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department in which he is teaching. As soon as seems advisable, another subject is added, and before completing the course the student is given an opportunity to have full charge of a room.

Each student has to do about six weeks of observation work and fifteen weeks of teaching in the regular two years' course. In the advanced or four years' course, besides the teaching done in the regular course, each student teaches one subject for a whole year or two subjects for twenty weeks each.

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STATISTICS FOR THE REGULAR SESSION. 1. Number of students registered September, 1899: men, 9; women, 51; total, 60.

Number of students registered since Sept. 9, 1897: men, 15; women, 80; total, 95.

3. Average age of entering class when admitted, 18 years, 6 months.

Number who have had experience as teachers, 1.

Residence of pupils : Barnstable County, - Barnstable, 2; Yarmouth, 2; Dennis, 4; Harwich, 1; Brewster, 2; Truro, 1; Provincetown, 4; total, 16. Dukes County, — Cottage City, 1. Bristol County, — Fall River, 6; Pottersville, 1; total, 7. Suffolk County, — Boston, 2. Norfolk County, — Quincy, 2; Norwood, 2; Atlantic, 1; total, 5.

6. Occupations of pupils' parents : sea captains, 5; merchants, 4; farmers, 3; carpenters, 2; manufacturers, 2; gardener, commercial traveler, potter, painter, letter carrier, printer, tailor, 1 each.

SUMMER SESSION. The second year of the summer session, which was held July 6 to Aug. 9, 1899, proved as successful as the first. One hundred and twenty-five teachers were in attendance, this being a small increase over the number of the first year. The majority of the members of the faculty of the previous year had returned, and about one third of the students were the same. an air of continuity and stability to the work, which is usually lacking in summer schools. It also enabled the instructors to enter at once and with confidence upon the work, following lines similar to those which had been found advisable during the previous year. Regular recitation work commenced upon

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the first day and was continued throughout the full five weeks. The work was intensive in character, and nearly every teacher present did substantial work along some one definite line for five weeks.

This summer school seems to have passed the experimental stage, and bids fair to prove a permanent factor in the upbuilding of the educational ideals of the teachers now in service. Many superintendents are advising those of their teachers who are strong enough to study hard for five weeks of their vacation, and who are anxious to improve both in knowledge and method in some particular subject, to attend this school.

Nearly all of those who attended this school during the summer of 1899 have registered for the session of 1900.

In connection with the appropriation for the support of the normal school at Hyannis for the regular session of the current year, the sum of $3,000 was voted for the maintenance of the summer session. In view of the manifest value of the work which is being done by this summer school, the board of visitors deems it advisable to set aside a like sum for its support during the summer of 1900.

The faculty for the summer session consisted of the following:

W. A. BALDWIN, B.S., principal; CATHARINE L. BIGELOW, instructor, Boston

Normal School of Gymnastics; FREDERICK L. BURNHAM, supervisor of drawing, North Adams, Mass.; FREDERIC H. Holmes, instructor in physics, State Normal School, Hyannis; Ida H. Hyde, B.S., Ph.D., Cambridge, Mass.; H. ANNIE KENNEDY, supervisor of nature work, Quincy, Mass.; MARY E. LAING, instructor in psychology, State Normal School, Oswego, N. Y.; E. BLANCHE MACLEOD, instructor in literature, State Normal School, Hyannis; CHARLES D. MESERVE, A.B., instructor in mathematics, Newton High School, Newton, Mass.; EDMUND F. SAWYER, instructor in music, State Normal School, Hyannis; C. L.G. SCALES, instructor in history, State Normal School, Oswego, N. Y.; CHARLES P. SINNOTT, B.S., instructor in geography, State Normal School, Bridgewater, Mass.; HARLAN P. Shaw, instructor in chemistry, State Normal School, Bridgewater, Mass.

The students were 125 in number. A statement of their experience and preparation is given in the following table :

Average age (years),
Average years of experience,

26 6

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Number of students graduated from college,
Number of students graduated from normal schools,
Number of students graduated from training classes,
Number of students graduated from high schools, .
Number of students who had attended college,
Number of students who had attended normal schools,
Number of students working for diploma,

7 17 17 77 9

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64

GEORGE I. ALDRICH,
ALICE FREEMAN PALMER,

Board of Visitors.

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, LOWELL.

FRANK F. COBURN, PRINCIPAL.

INSTRUCTORS.

FRANK F. COBURN, psychology, principles of education, school organization

and school government; Hugu J. Molloy, mathematics; MABEL Hill, history, civil government and history of education ; LAURA A. KNOTT, English grammar, rhetoric and literature; Anna W. DeverEAUX, kindergarten theory and practice and child study; ADELIA M. PARKER, supervision of practice work; LYMAN C. NEWELL, chemistry, physics and geology; WALTER J. KENYON, drawing, geography and manual training; GRACE D. CHESTER, zoology, botany and physiology; ALMA E. HURD, physical culture; VESTA H. SAWTELLE,

music; Mary Hussey, reading and vocal training. Model School: CYRUS A. DURgin, principal; BELLE A. PRESCOTT, CHAR

LOTTE M. MURKLAND, BELLE F. BATCHELDER, BLANCHE A. CHENEY,
Amy S. TUCKE, MARIA W. ROBERTS, CARRIE E. ERSKINE, Mary E.
WALSH, M. IDA HOWE, FANNIE M. SPOONER, GRACE B. ALVORD,
BERTHA J. CURTIS, ALICE D. SUNBURY, VIOLA G. BURR, FRANCES
CLARK, assistants; WALTER J. KENYON, drawing; VESTA H. Saw-

TELLE, music.
Kindergarten : E. BELLE PERHAM and CLARE S. REED.

The close of the second school year, June 20, 1899, marked the graduation of the first class. The exercises on this account were of especial interest, and the assembly hall was tested to its utmost capacity by the friends of the school. The members of the graduating class fully realized the responsibility resting on them as the first representatives of the school and displayed the same earnestness of purpose and loyalty to the institution which had characterized their entire course. The graduating class numbered 43, 36 in the regular two years' course and 7 in the kindergarten department. With one exception, all the graduates are at the present time engaged in teaching

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There has been only one change in the teaching force of the normal school during the year. The model and practice school has its full number of regularly elected teachers. Since the last report the following teachers have been nominated by the principal of the normal school and elected by the school committee : Bertha J. Curtis, a graduate of the Geneseo Normal School, four years' course ; Frances Clark, a graduate of the Framingham Normal School, and recently a teacher in the Fitchburg practice school; Viola G. Burr, a graduate of the Johnson, Vt., Normal School, and for several years a teacher in the Plymouth, N. H., Normal School; and Alice D. Sunbury, a graduate of the training school, and formerly a teacher in the Bartlett School.

The practice school consists of sixteen rooms, – twelve grammar, three primary and one kindergarten, and in addition to this the city has tendered the use of eleven kindergartens in various parts of Lowell.

The first year's course demands, in addition to regular school work, a certain amount of observation in all the above-mentioned grades. This observation work commences as soon as possible after the opening of the fall term, and is carried on under careful supervision. Each student spends one entire week in the kindergarten, and after that the time and frequency of the observation depend on the individual plan and method of the departmental teachers in the normal school. Written reports are required of all such observation, so that in every way, through personal supervision and written expression, the pupils' impressions are wisely guided and accurately defined.

With the beginning of the second year comes the actual practice work. Each pupil is given three months' experience, - one month at a time, - in three different grades. These grades are assigned by the critic teacher or supervisor, after careful consideration of a pupil's needs and aims. In some cases it has also been found possible to obtain the opportunity for practice in teaching in the neighboring towns about Lowell. During the latter part of the practice experience, the student has full charge of the room. The three months' teaching consists entirely of morning work, so that the afternoons are left free for class instruction and individual assistance from the

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