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abuse admitted amendment ANDREW STEVENSON appears Articles of Confederation authority Britain character claim common defence common law concur Confederation Congress Consti Constitution of Virginia constitutional compact Convention copy cordial danger Dear Sir,—I debts decide declaration delegated doctrine draught duly received duties effect equally eral ernment Executive expounding express favor Federal Government Federalist former friends important inclosing individual inference interest interposition Jefferson judicial Judiciary justice lative legislative Legislature less liberties reserved liberty limited Madison majority manufactures means ment mode Montpellier Montpellikr nations nullification nullifying nullifying party object observations occasion opinion pamphlet particular parties political present President principles proceedings proper question received your letter recollection referred regard regulations relation remark republican resolutions respect revenue Sedition Act Senate Sir,—I have received South Carolina sovereignty stitution tariff taxes tion unconstitutional Union United usurpation Virginia wishes
Side 225 - In that compact; and that, in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers not granted by the said compact, the States, who are parties thereto, have the right, and are in duty bound, to interpose, for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within their respective limits the authorities, rights, and liberties, appertaining to them.
Side 506 - ... copied from the very limited grant of powers in the former Articles of Confederation, were the less liable to be misconstrued) so as to destroy the meaning and effect of the particular enumeration which necessarily explains, and limits the general phrases, and so as to consolidate the states by degrees into one sovereignty, the obvious tendency and inevitable result of which would be, to transform the present republican system of the United States into an absolute, or at best, a mixed monarchy.
Side 547 - ... resist, oppose, or defeat any such law or act, or to aid, encourage or abet any hostile designs of any foreign nation against the United States, their people or government, then such person, being thereof convicted before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment not exceeding two years.
Side 546 - The conventions of a number of the states having, at the time of their adopting the constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added...
Side 517 - States are parties, as limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact; as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact ; and that, in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers not granted by the said compact, the States, who are parties thereto, have the right and are in duty bound to interpose for arresting...
Side 521 - All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred for the common defence or general welfare, and allowed by the united states in congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which shall be supplied by the" several states, in proportion to the value of all land within each state, granted to or surveyed for any Person, as such land and the buildings and improvements thereon shall be estimated according to such mode as the united states in congress assembled, shall...
Side 506 - That the General Assembly doth particularly protest against the palpable and alarming infractions of the Constitution, in the two late cases of the "alien and sedition acts," passed at the last session of Congress, the first of which exercises a power nowhere delegated to the Federal Government; and which by uniting legislative and judicial powers to those of executive, subverts the general principles of free government, as well as the particular organization and positive provisions of the federal...
Side 524 - Constitution ; and the other of which acts, exercises in like manner, a power not delegated by the Constitution, but on the contrary, expressly and positively forbidden by one of the amendments thereto ; a power, which more than any other, ought to produce universal alarm, because it is levelled against...
Side 253 - To establish public institutions, rewards, and immunities for the promotion of agriculture, commerce, trades, and manufactures.
Side 315 - Constitution, to decide in the last resort, this resort must necessarily be deemed the last in relation to the authorities of the other departments of the government; not in relation to the rights of the parties to the constitutional compact, from which the judicial, as well as the other departments, hold their delegated trusts. On any other hypothesis, the delegation of judicial power would annul the authority delegating it; and the concurrence of this department with the others in usurped powers,...