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Ophthalmic, of.Thăľ.měk, pertaining to the eye.
Greek ophthalmo-sophthalmos]odune, pain in the eye.
Greek ophthalmo-sophthalmos]douleia, eye-service.
treats of the eye; ophthalmologist, of'.Thủl.mol”..djíst. Greek opthalmo- [ophthalmos) 10gos, treatise on the eye. Ophthalmo-ptosis, of.Thăl.mop.to".sīs, protrusion of the
whole eye. (Greek opthalmo- ptosis, eye falling out.) Ophthalmo-scope, of'.Thăť.mo.skāpe, an instrument for in
specting the eye; ophthalmoscopy, of'.thăľ.mo.sko.py.
always -0-.) Opiate, o.p.āte, a narcotic. (See Opium.) Opine, 7.pīne', to think, to suppose; opined (2 syl.), opin-ing
(R. xix.), 7.pīne'.ing. (Lat. opinor, to think, to suppose.) Opinion, o.pin'.yun, belief, conviction, notion; opinionated,
o.pin'.ž.š.nāte.ěd, conceited, wedded to one's own opinions; opinionative, o.pin'.r.o.nā.tīv; opin'ionative-ly, opin'...
ionative-ness; opinioned, o.pžn'.yŭnd; opinion-ist.
Latin opinio, gen. Opinionis, v. Opīnāri; French opinion. Opium, ó'.pž.ŭm, the juice of the white poppy (used as a medicine).
Opiate, 7'.pi.ate, a narcotic; opiated, 7'.pă.ate.ed, mixed
with opium. (Lat. õpium; Gk. õpion, from-opos, juice.). Opodeldoc (not opidildock), 7'.po.dět".doc, a liniment.
A word coined by Paracelsus (du grec opos, suc, et d'un mot arabe). Opossum, o.pos'.sum, an American and Australian animal, the
females have an abdominal pouch in which they can carry
their young, contracted to 'possum. (Indian opassom.) Oppidan, õp'.pă.dăn, an Eton student, not on the foundation,
who boards in the town. Sometimes applied to university
students who lodge in the town. (Latin oppidānus.) Opponent, õp.ponent (not o.poʻ.nent), an adversary, a rival.
Opponency, õp.poʻ.něn.cy, a disputation in the schools, in
which the student opposes the professor. If the professor
opposes the student it is an Act.
Latin opponens, gen. -nentis (op[ob) pono, to place in opposition). Opportunity, plu. opportunities (Rule xliv.), op'.por.tū".nž.tiz
(not oʻ.por.tū".nž.ty), an occasion, a convenient time, &c.; opportune, op'.por.tūne ; opportune'-ly, opportune'-ness. Lat. opportūnitas, opportūnus (op[ob]portus, over-against the haven). It means “timely as a port to a ship.”
Oppose, õp.pāze' (not o'.pāze), to confront, to resist; opposed'
(2 syl.), oppos’-ing (Rule xix.), oppos'ing-ly, oppos'-er,
oppos'-able. (Only -ce and .ge retain the -e before -able.) Opposite, op'.po.zõt (not op'.po.zite), in front; opposite-ly,
opposite-ness. Oppositive, õp'.po.ză.tīv. Opposition, õp'.po.zish”ăn, hostility, contrariety; opposi.
tion-ist, oppo'nent; oppoʻnency, a school disputation. Latin oppositio, oppositum (op[ob]ponere, supine positum, to place
in opposition). (See Opponent.) Oppress, õp.press (not o.press'), to treat harshly, to overtax;
oppressed, õp.prěst'; oppress’-ing, oppress’-or (R. xxxvii.) Oppression, op.prèsh'.ŭn (not o.presh'.on, a common error). Oppressive, op.prés'.siv (not o.prés'.siv, a common error),
oppressive-ly, oppressive-ness. Lat. oppressio, oppressor, oppressus, v. opprimo (op[ob]primo ( premo),
to press down); Fr. oppresser, oppression, oppressif, oppresseur. Opprobrious, õp.pro'.brž.ūs, abusive, offensive; oppro'brious-ness,
oppro'brious-ly. Opprobrium, plu. opprobriums, -ūmz.
Latin opprobrium, opprobriosus, v. opprobrāre (op[ob) probrum.) Oppugn, õp.pūne', to deny. Impugn, im.pune', to
Oppūned (2 syl.), oppūn'-ing (Rule xix.), oppūn'-er.
Latin oppugno (op[ob) pugno, to fight against).
Optic, õp'.tik, relating to optics; optic lens, optic nerves.
par’allax, that of objects viewed by one eye alternately. Optigraph, op'.tă.grăf, a telescope for copying landscapes. Optometer, õp.tõm'ě.ter, an instrument for determining
the limits of distinct vision.
All the sciences derived from Greek words ending in -ka are plu.,
music, and rhetoric. Latin opticus, optice, optics. Optimates, õp'.tă.mātes, the magnates of ancient Rome.
Senior Optime, se'.nž.or op'.tă.me, one of the second class of
the mathematical Tripos in the Camb. exam. for degrees. Ju'nior optime, one of the third class of the mathematical
Tripos... The first class are called Wranglers, and the first of the first class is called The Senior Wrangler. Optimism, õp'.tă.mizm, the doctrine that “whatever is is best.” Op'timist, one who thinks that “whatever is is best,” one who thinks man will go on improving as long
as the world endures. A pes'siinist thinks that nothing can be worse than the present order of things, and that
the world goes on from worse to worse.
Lat. optimas, plu. optimātes, optimus (opto, to wish), all one can wish. Option, õp'.shữn, choice; option-ăl, op'tional-ly. (Lat. optio.) Opulent (one -P-), õp'pů.lent, wealthy; opʻulent-ly. Opʻulence,
op'pă.lence. (Lat. opulentia, opulentus, from opes, wealth.) Opuscule, o.půs'.kūle, a brochure. (Lat. opusculum, a little work.) -or, frequently follows t- and s-, instead of -er (Latin -tor, -sor),
an agent. It is a pity the rule is not universal. -or (Latin suffix), abstract nouns : error, labor, terror; some of
this class of words retain the Frenchified -our. (No useful object is gained by retaining the French ending (1), because
80 many words have lost it, and (2) because so many have it which
are not from the French.) | During the present century it has been dropped in the following
words : emperor, error, exterior, horror, inferior, interior, successor,
superior. In many other words it had been dropped before. It is retained in the following words, none of which are French:
arbour, behaviour, clangour, demeanour, endeavour, flavour, neigh
bour, tremour. 1 In the following it quite misleads : armour (armure), harbour (hâvre),
parlour (parloir), rancour (rancune). Only nineteen words remain to keep up the delusion. (See -our.) .: Whence it follows that uniformity requires one of two things: either
that every noun of this category should end in -or or -our, as every adjective ends in -ous . or else that all nouns from the French -eur should end in -our, and none besides, or the "trumpet gives an
uncertain sound.” Or, gold (in Her.), (conj.) correlative of either. (?) Or or Nor in negative sentences. RULE (1) If the negation refers to both or all together "nor;" but
(2) If the negation refers to either one not both together “or.”
(3) After neither or nor, the correlative must be “nor." It is not for kings to drink wine nor for princes strong drink. Whoever honoureth not his father or mother let him die the death. Fight neither with small nor great (1 Kings xxii. 31). Thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor the stranger.. (Ex. xx. 10). Or ever, before (a corruption of ere ever, before ever). “Or,” Old Eng. oththe or oththon: Tell us by what auctoritie thou
doest these thynges, other (oththon] who is he that gave the thys
auctoritie.—Tyndale, “New Testament." Oracle, õr'ră.k’l. Auricle, aw'.rž.k’l, the external ear.
Oracle, a divine response, the temple where oracles were
consulted, the deity or person who utters the response, &c.
Orac'ular-ly; oraculous, o.răk ků.lūs ; orac'ulous-ness.
oracle, is from lègo, to say or speak. Cicero says: "quòd inest in
his (oraculis) deorum oratio”).
“Auricular,” Latin auriculāris, áuricülārius (auris, an ear). Oral, oʻrăl. Horal, hoʻrăl. Aural, aw'.răl.
Oral,o'.răl, by word of mouth; oral-ly. (Fr.oral; Lat.08 õris.)
Aural, aw'.răl, pertaining to the ear. (Latin auris, the ear.) Orange, õr'rinj, a fruit, a colour; orangery, ör'r'nj.ry (not
õrněnjěr.y), a house where oranges are reared artificially. Orange-man, plu. -men, one of the Irish protestant society
organised, A.D. 1689, in support of William-of-Orange. Orange-tawny, a brown yellow colour; orange-musk, a
species of pear; china orange, tchi'.nah ör'r'nj. Orange-ade (3 syl.), a drink made with orange-juice. French orange ( pomum aurantiim, the golden fruit, aurum, gold, the
“golden fruit of the Hesperides,” so famed in fable). Orang outang, 7.răng' oo.tang', one of the ape tribe.
Malay orang houtan, the wild man (of the woods). Oration, o.ray'.shăn, a speech. Horatian, ho.ray".shặ'ăn, after
the manner of Horace, the Roman poet. Orator, öroră.tor (Rule xxxvii.); oratorical, õr'ră.tör'rž.kăl ;
oratorical-ly. Oratory, or ră.to.ry, the art of an orator. Oratory, plu. oratories, õr'ră.to.rīz, a private chapel. (This comes from the Latin oräre, to pray, and it would have been
much better if we had accepted the French oratoire. Oratorio, plu. oratorios, or ră.tör"'ră.āze, a sacred musical
drama without acting, scenery, or character costume. (In the Latin the "ā” of all these words is long, as it is in “orātion.")
Orātio, orātor, orātorium; Italian oratorio; French oratorio. Orb, a celestial sphere, a hollow globe; orb of day, the sun;
orb of night, the moon; orb-like; orbed (1 syl.) Orbit, or.bit, the path of a heavenly body; orbital. Orbicular, or.bik'ŭ.lar, spherical; orbic'ular-ly, orbicular
ness. Orbiculate, or.bik'.ŭ.late, orbicular; orbic'ulāted.
Latin orbicŭlāris, orbiculatus, orbis, v. orbitāre. Orc, a species of whale, a man-eating sea-monster.
Old English orc, a goblin; Latin orca, a whale; Greek urcha. Orcadian, or.kā'.dž.ăn, pertaining to the Orkney Islands, a native
of the Orkneys. (Lat. orcăděs (orca), the whale-islands.) Orchard, orch'ird, a fruit-garden; orch'ard-ist, one who cultivates
an orchard as a trade; orch'ard-ing, making orchards, Old English ortgeard or orteerd a herb garden.
Orchestra, or'.kės.trah (not ok'.kės.trah), a place assigned to
musicians, the musicians assembled in an orchestra ; orchestral, or.kes'.trăl, suitable to an orchestra, &c.
Gk. orchestra, the space where the chorus danced (orchéomai, to dance). Orchis, or'.kis [or orchid, or'.kid], a plant; orchidaceous (Rule
lxvi.), or'.ki.day''.shús; orchideous, or.kid'ě.ŭs. Orchidacem, or' ki.day".sē.ē (-aceæ, an order of plants). Greek orches, testicule, à cause de la forme des bulbes (Bouillet).
Latin orchis, gen. orchttis; French orchis or orchide.
Ord, an edge, a beginning :_as ords and ends, corrupted
into odds and ends. (Old Eng. ord, a point, a beginning.)
Ort, a fragment dropped from the mouth in eating. (O.E. oret.) Ordain, or.dāne', to decree, to invest with ministerial office;
ordained' (2 syl.), ordain'-ing, ordain'-er.
Ordination, or'.dž.nay".shăn. (Latin ordinātio, ordināre.) Ordeal, or'.dě.ăl (should be or.deel), a scrutiny or severe test.
Fiery ordeal, a very severe trial, as when an accused person
had to prove his innocence by holding red-hot iron in his
hand or walking blindfold over red-hot plough-shares. Water ordeal was performed by plunging the bare arm into
boiling water or by being tossed into a river. (The first was for the gentry. Both might be performed by deputy,
and hence the phrase "passing through fire and water" to serve you.)
Old English Ordál or Ordál, a judgment, an ordeal. Or’der, arrangement, method, command, badge, to command ;
ordered, or'.derd; or'der-ing, order-er; order-ly, syste
matically; orderli-ness, Rule xi. (Latin ordo, ordinis.) Orderly, plu. orderlies, or'.der.līz, a soldier appointed to
wait upon a commanding officer and to carry messages; The orderly officer, the officer whose turn it is to superin.
tend the cleanliness, food, and comforts of his regiment. Orderly non-commissioned officer, the sergeant on duty for
the week. His duty is to attend the orderly room for
instructions and convey them to the proper quarters. Orderly book, regimental orders entered by the captain. Orders (in Arch.), the five styles of Greek architecture: viz.,
the Tuscan, Dor'ic, Io’nic, Corinthian, and Composite.