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There have been 321 applications for admission during the year, the largest number in the history of the school. It is not possible in this report to describe the urgency and persistency with which these applications are made by the relatives and friends of the children. Of the 321 applications made during the year, we have been able to admit only 65.
And as a rule the children admitted have not been those capable of the most improvement, but cases where the welfare of the child or of the family at home demanded that he be cared for here. In fact, nearly all of our admissions have been emergency cases received here to relieve actual distress. We have now on file over 1,000 applications for admission.
About two years ago Miss L. J. Sanderson was obliged for domestic reasons to temporarily withdraw from the service of the school. She has now, much to our regret, decided to make that withdrawal permanent. Miss Sanderson's tact and ingenuity, and her unusual qualifications as a teacher of the feehle-minded, have made her work especially satisfactory and successful. They will be fortunate who are able to secure her skilful and experienced services for their children.
The current expenses for the past year have amounted to $101,550.09, or $3.22 per week for each inmate.
During the year we have completed the new avenue extending from the school group of buildings through the grove to the Quince Street entrance to the grounds. The labor on this road was practically all done by our boys.
We have introduced shower baths in three of our dormitory buildings; the ventilation of the older buildings has been greatly improved by enlarging the air inlets and vent flues and the placing of additional steam pipes in the vent flues.
The lower story of the old part of the stone farmhouse has been entirely reconstructed in the most substantial manner. The cost of this and other improvements has been charged to current expense account.
We have also built a barn for the milch cows, at a cost of $2,017, and a stable for the horses, costing $2,999. These buildings are to take the place of the barn destroyed by lightning the previous summer. We now have 27 good cows, and during the year these cows have produced 66,308 quarts of milk.
The event of the year in the history of the school was the purchase of the large tract of land in Templeton. . The estate at Templeton was selected as practically meeting the conditions specified in the general plan outlined therein. The detailed plan for the development of this estate needs only the modifications suggested by the actual conditions as found at Templeton.
We have nearly or quite 2,000 acres, embracing four large hills, with the valleys and level land between the hills. There are at least 150 acres of good, strong farming land, now sowed to grass or ready for the plough. There are four thrifty orchards, which last year produced over 1,200 barrels of marketable apples. There are several thousand cords of good hard wood, besides considerable timber scattered over several hundred acres of woodland. The pastures, in their present condition, will pasture one hundred head of stock. There is a brook basin which will furnish an unlimited supply of the purest water. Large deposits of sand and gravel, in convenient locations, will provide for the disposal of sewage. There is an abundance of stone, gravel and clay for building purposes. There are hundreds of acres of sprout land, covered with stones, stumps and bushes, which the labor of our boys can transform into cultivated fields. The seven farmhouses on the estate are pleasantly located and can be put in fairly good repair. At least three of the barns are in good condition and ready for use.
At Waltham we now have one hundred able-bodied adult male inmates, who have been kept busy with the rough work of developing our estate. This work is now practically completed, and we need the lighter work of cultivating the farm and garden, as occupation and as a means of industrial training for the younger boys of the school. I recommend that suitable provision be made for the transfer of these one hundred able-bodied males to our Templeton estate in the spring of 1900.
In making provision for these persons, certain facts should be borne in mind. The persons to be provided for are a selected class of the feeble-minded. Nearly all of them have been under training in this school since childhood. They do not need expensive schoolrooms and appliances. They are not sick people, requiring hospital provision or care. They are not violent, insane or criminal, requiring heavy brick or stone walls to prevent escape. They need only the most simple living and sleeping apartments, roomy, sunny, well warmed and ventilated, with the very best toilet and bathing facilities and suitable appliances for the cooking and serving of food.
Our Templeton land, roughly speaking, forms a sort of parallelogram, one mile wide by three miles long. The present dwellings and barns, with the land now under cultivation, are practically located in two groups, one at each end of the territory. In each group there is a house which with some repairs would provide living rooms for employees, kitchen and dining rooms for the boys. The erection of a simple building for dormitory and toilet rooms, connected or adjacent to each of these buildings, would provide entirely adequate accommodations for a family of fifty boys in each place at comparatively small expense.
There is no reason why the buildings for these first two families, at least, should not be constructed of wood, of the slow-burning type of construction, of one or two stories, with windows near the ground for egress in case of fire.
It should be understood that the simple buildings and the simple conditions of living proposed are applicable only to this adult able-bodied class of the feeble-minded. For our young school pupils or our helpless custodial cases we could not suitably provide at less expense than we have done here at Waltham.
The large extent of the estate seems to make it necessary that these first two colonies should be located some distance apart, in order that the boys may live near the barns, fields, pastures and wood lots where they will be employed. With no elaborate buildings to care for, they can at once begin to raise milk, butter, eggs, potatoes, apples, beans, etc. The parent school at Waltham will provide a market for all the surplus farm products. In the winter they will be kept busy with the care of the stock and the cutting of fire wood for cooking and heating purposes.
In addition to the farm work, the boys can begin the preparations for the building for the next colony, the site of which would be determined by the location and character of the work to be done by the boys who are to occupy that building.
As our numbers increase and as other areas of land are cleared and developed, other farm colonies would be organized. In time certain work would be specialized, and a group of boys would live near the central laundry building, where they would be employed, another near the shops for carpenter, blacksmith and other mechanical work; another near the poultry farm, etc.
Our plan for providing for this class does not contemplate the organization of a conventional institution, but the gradual development of an agricultural and industrial community, our people living in simple, inexpensive dwellings, similar to those in other farming communities. This community will eventually have an amusement hall, a saw mill, a grist mill, a tailor shop, a paint shop, etc., every sort of employment and every sort of recreation, — everything, in short, that goes to make up the life in a typical country village.
In order to establish and maintain a high standard of physical, mental and moral care of the inmates, and to insure the successful working of the plan, a competent, experienced medical officer should be on the ground from the beginning, to closely watch and supervise all the workings of the community.
The class of cases now and hereafter to be transferred to Templeton should include only those who have received a thorough course of school training and discipline and manual and industrial training at the school department at Waltham. Untrained and undisciplined, they would not do well under the conditions we expect to establish. Each year a certain number of adults would be promoted from the school department to citizenship in this community.
The boys are already anticipating the removal to Templeton. The berries and fruit from our new farm which they have already enjoyed, and the stories of the strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, apples and chestnuts promise to them some of the joys which are the unalienable rights of the boys “outside," but which hitherto have been out of their reach.
The withdrawal of this group of one hundred or more from the school department would enable us to admit an equal number of young, improvable pupils.
NEW ENGLAND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR DEAF MUTES.
RESOLVE IN FAVOR OF THE NEW ENGLAND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL
FOR DEAF MUTES.
Resolved, That there be allowed and paid out of the treasury of the Commonwealth two thousand dollars to the New England Industrial School for Deaf Mutes, to be expended under the direction of the trustees thereof for the educational purposes of said school for the year eighteen hundred and ninety-nine; and said trustees shall report to the state board of education. [Approved March 9, 1899.
BEVERLY, Mass., Jan. 1, 1900. To the Board of Education of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
In compliance with chapter 17 of the Resolves of the year 1899, the trustees of the New England Industrial School for. Deaf Mutes submit the following report of their expenditures of the sum authorized by said resolve:
Treasurer's Statement of the Receipts and Expenditures of the New
England Industrial School for Deaf Mutes, Beverly, Mass., for
the Year ending Jan. 1, 1900. Balance Jan. 1, 1899, .
$382 44 Receipts:State appropriation,
$2,000 00 Donations,
1,544 55 Cash from farm, .
153 79 Legacy (Mrs. Howe), .
300 00 Cash,