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REPORT OF THE SECRETARY.

To the State Board of Education and the General Court.

The secretary of the State Board of Education is required by law to report annually to both your honorable bodies such information as he may gather about the condition of the schools of the Commonwealth, as well as such suggestions as he may deem it expedient to make for their welfare. In accordance with this requirement, the sixty-third report of the secretary is herewith respectfully submitted. •

SUMMARY OF STATISTICS FOR 1898-99.

1. Number of Public Day Schools. 1. Number of towns, 321 ; cities, 32. Total, 353.

All have made the annual returns required by law.
2. Number of public schools, the unit of comparison being a

single school which has one head or principal, whether
the school has one teacher or several,
Increase for the year,

18 3. Number of public schools based on the single class room

as the unit of comparison,
Increase for the year,

258

4,628

10,121

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449,099

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II. Enrolment, Membership and Attendance. 1. Number of persons in the State between the ages of five

and fifteen years May 1, 1898, ·
Increase for the year,

7,747 2. Number of persons of all ages in the public schools during

the year 1898-99,
Increase for the year,

15,836 3. Average membership of pupils in all the public schools

during the year 1898-99, .
Increase for the year,

12,130

471,977

390,900

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360,317

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92

4. Average attendance in all the public schools during the

year 1898-99,
Increase for the year,

11,170

11,170 5. Percentage of attendance based on the average member

ship, .
6. Number of children under five years of age attending the

public schools, .
Increase for the year,

1,252 7. Number of persons over fifteen years of age attending

the public schools,
Increase for the year,

618

8,954

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45,318

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1,197

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12,205

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III. Teachers and Wages.
1. Number of men employed as teachers in the public schools

during the year,
Increase for the year,

23 2. Number of women employed as teachers in the public

schools during the year, :
Increase for the year,

176 3. Number of different teachers employed in the public

schools during the year,
Increase for the year,

199 4. Number of teachers required by the public schools, . Increase for the year,

281 5. Number of teachers who have attended normal schools, Increase for the year,

317 6. Number of teachers who have graduated from normal

schools,
Increase for the year,

262 7. Average wages of male teachers per month in the public

schools,
Decrease for the year,

$1 27 8. Average wages of female teachers per month in the public

schools,
Decrease for the year,

$0 03

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IV. Length of Schooling. 1. Aggregate of months (twenty school days each) all the

public schools have been kept during the year, 2. Average number of months the public schools have been

kept during the year,

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3. Number of pupils in the high schools,

40,003 Increase for the year,

1,870 4. Amount of salaries paid to principals of high schools, $369,641 30 Increase for the year,

$1,423 92 VI. Evening Schools. 1. Number of cities and towns having evening schools, . 2. Number of evening schools,

767 3. Number of teachers,

1,227 4. Number of pupils : male, 24,154; female, 12,250 ; total,

36,404 5. Average attendance,

18,245 6. Expense,

† $207,738 85 7. Increase in the number of pupils for the year,

3,968 8. Increase in the expense for the year,

$19,072 42 VII. Cost of Schools (Taxution). 1. Amount raised by taxation and expended for the support

of public schools, including only wages and board of
teachers, transportation of pupils, fuel for the schools
and care of fires and schoolrooms,

$8,763,716 03 Increase for the year,

$471,395 91 2. Expense for transportation of pupils (included in the foregoing amount raised by taxation), .

$127,409 22 Increase for the year (included in the foregoing increase),

$1,376 81 3. Expense of supervision for the year,

$338,564 23 Increase for the year,

$5,432 24 4. Salaries of superintendents (included in the foregoing amount for supervision), .

$210,881 77 Increase for the year,

$1,812 64 5. Expense of books, stationery and school supplies,

$585,376 27 Decrease for the year,

$7,529 49 6. Sundries (school reports, school census, and such items as cannot be classified elsewhere),

$333,847 31 Decrease for the year,

$1,602 43 7. Amount expended in 1898-99 for new schoolhouses, $2,742,617 11 Increase for the year,

$22,705 10 8. Amount expended for alterations and permanent improvements in schoolhouses,

$291,408 51 Decrease for the year,

$259,595 97 9. Amount expended for ordinary repairs,

$569,284 58 Increase for the year,

$26,130 77

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On page lxxiv of the Abstract the average attendance of the Boston evening schools is given as 4,002. This return was subsequently corrected by Boston so as to read 5,995. The average attendance for the State is, therefore, 18,245 instead of 16,262, as given in the Abstract.

† The expense of the Cambridge evening schools should have been recorded on page Ixxiv of the Abstract as $4,854 instead of $14,854, as there given, making the total expense $207,738.85 instead of $217,738.85, as there given.

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Cost of Schools (Voluntary Contributions, etc.). 1. Amount of voluntary contributions for the public schools, $84,876 03 Decrease for the year, .

$7,079 17 2. Amount of local school funds the income of which can be appropriated to schools and academies, .

$3,103,047 59 Increase for the year,

$103,915 33 3. Income of local funds appropriated to schools and academies, .

$137,609 39 Decrease for the year,

$65 28 4. Income of funds appropriated for public schools at the

option of the town, as surplus revenue, tax on dogs, etc., $85,626 99 Decrease for the year,

$18,170 99 5. Income of State school fund paid to towns in aid of public schools in 1899, .

$94,521 12 Increase for the year,

. $4,502 61

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IX. Academies and Private Schools. 1. Number of incorporated academies,

56 2. Whole number of pupils in academies for the year,

5,523 3. Amount of tuition paid in the academies during the year, . $423,876 54 Number of private schools, .

368 5. Whole number of pupils in private schools during the year, 65,937 6. Amount of tuition (largely estimated),

$683,477 65

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X. Miscellaneous. 1. Expenditure from the State school fund for apparatus and books of reference for the year 1898-99, .

$2,174 84 Decrease for the year,

$819 58 2. Aggregate returned as raised by taxation and expended

upon the public schools alone, exclusive of repairing,
altering and erecting schoolhouses (see VII., 1, 3, 5
and 6),

$10,021,503 87 3. Average based on the above (X., 2) for each child in the State between five and fifteen years of age,

$22 31 4. Average based on the above (X., 2) for each child in the average membership of the public schools,

$25 63 5. Aggregate returned as received from all sources, public

taxation and private funds or contributions, and ex-
pended, upon the public schools alone, exclusive of
repairing, altering and erecting schoolhouses (see VII.,
1, 3, 5, 6, and VIII., 1, 4, 5),

$10,286,528 01 6. Average based on the above (X., 5) for each child in the State between five and fifteen years of age,

$22 90

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7. Average based on the above (X., 5) for each child in the average membership of the public schools,

$26 31 8. Aggregate returned as raised (or to be raised *) by laxa

tion and expended upon the public schools, inclusive of
repairing, altering and erecting schoolhouses (see VII.,
1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9),

$13,624,814 07 9. Average based on the above (X., 8) for each child in the State between five and fifteen years

of
age,

$30 33 10. Average based on the above (X., 8) for each child in the average membership of the public schools, .

$34 85 11. Aggregate returned as received from all sources, public

taxation and private funds or contributions and ex-
pended upon the public schools alone, inclusive of re-
pairing, altering and erecting schoolhouses (see VII.,
1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and VIII., 1, 4, 5), .

$13,889,838 21 12. Average based on the above (X., 11) for each child in the State between five and fifteen years of age,

$30 92 13. Average based on the above (X., 11) for each child in the average membership of the public schools,

$35 53 14. Percentage of the total State valuation raised by taxation

and expended on the public schools for the purposes
stated under VII., 1,

.003106 15. Percentage of the total State valuation raised by taxation

and expended on the public schools for the purposes

stated under X., 2, .
16. Percentage of the total State valuation raised (or to be

raised *) by taxation and expended on the public schools
for the purposes stated under X., 8,

.

.00362

.004**

* Most of the money expended in erecting new buildings is borrowed on notes or bonds. Its payment by taxation, therefore, is usually distributed, through the agency of sinking funds or in other ways, over a series of years. Such money is reported for the year when it is actually ended on the ngs, not for the year

years when it is raised by taxation for purposes of repayment.

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