sovereignty of the popes; the restoration and decay of the Western empire of Charlemagne ; the crusades of the Latins in the East; the conquests of the Saracens and Turks ; the ruin uf the Greek empire · the state and revolutions of Rome in the middle age. The historian may applaud the importance and variety of his subject ; but, while he is conscious of his own imperfections, he must often accuse the deficiency of his materials. It was among the ruins of the Capitol that I first conceived the idea of a work which has arruxed and exercised near twenty years of my life, and which, however inadequate to my own wishes, I finally deliver to the curiosity and candour of the public.

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IN. 8. The Roman nunierals indicate the volumes; the Arabic figures the pages; the letters

M., V., tum S., che notes of Dean Milman, M. Guizot, and Dr. Smith respectively.]



constructs the city and palace of

Zehra, vi. 396; nurjer vi his happy ABAN, the Saracen, heroism of his

days, 397. widow in avenging his death, vi. 309. ABDELAZIZ, son of Musa, reduces the Abbas, uncle of Mahomet, captured at Mediterranean coast of Spain, vi. 361;

the battle of Beder, vi. 249, note S.; his treaty with the Gothic Prince his posterity, 281.

Theodemir, 362; marriage with EgiABBASAH, sister of Harun al Rashid, lona, widow of Roderic, and death, account of, vi. 405, note S.

364, ABBASSIDES, or descendants of Abbas, ABDICATION, Diocletian's, the first esse

history of the first caliphs collected ample of, ii. 98. or forged under their reign, vi. 275, ArdoL MOTALLEB, grandfaiher of Míanote; their machinations against the homet, vi. 216 ; compels Abrahah to house of Ommiyah, 390; establish raise the siege of Mecca, 217; family ment of their dynasty, 393.

history, ib. ABDALLAH, son of Abdol Mstalleb, ABGARUS, King of Edessa, alleged oorfather of Mahomet, vi. 217.

respondence of Christ with, vi. 137. ABDALLAH, Ibn Saba, founds the sect ABGaros, last King of Edessa, sent in

of “The Retum,' vi. 272, note S. chains to Rome, i. 343. ABDALLAH, son of Jaafar, his expedi ABLAVIUS, prime minister of Constan

tion against the fair of A byla, vi. tine the Great, satirizes that Em314; rescued by Caled, ib.

peror, ii. 355, note; massacred by ABDALLAH, son of Said, invades Africa, Constantius II., 365.

vi. 343; bis history and character, ib. Aboras, or Araxes, boundary of the ABDALLAH, son of Zobeir; his character, Roman empire and Persia, ü. 86;

and wars against the house of Ommi course of, 87, note S. yah, vi. 349.

ABRAHAH, slave of a Roman merchant, ABDALMALEK, caliph, resumes the con becomes King of the Homerites, v.

quest of Africa, vi. 350; refuses to 208; Arabian account, ib. note M.; pay the Greek tribute, 377; esta overthrown by the Persian18, 209; be blishes a national mint, ib.; account sieges Mecca, vi. 216 ; interview with of his coinage, ib. and note M.

and defeat oy Abdol Motalleb, 217; ABDALRAHMAN, or ABDERRAHMAN, helped by a miracle, ib.

son of Caled, leader of the Saracens ABU AYUB, or Job, an Ansar and comagainst Constantinople, vi. 375, note panion of Mahomet, his death and S.; expeditions into France, 386 funeral at Constantinople, vi. 376 ; and note S.; defeats Eudes Duke of reverence paid to his memory and Aquitain, 387; defeated by Charles mosch in his honour, ib.; his sepulMartel, and slain, 389.

chre at Constantinople revealed, viii. ABDALRAHMAN, sole surviving Om 179 ; ceremony of girding the Sultans

miade, establishes that dynasty in with the sword of empire performed

Spain, vi. 393. ABDALRAHKAN III., caliph of Spain, | Abu Beker, collects and publishes the

at, ib.

person, 240.

ABU CAAB. Koran, vi. 228 and note ; adopts and spreads the religion of Mahomet, 238; etymology of his name, ib. note S.; account of, ib.; accompanies Mahomet in his flight from Mecca, 242 ; chosen by Mahomet to supply his place, 260; address on Mahomet's death, 261 and note S.; election as caliph, and reign, 270; death, 271; leaves the sceptre to Omar, ib.; date of his death, ib. note S.; reduces the Arabs to submission, 286; cause of his ordering a collection of the Koran, 287, note S. ; his frugality, 287; undertakes the invasion of Syria, 300;

instructions to his generals, 301. ABU Caab, chief of the Andalusian

Arabs, his stratagem to retain them

in Crete, vi. 408. ABULFEDA, character of his ‘Annales

Moslemici,' vi. 238, note S., 290, note; his description of the magnificence of the Caliph Moctader, 396; assists at the siege of Acre by Sultan

Khalil, vii. 276. ABULGHÁZI Bahadur, his genealogical

History of the Tatars, iii. 296, note. ABULPHARAGIUS, or Gregory Bar-He

bræus, primate of the East, account of, vi. 55; his narrative of the destruction of the Alexandrian Library

by Amrou examined, 336. ABU MOSLEM, author of the Call of

the Abbassides,'his character, vi. 391. ABONA, or primate of the Abyssinian

church, vi. 64 and note. ABUNDANTIUS, patron of Eutropius,

ruined and banished by that eunuch,

iv. 141. ABU OBEIDAH, general of Abubeker in

the Syrian war, vi. 302 ; saves Damascus from sack, 311; conduct at the battle of Yermuk, 318; takes Jerusalem, 320; Aleppo and An

tioch, 322; death, 326. ABU SAID, the Carmathian, conquers

Bahrein, vi. 418. ABU SOPHIAN, chief of the branch of

Ommiyah, and Prince of Mecca, meditates the death of Mahomet, vi. 241 ; his caravans intercepted by the Moslemis, 249; fruitless siege of Medina, 250; surrenders Mecca and confesses the mission of Mahomet,

253. ABO TABER, the Carmathian, son of

Abu Said, threatens Bagdad, vi. 419;

ACRE. self-immolation of his followers, 10. ; takes Mecca and profanes the Casba,

ib, ABU TALEB, uncle and guardian of

Mahomet, vi. 218; advises Mahomet to relinquish his mission, 239; op

poses his doctrine, but protects his ABYLA, fair of, its site, vi. 313, note;

plundered by the Saracens, 314. ABYSSINIA, Christians of, still retain

the Mosaic rites, ii. 161, note. ABYSSINIANS, or Axumites, Christian

ized by Frumentius, iii. 25; an Arab race, v. 206 and notes ; their civilization, ib. ; subdue the Homerites, 207 and note M.; zeal for Christianity, ib. ; accept the alliance of Justinian, 208; expelled from Arabia by Nushirvan, 364; their church, vi. 64; Jacobitism established in by Theodora, ib. ; visit of the Portuguese, ib.; mission of the Jesuits, 65; their Emperor submits to the Pope, 66; religious wars, ib.; expulsion of the Jesuits and return to the Monophy

site doctrine, 67. ACACIUB, bishop of Amida, redeems

7000 Persian captives, iv. 167. ACACIUB, master of the bears, father of

the Empress Theodora, v. 42. ACADEMY, Roman, members of, 20

cused of paganism, viii. 119, note. ACCAIOLI, Italian family of, sovereigns

of Athens, vii. 386. ACCENTS, Greek, power of unknown

to the first professors in the West,

viii. 115. ACCLAMATIONS addressed to the Greek

Emperors, vii. 22. ACESIUS, Novatian bishop, rallied by

Constantine, iii. 42, note. ACEPHALI, Egyptian sect of, vi. 32. ACHAIA, Roman province, its extent,

i. 159. ACHELOUS, Greeks defeated at, by

Simeon King of the Bulgarians, vii.

68 and note S. ACHILLES, the, of the Vandals, nephew

of Hilderic, v. 97. ACHOLIUS, bishop of Thessalonica, bap

tizes Theodosius the Great, üi. 363. ACOLYTA, or commander of the Varangi

at Constantinople, vii. 20. ACRE, or Ptolemais, siege and conquest

of by the crusaders, vii. 262; do livered by Edward I., 275 ; becomes

ACROPOLITA. the metropolis of the Latin Christians, 276; dissoluteness and anarchy of,

36.; taken by the Sultan Khalil, ib. ACROPOLITA, George, the logothete and

historian, ignominiously punished by

Theodore Lascaris II., vii. 360. ACTA Sanctorum, character of, iv. 189,

note. ACTIONS, judicial, right of, how founded,

v. 311; Roman laws respecting, ib.

sq. ACTIUM, victory of, state of the Roman

world after, i. 196. ADAM, a prophet, according to the

Koran, vi. 225; apocryphal books

of, ib. note. ADARMAN, general of Nushirvan, his

conquests in Syria, v. 365. ADAUCTUS, martyrdom of, ii. 276. ADDISON, his description of the Apen

nine, iv. 69, note. ADHED, last of the Fatimite caliphs of

Egypt, vii, 253. ADHEMAR, bishop of Puy, Pope's legate

in the first crusade, vii. 183; cha

racter, 198; death, 229. ADIABENE, name of Assyria, ii. 194,

note, ADMIRAL, etymology of that name, vii.

20. ADOLPHUS, reinforces his brother-in

law, Alaric, iv. 94; made count of the domestics to Attalus, 98; succeeds Alaric, 112 ; his political views, ib.; concludes a peace with Honorius, 113; marches into Gaul as a Roman general, ib.; marries Placidia, daughter of Theodosius the Great, 114; nuptial gift, 115; allies himself with Jovinus, 122 ; driven from Narbonne by Constantius, 125, note S.; marches against the barbarians in Spain, ib.; assassinated at

Barcelona, 126. ADOPTION, two sorts of under the Greek

empire, vii. 206 and note. ADORATION of the emperor, introduced

by Diocletian, ii. 95; custom described, vii. 20; derivation of the

term, ib, note, and note S. ADORNO, governor of the Genoese colony

at Phocæa, lends his feet to Sultan

Amurath II., viii. 69. ADRIAN I., Pope, alliance with Charle

magne aga nst the Lombards, vi. 155 ; receives Charlemagne at Rome, 168 ; accepts the decrees of the second

ENEAS SYLVIUS, Nicene Council with regard to images, 165; threatens the Greek emperors with excommunication, 167; his

greatness, 168. ADRIAN IV., Pope, his vigorous mea

sures against Arnold of Brescia, viii. 197; engages Frederic Barbarossa

against him, ib. ADULIS, seaport, trade, v. 61 ; site, ib.

note M. ADULTERY, how punished by Augustus,

v. 321 ; regulation of Severus respecting, ib. note; declared capital by the Christian emperors, 322; punishment mitigated by Justinian, 323; Mahomet's law respecting, vi.

267 and note S. ADULTRESS, how punished by the Ger

mans, i. 363, note. ADVENTUB, prætorian prefect, i. 273 ;

resigns the empire to Macrinus, 275. ÆDEBIUS, the Platonist, initiates Julian

in allegory, ii. 139; his school at Pergamus, 142. ÆDUI, Gallic tribe, numbers and terri

tory of, ii. 340 ; capitation of, under Constantine, ib. ; modern dioceses comprehended in their territory, ib.

notes. ÆGIDIUS, master-general of Gaul,

maintains an independent sovereignty during the sway of Ricimer, iv. 275; elected King of the Franks, 276; defeats the Visigoths at Orleans,

287. Ælia CAPITOLINA founded by Hadrian,

ii. 159. ÆLIANUS, or Lælianus, competitor of

Posthumus, medals of, ii. 18, notes. ÆLIANUS, leader of the Bagaudæ, ii.

70. Ælius GALLUs, his invasion of Arabia,

vi. 203, note. ÆMILIANUS defeats the Goths, i. 387;

saluted Emperor, ib.; letter to the senate, 388; murdered, ib. Æmona (Laybach), its site and im

portance, ii. 140, note; resists the arms of Maximus, iii. 382. Æneas, story of his galley preserved

at Rome, v. 228, note. Æneas of Gaza, testifies to the extra

ordinary Catholic miracle at Tipasa,

iv. 336. ÆNEAS Sylvius, his description of the

impracticability of a European war against the Turks, viii. 184; his at

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