« ForrigeFortsett »
trial and excommunication, ib.; his
in the East under Valens, 250.
assembly of the seven provinces of
derame, vi. 386.
conquered by the Persians, 403 ; its
58; present state of their church, ib.
by Honorius, iv. 131 ; revolutions
a powerful state, 432.
Roman infantry, iii. 405.
and his successors, i. 153; how posted,
dies under Abelard, viii. 195; dis-
reign, ib.; burnt, ib.
progress of the Hungarians, vii. 75.
W. and M.
71; royal Hungarian house of, 80.
serves his territory from the arms of
Charlemagne, vi. 174.
account of, ii. 370, note M.; charac-
vassal of Arcadius, iv. 168.
the, ii. 79; degraded from the royal
dynasty, 170 and note S.
tinople, vii. 371.
charged with the murder of, iii. 72.
of the infant emperor John Lascaris,
of the charges against, ib. note M.
Artaxerxes, i. 331.
the usurper Gontharis, and re-esta-
an expedition against Sicily, 229.
to the court of Leo I. of Constanti-
Justinian, occupies Verona, v. 215;
Chosroes, deposed from the throne
the Armenian army, ii. 80.
throne on the death of Leo III., and
iii. 280, note.
Antioch, iii. 127; his character, ib.
Saxons, iv. 393 ; traditions respect-
specting, ib. note S.
storms Massoura, vii. 272; slain, 273.
brave defence of the consort of Ar-
saces Tiranus, iii. 278 and note M.
103; in the age of Constantine, 134.
trial of, iv. 288 sq.
deposed, vi. 291 and note S.
from Isaac Angelus, vii. 286.
charged with taking his doctrines
from the, vi. 224, note S.
saders and Fatamites, vii. 229.
associates his post to Nicephorus.com. I sentury
, 188, note ; account of, iv.
Persian monarchy, i. 331 ; date, ib. Britain, ii. 73.
ASIA MINOR, vince of, ib.; boundary of Asia and Africa, 161; revolutions of, 330; how accounted for by Montesquieu, iii. 299, note; nomadic tribes of, described, 302, note S.; seven churches
of, ruined by the Turks, vii. 24. Asia Minor conquered by Chosroes II.,
v. 393; by the Turks, vii. 168. ASIARCH, office of, ii. 205, note. Asiatic tribute, raised by Pompey, i.
295; Plutarch's statement examined,
ib, note S. ASIATICS, ignorant of the art and genius
of history, vi. 290. Asinius QUADRATUs, his account of the
Alemanni, i. 393, notes. ASPACURAS, vassal of Sauromaces, made
king of the Iberians by Sapor, iii. 278. ASPAR, son of Ardaburius, assists his
father in reducing the usurper John, and restoring Placidia, iv. 173; goes to the assistance of count Boniface in Africa, 183; refuses the eastern empire from religious motives, 278; recommends his steward, Leo of Thrace, as emperor, 279 ; murdered
by him, v. 3. ASPER, Turkish coin, its value, viii.
71, note and note M. Assassins, or Ismaelians, account of,
viii. 12 and notes ; extirpated by Holagou, khan of the Mongols, ib.;
histories of, ib, and note M. ASSEMBLIES of the people abolished by
the Roman emperors, i. 205. ASSYRIA, Roman province of, i. 143;
described, iii. 194 ; assumes the name of Adiabene, ib. note ; canals, 195 ; fertility, ib. and 208, note : revenue, 196 and note ; invaded by Julian, 196; conquered by the Arabian
caliph Omar, vi, 293. Asta besieged by Alaric, iv. 35. ASTARTE, name of the moon, i. 282
and note S. ; image brought to Rome, ASTERIUS, count, marches against the
Vandals in Spain, iv. 177. ASTINGI, an illustrious Vandal race, ii.
359. ASTOLPHUS, king of the Lombards,
takes Ravenna, and finally expels the exarchs, vi. 153; threatens
Rome, 155 ; defeated by Pepin, 16. ASTROLOGY, belief of the Romans in,
iv. 83; professed by the Arabian astronomers, vi. 401,
ATHANASIUS, ST. ASTRONOMY encouraged by the caliph
Almamon and his successors, vi. 101. ASTURIANS, i. 156. ATABEKS, Turkish tribe of Syria, vii.
249. ATAULPH, the Goth, his marriage with
Placidia, i. 367, note G. ATAALARIC, son of Amalasontha, ap
pointed king of Italy by the testament of his grandfather Theodoric, v. 34; his education and character,
127 ; death, ab. ATHANARIC, judge of the Visigoths,
lends the Goths against Valens, iii. 285 ; defeated, 286; interview and trcaty with Valens on the Danube, ib.; defeated by the Huns on the Dniester, 318; retires into Caucaland, ib. ; reappears among the Goths, 349; visits Theodosius at Constantinople, 350; death and funeral, ib.; persecuted the Christian Goths, iv.
323. ATHANASIUS, St., acts of spiritual
power, iii. 36 ; unable to comprehend the divinity of the Logos, 50; hatred of the Arians, 58; defended the S&bellianism of Marcellus, ib. ; deposed and banished by Constantine, 65; account of the death of Arius, ib. note; character and adventures of, 69, 899. ; zeal for the Catholic doctrine of the Trinity, ib.; defective biographies of, ib, note ; skill in divination, 70 and note; irregularity of his election, 71 and note ; popularity, 71; resists Constantine, ib.; charges against him, 72; summoned to appear before the council of Tyre, ib. ; brings Arsenius thither, whom he had been accused of murdering, ib. ; interview with Constantine, 73 ; charged with intercepting ine comfleet, ib.; first exile to Trèves, 74 ; restored by Constantine II., ib.; again deposed and exiled by the council of Antioch, ib. ; residence at Rome, ib, and note ; acquitted by the Italian bishops, 75; summoned to Milan by Constans, ib. ; acquitted by the Latin prelates at the council of Sardica, ib.; restored by Core stantius on the demand of Constans, 76; interview with Constantius at Antioch, ib.; enters Alexandria in triumph, 77; arraigned in the courcils of Arles and Milan, 78; seal
ATHANASIUS. and arguments of his friends, 79; condemned and deposed, 80; third expulsion from Alexandria, 82 ; intrepid behaviour, 84; disappears for six years, ib. ; sheltered by the monks of the Thebais, 85; various adventures, 86; invectives against Constantius, 87; restoration, 174 ; again expelled by Julian, 175; again retires to the desert, 176; Jovian's excessive admiration for him, 229; restored, ib. ; date of his death, ib. note ; assumed fifth exile, and death, 251; introduced monasticism at Rome, iv. 308; not the author of
the famous creed, 335, note. İThanasios, patriarch of Constanti
nople, secretly anathematiscs Andronicus the Elder, Palæologus, vii.
388; recall and second retirement, 389. ATHELSTAN subdues Cornwall, iv. 391,
note. ATHENAIB, daugliter of the Athenian
sophist Leontius, history of, iv. 164; marries Theodosius the Younger, ib.; assumes the Christian name of Eu
docia, ib. (v. Eudocia). ATHENIANS, fleet of the, ii. 146, note. ATHENS, number of citizens, i. 170,
371, note; sack of, by the Goths, 402; taken by Alaric, iv. 25; walls of, restored by Justinian, v. 80 ; schools of, their history, 89; professors, how paid, 91; Hadrian's library at, ib. ; fatal influence of Christianity upon the schools, 92; they are suppressed by Justinian, 93; city assigned to Otho de la Roche, with the title of Grand Sire, vii. 384; succession of the Latin sovereigns of, and origin of the title of Duke, 385, note S.; conquered by the Catalans, 386 ; an appanage of the kings of Sicily, ib.; subject to the Accaioli, ib.; present state of, ib.; modern Greek" dialect of, 387
and note. ATKOB, mount, absurd tenets of the
monks of, vii. 404. ATHRAVA, name of the Persian priests
in the Zendavesta, i. 337, note S. ATLAS, mount, described, i. 162 an./
note. ATMEIDAN, or ancient Hippodrome of
Constantinople, ii. 297. ATROPATENE, province, restored to
Persis by the Armenians, ii. 369.
ATTILA. Atsiz, the Carizmian, lieutenant of
Malek Shah, his conquests in Syria,
vii. 176. ATTACOTTI, Caledonian tribe of, ac
cused of cannibalism, iii. 270; akin
to the Scoti, ib, note S. Attalus, præfect of Rome, made em
peror by Alaric, iv. 98 ; character, 99; negociations with Honorius, and insolence, ib.; ill success of his African armainent, 100; betrayed by Jovius, 101; ignominiously deposed by Alaric, ib. ; leads the chorus at the wedding of Adolphus, 115 ; ambassador between Adolphus and Jovinus, 122; abandoned by Adolphus, 123; mutilated and banished
to Lipari by Honorius, ib. ATTALUS of Auvergne, adventures of,
iv, 378. ATTICA ravaged by Alaric, iv, 26. ATTILA (Etzei), king of the Huns, the
hero of the Nibeiungen Lied, iv. 191, note S.; dictates andlitions of peace to Theodosius the Younger, 193; etymology of his name, ib. note S.; his genealogy, person, and character, 194 ; discovers the sword of Mars, 195; puts his brother and colleague Bleda to death, ib.; conquers Scythia and Germany, 196 ; his power overstated by Gibbon, 197, note S. ; alliance with Genseric and invasion of the Eastern empire, 199 ; defcars the Romans on the Utus, 200; at Marcianopolis, ib. ; in the Chersonesus, ib.; ravages Thrace and Macedonia, ib. ; dictates a peace to Theodosius the Younger, 205 ; insulting embassies, 207 sq.; contemptuous reception of Maximin, 210; royal village and palace of Attila, 211; site, 212 and note M.; simple way of life, 213; behaviour to the Roman ambassadors, ib.; marries Escam, 214 and note M.; progress to, and residence at, the royal village, ib. ; banquet, 215; sends Eslaw and Orestes to reprimand Theodosius for his attempt to assassinate him, 217; pardons the culprits and concludes an advantage ous treaty, 218; insolent message to the courts of Ravenna and Constantinople, 220; declares himself the lover of the princess Elonoria, 229; is refused her hand, 230; ina
ATTUARII. vades Gaul, 231 ; besieges Orleans, 232; retires to Châlons on the approach of Aëtius and Theodoric, 234 ; address to his troops, 235; a fatalist, ib.; defeated, 237; retires across the Rhine, 239; repeats bis demand for Honoria, ib.; invades Italy, ib.; takes Aquileia, 240; ravages Lombardy, 241; site of his encampment, 245 and note; receives an embassy from Valentinian III., ib.; grants a peace on receiving the dowry of Honoria, ib.; marries Ildico, 246;
death, ib. ; funeral, 247. ATTUARII, Frankish tribe, subdued by
Julian, iii. 110. Arys and CYBELE, story of, allegorized
by Julian, iji. 140; excellence of
Catullus' poem on, ib. note. Auctions, tax on, i. 299. AUGURS, their functions, iii. 407 ; office
of, coveted by the most illustrious
specting the Christians, ii. 230,
note M. AUGUSTI and Cæsars, relative powers,
ii. 67, note M., 96. AUGUSTIN, St., a Manichæan, ii. 164,
note ; sentiments on persecution, iii. 423, notes ; account of the prodigies performed by the relics of St. Stephen, 430; character of his work `De Civitate Dei,' ib. note ; account of the defeat of Radagaisus, iv.48; his ‘City of God' occasioned by the sack of Rone by Alaric, 103; sentiments on persecution, 179 and note ; death at Hippo, 182; character, ib.; library, ib.; learning and genius, 183; theological system, ib.; compared with Calvin's, ib. note ; history of his
relics, v, 114, note, AUGUSTULUS made emperor of the West
by his father Orestes, iv. 296; compelled to resign by Odoacer, 299; his name of Romulus, 300; banished to
the castle of Lucullus, in Campania, AUGUSTUS, his moderation, i. 138;
testament, 139 ; recovers the standard of Crassus, ib.; his policy pursued by Hadrian and the Antonines, 145; situation of, after the battle of Actium, 196; reforms the senate, 197; affects to resign supreme power, 198; nominated emperor, ib.; divides
AUREUS. the provinces with the senate, 201 ; retains the military command and numerous guards at Rome, 202 ; also the consular and tribunician offices, ib.; is made supreme pontiff and censor, 204 ; but the latter under an altered title, ib. note 8. : institutes the Consilium, 206, note S.; his origin and family, 208; character and policy, 209; retained the image of liberty, ib. ; his fear of the army, 210; restores the ancient discipline, 211 and note ; adopts Tiberius, 212; his Rationarium or Register, 295 and note W.; taxes introduced by, 298 sq.; orders sacrifices at Jerusalem, ii. 153; his moderation in the use of wine, iv, 85, note; his ostentatious
modesty, vi. 194. Augustus, that title explained, i. 208;
implied something divine, ib. note S. AURASIUS, mount, in Numidia, be
sieged by Solomon the eunuch, v.
123. AURELIAN recommended by Claudius
as his successor, ii. 8; origin and services, 9; heroic valour, ib. note ; adopted by Ulpius Crinitus, 10; successful reign, ib. ; severe discipline, ib.; treaty with the Goths, 11 ; relinquishes Dacia to them, 12; defeats the Alemanni, 13; finally vanquishes them, 15; fortifies Rome, 16; extent of his walls, 17 and note S. ; tranquillizes Gaul, 19; expedition against Zenobia, 22 ; defeats her, 23; besieges Palmyra, 24 ; treatment of the captive Zenobia, 25; puts Longinus to death, 26 ; suppresses the rebellion of Firmus in Egypt, ib. ; triumph, 27; magnificence, 29; suppresses a sedition at Rome, 30; cruelty, 31 ; expedition into the East, 32; assassinated, ib.; whether he persecuted the Christians, 261, note G.; his design of vineyards along the coast of Etruria, iv. 85 and
note. AURENGZEBE, camp of, i. 341, note ;
last of the Great Moguls who re
tained their entire empire, viii. 66. AUREOLUS elected emperor, ii. 1; de
feated and besieged at Milan, 2; attempts to negociate with Claudius,
4; executed, ib. AUREUS, value of that coin under Con
stantine, ii. 338, notes.