5. Number of students from the several counties in the State, 1898–99 : Suffolk, 93; Middlesex, 116; Essex, 23; Norfolk, 12; Worcester, 28; Plymouth, 12; Bristol, 3; Hampden, 4; Berkshire, 2; Hampshire, 2; Franklin, 2; Blackstone, 1; total, 198.

6. Students from other States are distributed as follows: Maine, 3; Vermont, 1; New Hampshire, 4; Rhode Island, 2; Connecticut, 2; New York, 2; Illinois, 2; Pennsylvania, 3; Indiana, 2; Michigan, 1; Ohio, 1; Missouri, 1; total, 24. Total from other States and Massachusetts for the


322. 7. Occupations of the fathers of students, 1898-99 : professional, 44; insurance, 10; journalists, 6; farmers, 19; manufact

ers, 30; commercial business, 24; merchants, 43; contractors and builders, 12; mechanics, 31; other callings, 27; total, 246. Deceased, 53; retired, 23 ; total, 322.


Board of Visitors.




E. HARLOW RUSSELL, principles of education, theory and art of teaching,

reading, psychology of childhood; REBECCA JONES, elementary methods, supervision of apprentices, sewing, cooking; CHARLES F. ADAMS, arithmetic, geography, geology, physics ; HELEN F. MARSH, music, drawing; ELLEN M. HASKELL, history of education, civics, general method, English ; EDWARD L. SUMNER, choral singing ; ARABELLA H. TUCKER (clerk), botany, penmanship; Mrs. LOUISE R. DREW, head kindergartner; OLIVE RUSSELL, assistant kindergartner; ANNA P. Smith (librarian), arithmetic, algebra, geometry, methods, supervision of apprentices; Amy L. BOYDEN, head teacher of primary class, elementary methods ; HENRIETTA A. MURRAY, gymnastics, school games; FRANK DREW, physiology, psychology, principles of teaching, nature study; HORACE G. BROWN, English grammar, composition, history; Emma A. PIKE, English, algebra, methods, supervision of apprentices.

Facilities for observation and practice are furnished in the schools of Worcester.

IN GENERAL. The visitors of this school have grown accustomed to finding it running smoothly and with efficiency. On any day when a visit happens to be made, there are full numbers present, both of teachers and students, and there is cheerfulness and buoyancy of spirit manifest everywhere. The visitors cannot call to mind any school within their knowledge or recollection in which a better mutual understanding or a larger measure of good will has prevailed than is seen here, and this condition has existed without interruption for many years. This is due perhaps in equal degree to the reasonableness of the requirements and the docility and good sense of the students. There is hearty co-operation and mutual respect, and we believe that no school of like numbers better deserves to be called selfgoverning

INSTRUCTORS. But a single change of importance has occurred in the teaching staff during the past year. Mrs. Marion J. Sumner, for many years a most skilful and acceptable director of our students in choral singing, has yielded her place to her son, Mr. Edward L. Sumner, who appears to have inherited the musical abilities of his parents, and whose work thus far seems fully up to the high standard that has always been maintained in this department.

APPRENTICESHIP. The advanced apprenticeship, whereby the term of practice so essential to the complete equipment of a normal graduate has been doubled, — amounting now to a full year exclusively devoted to schoolroom service, — is proving a most important step in advance. Its popularity with the students is shown by the fact that, though strictly voluntary, it is elected with practical unanimity.

COURSE FOR COLLEGE GRADUATES. The special course hitherto offered to college graduates has now been enriched by adding to it a half-year of suitable practice or apprenticeship, thereby strengthening their ability as teachers at what is usually considered its weakest point. The largely increased enrolment of students of this class the present year is evidence that the improvement in this feature of the course is appreciated.

THE PRIMARY ROOM. The enlargement of the primary school room, for which an appropriation of one thousand dollars was made last year, was completed in season for occupancy at the beginning of the fall term. The addition is handsome architecturally, and affords a most welcome relief from the cramped condition of last year, besides adding to the appearance of the schoolroom a certain spaciousness that is very pleasing to the eye.

NEEDED REPAIRS. Two of our boilers that have seen a service of more than twenty-five years are showing signs of weakness, and will soon have to be replaced by new ones.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT. The visitors take this opportunity to express their thanks to Prof. Josiah Royce, of Harvard University, who at his busiest season attended the graduation exercises in June, and gave to the school and its friends a noble anniversary address.

STATISTICS. The subjoined statistics give in condensed form such facts as may afford further evidence of the character and prosperity of the school :

1. Number of students for the year, 197.

Number admitted in September, 1899, 73; number admitted since the opening of the school, in 1874, 1,590.

3. Average age of pupils admitted, 19 years, 2 months.

4. Residences of pupils admitted : Worcester County, 67; Middlesex County, 4; Maine, 1 ; Vermont, 1; total, 73.

5. Occupations of pupils' parents : mechanics, 26; laborers, 9; farmers, 5; moulders, 4; teamsters, 4; superintendents, 4; watchmen, 3; designers, 3; contractors, 2; expressmen, 2; merchants, 2; musician, hotel-keeper, dentist, baker, fireman, policeman, druggist, engineer, commercial traveller, 1 each ; total, 73.

6. Number in graduating class, June, 1899, 38; number of graduates since 1876, 845.

7. Average age of graduating class, June, 1899, 22 years, 2 months.

8. Library: reference books reported last year, 5,166; volumes added this year, 251 ; total, 5,417. Text-books reported last year, 6,410; volumes added this year, 449; worn out, 212; total, 6,647. Whole number of volumes in the library, 12,064.


Board of Visitors.




John G. THOMPSON, pedagogy; E. A. KIRKPATRICK, psychology and child

study; PRESTON Smith, natural science; HELEN M. HUMPHREY, mathematics and history; FLORA E. KENDALL, English and geography; ANNETTE J. WARNER, drawing; ELIZABETH D. PERRY, music and physical culture; ABBY P. CHURCHILL, nature study; Joseph T.

WHITNEY, manual training. Practice Schools: CHARLES S. ALEXANDER, principal; NELLIE B. ALLEN,

MARY I. CHAPIN, MATTIE A. COLE, supervisors. Model Schools: Kindergarten, Emily M. Smith, principal; GEORGIANA

H. JUBB, assistant; Grade 1, L. FRANCES JONES; Grade 2, IDA M. AUSTIN; Grade 3, CAROLINE HAGAR; Grade 4, ALICE C. PLUMER; Grade 5, MARY E. MCCONNELL; Grade 6, BLANCHE L. RUSSELL ;

Grade 8, Rolina H. LEWIS; Ungraded, Mary L. MERRILL. Practice and Model Schools: ANNETTE J. WARNER, supervisor of drawing,

ELIZABETH D. PERRY, supervisor of music and physical culture; ABBY P. CHURCHILL, supervisor of nature study; JOSEPH T. WHITNEY, supervisor of manual training.

IN GENERAL. The general plan of the work at the Fitchburg Normal School has been fully explained in previous reports. As the ends aimed at this year have been the same as before, it is not necessary to repeat these explanations. In the adaptation of means to these ends, however, there have been such changes as experience and observation seemed to warrant. As a result, the work this year in all departments has been more effective than that of any previous year. There are, of course, better things still to be desired, as there always must be while - there is anything beyond ;” but there has been sure progress.

ADVANCED COURSE. Something may now be added to that which was said in the last report of those who remain in the school for a third year

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