject was referred to should. Hurried visits must be made, or 1 committee of three. The chair ap- some of the schools be neglected in larger pointed Alex. F. North, chairman, W. H. counties. (handler and Michael Kirwan.

W. H. Chandler visited the poorest class A. O. Wright being absent, the subject of teachers first, leaving those whom he * Increase of School Fund” was passed could trust until he could reach them in nger and A. F. North called on to speak his own good time.


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A. A. Spencer said that after the super- I intendent the power to compel attendance intendent has gone over the ground and on Institutes, inasmuch as the State proknows the condition of the schools, a vides for and defrays their expenses, and short call will often do more good than a said the lack of interest on the part of longer one, by making suggestions di. teachers in attending these institutes and rectly on the difficulties apparent, which, teachers's associations was discouraging. if made after remaining in the school Prof. Graham suggested to superintend. room for half a day or more, would seem ents that a specific statement of what is more personal than if done at once. He to be done in an institute be published takes statistics and compares them with two weeks before the holding of same in town clerks' reports.

order to give teachers a chance to preW. B. Minaghan said much might be pare themselves for the work. That four done through the personal influence of branches should be so specified and what the superintendent, through lectures, etc. is to be done in each. Would give five

J. L. Foley would note first the condi per cent. additional standing on account: tion of schools and surroundings, then of actual attendance on the institute. visitation of patrons in the district; made Would have the State Superintendent objections to the issuing of printed cir- publish names of all County Superinculars suggesting improvements, as they dents holding institutes, with number were disregarded, and often considered attending, also the number not holding by district meetings as impertinent in institutes. reminding them of their duties.

W. H. Chandler brought all of his A. E. Howard approved of circulars as | teachers to the institutes by combining they had effected good in his county. them with the examinations of three

J.H. Terry and others warmly approved days duration. of sending out circulars recommending On motion, meeting adjourned until improvements to district boards and an- two o'clock. nual meetings.

TUESDAY, P. Meeting called to Gec. Skewes spoke on “School Diary order at 2:20. Gen. Fallows in the chair. and Reports;" he would have superin.

After roll call, W. H. Holford read a tendents use some approved uniform

paper on "Town Superintendency." diary or note book, and thought teachers

On invitation of Prof. McGregor, meetshould report monthly, and also at the close of the term of school, on monthly with Convention of Teachers.

ing adjourned to mcet in joint session report cards and note books provided for

FIVE O'CLOCK, P. M.-Called to order that purpose, so that the statistics of the several districts might be corrected as

by Supt. Fallows. Discussion immedifar as possible from them.

ately followed on Change of number of A. O. Wright would give attention to

days of school month." particulars more for his own information, Mr. Burlingame led by reading a paper than for the purpose of correcting reports relative to this point, favoring twenty for the Superintendent's office.

days to the school month, or, if teaching “Additional Powers of County Super- twenty-two days, that the teacher be al. intendents," was considered by D. H. Mor. lowed to teach on Saturdays, so that the gan. After enumerating powers


school month shall close within the cal. intendents, would give additional power

endar month. to change text books, and remove one A. F. North recommended that twenty class to another if it should be deemed days school work be considered a legal proper.

school month. W. H. Chandler would give the super- Theo. S. Chipman would have the


teacher work as many days per month as ! Meeting adjourned to meet at half-past a laborer in any other profession. seven o'clock, p. m.

I. N. Stewart, A. A. Spencer and A. O. Evening session called to order by Gen. Wright would have five days in the week Fallows, at 7:30. and twenty days per month.

A. F. North opened the discussion on W. H. Chandler would have the district County Academies, warmly urging the board contract with the teacher for what necessity of institutions of this kind to might be agreeable to both board and supply the missing link to make the leacher and abide by the same.

proper connection in the educational Michael Kirwan would have a definite agencies of our State, it would meet a law on this subject, thus ending so much want in supplying our schools with prac

tical teachers. difficulty growing out of the law as it now reads,

I. N. Stewart endorsed all said by the After deliberate discussion, the follow. last speaker, and added that the conducting resolution, offered by Le Roy J. Bur. 'ing of these County Academies would be lingame, with slight amendment, was an open field for the labor of students adopted :

and graduates of our Normal Schools, Resolved, by the County and City Superinten- and inquired of the practibility of build. etats, in Contention assembled, That twenty days ing these Normal Academies. actual work, and not more than five days in any

Rev. J. B. Pradt spoke of the way in one week should constitute a legal school month, and that a committee of three be appointed by the which our funds are obtained, and the chair to lay the same before the Educational Leg- use made of them, and what might be islative committee, during the present session of done with them to better advantage in the Legislature and to labor for the passage of favoring this project. He spoke very fa

vorably of this movement and of the necThe chair appointed Messrs. Rev. J. essity for it to supply our higher instituB. Pradt. I. N. Stewart, L. J. Burlingame. tions of learning with a better class of

The next subject taken up was • Teach students, and to take out so much of the ers Institutes and County Academies."

primary work as in new done by them. 0. J. Taylor spoke of the present valu. | The subject was very thoroughly disable institute gatherings of the State; rec. cussed by most of the members present, ommended that a programme should be all favoring the work. The following printed and sent out to the teachers giv. resolution was offered and adopted : ing them due time for preparation. He Resolved, That it is the sense of this Convention believed in institute work and thought that the establishment of the County Academies it the best and most efficient means of is approved, and that a committee of three be ap

pointed consisting of Messrs J. H Terry, W. H. raising the standard of teachers.

Chandler and W.J. Waggoner to bring this subI. V. Stewart heartily approved of in-ject before the legislature. stitute work, and recommended that very ** Examination of Teachers” was spok. much more of this work be done in the en upon by A. O. Wright; he showed State.

the value of public examinations, would A. 0. Wright would recommend a have applicants for such write as long week's institute to be held in every part on thorough questions as is required in of the county, and followed by an exam- the public examinations. The subject ination, thus giving all an opportunity to was participated in at length by nearly attend some one of these meetings. all the convention.

W. H. Chandler spoke at some length The following resolution was introducin favor of the institute work now being ed by W. H. Chandler, and unanimously carried on in the State.


such a bill.

Résolcel, That in the judgement of this conven- : secured, and it argued that no compulsory tion, the district boards of the several school dis- law could be operated in Wisconsin, betricts of this state should be required to furnish the teachers employed by thein, a blank book

cause a large majority of citizens would suitable for the enrollment of all attendants upon deem its operation an infringement of the respective schools under their charge, and personal liberty. The report said that that each teacher should be required to enroll the actual school attendance of all inthe scholars attending ench year, so that it would habitants of the countries named was clearly show: 1st. The name of each scholar attending school

as follows: during the year.

In Italy, 6 per cent. of all. 2d. The age of each scholar attending school

In Ireland, 872 per cent. of all. during the year. 3d. The number of days each scholar has attend

In France, 10 per cent. of all. ed school during each of the months the school In England, 11 per cent. of all. has been in session during the year.

In Scotland, 14 per cent, of all. 4th. A classification of the attendants, so that

In Denmark, 13 per cent. of all. all between the ages of 4 and 7, 7 and 15, 15 and 20, should be clearly shown.

In Norway and Sweden, 13 per ct. of all. At the close of the session A. F. North

In Holland, 14 per cent. of all. offered the following resolution which

1 In Germany and Switzerland, 18 per

cent. of all. was heartily endorsed by every member of the convention:

In Wisconsin, 29 per cent. of all.

These results were quite satisfactory; Resolved, By the County Superintendents of the State of Wisconsin in session at Madison, that the but the question in America is, how to Hon. Samuel Fallows, in removing from our reach the large number of youth who State, has our warmest wishes for his success in do not attend school, and this question his new vocation, and our sincere thanks for the was not touched by the Assembly report. kind and courteous attention shown to us at all times, and the warm sympathy he has uniformly In 1870 there were 34,000 youth of school had with us in our work.

age in Wisconsin, who did not attend After a few brief words the convention school, and more than 3,000,000 such in the adjourned, closing a very pleasant ses

United States, according to the report sion in which good work had been done, from the National Bureau of Education and the members dispersed, feeling for 1870. What shall be done for this strengthened and encouraged by the in one person in every eight — not one child terview.

in every eight children, but one person SAMUEL FALLOWS, President.

in every eight persons, young and old, GEO. SKEWES, Secretary.

who never attend school, is the question

that arrests the attention of the philan. COMPULSORY ATTENDANCE AT SCHOOL. thropist and economist.

The report of the committee of the Massachusetts has met this questien and Assembly of 1871, upon compulsory at- practically solved it, and the law in that tendance of children at school, was a re. commonwealth seems to meet every oh. markable document by reason of show. jection which can be raised to the theory ing everything which those desiring light of compulsory attendance. Living under knew before, and omitting the issue made the severe teachings which discarded by those who have endeavored to make everything that trammeled individual the schools more efficient and compre. freedom, accustomed to independent hensive by securing the attendance of thought and action, yet her people found children now growing up in idleness and it necessary to do more than merely supignorance. The report showed that the ply public schools, and they have put voluntary system in Wisconsin effected into successful operation, a system of the attendance of fifty per cent. more per. compulsory attendance which doubtless sons than the compulsory law of Germany makes many good citizens of the youth,


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