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CAMEL. CAXEL, Arabian, described, vi. 199;
day of the, victory of Ali over the rebels Tolka and Zobeir so called,
275. CAMELOPARDALIS, or giraffe, i. 231, note;
Gibbon corrected, 232, note M. CAMISARDB of Languedoc, compared
with the African Circumcellions, iii.
95. CAMP, Roman, i. 152. Campagna of Rome, reduced to a wil.
derness, v. 356. CAMPANIA, i. 157; desulation of, from
the imperial policy, ii. 336. Campania, or Champagne, iv. 235, note. CAMPBIRE, its use and cultivation in
the East, vi. 295 and note. Camus, a liquor in use among the
Huns, distilled from barley, iv. 211. Canada, compared with ancient Ger
many, i. 351. Candia, modern name of Crete, whence
derived, vi. 408 (v. Crete). CANDIDIANUS put to death by Licinius,
ii. 136. CANINIAN law on manumissions, ii. 37,
note. CANNIBALISM of the Crusadurs, vii. 211. CANNON, enormous one procured by
Mahomet II. for the siege of Constan
tinople, viii. 152; bursts, 160. Canoes, Russian, described, vii. 86. CANTABRIANS, i. 156. CANTACUZENE, John, character of his
History, vii. 390; assists the younger Andronicus in his rebellion against his grandfather, 391 and 392, note M.; his character, 396 ; opulence, ib.; regent in the minority of John Palæologus, 397 ; attacks upon his regency, ib.; declared a public enemy, 398; assumes the purple at Demotica, ib. ; flight and reception by the Cral or despot of the Servians, 399; civil war, ib. ; alliance with the Turks, 400; admitted into Constantinople by Facciolati, great duke, 401; coronation, 402; reign, ib.; associates his son Matthew, 403 ; abdication and retirement to a convent, 404; war with the Genoese and destruction of his feet, 409; alliance with the Venetians, 410; naval defeat, 411; humiliating treaty with the Genoese, ib.; his friendship and alliance with Amir, Turkish prince of lonia, vui, 25; marries his
CARACALLA. daughter to Orchan, Turkish prince of Bithynia, 26; negociations with pope Clement VI., at Avignon, viü.
79. CANTACUZENE, Matthew, associated
in the empire by his father, John,
vii. 403. CANTELORIUS, his treatise • De Præ
fecto Urbis,' ii. 313, note. CANTEMIR, character of his history of
the Ottoman empire, viii. 22, note. CAPELIANUS, defeats the Gordians, i.
315. CAPICULI, or troops of the Porte, viii.
155 and note. Capita, assessment by, erroneously re
ferred by Gibbon to persons, ii. 338, note S.; meant pieces of land, ib.
and 341, note S. CAPITATION-Tax under Constantine, ii.
337; Gibbon's error respecting, corrected, ib. note S. ; two meanings of, explained, ib.; how levied in Gaul,
338. Capito, ATEIUS, his voluminous legal
works, v. 275 ; nature of his legal tenets, 278; founder of a legal sect,
279. Capitol of Rome, destruction of, ii.
237, note ; new, dedicated by Domitian, ib.; roof of described, iv. 256, note; first gilded by Catulus, ib.; becomes the residence of the civil magistrate, 289, note ; described, viii. 200 and note S.; absurd description of, by a writer of the middle
ages, viii. 285. CAPITOLINE games, when instituted,
viii. 226, note. CAPIZUCCHI, Italian family, viii. 220. CAPPADOCIA, kingdom of, i. 160; large
estates of Constantine and his successors in, ii. 329; excellent breed
of horses in, 330 and note. CAPRARIA, isle of, munks or solitaries
at, iv, 18. Capua, i. 157. Caput Vada, near Carthage, landing
of Belisarius at, v. 105 and note. CARACALLA, discord with Geta, i. 264 ;
date of his elevation, 265, note ; ambition and impiety, 266 ; accossion jointly with Geta, 267; their jealousy, ib.; scheme to divide the empire, 268 ; murders Geta, ib. ; remorse, 269; cruelty, 270; directs the massacre at Alexandria, 272 ;
CARACALLUS. murdered, 274 ; emulated Alexander, ib.; edict making all freemen of the empire Roman citizens, 293 ; whether genuine, 302, note S. ; his
nurse a Christian, ii. 257. CARACALLUS, for CARACALLA, i. 264,
note S. CABACORUM, or Holin, residence of the
Mongol Khans, viii. 17 and note. Caractacus, i. 140. Carausius, revolt of, in Britain, ii. 70;
extraction, ib. notes; assumes the purple, 71 ; duration of his reign, ib. and note S.; naval power, ib. ; acknowledged emperor by Diocletian,
72; murdered by Allectus, ib. CARAVANS, Sogdian, route of, to and
from China, v. 59. CARBEAS, the Paulician, and com
mander of the guards, revolt of, vii. 53; alliance with the Saracens, ib.; fortifies Tephrice, ib.; defeats the
emperor Michael, ib. CARDINAL, origin and progress of that
title, vi. 181; college of, obtains the right of electing to the papal chair, viii. 211; how composed, ib. and
note ; conclave instituted, 212. CARDUCHIANS implore Trajan's pro
tection, i. 143. CARDUENE ceded to the Romans, ii. 87. Cabinus, son of Carus, intrusted with
the government of the West, ii. 53; emperor, 56; vices, ib.; defeated by
Diocletian, 63 ; assassinated, ib. CARIZME conquered by the Saracens,
vi. 300. CARIZMIANS, invade Syria, and take
and sack Jerusalem, vii. 271. CARLOMAN, king of Hungary, his treaty
with Godfrey of Bouillon, vii. 202. CARLOVINGIAN dynasty, establishment
of in France, vi. 156. CARMATH, an Arabian preacher, founds
the sect of the Carmathians, vi. 417 and note S.; their military exploits,
418. CARMELITES, derived from the prophet
Elijah, iv. 306, note. CARNUNTUM, ruins of, i. 249, note S. CAROCIUM, or standard of the Lom
bards, vi. 188. CARP LIO, son of Aëtius, educated in
the camp of Attila, iv. 223. CARRAGO, or fortification of a Gothic
camn, iii. 328 and note. CABRA Æ, Temple of the Moon at, i. 274 ;
CATALAUNIAN PLAINS. (Haran) ancient residence of Abra
ham, iii. 188, note. CARTHAGB, i. 161, 186 ; bishopric of,
purchased by Lucilla for Majorinus, ii. 262, note; cathedral of, number of its ministers, iii. 31; conference at respecting the Donatists, iv. 179 and note ; surprised by Genseric, 186; described, ib.; receives Belisarius, v. 100 ; despair of the Arians and triumph of the Catholics, ib. ; natural alteration in the neighbour. hood of, 110, note ; fortifications of, restored by Belisarius, 111; synod of, restores catholicism, 115 ; taken by Hassan, lieutenant of Abdalmalek, vi. 350 ; relieved by the præfect John, sb. ; recaptured and burnt,
351 ; its subsequent fate, ib. CARTHAGENA, rich silver mine at, i.
296. CARTHAGINIANS, manners of described,
iv. 186 ; oppressed by Genseric, 187, Carus, general of Probus, ii. 44; elec
tion as emperor and character, 52 ; defeats the Sarmatians, 54 ; interview with the Persian ambassadors, ib.; victories and mysterious death,
55. CASILINUM, battle of between Narses
and Bucelin, v. 240. Caspian and Iberian gates of Mount
Caucasus, v. 87. Caspian Sea, navies on, v. 36€ note. Cassian, duke of Mesopotamia, nego
tiates with the Persians, ii, 404. Cassians, legal sect, v. 279. CASSIODORUS, Gothic History of, i.
375 ; description of the Venetians, iv. 242 ; epistles of characterized, v. 11; account of, 19 and note S.; mi
nister of queen Amalasontha, 126. Cassius, AVIDIUS, revolts, i. 211, note
216, and note M. CASTILE, origin and meaning of the
name, vi. 365, note. Castinus, Master-General, defented by
the Vandals in Spain, iv. 175. CASTRIOT, John, father of Scanderbeg,
account of, viii. 135; family of the
Castriots in Naples, 139. Catalans, their service aud war in the
Greek empire, vii. 385 ; their origin, ib. note and note S.; their conduct in a sea-fight with the Genoese, 411
and note M. CATALAUNIAN PLAINS, Dear Châlong
(Champagne) extent of, iv. 235. impracticability of the, 384.
mans and Saracens, vii. 117.
of Maximin the Roman ambassador
came, iii. 2; rite used in making, ib. CERDIC, the Saxoz, conquers Hamp-
shire, iv. 390.
into the church, iii. 432; encouraged
emperor Baldwin II., of Courtenay, rustics, 433.
Philip the Fair of France, vii. 346. mans, ii. 304.
criminated from Platonism, iii. 50; nature of the Messiah, vi. 7.
CHAIBAR, capital of the Jews of Arabia,
ria, 252 and note.
toriques sur les Jubilés,' viii. 218,
398; site of, ii. 289; proverb re-
Chosroes II., V. 393; council of, vi.
and acts of, ib, and note.
viii. 86; of France, 87; of England,
women, ib. and notes M. and S.
and Tetricus, ii. 19; between Jovi.
tween the Romans and Attila, iv.
CHAMAVIANS, Frankish tribe, driven
CHAMELEON, the, surname of Leo V.
of Nestorius and deposes him, vi. CHANCELLOR, etymology of, ii. 57, note.
CHANT, Gregorian, described, v. 360
CHAPELS, Pagan, number of at Rome
in Wales and Armorica, iv, 397. CHAPTERS, the Threc, famous dispute
of vi 38.
to perdition by the French clergy.
against Othman, 273; complaints pire of Charlemagne, vi. 178; de-
note; Roman chariots described, iv. of Andrew Palæologus to the em-
pires of Constantinople and Trebi-
i. 367; rustic code of, iv. 372, note; the purple and appellation of Augus-
fortunes, and death, 380; senator of
feated in by Attila, iv. 200; fortified
387; defeats the Saracens under CHERBONITED, Constartine's negociar
cuted by Justinian II., vi. 78.
the Indians, v. 187 ; introduced into
how altered by Timour, viii. 64,
invades Italy, v. 347.
Franks, iv. 276 and note; amour
in favour of Pepin, vi. 156.
parents, v. 293; made capital, 294;
iii. 304, 305, note S.; wall of, 308 and
by the Mongols, 11.
century, ii. 80.
Julian, ii. 416; made prisoner, 418.
Romans, i. 345 ; assassinated, 403.
czenia, character, ii. 369; submits to
the conditions dictated by Sapor, ib.
294 ; magnificence of, 295.
the throne of Persia on the deposition
dered by his son Siroes, 412.
Eastern Armenia, iv. 168 ; obtains
the western portion also, 169.
alliance with Heraclius V. 406; ac-
count of, ib. note S.
note ; 233, note; miraculous image of