but I spy a young man in your company, who, I doubt, 362 The Pilgrim's Progress. hard by the pillar of History. So they all followed lisa with one consens, and went out of the cave, where the found Tender-confcience waiting for their appearance; thes they went up to him, and saluted him one by one, and after some questions passed on both fides, they all fet for ward together.

Now i faw in my dream, that as they were going up piece of rifing ground, they saw before them a man will ing an even moderate pace, and made naste to overtakehir

for by his gait they guessed he was no ordinary man, certain wise ren obfurved. By a man's gait you may kno what he is : So when they came up to hin, they faluted his GT terully, and he returned their falutation with an ai klich difcovered the tranquillity and peace of his fool.

Then Tender conscience said to him, Sir, if a stranger may take the liberty to ask you a quellion, 'I entreat you to hellre, whether your name be pot Spiritual-man, for i think I have feen you before, and was told that you were called by that name?

Spiritual man. Yes, faid Spiritual-man, I am the fast you take me for ; and though your knowledge of me be but as yet imperiict, yet I very well know you and all your company, and am şied to see you so far on your journey towards the heavenly city, whither we are all now going.

Tinder ccn. I do not wonder that you know me, and my fellow-travellers here with me, for I have heard a very Jeaned and holy man one Paul the apostle say, That yen, know all things, and judge all things, i Cor. i. 15. and therefore I am very glad we are so happy as to overtake you on the road ; and I hope we fall have your good company to our journey's end.

Spiritual-man With a very good will, for it is my delight to keep company with those that fer their faces Z:08. wild, and going thithes as I perceive you are at this time; will not be able so go through this tedious journey, but will either faint by the way, or turn a fide with che Flatterer, or take up his abode at Vanity-fair. Then turning alde to Yielding, he said unto him, Young man, you are the perfon 1 inean; do you think you shall be able to hold out to the heavenly Jerolalem?

Fielding. I make no doubt of it, Sir, for I find myself good health, and as able to foot it as any of the coma ny. Then they went on together till they came to a great lderness, where were several paths leading divers ways; that, had it not been for Spiritual man (who knew the ht way) they had wandered no doubt into some danger? part or other, and either been devoured by wild bealts, taken prisoners by some cruel giants, whose castles stood the remote corners of this wilderness. This made them thew a deal of respect and obedience to Spiritual-mang d eftcem him as their guide and .patron: So they went ng together vill they came to a place where was an altar ilt; there was incenfe burning thereon, and the smell of : incense was very fragrant, refreshing the spirits of the grims : Then Spiritual-saan spake to this effect : My thren, you must know that this wilderness is much unted with wild beatis. as also by thieves and murderers, rits and hobgoblins, which often-times affault poor pil. ims in the night-time, and fometimes by day: Now had taken any other path, we had been in danger of falling o their clutches; but now I hope there is no darger, if u will follow my counsel. Tender con. We will readily obey thee in all things, for : see that thou art a man of God, and halt the mind of srilt: Tell us therefore what we shall do to be fate from e dangers that threaten us in this place? Spirirual-man. You see this altar of incense here perpeally smoaking, and sending op clouds of sweet smelling lour to heaven, and the fire upon the altar keeps off all Id beads, let every man take a coal from the altar, and rry along with him; and if he would likewise be free om the hobgoblins, let him take the incense that is in the alary of the altar, and carry it along with hin, and as travels through the wilderness, let him often kindle a fire ith a coal from the altar, and burn incense thereon, so a!! he be protected from all evil. Let him awaken the irit of prayer, and kindle true devotion in himself, by aking good use of the grace of God; for the heart of '* vout man, and one that fears God, is an altar of incense, ways sending holy ejaculations, which are a lwcet favour

or perfume before God: Such a man attracts the divine blelling and p'otection.

Vender con. But how hill a man pray? In form, or with out? with wori's, or in filence? Spirituel man.

That you may be the better satisfied is this point, you ought to confider, that prayer is the soul

' discourle or conversation with God: Now fecing that Go knoweih all things, and aiscerneils the secret thoughts our hearts, it is a thing in 'iff rent in prayer, whether ule words or no, for the soul may discourse and con with Got, as well in filence as with words, nay, berta soiretimes, becaufe filence preferves her attention and pre vents wandering thoughts; whereas, when the soul is oca cupied in verbal prayer, it often proves litile better than lip fervice; as God complained of old, This people ferve me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me: Buty however, this filent or mental prayer is a gift which all me are not capable of. Some have not that recollection of fpirit, that composedness of mind, as to pray in this manner

, and it is convenient that such men fliould use words : Bar whether they use a fer forin or private is not material, only le: me give this seasonable caution, that those sto ule extern posary prayer be careful of commiscing any indecency, by utcering improper expreflions, vain repetitior, ar ufing too many words; which must needs be offenfire the divine Majesty, who knows our neceflities before declare them, and only requires an humble and fervent apo plication of our hearts to him for what we fand in need of All the fine words in the world without this, and althe rhetorical i urithis, the elegant cadences, and the foto per riods wichout this, are but as founding brass and a linkling cymbal in the ears of God; and herefore good was the advice of Solomon; When thou conieft into the houle Go, let thy words be few, and be more ready to hear tban to offer the facrifice of fools ; intimating hereby that mula tiplizity' of words in prayer are but the facrifice of fuels and a greater man ihan Solomon has said, 'When we pray use noi vain sepetitions as the heathens do, for they three that they fall be heard for their much speaking: Be ye por therefore like uno shem, for your futher knoweth what things ye have need of beiore ye af him, Marth. vi. 7. And therefore the form of prayer, which Chiiit here pre



ibed them as a pattern, was very fort, but comprchene, including in less ihan an hundred words a}} che feveral rts of prayer, as thank giving, perition, oblation, interllion, &c. , And this, no doubt, he picfcrited for a patin trockers, that all who call upon God may do it in erence and godly modely, tifing but few words, and se pithy and fignificant, comprehenfive and full, proper

becoming the majeity we address ourselves uato. Tender-con

You have given me great fatisfaction as to $ matter, which has often disturbed my mind, an:: kepe at too remote a distance froin God, noe knowing cer. nly how to pray acceptably'; but now I am convinced At God requires chiefly the heart; for it is but realon, at he wh) is a spirit, and the purest of all fpirits, frould. served in fpirit and in truth; which cannot be dono hero the heart goes not along with the lips ; and if it les; then it matters not whetter it be in a fet form of ords or no ; she fervency and attention of the mind, the gularity of the affections, and the lawfulness of our petiins, being the chief things regarded by the lovercign Maly of heaven.

How happy am I that fell into such good impany! I have been long a searching and enquiring inthe nature and obligation of chrisian duties, and partiilarly this of prayer, which puzzles a great many good ell meaning people; but I never met with so much comir? and satisfaction as now I have found in your excellens Weary.o-the-world. I approve of what has been said con. erning prayer; for tho' I find fo many defects in the best

my devotions, that I have no heart to venture on vocal rayer at some times; for if I should, my heart would af. erwards check me with putring an affront on God, while, the midd of passionate words and devout exprefüons, my

were employed quite another ancther way; while ny tongue chattered like a magpye to God, my heart was Spon the devil's ramble, starting a thousasid vain and foolifi thoughts amidst the most serious and religious, the most fervent and pious words of ihe world. I know not how it fares with other people, or what advantages they may find; but, for my own part, so long as I carry Aeth and blood about me, I cannot presume to be free from distractions, alienaQ.3





tion of mind, coldnefs, indifference and impertinent sugo gefions, even the calmeft minutes, the most recollected feafons, and the levereit applications of my mind to the dety I am engaged in: Much less can I hope for an immunity from such failings, when I give the reins to my tongue, & fufter my lips to prate over a multitude of formal words ; for then I ond it falls out to me, as I have heard say it does to moliciars, who, by long accultaming themselves to play on any inflrument, at length get such a habit, that they can sen over their familiar tunes, without minting or givity attention to what they are doing. Not that I hereby coedemn the use of vocal prayer, for without doubt it is expe. dient for some people, and in a manner necessary in the public #orihip of God, where many people are to join fogether in offering up the fame petitions, thanksgivings, i.cerceffiont, &c. which cannot be performed without a form, of words, and wbich are the only and proper means of onveying our conceptions and thoughts one to another; confequently making each other sensible what we all pray før, In thorl, my judgment is, that it is all one, in respect of God's hearing us, whecker we use words or not, in public or private; but, for the sake of human necefisiel

, words are neceflary in public, and a fervent attention of mind is absolutely required, both in public and privale, as the only efficacious secans to render our prayers acceptable to the divine Majeliy.

Then I heard in my dream, that as they walked along the wilderness, the wild bealls roared, and sent forth hide ous noises, which put some of the pilgrims into much dilorder and confternation ; but the rest who had more courage heartened them on : So at last chey got out of the wildernefs, and came in light of the town of Vanity, where Faithful was put to death for his teftimony to the truth. Now the town was very mag wificent and ffately to the eyes full of temples and other public structures, where lofty towers, being adorned with gold and other costly embelli ments, made a glittering how in the sunshine: Likewise it! was exceeding large and populous, so that there was a pero petual noise to be heard at a distance, like the roaring of the sea, because of the multitude of people that were in ii, the chariots and the horses that were always running, up & down the freets, which made poor Yielding think it wil


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