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Foods other than milk were adulterated in 1883, 31.2; in 1890, 18.6; and in 1900, 14.2. Percentage of drugs adulterated in 1883 was 40.8; in 1890, 18.7; and in 1900, 50.2, the only increase shown.
The final word, therefore, is, first inform yourself, then work for better conditions in the community and nation.
THE NATIONAL PURE FOOD LAW
Extracts from the text of the national pure food law, passed by Congress on June 29, 1906:An Act for preventing the Manufacture, Sale, or Transportation
of Adulterated or Misbranded or Poisonous or Deleterious Foods, Drugs, Medicines, and Liquors, and for regulating Traffic therein, and for Other Purposes.
The term “food,” as used herein, shall include all articles used for food, drink, confectionery, or condiment by man or other animals, whether simple, mixed, or compound.
Sec. 7. That for the purposes of this Act an article shall be deemed to be adulterated:
Second. If its strength or purity fall below the professed standard or quality under which it is sold.
In the case of confectionery:
If it contain terra alba, barytes, talc, chrome yellow, or other mineral substance or poisonous color or flavor, or other ingredient deleterious or detrimental to health, or any vinous, malt or spirituous liquor or compound or narcotic drug.
In the case of food:
First. If any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuriously affect its quality or strength.
Second. If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article.
Third. If any valuable constituent of the article has been wholly or in part abstracted.
Fourth. If it be mixed, colored, powdered, coated, or stained in a manner whereby damage or inferiority is concealed. Fifth. If it contain any added poisonous or other added deleterious ingredient which may render such article injurious to health : Provided, · That when in the preparation of food products for shipment they are preserved by an external appli. cation applied in such manner that the preservative is necessarily removed mechanically, or by maceration in water, or otherwise, and directions for the removal of said preservative shall be printed on the covering or the package, the provisions of this Act shall be construed as applying only when said products are ready for consumption.
Sixth. If it consists in whole or in part of a filthy, decomposed, or putrid animal or vegetable substance, or any portion of an animal unfit for food, whether manufactured or not, or if it is the product of a diseased animal, or one that has died otherwise than by slaughter.
Sec. 8. That the term “misbranded,” as used herein, shall apply to all drugs, or articles of food, or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear any statement, design or device regarding such article, or the ingredients or substances contained therein, which shall be false or misleading in any particular, and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the State, Territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced.
First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article.
Second. If it be labeled or branded so as to deceive or mislead the purchaser, or purport to be a foreign product when not so, or if the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed in whole or in part and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if it fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine, chloroform, cannabis indica, chloral hydrate, or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any of such substances contained therein.
Third. If in package form, and the contents are stated in terms of weight or measure, they are not plainly and correctly stated on the outside of the package.
Fourth. If the package containing it or its label shall bear any statement, design, or device regarding the ingredients or the substances contained therein, which statement, design, or device shall be false or misleading in any particular: Provided, That an article of food which does not contain any added poisonous or deleterious ingredients shall not be deemed to be adulterated or misbranded in the following cases:
First. In the case of mixtures or compounds which may be now or from time to time hereafter known as articles of food, under their own distinctive names, and not an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article, if the name be accompanied on the same label or brand with a statement of the place where said article has been manufactured or produced.
Second. In the case of articles labeled, branded, or tagged so as to plainly indicate that they are compounds, imitations or blends, and the word “compound,” “imitation,” or “blend,” as the case may be, is plainly stated on the package in which it is offered for sale: Provided, That the term blend as used herein shall be construed to mean a mixture of like substances, not excluding harmless coloring or flavoring ingredients used for the purpose of coloring and flavoring only: And provided further, That nothing in this Act shall be construed as requiring or compelling proprietors or manufacturers of proprietary foods which contain no unwholesome added ingredient to disclose their trade formulas, except in so far as the provisions of this Act may require to secure freedom from adulteration or misbranding.
For more complete bibliography see Leach's “Food Inspection and Analysis " and Winton's “Microscopy of Vegetable Foods." Bailey Sanitary and Applied Chemistry Macmillan Co.,
Food Preservatives and Their Van Nostrand &
Co., New York Frankland, P. Bacteria in Daily Life
Longmans, Green and G. C.
& Co., London Green Food Products of the World Hotel World,
Chicago Harrop Flavoring Extracts with Essences, Harrop & Co., Syrups, and Coloring
Columbus, O. Leach Food Inspection and Analysis Wiley & Sons,
New York Richards First Lessons in Food and Diet Whitcomb & Bar
rows, Boston Richards Cost of Food
Wiley & Sons,
New York Richards and Air, Water, and Food
Wiley & Sons, Woodman
New York Snyder Chemistry of Plant and Animal Macmillan Co., Life
New York Packing-house Industries, Cot- International
tonseed Oil, Manufacture of Text-Book Co., Leather and Soap
Scranton, Pa. Thurber Coffee from Plantation to Cup American Grocer
Pub. Asso., New
York Chocolate Plant and Its Products Walter Baker Co. Winton and Microscopy of Vegetable Foods Wiley & Sons, Moeller
Milk Inspection and Milk
Feb. 2, 1895
Canada, Bul. 89