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tion of such rules and regulations as the Commission shall prescribe as necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors to provide safeguards with respect to the financial responsibility and related practices of brokers and dealers including, but not limited to, the acceptance of custody and use of customers' securities, and the carrying and use of customers' deposits or credit balances. Such rules and regulations shall require the maintenance of reserves with respect to customers' deposits or credit balances, as determined by such rules and regulations." SEC. 12. [78hhh] EXAMINING AUTHORITY FUNCTIONS.

Each member of SIPC shall file with such member's examining authority, or collection agent if a collection agent has been designated pursuant to section 13(a), such information (including reports of, and information with respect to the gross revenues from the securities business of such member, including the composition thereof, transactions in securities effected by such member, and other information with respect to such member's activities, whether in the securities business or otherwise, including customer accounts maintained, net capital employed, and activities conducted) as SIPC may determine to be necessary or appropriate for the purpose of making assessments under section 4. The examining authority or collection agent shall file with SIPC all or such part of such information (and such compilations and analyses thereof) as SIPC, by bylaw or rule, shall prescribe. No application, report, or document filed pursuant to this section shall be deemed to be filed pursuant to section 18 of the 1934 Act. SEC. 13. [78iii] FUNCTIONS OF SELF-REGULATORY ORGANIZATIONS.

(a) COLLECTION AGENT.—Each self-regulatory organization shall act as collection agent for SIPC to collect the assessments payable by all members of SIPC for whom such self-regulatory organization is the examining authority, unless SIPC designates a self-regulatory organization other than the examining authority to act as collection agent for any member of SIPC who is a member of or participant in more than one self-regulatory organization. If the only self-regulatory organization of which a member of SIPC is a member or in which it is a participant is a registered clearing agency that is not the examining authority for the member, SIPC may, nevertheless, designate such registered clearing agency as collection agent for the member or may require that payments be made directly to SIPC. The collection agent shall be obligated to remit to SIPC assessments made under section 4 only to the extent that payments of such assessment are received by such collection agent. Members of SIPC who are not members of or participants in a self-regulatory organization shall make payments directly to SIPC.

(b) IMMUNITY.—No self-regulatory organization shall have any liability to any person for any action taken or omitted in good faith pursuant to section 5(a)(1) and section 5(a)(2).

(c) INSPECTIONS.—The self-regulatory organization of which a member of SIPC is a member or in which it is a participant shall inspect or examine such member for compliance with applicable financial responsibility rules, except that,

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(1) if the self-regulatory organization is a registered clearing agency, the Commission may designate itself as responsible for the examination of such member for compliance with applicable financial responsibility rules; and

(2) if a member of SIPC is a member of or participant in more than one self-regulatory organization, the Commission, pursuant to section 17(d) of the 1934 Act, shall designate one of such self-regulatory organizations or itself as responsible for the examination of such member for compliance with applica

ble financial responsibility rules. (d) REPORTS.—There shall be filed with SIPC by the self-regulatory organizations such reports of inspections or examinations of the members of SIPC (or copies thereof) as may be designated by SIPC by bylaw or rule.

(e) CONSULTATION.-SIPC shall consult and cooperate with the self-regulatory organizations toward the end:

(1) that there may be developed and carried into effect procedures reasonably designed to detect approaching financial difficulty upon the part of any member of SIPC;

(2) that, as nearly as may be practicable, examinations to ascertain whether members of SIPC are in compliance with applicable financial responsibility rules will be conducted by the self-regulatory organizations under appropriate standards (both as to method and scope) and reports of such examinations will, where appropriate, be standard in form; and

(3) that, as frequently as may be practicable under the circumstances, each member of SİPC will file financial information with, and be examined by, the self-regulatory organization

which is the examining authority for such member. (f) FINANCIAL CONDITION OF MEMBERS.—The Commission may, by such rules as it determines necessary or appropriate in the public interest and to carry out the purposes of this Act, require any selfregulatory organization to furnish SIPC with reports and records (or copies thereof) relating to the financial condition of members of or participants in such self-regulatory organization. SEC. 14. [78jjj] PROHIBITED ACTS.

(a) FAILURE TO PAY ASSESSMENT, ETC.-If a member of SIPC shall fail to file any report or information required pursuant to this Act, or shall fail to pay when due all or any part of an assessment made upon such member pursuant to this Act, and such failure shall not have been cured, by the filing of such report or information or by the making of such payment, together with interest and penalty thereon, within five days after receipt by such member of written notice of such failure given by or on behalf of SIPC, it shall be unlawful for such member, unless specifically authorized by the Commission, to engage in business as a broker or dealer. If such member denies that it owes all or any part of the amount specified in such notice, it may after payment of the full amount so specified commence an action against SÍPC in the appropriate United States district court to recover the amount it denies owing.

(b) ENGAGING IN BUSINESS AFTER APPOINTMENT OF TRUSTEE OR INITIATION OF DIRECT PAYMENT PROCEDURE.—It shall be unlawful for any broker or dealer for whom a trustee has been appointed

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pursuant to this Act or for whom a direct payment procedure has been initiated to engage thereafter in business as a broker or dealer, unless the Commission otherwise determines in the public interest. The Commission may by order bar or suspend for any period, any officer, director, general partner, owner of 10 per centum or more of the voting securities, or controlling person of any broker or dealer for whom a trustee has been appointed pursuant to this Act or for whom a direct payment procedure has been initiated from being or becoming associated with a broker or dealer, if after appropriate notice and opportunity for hearing, the Commission shall determine such bar or suspension to be in the public interest. (c) CONCEALMENT OF ASSETS; FALSE STATEMENTS OR CLAIMS.—1

(1) SPECIFIC PROHIBITED ACTS.–Any person who, directly or indirectly, in connection with or in contemplation of any liquidation proceeding or direct payment procedure

(A) employs any device, scheme, or artifice to defraud; (B) engages in any act, practice, or course of business which operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit upon any person; or (C) fraudulently or with intent to defeat this Act,

(i) conceals or transfers any property belonging to the estate of a debtor;

(ii) makes a false statement or account;

(iii) presents or uses any false claim for proof against the estate of a debtor;

(iv) receives any material amount of property from a debtor;

(v) gives, offers, receives, transfers, or obtains any money or property, remuneration, compensation, reward, advantage, other consideration, or promise thereof, for acting or forebearing to act;

(vi) conceals, destroys, mutilates, falsifies, makes a false entry in, or otherwise falsifies any document affecting or relating to the property or affairs of a debtor; or

(vii) withholds, from any person entitled to its possession, any document affecting or relating to the

property or affairs of a debtor. shall be fined not more than $50,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both.

(2) FRAUDULENT CONVERSION.–Any person who, directly or indirectly steals, embezzles, or fraudulently, or with intent to defeat this Act, abstracts or converts to his own use or to the use of another any of the moneys, securities, or other assets of SIPC, or otherwise defrauds or attempts to defraud SIPC or a. trustee by any means, shall be fined not more than $50,000 or

imprisoned not more than five years, or both. SEC. 15. [78kkk] MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

(a) PUBLIC INSPECTION OF REPORTS.—Any notice, report, or other document filed with SIPC pursuant to this Act shall be available

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1 See also 18 U.S.C. 3623. [Printed in appendix to this volume.)

for public inspection unless SIPC or the Commission shall determine that disclosure thereof is not in the public interest. Nothing herein shall act to deny documents or information to the Congress of the United States or the committees of either House having jurisdiction over financial institutions, securities regulation, or related matters under the rules of each body. Nor shall the Commission be denied any document or information which the Commission, in its judgment, needs.

(b) LIABILITY OF MEMBERS OF SIPC.-Except for such assessments as may be made upon such member pursuant to the provisions of section 4, no member of SIPC shall have any liability under this Act as a member of SIPC for, or in connection with, any act or omission of any other broker or dealer whether in connection with the conduct of the business or affairs of such broker or dealer or otherwise and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, no member shall have any liability for or in respect of any indebtedness or other liability of SIPC.

(c) LIABILITY OF SÍPC AND DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, OR EMPLOYEES.— Neither SIPC nor any of its Directors, officers, or employees shall have any liability to any person for any action taken or omitted in good faith under or in connection with any matter contemplated by this Act.

(d) ADVERTISING.-SIPC shall by bylaw prescribe the manner in which a member of SIPC may display any sign or signs (or include in any advertisement a statement) relating to the protection or customers and their accounts, or any other protections, afforded under this Act. No member may display any such sign, or include in an advertisement any such statement, except in accordance with such bylaws. SIPC may also by bylaw prescribe such minimal requirements as it considers necessary and appropriate to require a member of SIPC to provide public notice of its membership in SIPC.

(e) SIPC EXEMPT FROM TAXATION.—SIPC, its property, its franchise, capital, reserves, surplus, and its income, shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States or by any State or local taxing authority, except that any real property and any tangible personal property (other than cash and securities) of SIPC shall be subject to State and local taxation to the same extent according to its value as other real and tangible personal property is taxed. Assessments made upon a member of SĪPC shall constitute ordinary and necessary expenses in carrying on the business of such member for the purpose of section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. The contribution and transfer to SIPC of funds or securities held by any trust established by a national securities exchange prior to January 1, 1970, for the purpose of providing assistance to customers of members of such exchange, shall not result in any taxable gain to such trust or give rise to any taxable income to any member of SIPC under any provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, nor shall such contribution or transfer, or any reduction in assessments made pursuant to this Act, in any way affect the status, as ordinary and necessary expenses under section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, of any contributions made to such trust by such exchange at any

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time prior to such transfer. Upon dissolution of SIPC, none of its net assets shall inure to the benefit of any of its members.

(f) SECTION 20(a) OF 1934 Act Not To APPLY.—The provisions of subsection (a) of section 20 of the 1934 Act shall not apply to any liability under or in connection with this Act.

(g) SEC STUDY OF UNSAFE OR UNSOUND PRACTICES.—Not later than twelve months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall compile a list of unsafe or unsound practices by members of SIPC in conducting their business and report to the Congress (1) the steps being taken under the authority of existing law to eliminate those practices and (2) recommendations concerning additional legislation which may be needed to eliminate those unsafe or unsound practices. SEC. 16. [78111] DEFINITIONS.

For purposes of this Act, including the application of the Bankruptcy Act to a liquidation proceeding:

(1) COMMISSION.-The term “Commission” means the Securities and Exchange Commission.

(2) CUSTOMER. — The term "customer" of a debtor means any person (including any person with whom the debtor deals as principal or agent) who has a claim on account of securities received, acquired, or held by the debtor in the ordinary course of its business as a broker or dealer from or for the securities accounts of such person for safekeeping, with a view to sale, to cover consummated sales, pursuant to purchases, as collateral, security, or for purposes of effecting transfer. The term "customer” includes any person who has a claim against the debtor arising out of sales or conversions of such securities, and any person who has deposited cash with the debtor for the purpose of purchasing securities, but does not include

(A) any person to the extent that the claim of such person arises out of transactions with a foreign subsidiary of a member of SIPC; or

(B) any person to the extent that such person has a claim for cash or securities which by contract, agreement, or understanding, or by operation of law, is part of the capital of the debtor, or is subordinated to the claims of any or all creditors of the debtor, notwithstanding that some ground exists for declaring such contract, agreement, or understanding void or voidable in a suit between the

claimant and the debtor. (3) CUSTOMER NAME SECURITIES.—The term “customer name securities” means securities which were held for the account of a customer on the filing date by or on behalf of the debtor and which on the filing date were registered in the name of the customer, or were in the process of being so registered pursuant to instructions from the debtor, but does not include securities registered in the name of the customer which, by endorsement or otherwise, were in negotiable form.

(4) CUSTOMER PROPERTY.— The term "customer property” means cash and securities (except customer name securities delivered to the customer) at any time received, acquired, or held by or for the account of a debtor from or for the securities ac

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