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at Leipzig who, appended only a few notes, and th professor at. . 'i. his preface, M. Wenck announced .
very ino"...ishing a separate dissertation on the 15th and
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- - folume of Mr. Gi -- T-+ ks on the two last chapters of the first wo Mr. Gibbon's Hi J co bo. 2nd edit. 8vo., okford, 1778, -- - - - story, by + i.ors on the prevalenço of Christianity: before its civil establishment, with Obse vations on Mr. Gibbon's II story, &c. 8vo. 17s. I,0 - r. + Letters to Edward Gibbon, Esq. 2nd edit. 8vo., ndon, 1785.
a lo ov e so. 1791. A ton lectures, by the Rev. H. Kett. 8vo representat
so opinions of the primitive Christians, with remarks on certain o the Mr. Gibbon and Dr. Priestly: In eight Sermons, ty the Rev. H. Kett us us
* I have used to hiddit. London, 1779
replied, informing me that no such treatise had been found among his father's papers. There is another German translation of Gibbon, but it is unknown to me, and I understand that it contains no original notes. - -
The history of the establishment and propagation of Christianity, as given by Gibbon, has been specially controverted by many German theologians; amongst others, by M. Walterstern.” and M. Luderwald;t but I know no more than the titles of their books. M. Hugo, law-professor at Göttingen, published in 1789, with critical notes, a translation of the 44th chapter, in which Gibbon treats of the Roman jurisprudence: but his notes, some of which I have borrowed, contain in general little fact, and are not always sufficiently sustained by proof. In French I have read no attack on Gibbon, but a kind of dissertation, inserted 111 the 7th volume of the Spectateur Français. I thought it a Very moderate performance, abounding more in argument than act.
No other works than these are known to me, of which the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, is the immediate subject. Far from sufficient for me have been those which have come into my hands. I extracted from them all that appeared to me most interesting, and then prepared for myself a critical commentary, of some extent, on o parts as I had still to examine. It is right, that I should point out here the principal sources from which I have drawn information and facts. As far as I could have access to them, I have, of course, gone to all the original works, of which Gibbon made use, such as the Augustan History, Dion Cassius, Ammianus Marcellinus, Eusebius, Lactantius, and the like; but I have also consulted some of the best writers, by whom these topics have been the more carefully and extensively considered, because they were the more especial objects of their study. In tracing the history of the early church, I have been greatly assisted by the works of the learned Lardner, by Spittler's Compendium of Ecclesiastical History, Henke's Ecclesiastical History, Planck's History of the Constitution of the Christian Church, and his manuscript lectures on the History of Christian Doctrines; C. G. F. Walch's History of Heresies, Michaelis's Introduction to the New Testament, Paulus's Comonentary on the New Testament, Tenneman's History of Philosophy, and some private dissertations. In sketching the mi: grations of the northern tribes, information, which I should vainly have sought elsewhere, has been afforded me by Schläzer's Northern History, Gatterer's Universal History, Adelung's
* Die Ausbreitung des Christenthums aus natürlichen Ursachen, von W. S. Walter*m. (The Propagation of Christianity by Natural Causes), 8vo. Hamburg, 1788. .
o, Pio Ausbreitung des Christlichen ão. von J. B. Luderwald. (The Propagato” *tus Christian Religion). 8vo. Helmstadt, 1788.
With regard to tio igion of Persia. . * details will *... to: ... .onds that should name the wo that I should h * I never could h Ve at I cuted my plan, and say, inspired ..of the learned wo ... operation, as I may 2 ° with some °onfid...'. myself. - n It still remains advice of one, wh those particular. Without the guid often have been at
how much I OW
ls received from the hand that I hoped would have arranged them i. connected order.
Letter from M. Suard to M. Guizot.
wished, sir, that I should impart to you my ide ro . You thought that my personal adj with him, must have placed his person and charac. before me in a different light to that in which they appear to those who know him only from his works. I agreed with You; and was Il Ot, undeceived, till I endeavoured to collect my thoughts, and took up my pen to express them. I saw Gibbon at London, at Paris and in his delightful retirement at Lausanne, But in each position I saw him only as a man of letters and as a oan of the world., I, had opportunities of observing the ualities of his mind, his literary opinions, his tone and manners in society. But I was never admitted to that confidence which *veals secre.
sentiment, and discloses the distinctive features of individual character. I was never allowed to perceive how far these either accorded or contrasted with the details of conduct, and so might have afforded a more marked vivacity, and greater truth of colouring for the portrait, which I was called upon to trace. By gathering together my recollections, it would be no difficult task for me to indicate in Gibbon's person, deportment, and manner of speaking, some eccentricities, or negligent habits, which malignant frivolity ridiculed, and by which mediocrity complacently imagined, that the solid talents and conversational W. of a great mind were brought down to its own level. What purpose would it now answer to recall the fact, that this eminent writer had an ill-shaped figure, a nose buried between prominent cheeks, an obese body supported by very slender legs. and that he spoke French with an affected pronunciation ard shrill tone, although at the same time with uncommon correctness? His personal defects lie buried in the grave; but he has left an immortal work, which alone ought now to occupy all rational minds. His own memoirs of his life and writings, the collection of his letters, and the journal of his studies, supply all that now can be interesting about him ; to these nothing could be added but insignificant and questionable anecdotes, To judge and to pourtray him is the proper province of one best acquainted with his writings, and most studiously versed in the history of the decline and fall of the Roman empire. To you, therefore, sir, I have always been convinced, that this work should be assigned. Still, responding to your wishes, I had begun to undertake it, when disease brought on me sufferings, of which I can neither foresee the consequences, nor calculate the term ; and incapacitated me for all exertion. Permit me, then, to leave in your hands the memoir which I had engaged to furnish. I send you some materials and scattered memoranda which I had collected for this purpose. I shall rejoice if my reminiscences, which you have often heard from me colloquially, can be associated with your observations and reflections. Allow me, sir, once more to express the sentiments of profound esteem and affectionate attachment which I have so long cher rished for you. Suand.
- to the character of men eminent f DETAILS o:ected merely to gratify a #o. words, . ...in influences our judgment of their ae Such in "...ity rarely escapes the prying inquiries writings. t pretendio o understand the intentions less distrus ublic part, we en"eavour to penetrate into the who act o that we may $ompare these with the partic
i. we have founded * on previously formed Opinio ‘. i. : importance, too, tha o intentions should be j.to anoeiated; and if it ii. le to remove from o o: its inherent disp. dwork Pogo. let it at least have a ji and reasonable #." roomnion * can it, be denied, that
there are works of wo o i. aul lot X. be od b
- entertal - mong Writers
i...o. * bound to render to the public. the t of himself. o jo's relates. The o of that security ought , be known. The sufficiency of the #. will not be inferr.; solely from the moral character O o gives it. and the COni.e. iich his veracity in Po. e habitual direction of his mind must also be taken into account, as well as the opinions which he is most disposed to adopt, and the sentiments to which i.e. readily yields. These compo the atmosphere in which sour the medium through, which he beholds what
id"on, before he began to write history, “although * .."...i. found anything but its semblance. § o: it is, among these probabilities, that the historian must find and restore truth from the disfigurements of time. His is the duty to judge of the worth of his materials, and ours the right to esti. mate is decision, according to the opinion we form of the judge in our idea of the requisites to form an importial historion we place foremost a passionless temperament, habits of moderatiOn and that middle station in life, where. ambition is dormant and the pressure of want unknown. In this Point of view nom.d
r deeds or Guriosity. tions and of a rest9f those * Secret ular idea
He gives security for the truth ...'.