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LIABILITY RISK RETENTION ACT OF 1986
(Pub. L. 97-45, 95 Stat. 949)
SEC. 2. [15 U.S.C. 3901] (a) As used in this Act,
(4) "risk retention group” means any corporation or other limited liability association
(A) whose primary activity consists of assuming and spreading all, or any portion, of the liability exposure of its group members;
(B) which is organized for the primary purpose of conducting the activity described under subparagraph (A); (C) which
(i) is chartered or licensed as a liability insurance company under the laws of a State and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of such State; or
(ii) before January 1, 1985, was chartered or licensed and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of Bermuda or the Cayman Islands and, before such date, had certified to the insurance commissioner of at least one State that it satisfied the capitalization requirements of such State, except that any such group shall be considered to be a risk retention group only if it has been engaged in business continuously since such date and only for the purpose of continuing to provide insurance to cover product liability or completed operations liability (as such terms were defined in this section before the date of the en
actment of the Risk Retention Amendments of 1986); (D) which does not exclude any person from membership in the group solely to provide for members of such a group a competitive advantage over such a person; (E) which
(i) has as its owners only persons who comprise the membership of the risk retention group and who are provided insurance by such group; or
(ii) has as its sole owner an organization which has as
(I) its members only persons who comprise the membership of the risk retention group; and
(II) its owners only persons who comprise the membership of the risk retention group and who
are provided insurance by such group; (F) whose members are engaged in businesses or activities similar or related with respect to the liability to which such members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business, trade, product, services, premises, or operations;
(G) whose activities do not include the provision of insurance other than
(i) liability insurance for assuming and spreading all or any portion of the similar or related liability exposure of its group members; and
(ii) reinsurance with respect to the similar or related liability exposure of any other risk retention group (or any member of such other group) which is engaged in businesses or activities so that such group (or member) meets the requirement described in subparagraph (F) for membership in the risk retention group which pro
vides such reinsurance; and (H) the name of which includes the phrase “Risk Retention Group”.
SEC. 5. [15 U.S.C. 3904] (a) The ownership interests of members in a risk retention group shall be
(1) considered to be exempted securities for purposes of section 5 of the Securities Act of 1933 and for purposes of section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
(2) considered to be securities for purposes of the provisions of section 17 of the Securities Act of 1933 and the provisions of
section 10 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. (b) A risk retention group shall not be considered to be an investment company for purposes of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a-1 et seq.).
(c) The ownership interests of members in a risk retention group shall not be considered securities for purposes of any State blue sky law.
PART II-REGULATION OF ELECTRIC UTILITY COMPANIES
ENGAGED IN INTERSTATE COMMERCE
ISSUANCE OF SECURITIES; ASSUMPTION OF LIABILITIES SEC. 204. [16 U.S.C. 824c] (a)*
(h) Any public utility whose security issues are approved by the Commission under this section may file with the Securities and Exchange Commission duplicate copies of reports filed with the Federal Power Commission in lieu of the reports, information, and documents required under section 7 of the Securities Act of 1933 and sections 12 and 13 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934.
$ 152. Concealment of assets; false oaths and claims; bribery
Whoever knowingly and fraudulently conceals from a custodian, trustee, marshal, or other officer of the court charged with the control or custody of property, or from creditors in any case under title 11, any property belonging to the estate of a debtor; or
Whoever knowingly and fraudulently makes a false oath or account in or in relation to any case under title 11; or
Whoever knowingly and fraudulently makes a false declaration, certificate, verification, or statement under penalty or 1 perjury as permitted under section 1746 of title 28, United States Code, in or in relation to any case under title 11; or
Whoever knowingly and fraudulently presents any false claim for proof against the estate of a debtor, or uses any such claim in
a any case under title 11, personally, or by agent, proxy, or attorney, or as agent, proxy, or attorney; or
Whoever knowingly and fraudulently receives any material amount of property from a debtor after the filing of a case under title 11, with intent to defeat the provisions of title 11; or
Whoever knowingly and fraudulently gives, offers, receives or attempts to obtain any money or property, remuneration, compensation, reward, advantage, or promise thereof, for acting or forbearing to act in any case under title 11; or
Whoever, either individually or as an agent or officer of any person or corporation, in contemplation of a case under title 11 by or against him or any other person or corporation, or with intent to defeat the provisions of title 11, knowingly and fraudulently transfers or conceals any of his property or the property of such other person or corporation; or
Whoever, after the filing of a case under title 11 or in contemplation thereof, knowingly and fraudulently conceals, destroys, mutilates, falsifies, or makes a false entry in any recorded information, including books, documents, records, and papers, relating to the property or financial affairs of a debtor; or
1 So in original. Probably should be "of".
80-258 0 - 88 - 17
Whoever, after the filing of a case under title 11, knowingly and fraudulently withholds from a custodian, trustee, marshal, or other officer of the court entitled to its possession, any recorded information, including books, documents, records, and papers, relating to the property or financial affairs of a debtor.
Shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 689; June 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86-519, § 2, 74 Stat. 217; Sept. 2, 1960, Pub. L. 86-701, 74 Stat. 753; Oct. 18, 1976, Pub. L. 94-550, § 4, 90 Stat. 2535; Nov. 6, 1978, Pub. L. 95-598, title III, § 314(a), (c), 92 Stat. 2676, 2677.)
CHAPTER 25—COUNTERFEITING AND FORGERY
89. Making or possessing likeness of coins.
quests. § 471. Obligations or securities of United States
Whoever, with intent to defraud, falsely makes, forges, counterfeits, or alters any obligation or other security of the United States,