Ophthalmic, of.Thăľ.měk, pertaining to the eye.
Greek ophthalmia, disease of the eye ophthalmos, the eye).
Ophthalmo-dynia, of.Thăľ.mo-din.x.ah, pain in the eye.

Greek ophthalmo-sophthalmos]odune, pain in the eye.
Ophthalmo-dulia, of.Thăľ".ah, eye-service.

Greek ophthalmo-sophthalmos]douleia, eye-service.
Ophthalmo-logy, of'.thă, the science which

treats of the eye; ophthalmologist, of'.Thủl.mol..djíst. Greek opthalmo- [ophthalmos) 10gos, treatise on the eye. Ophthalmo-ptosis, of.Thă".sīs, protrusion of the

whole eye. (Greek opthalmo- ptosis, eye falling out.) Ophthalmo-scope, of'.Thăť.mo.skāpe, an instrument for in

specting the eye; ophthalmoscopy, of'.thăľ
Greek ophthalmo-sophthalmos) skopeo, I inspect the eye.
(Except in phantascope and telescope, the vowel preceding -scope is

always -0-.) Opiate, o.p.āte, a narcotic. (See Opium.) Opine, 7.pīne', to think, to suppose; opined (2 syl.), opin-ing

(R. xix.), 7.pīne'.ing. (Lat. opinor, to think, to suppose.) Opinion,'.yun, belief, conviction, notion; opinionated,'.ž.š.nāte.ěd, conceited, wedded to one's own opinions; opinionative,'.r.o.nā.tīv; opin'ionative-ly, opin'...

ionative-ness; opinioned, o.pžn'.yŭnd; opinion-ist.

Latin opinio, gen. Opinionis, v. Opīnāri; French opinion. Opium, ó'.pž.ŭm, the juice of the white poppy (used as a medicine).

Opiate, 7'.pi.ate, a narcotic; opiated, 7'.pă.ate.ed, mixed

with opium. (Lat. õpium; Gk. õpion, from-opos, juice.). Opodeldoc (not opidildock), 7'.po.dět".doc, a liniment.

A word coined by Paracelsus (du grec opos, suc, et d'un mot arabe). Opossum, o.pos'.sum, an American and Australian animal, the

females have an abdominal pouch in which they can carry

their young, contracted to 'possum. (Indian opassom.) Oppidan, õp'.pă.dăn, an Eton student, not on the foundation,

who boards in the town. Sometimes applied to university

students who lodge in the town. (Latin oppidānus.) Opponent, õp.ponent (not o.poʻ.nent), an adversary, a rival.

Opponency, õp.poʻ.ně, a disputation in the schools, in

which the student opposes the professor. If the professor

opposes the student it is an Act.

Latin opponens, gen. -nentis (op[ob) pono, to place in opposition). Opportunity, plu. opportunities (Rule xliv.), op'.por.tū".nž.tiz

(not oʻ.por.tū".nž.ty), an occasion, a convenient time, &c.; opportune, op'.por.tūne ; opportune'-ly, opportune'-ness. Lat. opportūnitas, opportūnus (op[ob]portus, over-against the haven). It means “timely as a port to a ship.”


Oppose, õp.pāze' (not o'.pāze), to confront, to resist; opposed'

(2 syl.), oppos’-ing (Rule xix.), oppos'ing-ly, oppos'-er,

oppos'-able. (Only -ce and .ge retain the -e before -able.) Opposite, op'.po.zõt (not op'.po.zite), in front; opposite-ly,

opposite-ness. Oppositive, õp'.po.ză.tīv. Opposition, õp'.po.zishăn, hostility, contrariety; opposi.

tion-ist, oppo'nent; oppoʻnency, a school disputation. Latin oppositio, oppositum (op[ob]ponere, supine positum, to place

in opposition). (See Opponent.) Oppress, õ (not'), to treat harshly, to overtax;

oppressed, õp.prěst'; oppress’-ing, oppress’-or (R. xxxvii.) Oppression, op.prèsh'.ŭn (not o.presh'.on, a common error). Oppressive, op.prés'.siv (not o.prés'.siv, a common error),

oppressive-ly, oppressive-ness. Lat. oppressio, oppressor, oppressus, v. opprimo (op[ob]primo ( premo),

to press down); Fr. oppresser, oppression, oppressif, oppresseur. Opprobrious, õ'.brž.ūs, abusive, offensive; oppro'brious-ness,

oppro'brious-ly. Opprobrium, plu. opprobriums, -ūmz.

Latin opprobrium, opprobriosus, v. opprobrāre (op[ob) probrum.) Oppugn, õp.pūne', to deny. Impugn, im.pune', to

Oppūned (2 syl.), oppūn'-ing (Rule xix.), oppūn'-er.

Latin oppugno (op[ob) pugno, to fight against).
Optative, õp.tay'.tiv, a mood of verbs. (Latin optātīvus.)
Optics, õp'.tiks, the science of light and vision.

Optic, õp'.tik, relating to optics; optic lens, optic nerves.
Optician, õp.tish'.ŭn, a maker of optical instruments.
Optical, õp'.tă.kúl; op'tical-ly, op'tical in'struments,
op'tical deluʼsion, a delusion of the sight; op'tical

par’allax, that of objects viewed by one eye alternately. Optigraph, op'.tă.grăf, a telescope for copying landscapes. Optometer, õp.tõm'ě.ter, an instrument for determining

the limits of distinct vision.
Greek (taloptika or (he)optike (tech ), optikos, v. optomai, to see.

All the sciences derived from Greek words ending in -ka are plu.,
except the five borrowed from the French : arithmetic, logic, magic,

music, and rhetoric. Latin opticus, optice, optics. Optimates, õp'.tă.mātes, the magnates of ancient Rome.

Senior Optime, se'.nž.or op'.tă.me, one of the second class of

the mathematical Tripos in the Camb. exam. for degrees. Ju'nior optime, one of the third class of the mathematical

Tripos... The first class are called Wranglers, and the first of the first class is called The Senior Wrangler. Optimism, õp'.tă.mizm, the doctrine that “whatever is is best.” Op'timist, one who thinks that “whatever is is best,” one who thinks man will go on improving as long

as the world endures. A pes'siinist thinks that nothing can be worse than the present order of things, and that

the world goes on from worse to worse.

Lat. optimas, plu. optimātes, optimus (opto, to wish), all one can wish. Option, õp'.shữn, choice; option-ăl, op'tional-ly. (Lat. optio.) Opulent (one -P-), õp'pů.lent, wealthy; opʻulent-ly. Opʻulence,

op'pă.lence. (Lat. opulentia, opulentus, from opes, wealth.) Opuscule, o.půs'.kūle, a brochure. (Lat. opusculum, a little work.) -or, frequently follows t- and s-, instead of -er (Latin -tor, -sor),

an agent. It is a pity the rule is not universal. -or (Latin suffix), abstract nouns : error, labor, terror; some of

this class of words retain the Frenchified -our. (No useful object is gained by retaining the French ending (1), because

80 many words have lost it, and (2) because so many have it which

are not from the French.) | During the present century it has been dropped in the following

words : emperor, error, exterior, horror, inferior, interior, successor,

superior. In many other words it had been dropped before. It is retained in the following words, none of which are French:

arbour, behaviour, clangour, demeanour, endeavour, flavour, neigh

bour, tremour. 1 In the following it quite misleads : armour (armure), harbour (hâvre),

parlour (parloir), rancour (rancune). Only nineteen words remain to keep up the delusion. (See -our.) .: Whence it follows that uniformity requires one of two things: either

that every noun of this category should end in -or or -our, as every adjective ends in -ous . or else that all nouns from the French -eur should end in -our, and none besides, or the "trumpet gives an

uncertain sound.Or, gold (in Her.), (conj.) correlative of either. (?) Or or Nor in negative sentences. RULE (1) If the negation refers to both or all together "nor;" but

(2) If the negation refers to either one not both together “or.”

(3) After neither or nor, the correlative must be “nor." It is not for kings to drink wine nor for princes strong drink. Whoever honoureth not his father or mother let him die the death. Fight neither with small nor great (1 Kings xxii. 31). Thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor the stranger.. (Ex. xx. 10). Or ever, before (a corruption of ere ever, before ever). Or,” Old Eng. oththe or oththon: Tell us by what auctoritie thou

doest these thynges, other (oththon] who is he that gave the thys

auctoritie.—Tyndale, “New Testament." Oracle, õr'ră.k’l. Auricle, aw'.rž.k’l, the external ear.

Oracle, a divine response, the temple where oracles were

consulted, the deity or person who utters the response, &c.
Oracles, the communication of God to man.
Oracular, Auricular, Auricula, o.răk'kūılar, aw.rik'ků.lah.
Oracular, pertaining to an oracle, of the nature of an oracle.
Auricular (confession], uttered in the ear, &c.
Auricula, the bear's ear. (Latin auris, an ear; -cula, dim.)

Orac'ular-ly; oraculous, o.răk ků.lūs ; orac'ulous-ness.
Oracle,” Latin orācůlum (“ore pronuntio " so the Greek lögtön, an

oracle, is from lègo, to say or speak. Cicero says: "quòd inest in

his (oraculis) deorum oratio”).

“Auricular,” Latin auriculāris, áuricülārius (auris, an ear). Oral, oʻrăl. Horal, hoʻrăl. Aural, aw'.răl.

Oral,o'.răl, by word of mouth; oral-ly. (Fr.oral; Lat.08 õris.)
Horal, hoʻ.răl,relating to hours. (Lat.hõra; Gk.höra, the hour.)

Aural, aw'.răl, pertaining to the ear. (Latin auris, the ear.) Orange, õr'rinj, a fruit, a colour; orangery, ör'r'nj.ry (not

õrněnjěr.y), a house where oranges are reared artificially. Orange-man, plu. -men, one of the Irish protestant society

organised, A.D. 1689, in support of William-of-Orange. Orange-tawny, a brown yellow colour; orange-musk, a

species of pear; china orange, tchi'.nah ör'r'nj. Orange-ade (3 syl.), a drink made with orange-juice. French orange ( pomum aurantiim, the golden fruit, aurum, gold, the

“golden fruit of the Hesperides,” so famed in fable). Orang outang, 7.răng' oo.tang', one of the ape tribe.

Malay orang houtan, the wild man (of the woods). Oration, o.ray'.shăn, a speech. Horatian, ho.ray".shặ'ăn, after

the manner of Horace, the Roman poet. Orator, öroră.tor (Rule xxxvii.); oratorical, õr'ră.tör'rž.kăl ;

oratorical-ly. Oratory, or ră.to.ry, the art of an orator. Oratory, plu. oratories, õr'ră.to.rīz, a private chapel. (This comes from the Latin oräre, to pray, and it would have been

much better if we had accepted the French oratoire. Oratorio, plu. oratorios, or ră.tör"'ră.āze, a sacred musical

drama without acting, scenery, or character costume. (In the Latin the "āof all these words is long, as it is in orātion.")

Orātio, orātor, orātorium; Italian oratorio; French oratorio. Orb, a celestial sphere, a hollow globe; orb of day, the sun;

orb of night, the moon; orb-like; orbed (1 syl.) Orbit, or.bit, the path of a heavenly body; orbital. Orbicular, or.bik'ŭ.lar, spherical; orbic'ular-ly, orbicular

ness. Orbiculate, or.bik'.ŭ.late, orbicular; orbic'ulāted.

Latin orbicŭlāris, orbiculatus, orbis, v. orbitāre. Orc, a species of whale, a man-eating sea-monster.

Old English orc, a goblin; Latin orca, a whale; Greek urcha. Orcadian, or.kā'.dž.ăn, pertaining to the Orkney Islands, a native

of the Orkneys. (Lat. orcăděs (orca), the whale-islands.) Orchard, orch'ird, a fruit-garden; orch'ard-ist, one who cultivates

an orchard as a trade; orch'ard-ing, making orchards, Old English ortgeard or orteerd a herb garden.

Orchestra, or'.kės.trah (not ok'.kės.trah), a place assigned to

musicians, the musicians assembled in an orchestra ; orchestral, or.kes'.trăl, suitable to an orchestra, &c.

Gk. orchestra, the space where the chorus danced (orchéomai, to dance). Orchis, or'.kis [or orchid, or'.kid], a plant; orchidaceous (Rule

lxvi.), or'''.shús; orchideous, or.kid'ě.ŭs. Orchidacem, or'".sē.ē (-aceæ, an order of plants). Greek orches, testicule, à cause de la forme des bulbes (Bouillet).

Latin orchis, gen. orchttis; French orchis or orchide.
Ord. Horde, hõrd. Hoard, ho'rd. Odd. Od. Hod. Ort.

Ord, an edge, a beginning :_as ords and ends, corrupted

into odds and ends. (Old Eng. ord, a point, a beginning.)
Horde, hörd, a migratory tribe. (French horde.)
Hoard, hörd, a store. (Old English heord, a store.)
Odd, strange, not even. (Welsh odid, peculiarity, oddity.)
Od, the hypothetical agent of mesmeric phenomena.
Greek hodos, the way (mesmerism acts).
Hod, a dorsal for carrying bricks and mortar. (Fr. hotte.)

Ort, a fragment dropped from the mouth in eating. (O.E. oret.) Ordain, or.dāne', to decree, to invest with ministerial office;

ordained' (2 syl.), ordain'-ing, ordain'-er.

Ordination, or'.dž.nay".shăn. (Latin ordinātio, ordināre.) Ordeal, or'.dě.ăl (should be or.deel), a scrutiny or severe test.

Fiery ordeal, a very severe trial, as when an accused person

had to prove his innocence by holding red-hot iron in his

hand or walking blindfold over red-hot plough-shares. Water ordeal was performed by plunging the bare arm into

boiling water or by being tossed into a river. (The first was for the gentry. Both might be performed by deputy,

and hence the phrase "passing through fire and water" to serve you.)

Old English Ordál or Ordál, a judgment, an ordeal. Or’der, arrangement, method, command, badge, to command ;

ordered, or'.derd; or'der-ing, order-er; order-ly, syste

matically; orderli-ness, Rule xi. (Latin ordo, ordinis.) Orderly, plu. orderlies, or'.der.līz, a soldier appointed to

wait upon a commanding officer and to carry messages; The orderly officer, the officer whose turn it is to superin.

tend the cleanliness, food, and comforts of his regiment. Orderly non-commissioned officer, the sergeant on duty for

the week. His duty is to attend the orderly room for

instructions and convey them to the proper quarters. Orderly book, regimental orders entered by the captain. Orders (in Arch.), the five styles of Greek architecture: viz.,

the Tuscan, Dor'ic, Io’nic, Corinthian, and Composite.

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